ĵ > ACTION RESEARCH

ACTION RESEARCH


ACTION RESEARCH 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 

ENGLISH COMMUNICATION COMPETENCY IMPROVEMENT

ON SPOKEN AND WRITTEN NARRATIVE TEXT

THROUGH VCD CUTTING MEDIA

IN SEMARANG 7 SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL 
 
 
 
 
 

By

Sri Muryati, SPd. 
 
 
 
 
 
 

SEMARANG 7 SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL

ACADEMIC YEAR 2006/2007  
 
 

PAGE OF TITLE  
 


a Title ENGLISH COMMUNICATION COMPETENCY IMPROVEMENT

ON SPOKEN AND WRITTEN NARRATIVE TEXT

THROUGH VCD CUTTING MEDIA

IN SEMARANG 7 SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL

b Writers Name :
  1. Complete Name
  2. Gender
 
Sri Muryati, SPd.

Female

c  Ocupation :
  1. Teacher
  2. School
  3. School Address
  1. Education Department
 
 
English

SEMARANG 7 SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL

Jl. Untung Suropati -  Telp (024) 7605977

Semarang, 50185.

Semarang City

d Date of writing   September 5th ,2006
 
 

                                                                               Semarang, September 5th ,2006

                                            Writer, 
 
 
 

                                       Sri Muryati, SPd.

                                          NIP. 130794346 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

PAGE OF APPROVAL 
 

The report of  this action research has been approved by the headmaster of  SEMARANG 7 SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL 

Day   : Tuesday

Date    : September 5th , 2006. 
 
 
 

                                                                                Semarang, September 5th 2006

Approved by:                           Writer,

School Headmaster 
 
 
 

Drs. Totok Widyanto                 Sri Muryati, SPd.

NIP. 131415203                  NIP. 130794346 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

ACKNOWLEDMENT 
 

      Foremost, the writer wishes to take this opportunity to express her gratitude to god the almighty for the blessing, inspiration and leading her to the completion of the action research.

      The writer realizes that many individuals have helped her in handling the action research by offering this assistance. Therefore, on this occasion the writer would like to extend her gratitude to them. 

      First of all, the writer wishes to extend her deepest appreciation to Dr Totok Sumaryanto, MPd, the Secretary of  UNNES ( Semarang State University) Education Innovation and improvement Research Centre  who has given his invaluable assistance and support during the implementation of the action research. 

      Her thanks also goes to Dra. Helena IR . Ph.D., the lecturer of UNNES  who gave the writer a lot of information about 2004 Competency Based Curriculum.

      Her great gratitude also goes to Drs. Totok Widyanto , the Headmaster of Semarang 7 Senior High School, who gave the writer opportunity to conduct the action research there.

      The writer also thanks to Abimanyu, S.kom., the lecturer of  LPMP ( Central Java Education Quality Assurance ) who taught her cutting VCD.

      .Finally, her special gratitudes are forwarded to her family, husband and sons who have given her untiring moral support in connection with the action research.  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

ABSTRACT 

ENGLISH COMMUNICATION COMPETENCY IMPROVEMENT

ON SPOKEN AND WRITTEN NARRATIVE TEXT

THROUGH VCD CUTTING MEDIA

IN SEMARANG 7 SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL 

Sri Muryati , Semarang 7 Senior High School 

      This is an abstract of  a classroom action research, Its title was English Communication Competency Improvement on Spoken And Written Narrative Text Through VCD Cutting Media In Semarang 7 Senior High Shool. The aim of this action research was to improve students English learning result. The learning process was implemented with two cycles (modes) , spoken and written English.  Each cycle covered four steps, namely   Building Knowledge of the field, Modelling Text, Joint Construction of the Text and Indpendent/ Individual Construction of the Text. The implementation of these steps  was devided into 3 cycles in action research, cycle I, II and III. Each cycle covered : Planning, Implementation, Observation and Reflection.

    The research area covered :

  1. Genre : Narrative Text for students of Grade XII Language Program , semester 1.
  2. The problems proposed  : How to improve students creativity, activities, and scores to express and response meaning in monolog  teks in spoken and written accurately and acceptably on narrative text.

        This research is for students of  Semarang 7 Senior High School grade XII Language Program. Motivation and scientific atitude was measured with questionaires. Activities and skill process to communicate in spoken and written were measured with rubric assesment when they presented their groupwork of narrative reaching the Joint Construction of the Text. It was typed in Power Point completed with animation, sound, colour, the depth of the material and VCD Cutting. Cognitive domain was measured with pre-test and post-test.

      The result of the research were  as follows:

The result of the tes in cycle I was 63 ? SKBM  ( School Passing Grade 64 ) , it  didnt fulfil the action achievement indicator. In cycle II, III fulfilled  the action achievement indicator ? SKBM  ( School Passing Grade 64 ). The students average score were 71 in Cycle II and 79 in cycle III.

      Students motivation and sciencetific result fulfill the achievement  indicator. There were 21 out of  25 students  gave positive response by stating agree towards the  questionaires so there were only 4 students who didnt agree with the questionaires.

      The average score in cycle II on the spoken groupwork presentation  was 84  ? 64 and on the written group work presentation was 84  ? 64 and this result really fulfilled the result of an action research.

      In cycle III the students average score on the independent/ Individual  Construction of Text was 70 which meant ? the school passing grade 64. It meant that it fulfilled the achievement Indicator. 

Key words: Senior High School E

nglish learning on narrative, VCD Cutting. 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

CHAPTER


INTRODUCTION 

A. Background of the Research. 
 

             

The implementation of the

2004

curriculum was started step by step in the academic year

2004/2005.

There were significant changes f

rom 1994

curriculum. These changes

may

cause

some

problems for most English

teachers to implement the curriculum in the classroom

      

The writer teaches at

Semarang

7 Senior High School  which on the academic year

2004/2005

has started to implement

200

4

curriculum

.

The new thing for the writer is that the 2004 curriculum suggested English teachers

to use text

type or genre based instruction.

This means that rasionally,  places language as  function. One of the function of language is to deliver message

, instruction, describtion of a thing

or a person, telling stories

, delivering procedure, expressing opinion, critizizing, etc.

      

Ac

cording to the book of  Standard Competence for English lesson

for Senior High School  students  2004 curriculum, standard

competence which should be mastered by the students is  that they should be able to communicate

in spoken and written English

 

acceptably

and accurately

in interact

ional dan

short

monolog

especially on

pro

c

edur

e

, des

c

rip

t

i

on

,

report, news item, narrati

ve, recount/ spoof, exposition, discussion, explanation and review text. These texts are known as text types or

genre

which really someting new for students as well as teachers. Because the 1994 curriculum was a kind of thematic based instruction.

 

 

It

was mentioned in the Competency Based Curriculum that narrative text should be given  to grade XII students. And the method  of teaching English  suggested in the curriculum is

bicycle

,

spoken and written. Each cycle covers four stages namely,

Building

Knowledge of the field

, Modelling Text

,

Joint Construction of the Text

, and

Individual Construction of the Text

(CBC

2004).

      

In teaching narrative text,

what is meant by cycle here is different from that in action research. So the meaning of cycle, spoken and written  in teaching language has nothing to do with the meaning of cycle in action research. With these stages,  studen

ts are guided  to be able to create their own narrative texts  in spoken or written form. 

 

According to the writer

s experience to teach in the classrom and the  discussion of  semarang 7 Senior High school English teachers  in MGMP ( English Teachers For

um), most problem faced by the students is when they reach the stage of

Join

t

Construction of Text

and

Individual Construction of Text

both in spoken or written

cycle. The writer found the problem  when students  try to express and response meaning

in  monolog text  using  spoken and written English accurately and acceptably. This difficulty effected  the students

English score. They did not  reach the passing grade score.  On the

graduation meeting academic year

2005/2006

, It was decided that the

re were

  31

students failed

.

Most of them were caused  by  English score  which did not reach the school passing grade.  For grade 

X

was  6

1

and for grade

XI

was  6

3.

While  the students everage score who failed was  5

2.

      

This problem had to

be re

solved. The writer, therefore, tried to find a solution

. Because

the problem was

to express and response meaning in  monolog text  using  spoken and written English accurately and acceptably

,  the writer tried to increase their performance  by using sui

table , interesting and exciting media, film.  Average students at the age of  Senior High

like film stories

that they watch  on

TV, VCD,

or movie. By watching the visualism

of a story there would

be  ideas appeared

from them to  tell stories about t

he film they  watched in spoken or written form.

The 2004 Curriculum also includes computer skill or Information Technology (IT)  as a cmpulsory subject. This  subject

wa

s very helpful for the students

performance when they

wre

studying English. 

They co

uld

tell stories in spoken or written  using  media

  Microsoft Office Power Point

completed with  interesting colur, animation, and  VCD cutting  taken

from motion pictures which  reflected  the stories  they presented in front of their classmates.

Thr

ough their presentation , two cycles, spoken and written could  be obtained at once.

Spoken cycle could be seen when  they told stories  about the film and  written cycle could be seen  on the

  narrative

text which they wrote in

Power Point. 

But

by u

sing media VCD Cutting, is there any students

improvement

 

to express and to response meaning in monolog text  in spoken and written form accurately and acceptably on narrative text?   The writer formulated this question  in a title :

ENGLISH COMMUNICATI

ON COMPETENCY IMPROVEMENT ON SPOKEN AND WRITTEN NARRATIVE TEXT THROUGH

VCD CUTTING

MEDIA IN SEMARANG 7 SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL 

B. Research Area.

      

The area of the research  was  as the following

s

:

  1. The main material of the research was genre Narrative  and as the subject of the research was students of grade   XII Language Program, semester 1:

      1. Cycle 1 : - Building knowledge of the Field. ( 6 p/ 3 meeting).

              - Modelling  Text ( 8 p/ 4 meeting).

      1. Cycle 2 : Joint construction of the  Text ( 8 p/ 4 meeting)
          1. Cycle 3 : Independent Construction of the Text ( 6 p/ 3 meeting )
    1. Process quality : It was seen from the students participation in their group work and individual assignment.
    2. Result quality    : It was seen from the students score in mid semester test.
    3. Based on the background above the writer proposed a problem how to improve students English communication competency  on spoken and written narrative text through VCD cutting media in semarang 7 senior high school
    4. The  Primary problem could be elaborated into the following subproblems:
      1. How to improve studentss creativity  to express and to response meaning in monolog text  on spoken and written  narrative text accurately and acceptably?
      1. How to improve students activity  to express and to response meaning in monolog text  on spoken and written  narrative text accurately and acceptably?
      2. How to improve students cognitive score  to express and to response meaning in monolog text  on spoken and written  narrative text accurately and acceptably?
     

    C. The Objectives of the research.

         In accordance with the above problems, the objectives of the research were:

      1. To improve students creativity to express and to response meaning in monolog text  on spoken and written  narrative text accurately and acceptably.
      2. To improve students activity to express and to response meaning in monolog text  on spoken and written  narrative text accurately and acceptably.
      3. To improve students cognitive score  to express and to response meaning in monolog text  on spoken and written  narrative text accurately and acceptably.
      4. To get school input from the teachers as the basis of making school decision so that it would fulfil the students need.
     

    D. Review of Related Literature.

        a. Explanation of Terminology.

    1. Improvement. 

         Improvement is from the word improve which means  make or become better.   ( Hornby , 1973: 494). So what was meant by improvement in this research   was the improvement of the students learning achievement.

         According to Moh. Uzer Usman,  to know the level of teaching  learning  achievement based on  the curriculum implemented were as the followings:

      1. Maximum  : If all the learning  material is able to be mastered by the students.
      2. Very good / optimum  :  If most of the learning material  (85 % to 94 % is able to be mastered by the students.
      3. Good/ minimum : If most of the learning material  (75 % to . 84 %. is able to be mastered by the students.
      4. Fail : If  less than 75 % of the learning material is able to be mastered by the students.
    1. So what is meant by improvement in this action research was to create the best situation for students to improve their ability to to express and to response meaning in monolog text  on spoken and written  narrative text accurately and acceptably through media VCD Cutting to reach  the minimal level of achievement ( school passing grade ).
    2. VCD Cutting.

              VCD Cutting is the result of  cutting film from VCD using VCD Cutter software.

    1. Teaching and Learning Narrative Text.

            Sardiman in  Sudibyo AP said that teaching and learning means teaching and learning activity  in interactive way between a teacher and students to reach  a learning objective ( Sudibyo AP, 2006: 6).  

               Narrative is a piece of text which tells a story and , in doing so , entertains or informs the reader or listener.  ( Mark & Kathy Anderson -  Book 2 : 8)

            According to Tri Wiratno, Narrative text is a text functions a media to reconstruct  past experience. In general, narrative text is used to entertain readers or listeners by making past events alive again.. (Tri Wiratno, 2003:13).

         According to CBC 2004  narrative text is a text which has the following characteristics: .

      Social Function:

      To amuse, entertain and to deal with actual or vicarious exoerience in different ways. Narratives deal with problematic events which lead to crisis or turning point some kind, which in turn find a resolution.

      Generic Structure:

    • ORIENTATION

            : sets the scene (when & where) and introduces participants/character (who)

    • COMPLICATION

            : a crisis arises, something happened unexpectedly

    • RESOLUTION

            : the crisis is resolved, for better or for worse

    • RE-ORIENTATION

            : closing to the narrative (optional)

      Language Features of Narrative:

      • Specific participants, for example, John and Harry rather than senior high school students.
      • Past tense form, because we are describing things that happened in the past.
      • Words giving details of people, animals, places, things and actions such as adjectives and adverbs.      Connectors of time, such as last week, then, etc.
      • Direct (the actual words spoken by a person), and reported or indirect speech ( the meaning of what the person said without using their actual words.) (Kurikulum 2004,2003:80)
     

            So teaching and learning narrative text in this research means teaching and learning activity  in interactive way between a teacher and students to reach  learning objective - to express and to response meaning in monolog text  on spoken and written  narrative text accurately and acceptably.  

    4. Spoken and Written Cycle.

          2004 Competency Based Curriculum differenciates  spoken and written cycle as follows:

          Cycles (modes) , spoken and written language are different in some cases: Spoken language  has many verbs , the complexities of  the connection between sentences, gambits and other fillers. . William R. Lee uses fillers such as  : Well, You know/You see, etc.

       While written mode, has the density of  vocabularies,  noun phrases, etc.   Realizing the differences CBC 2004 highlights the language features  of those two language modes. Hopefully, the language users  pay  a close attention  to  them  so that they will not tend  to use the language speaking like a book and  writing like casual conversation ( CBC 2004 :12). 

    b. The Meaning Media.  

    Media or medium means by which something is done. (Hornby 1973: 610). So in this research media means   any possible thing which is able to deliver  learning messages in a communication so that it can stimulate students to learn. (Kukuh, 2003). The media which is used in an instruction should be interactive  which means media as instructional message deliverer involved students actively in the process of communication. So interactive instructional media can be used to improve learning models . For example , by giving a model of a narrative text students can create other narratives.

          The term audio visual means all materials which present pictures and sound that can be combined as follows:

          a. Paintings and recored human sound.

          b. Paintings and music,

          c. Photos, sound , music and  human sound..

          d. . film with narration, sound effect and music.

      1. The need of media in  teaching and learning process.

          In teaching learning process, there will be a comminication between a teacher  a a message source and  students message receivers.

    To plan teaching and learning activity a teaher should choose media which is really effective and efficient.

           When the media is an interactive one, the students are not only as listeners or wievers, but also involved actively in the learning process.

          More over, media can overcome the teachers lack for example it can present sound effect, pictures and motion so that the message delivered will be more interesting and real. The weakness of media is that it can not replace  teachers function.

          Media will help teachers in  teaching and learning process such as:

    1. Media  audio with the native sound can help teachers and students pronounce difficult letters and words correctly.
    2. Media help teachers and students pronounce sentences and certain expressions using correct intonation.
    3. Modeling text helps students use grammar and cultural setting correctly.
    4. Media presents information or message consitently and can be repeated whenever it is needed.
    5. Information and Technology Media ( radio, TV, Internet/ Computer) presents information or message  which overcome the limitation of time and place at once..
     

          There are some choices of media which can be used  in the English teaching and learning activities :

      1. Tape recorder nd cassette with native speakers is very good for modeling pronounciation and intonation.
      2. Film, very good for modelling situation.
      3. LCD (Liquid Crystal Display), is a practical hard ware and more interesting than Video, OHP. LCd is connected to computer using VCD player and camera so that it can be  watched by the audience in the classroom.
      4. IT (Information Technology) or ICT (Information Communication Technology), is a multi media which can be improved through computer and internet where every person can possibly access learning information without the limitaion of time and place.

          The usage  of media in teaching and lerning process at school to increase the quality of education has often  been done but  not all schols can do that. This is because of the condition of the school and the teachers lack of competence in instructional media.

          From the explanation about media, the writer chose media IT, computer and LCD with Microsoft Office Power Point and VCD Cutter software . Therefore,  the writer used available instructional source (By Utilization) and design instructional source  with Power Point and VCD Cutting (By Design). 

    c. Learning Cycle.

             Hammond et.al ( 1992:17) divides language learning into 2 cycles, spoken and written language. Each cycle covered four steps, namely   Building Knowledge of the field, Modelling Text,  Joint Construction of the Text  and  Indpendent/ Individual Construction of the Text . 

    d. Way of Thinking

          What makes a good teacher? CJeremy Harmer answered the questions from the result of an interview with students from different countries, two of them are:

    1. They should make their lessons interesting so you dont fall asleep in them.
    2. A teacher must love his/her job. If  he /she really enjoys his/her job thatll make the lesson more interesting.

                (Harmer,2003: 1)

            From this point of view, early reflection and the formulation of the problems, and the way how to solve the problem by making the situation of the class more interesting and enjoyable for both students and teachers by using VCD Cutting it was expected that the result of the teaching and learning on spoken written Narrative text

      for the students of Grade XII Language program  semester 1  , Semarang 7 Senior High School   was able to improve . So , it could be formulated the way of thinking as follows:

      Students

    • Work individually
    • Not creative
    • Not active
    • Have less competence  in expressing and responding meaning on spoken and written monolog text accurately and acceptably.

     

     
     
     
     
     
     

    The process of teaching and learning

      • It was done mechanically
     

    Low learning result on Narrative Text

    Facility

      • Not enough media available

     

     

    Teacher

    • Not yet/ never use authentic material.
    • Had less creativity to make interesting and enjoyable  classroom situation and supported students to work in groups before they work individualy..
     
     

    Teaching and learning activity with VCD Cutting media

    The quality of the teaching and learning process on narrative text improved

    E. Research Methodology

    a.  Action Hypothesis .

            Hypothesis is a temporary assumption or theory of which the truth is still necessary to be investigated . (Suharsimi. 1998:68).

            Therefore, in this research, the hypothesis proposed was :

       VCD cutting media  could improve the English communication competency on spoken and written narrative text in semarang 7 senior high school academic year 2006/2007

     

    b. Relevan Research. 

          The use of accurate research methodology will not find  a speculative truth  so that  it will really be an  objective, accurate research  and able to be responsible for the research..

          Basically, the writer wanted to know the competency of the students of grade XII  to express and response the meaning  in the monolog text  using spoken and written language accurately and acceptably on narrative text.  

    Planning of a research canbe devided onto 7 catagories , namely:  

    1. historical research.
    2. development research
    3. case study
    4. co relational study
    5. causal comparative study
    6. experimental study
    7. action research

            (Sumadi,1983:15)

          Based on the above categories,  the relevant research was Action Research of which its procedure were : planning, acting, observing, and reflecting.  

    c.  Setting of the research 

            This action research was conducted  in the early semester 1, on the mid of July until September  academic year 2006/2007 in Semarang 7 Senior High School for students of grade XII Language Program.  

      d. Subject of the Research. 

          The subject of the research was the students of grade XII Language Program. The reason why this class was used as the sample of the research because the students in this class had got  the lesson about Information Technology (IT) so that it was easy for them  to insert VCD cutting in their presentation with Microsoft Office Power Point.  

    e. Steps.

               This action research consisted of 3 cycles of which each cycle had the following actions:

      1. Preparation.

      1. To construct teaching kits such as : development of syllaby, lesson plan, Narrative text material written in Microsoft Office Power Point completed with VCD Cutting.
      2. To construct peper and pencil test instrument for the pre and the post-test.
      3. To construct observation instrument for the individual and group work.
      4. To construct instrument to investiaget the students atutude towards the lesson.
    1. Implementation of the Action.

      a. The first  stage , Building Knowledge of the field  (BKOF) , is very important for the students as it is the point at which overall knowledge of the cultural and social contexts of the topic is built and developed. It is also important for the students to have an understanding of the topic before they are asked to write about it.

        b. The second stage, Modelling of Text (MOT) , the students are given a model of the text type or  a genre they will be reading or writing.  There is an explicit focus  on analysing the genre through a model text related to the course topic.

        c. The third stage, joint construction of text (JOT) , the  aim is for the teacher to work with the students to construct  a similar text that has been modeled before. Further group  work may need to be done before the actual construction of the text begins. This may covers :

      1. gathering relevan information,
      2. having additional reading,
      3. watching the film chosen,
      4. learning how to do VCD cutting,
      5. writing  notes to be used as the basis for writing the text. If the students still have difficulties about the text, they are guided to be back to the modeling text or even to the building knowledge of the field.
      6. writing a short story based on the film they watched on Power Point.
      7.   having group work presentation and supporting the students in order to change the language from spoken to written mode. The emphasis at this stage is on the teacher giving guidance

      d. The fourth stage , Independent Construction of Text (ICOT) . The students are  guided to construct  their own writing. The teahers duty is being available to consult with the student individually as they need an assistance. The teachers role is to provide constructive comments to the student for his or her development.

           According to CBC 2004 Senior High School , the text types which should be mastered by the students of grade XII are narrative, explanation, discussion dan review.  The writer conducted action research on two cycles, spoken and written  for the students of grade XII Language Program , semester 1  who focused on the narrative text.  

      3. Observation .

                  On the stage of the observation  the writer (as the researcher) and the observer (other English teacher) were involved actively. The observation for the students performance was done by the researcher and the observer used focused rubric   

      4. Evaluation   dan Reflection.

            Evaluatin for the action in  each cycle was done based on the principle that the teacher could rivise or made a remedial teaching in cycle 2 based on the data taken during the action in cycle 1. And the evaluation in cycle 3 based on the data taken from cycle 2 , so that the process of evaluation , the effectiveness of the action was not only measured based on the result of the cognitive test but also measured based on  the focused observation assessment , performance and  atitude (affective) assessments.  

    5. Method of Collecting Data.

          To cllect the data the writer designed the following instruments:

      1. Paper-pencil test.
      2. Rubric
      3. Performance assessment
      4. Systematic observation
      5. Portofolio

    HAPTER II

    REPORT OF THE ACIVITIES 

    A. Constructing  Lesson Plan.

     

    LESSON PLAN

    ( LP) 

          Subject :  English Lesson

          School :  Senior High School

          Class/Semester :  XII Language Program / 1

          Genre :  Narrative

          Cycles :  Spoken and Written

          Time allotment :  28  periods

     

    I. STANDARD COMPETENCE

     

      1. Listening :

      1.1 The ability to understand the meaning of formal transactional dialogues and interpersonal dialogues (sustained) accurately and acceptably in daily lives and to access knowledge.

      1.2. The ability to understand the meaning of monolog text, narrative accurately and acceptably in daily lives and to access knowledge. 

      2. Speaking :

      2.1 The ability to express the meaning of formal transactional dialogues and interpersonal dialogues (sustained) accurately and acceptably in daily lives and to access knowledge. 

      1.2. The ability to express the meaning of monolog text, narrative accurately and acceptably in daily lives and to access knowledge.   

        3. Reading :

        3.1. The ability to understand the meaning of written monolog text, narrative accurately and acceptably in daily lives and to access knowledge.   

        4. Writing:

        4.1 The ability to express the meaning of monolog text, narrative accurately and acceptably in daily lives and to access knowledge.   

      II. BASIC COMPETENCE

        1. Listening :

        1.1 The students are able to response the meaning of formal transactional dialogues and interpersonal dialogues (sustained) accurately and acceptably in daily lives which includes expressions : suggestions, request, complaint, possibility and ability to do something.

          1.2. The students are able to response the meaning of spoken monologs accurately and acceptably in daily lives I relation to narrative text.  

          2. Speaking :

          2.1. The students are able to express the meaning of formal transactional dialogues and interpersonal dialogues (sustained) accurately and acceptably in daily lives which includes expressions : suggestions, request, complaint, possibility and ability to do something.

            2.2. The students are able to express the meaning of spoken monologs accurately and acceptably in daily lives in relation to narrative text.  

          3. Reading :

          3.1. The students are able to response the meaning of written  monologs accurately and acceptably in daily lives on narrative text.  

          4. Writing:

          4.1 The students are able to express the meaning of written monologs accurately and acceptably in daily lives in relation to  narrative text.

         

        III. INDICATOR

          a. Actional Competence.

              1. Listening.

          To response the  transactional and interpersonal dialogues  correctly, such as:

             suggestions, request, complaint, possibility and ability to do something.

         

            2. Speaking

          To express the  transactional and interpersonal  dialogues  correctly, such as:

             suggestions, request, complaint, possibility and ability to do something, and to  express monolog, in the form of narrative.

         

                       3.  Reading

                            To response / understand monologs in the form of narrative.

                       4.  Writing

                To express monolog in the form of narrative. 

          b. Linguistic Competence.

          1. Identify and use   Past Tense.
          2. Identify and use relational process, material process, mental process and verbal process
          3. Identify and use adjectives and adverbs.
          4. Identify and use Connectors of Time
          5. Identify and use Direct and Indirect Speech.
          6. Identify and use gambits and Fillers.
         

          c. Sociocultural Competence

          1. To express message in communication with others correctly and acceptably according to the related culture.
         

          d. Strategic competence

          1. Working together in groups.
          2. Repeating words or sentences.
          3. Reading aloud.
          4. Reading more of related text.
         

          e. Attitudes

          1. Having confidence to improve the ability to understand narrative text.
          2. Delivering presentation about the work of narrative in groups.
          3. Participating actively in discussing narrative text with the teacher or friends.
          4. Doing the assignments enthusiastically.
         

        III.    MATERIAL

          Action in the class room.

          Expressions :

           suggestions, request, complaint, possibility and ability to do something, and  Monolog  :

           Narrative Text.

         

        1. STEPS:

          1.   Introduction :

            Call the roll

            Greeting

            Review on the past lesson.

          2.  Core : 

          Time Stages/ Cycles Activities and Materials
            SPOKEN CYCLE  
          3 X 45 Minutes Building knowledge of the field

          (Literacy Principle : Conversion and cultural knowledge)

          1. Exposing tenses available in narrative text.
          2. Sharing experience about stories stories students have heard or read and hobby of watching film.
          3. Discussing vocabulary around the topics of narrative that are going to learn.
          4. Practicing Pronunciation, spelling and intonation.
          5. Identification of gambits and fillers.
          4 X 45

          Minutes

          Modelling of Text

          (Literacy Principle: interpretation, reflection and problem solving)

          1. Giving model of narrative texts.
          2. Giving model of narrative text completed with VCD Cutting  through LCD
          3. Discussing the content of the text..
          4. Discussing the generic structure of narrative text.
          5. Discussing how spoken  narrative text is constructed well so that it is easy to understand.
          4X 45

          Minutes

          Joint construction

          (Literacy Principle : collaboration  and language use)

          1. Practicing how to begin a conversation and to response it. .
          2. Practicing responses given to sustain the conversation.
          3. Constructing spoken narrative text in groups.
          3 X 45

          Minutes

          Independent construction (Literacy Principle: language use)
          1. Constructing spoken narrative individually.
          Time Stages and Cycles Activities and Materials
            WRITTEN CYCLE  
          3 X 45

          Minutes

          Building knowledge of the field

          (Literacy Principle : Conversion and cultural knowledge)

          1. Exposing tenses available in narrative text.
          2. Sharing experience about stories the students have heard or read and hobby of watching film.
          3. Discussing vocabulary around the topics of  narrative that are going to learn.
          4 X 45

          Minutes

          Modelling of Text

          (Literacy Principle: interpretation, reflection and problem solving)

          1. Giving model of narrative texts.
          2. Giving model of narrative text completed with VCD Cutting  through LCD
          3. Discussing the content of the text..
          4. Discussing the generic structure of narrative text.
          5. Discussing how written narrative text is constructed well so that it is easy to understand.
          4X 45

          Minutes

          Joint construction

          (Literacy Principle  : collaboration  and language use)

          1. Constructing narrative text based on the film the students have watched in groups completed with Power Point  and VCD Cutting.
          2. Group work presentation about narrative text.
          3 X 45

          Minutes

          Independent construction (Literacy Principle: language use)
          1. Constructing a written narrative text individually. .
          2. Publication.
         

          3.  Closing

          a.  Concluding the lesson taught.

          b.   Giving home assignments.

        1. MEDIA, TEACHING AIDS AND SOURCE.

          Media  : VCD Cutting

          Teaching aids : Computer, LCD.

          Source  : 

                2004 Competency Based Curriculum .

                English Book For Grade XII Pemkot Semarang.

                Lantern to English , Harapan Baru , Surakarta

                LKS MGMP Bhs Inggris Kota Semarang kelas XII

        1. EVALUATION
              1. Paper and Pencil Test
              2. Performance
              3. Product
              4. Project
              5. Portfolio

                Semarang,    18 Juli  2006

          Approved by

          Headmaster, Teacher, 

          Drs. Totok Widyanto Sri Muryati, SPd. 

          NIP. 131415203 NIP. 130794346 
           
           
           
           
           

          C. Presentation.  

          By the end of the lesson you are expected to be able to:

          • understand the purpose of narrative
          • understand the generic structure of narrative.
          • understand the language features of narrative.
          • work with variety of narrative.
          • present your group work of narrative.
          • construct your own work of narrative.
          • publish your own work of narrative.
          • use language functions:
            • making a request, granting and declining a request
            • expressing suggestion.
            • expressing complaint
            • expressing possibility/impossibility
            • expressing ability/inability
          • Use grammar :
            • Past Tense
           

          Section One: Building Knowledge of the Field. 

          A. SPOKEN 

          Activity 1

          There are many different types of narratives. Do you know what they are?

          1. Fable
          2. legend
          3. Romance
          4. Real-life fiction
          5. Historical fiction
          6. Mystery
          7. Fantasy
          8. Science fiction
          9. Diary-novels
          10. Adventure
          11. Fairy tale
           
           

          Find the meaning of the different text types (or genres) above in the following box. 
           
           

          1. Novels dealing with daily records, events, thoughts, etc.
          2. Exciting or dangerous journey or activity.
          3. Fiction belonging to history
          4. Something of which the cause or origin is hidden or impossible to understand
          5. Capacity to cause or feel amusement.
          6. Love story
          7. Novel in which the detection of crime is the chief interest.
          8. Fiction existing in fact
          9. Imagination
          10. Fiction dealing with recent or imagined scientific discoveries.
          11. Short tale not based on fact esp. one with animals in it
          12. Old story handed down from the past, especially one of doubtful truth.
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           

          Activity 2 

          I will  pronounce  these words. Listen them carefully then repeat.

          Dont forget to look up the meaning in your dictionary.

          1. pretty   = ? pr?t?]   = cantik.
          1. industrious  = ? ?ndstr??s] =
          1. ugly    = ? gl?]   =
          1. fonder   = ? fond?:]  =  
          1. idle    = ?a?dl]   =
          1. step    = ? step]   =
          1. daughter   = ?do:t? ]   =
          1. shuttle    = ?tl ]   =
          1. dip    = ?d?p ]   =
          1. mishap   = ?m?sh?p ]  =
           
           

          Activity 3

          Look up the transcription and the meaning of the following words in your dictionary

           

          1. scold   = ?..]  = mencaci-maki
          1. merciless  = ?..]  = .. 
          2. fetch   = ?..]  = ..
          3. sorrow  = ?..]  = ..
          4. meadow  = ?..]  = ..
          1. sense   = ?..]  = ..
          1. loaves   = ?..]  = ..
          2. shovel  = ?..]  = ..
          3. ripe   = ?..]  = ..
          4. heap       = ?..]  = ..        
          5. peep   = ?..]  = ..   
          6. mistress   = ?..] = ..
          7. vigorous   = ?..] = ..
          8. pitch   = ?..] = ..
          9. diligent   = ?..] = ..
           
           
           

          Activity 4 

                      Expressing Suggestion.

          Practice the following dialogue. 

          Practice the dialogue with your partner.

          Rudy : Morning, Rany. 

          Rany : Hi, Rudy. Morning. Come on in!

            Rudy :  Thanks. Rany, I feel like reading something different today.

          Rany :  What about reading fable?

          Rudy : Fable ? What i?s it?

          Rany : You mean the meaning of fable ?

          Rudy : Yes, what does it mean?

          Rany : Fable is short tale not based on fact .

          Rudy : Is that all?

          Rany : No,  especially one with animals in it .

          Rudy : Do you have it?

          Rany : Yeah.

          Rudy : Whats the title of the book?

          Rany : The Jamie Bear.

          Rudy : Can I read it here?

          Rany : Sure. Here you are.

          Rudy : Thank you.

          Rany : No problem. 

          Activity 5

          Answer the question based on the conversation above.

          1. Who were involved in the conversation?
          2. Where did the conversation take place?
          3. What did Rudy want to do?
          4. What did Rany suggest Rudy to do?
          5. What is fable?
          6. Who owned the book about fable?
          7. Whats the title of the book?
          8. Did Rany let Rudy read the book?
          9. Mentions more expressions of suggestion.

          Activity 6

                    Teachers Information. 

          Here are more expressions of suggestion. Study them carefully.

          Informal:

          1. Lets .
          2. Lets ., shall we?
          3. What about , (then)?
          4. I tell you what: well .
          5. We could always ,(then)?
          6. Fancy.,(then)
          7. Why dont we, (then)?
          8. Why not,(then)?
          9. Do you think it would be an idea to ?

           

          Formal:

          1. Well, Mr., Perhaps youd
          2. May/ Might I suggest (then)?
          3. If I may/ make a suggestion:
          4. Would you care to .,(then)?
          5. You may/ might like to
          6. Have you considered , (then)?
          7. I suggest/ propose .
          8. I should like to put forward a suggestion / proposal: .
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           

          Activity 7

          Create dialogues based on the following situations.

          1. Its the weekend. You and your friend are bored. Its sunny.
          2. You are in a meeting at work. Your boss looks so confused and up set because the products are not sold well. You have the answer to the problem and you want to give a proposal to your boss.
           

          Activity 8

          Practice the dialogues you have created in front of the class. 

          Activity 9

                    Expressing Complaint 

              Practice the following dialogue. 

              Jones, you cant possibly do that. We agreed that wed go to London.

               

              Im sorry, Anita. It wont happen again.

               

              Why do you always change your mind?

               

              Please, forgive me.

               

               
               
               
               
               
               

              Activity 8

              Answer the questions based on the conversation above.

              1. Who were involved in the conversation?
              2. Look at the picture! Where did the conversation take place?
              3. What did Jones and Anita agree?
              4. Did Jones change his mind?
              5. Where did Jones ask Anita to go?
              6. What did Anita complain about?
              7. What did Jones promise?
              8. Mention more expressions of complaint.
               

              Activity 9

                              Teachers Information 

                  Here are more expressions of suggestion. Study them carefully

                  Informal:

                  1. This is crazy!
                  2. You cant possibly do that.
                  3. (Really!) Ive just about had enough (of).
                  4. (Look here!) You cant go around
                  5. (Honestly) Youre always
                  6. (Really!) Im fed up with
                  7. (Hey!) I wish youd /you wouldnt
                  8. Im afraid Ive got a complaint about

                   

                  Formal:

                  1. I wish to complain in the strongest terms about the service in this .
                  2. II really do/ must object to .
                  3. I take the great exception to .
                  4. Im not at all satisfied.
                  5. Im not at all satisfied with.

                   

                   
                   
                   
                   
                   
                   
                   
                   
                   

                  Activity 10

                  Create dialogues based on the following situations. 

                  1. You are with a friend discussing home work given by your teacher but you find it difficult to do.
                  2. You have booked a room at a hotel and when you arrive that the hotel clerk says there is no room for you.
                   

                  Activity 11

                  Practice the dialogues you have created in front of the class. 
                   

                  Activity 12  

                            Expressing Ability / Inability.

                  Study the conversation between Rany and Rudy after he has finished reading the book. 

                  Rany: Have you finished reading the book Rudy?

                  Rudy: Yeah.

                  Rany: Can you tell me the story now?

                  Rudy: You have read the book, havent you?

                    Rany: No, I havent. I just bought it last night.

                  Rudy: Actually, I cant tell a story.  But let me try briefly.

                  Rany: Ok. Im listening.

                    Rudy:  Once there was a bear, named Jamie Bear. He had a best friend, Andy Bear.But the both had a problem.

                    Rany: A problem? What was it?

                    Rudy: They had different hobbies?

                    Rany: What made so different?

                    Rudy: Well, . Andy didnt like the sun but Jamie did. And Jamie didnt like the rain but  Andy did.

                    Rany: Was it  possible for them to make friendship? They had different hobbies, didnt they?

                    Rudy: Yes, It was pasible.

                  Rany: How?

                  Rudy: Even though they were both so different, there was one thing neither of them liked. Rany : What was that?

                  Rudy : That was snow.

                  Rany : I see. And How did the story end?

                    Rudy : When the flakes started to fall from the sky, Andy and Jamie went into their cave and slept. They were happy they had lots of shaggy fur to keep them warm.

                  Rany: So, what can we learn from the story?

                  Rudy: I think . Its okay to be different.

                  Rany: I see. 

                    Activity 13

                    Answer the questions based on the conversation above. 

                  1. What did Rany ask Rudy to do?
                  2. Could Rudy actually tell a story?
                  3. What do the underlined  sentences express?
                    1. Can you tell me the story now?
                    2. So, what can we learn from the story?
                  4. Can you mention some more expressions of ability?
                   

                  Activity 14

                            Teachers Information 

                      More expressions of ability/ inability are:

                      Informal:

                      Do you really think you can start the engine of the car?

                      1. (Yes,) I reckon I can.
                      2. Im not too bad at .                    Sound modest
                      3. There is just a chance I can / could .
                      4. (Yes, its) easy as a pie!
                      5. Sure
                      6. (Yes, its) a cinch!         Could sound  
                      7. Yes, its a) piece of cake!         Boastful. 
                      8. (Yes,) Im pretty good at .
                       
                       
                       
                       
                       
                       
                       
                       
                       
                       

                      Formal:

                      Would you find dealing with complaints a problem?

                      1. Id say I was capable of doing that.
                      2. Im capable.
                      3. I feel capable.
                      4. Im capable of .
                      5. I feel capable of .
                      6. I have experience of .
                      7. Id say I was able to .
                      8. Im able to .
                      9. I feel able to .
                      10. ( I think) I have the ability /abilities (necessary) ..
                       
                       
                       
                       
                       
                       
                       
                       
                       
                       
                       
                       
                       

                      Activity 15

                      Create conversations using expressions of ability based on the following situations.

                      1. You are with a friend, Tony, in a car that wont start. You think you know why and offer to help.
                      2. Your company has got into difficulties with a business client. Your boss asks you in a meeting if you need help to deal with the situation.
                       
                       

                      Activity 16

                      Practice the conversations you have created in front of the class. 
                       

                      Activity 17

                                Teachers Information

                      Study this sentence. They are taken from the conversation. What do they express?

                      I cant tell a story

                      More expressions of inability are:

                      Informal:

                      Come on! Youll enjoy it.

                      1. But I havent got a clue how to play it.
                      2. Ive no idea how .
                      3. I havent the faintest/ foggiest idea how .
                      4. There is no way I can .
                      5. I dont reckon I can
                      6. I wouldnt know where to begin/ start.
                      7. Im hopeless.
                      8. Im hopeless at .
                      9. Im no good.  11. Its no good.
                      10. Im no good at.              12. (Sorry) cant manage.
                       
                       
                       
                       
                       
                       
                       
                       
                       
                       
                       
                       

                      Formal:

                      1. Im not sure Im capable of doing that.
                      2. Im not sure Im capable.
                      3. I dont feel capable of .
                      4. (I think) that would prove (too) difficult .
                      5. I dont fell able to.
                      6. I wouldnt say I was able .
                      7. Im afraid.. might beyond me
                      8. (Im afraid) . Might be beyond my capabilities/ abilities.
                      9. I have no experience .
                      10. I have no experience of .
                      11. I dont think I have the qualifications/ experience (necessary) .
                      12. I dont think I have the ability / abilities (necessary) .
                      13. (Im afraid) I cant cope with .
                      14. (Im afraid I cant cope.

                       

                       
                       
                       
                       
                       
                       
                       
                       
                       
                       
                       
                       
                       
                       
                       
                       
                       

                      Activity 18

                      Create conversations using expressions of inability based on the following pictures.

                      Example:             1.                                          2.

                      A : Do you think he can start the engine?

                      B : No I dont think he can start it.. 

                      Activity 19

                                  Expressing possibility /impossibility. 

                      Study these sentences. They are taken from the conversation. What do they express?

                    Was  it possible?
                    1. Yes, It was pasible.
                     
                     
                     

                              Teachers Information 

                        To say whether we think something is possible or impossible we use: 

                        Possibility:

                        1. may be
                        2. might be
                        3. can be
                        4. it is possible
                        5. perhaps
                        6. probably
                        7. I expect
                        8. Its quite possible/ probable
                        9. its not out o the questions
                        10. there is a good chance
                        11. I assume/ believe
                        12. its (quite) likely

                        Impossibility:

                        1. I dont think.
                        2. it is not possible
                        3. Hardly possible
                        4. Its not probable
                        5. I dont expect
                        6. Its impossible/ not probable
                        7. its  out o the questions
                        8. there is a little  chance
                        9. its  unlikely
                        10. Probably not
                        11. its very doubtful
                        12. I cant believe

                         

                         
                         
                         
                         
                         
                         
                         
                         

                            
                         
                         
                         
                         
                         
                         

                        Activity 20

                        Answer the questions using the expressions of possibility or impossibility.

                        1. Is it possible to read the novel in one day?
                          • Its quite possible.
                          • No, its not possible.
                        1. Do you believe I will be the winner of the story telling competition?
                        1. Is it likely for you to find the old book in the library?
                        2. Is there a good chance for him to win the case?
                        3. Does it seem possible for the experts to eliminate the bird flu?
                        4. Do you believe that she will release her second short story book?
                        5. Do you think that schools need frequent outdoor activities?
                        6. Do you think you can create animated film by yourself?
                        7. Do you think you can work over time on   Saturday eve?
                        8. Do you think there can be a combination of narratives within their different types?
                        9. Do you think a crime novel also include romance and mystery?
                        10. Do you think an adventure narrative can include humour and romance?
                         
                         
                         
                         
                         

                        Activity 21 

                            Fillers : Well, You know/You see 

                            Well, You know, You see are expressions called softeners or intimacy signals.

                        They  usually come at the beginning of an utterance, but also can come in the middle or even at the end.  CThey help establish or maintain the informality of a conversation.

                            Examples: 

                            Well,

                            It often occurs as a first response to a question:

                        • When are you leaving for Semarang?
                        • Well, were not sure. The matters a bit complicated.

                        It sometimes suggest a new start, either of thought or action.

                        • Well, I must get back to my job.
                        • Well, what about a drink?

                        You know/ You see 

                        • You know, its time we went somewhere different.
                        • Lets walk down to the beach. 
                        • Its raining, you see?
                        • Oh, is it?
                        • You see I happen to have known him for a long time. 
                        • Really? Oh I wasnt aware of that.
                         
                         

                        Section Two : Modelling Text. 

                        Activity 1

                        Model narrative Text 1 : Fable. 

                        Complete the following monolog with suitable words in the brackets. Mind the form.  

                        Well, let me tell a story. Its about  Jamie Bear. You see Jamie Bear  1. (like) the sunshine. He  2. . (love) to go to the beach. You want to know why? Because he wanted to  play in the sand there.  Sometimes he  3. .. (build)  sandcastles. Sometimes he  4. . (gather)  seashells. Other times he  5. (throw) his beach ball into the air and  6. (try) to catch it. Now guess! What thing did he  7. ..(like) most?     Swimming. He loved splashing in the water , too. What else?  Yes, floating about with his rubber ring around his waist. Wait! One more thing, Jamie loved listening to the seagulls as they flew over the sea.  You know what they were they doing ?.Trying to find fish.

                        Now, what about  Jamies friend? You know. he was his best friend, Andy Bear. He loved the rain very much. Nothing he loved more than putting on his rain boots and raincoat and running through puddles of water. Sometimes he  9. (take) his umbrella outside. It was red.  and other times he let the rain fall on his head. It was fury, right? He loved the way the raindrops smelled so fresh. When he  10. ..(hear) the pitter-patter of rain on the window.  He  11. .. (watch) it  as they slid down the glass.  And ..It 12. (drip) down to the ground below. You know what Andy thought? Andy  13. .(think) the grey clouds were pretty.  You see.he also laughed when he heard the thunder boom and saw the lightning flash.

                        "I dont like the sun," Andy frowned. "Its too hot and it makes me thirsty."

                        "I dont like the rain," Jamie scowled. "My fur turns soggy and it makes me shiver."

                        So, there were a difference between them. But remember on thing! Although they  14. .(be)  both so different.  there was one thing neither of them liked, You know what?  Well, that was snow. When the flakes started to fall from the sky, Andy and Jamie went into their cave and slept. They were happy they 15. ..(have) lots of  fur to keep them warm. It was so shaggy.

                              Well, what moral value can you get from the story? I think its okay to be different.

                                                                    (Stories for Younger Children) 

                          Activity 5

                          Now, Read the text  you have corrected  then find out  as many fillers as you can.  
                           

                          Activity 6 

                          Model Narrative Text 2 : Fairy Tale

                           

                          Let me tell you a story. Its about Mother Hole. Everybody listen to me carefully because I will give you some questions part by part  to check your understanding of the story!

                           

                          Mother Hole

                                Well, there was once a widow who had two daughters - one of whom was pretty and industrious, but . what about the other one? She  was ugly and idle.  But she liked  better than the ugly and idle one. Do you know why? Because she was her own daughter.  And the other, who was a step-daughter, was obliged to do all the work.  How pity she was because she became the Cinderella of the house.  

                          1. How many daughters did the widow have?
                          2. Why did the widow love the ugly girl more than the pretty one?
                          3. Why was the pretty girl called the Cinderella of the house?
                           

                                  Then, what happen next? Every day the poor girl had to sit by well and spin till her fingers bled. Now it happened that one day the shuttle was marked with her blood.  So she dipped it in the well, to wash the mark off, but it dropped out of her hand and fell to the bottom. Of course  She began to cry , and ran to her step-mother and told her of the what had happened.   But she was very angry. Do you know what see said? She said, Since you have let the shuttle fall in, you must take  it out again!  So the girl went back to the well, and did not know what to do. And in the sorrow of her heart she jumped into the well to get the shuttle.  She lost her senses.  And when she awoke and came to herself again, do you know where she was? You see ..she was in a lovely meadow . The sun was shining and many thousands of flowers were growing there.  She went across this meadow. At last she came to a baker's oven full of bread, and the bread cried out, Oh, take me out! Take me out. Or I shall burn.  I have been baked a long time!  Do you know what she did then? So she went up to it, and took out all the loaves one after another with the bread-shovel. After that she went on till she came to a tree covered with apples.  It called out to her, Oh, shake me. Shake me. We apples are all ripe!  So she shook the tree till the apples fell like rain. And . She went on shaking till they were all down. And when she had gathered them , she went on her way.  

                          1. What did the pretty girl do everyday?
                          2. Why did she dip the shuttle in the well? What happened to the shuttle then?
                          3. Why was her step-mother angry with her?
                          4. What did her stepmother ask her to do?
                          5. What did the pretty girl see after she had awaked and come to herself?
                          6. What did the bread ask her to do?
                          7. Why did the apple tree ask her to shake it?
                           

                                At last she came to a little house where  an old woman lived. Can you imagine what she was like? She was old and had very large teeth. You know   the girl was frightened, and was about to run away. But the old woman called out to her, What are you afraid of, dear child.  Stay with me. If you will do all the work in the house properly, you shall be the better for it.  Only you must take care to make my bed well!  I am mother Hole. As the old woman spoke so kindly to her, the girl took courage and agreed to serve her.    So she had a pleasant life with her.   She never heard an angry word from mother Hole. But after sometime   she had a longing to be at home again.  At last she said to the old woman, I have a longing for home, and however well off I am down here, I cannot stay any longer.  I must go up again to my own people.  Mother Hole said, I am pleased that you long for your home again, and as you have served me so truly, I myself will take you up again.  She led her to a large door.  Do you see what happened? The door was opened. And .just as the girl was standing under the doorway, a heavy shower of golden rain fell. You know all the gold clung to her, so that she was completely covered over with it. You shall have that because you have been so industrious, said mother Hole. And at the same time she gave her back the shuttle which she had let falls into the well.  Then the door closed, and the girl found herself up above upon the earth, not far from her mother's house. And as she went into the yard the cock was sitting on the well, and cried C Cock-a-doodle-doo.   Your golden girl's come back to you. So she went in to her mother, and as she arrived covered with gold. and.. do you know how her stepmother behaved to her? She was well received, both by her and her sister. The girl told all that had happened to her, and as soon as the mother heard how she had come by so much wealth, she was very anxious to get the same good luck for the ugly and lazy daughter. 

                          1. Where did the pretty girl come at last?
                          2. Who own the little house?
                          3. What did mother Hole ask the pretty girl do in her house?
                          4. Was she pleased to live with her? Why?
                          5. Why did she turn to be sad?
                          6. What did mother Hole give her when she went home? Why?
                          7. Did mother Hole also give the shuttle back to her?
                          8. Why did her step-mother and step-sister receive her well?
                          9. What did her stepmother do after she had heard the pretty girls luck.
                          10. What did the cock cry out when the pretty girl came hoe?
                           

                                 And now,  pay attention to the ugly girl. She had to seat herself by the well and spin.  And in order that her shuttle might be stained with blood, she stuck her hand into a thorn bush and pricked her finger.  Then she threw her shuttle into the well, and jumped in after it . .She came, like the other, to the beautiful meadow and walked along the very same path.  When she got to the oven the bread again cried, Oh, take me out. Take me out. Or I shall burn.  I have been baked a long time.  But you know, the lazy thing answered, as if I had any wish to make myself dirty. And she went on.  Soon she came to the apple-tree, which cried, Oh, shake me. Shake me. We apples are all ripe.   But she answered, I like that.  One of you might fall on my head, and so she went on.  When she came to mother Holes house she was not afraid, for she had already heard of her big teeth, and she hired herself to her immediately. The first day she forced herself to work diligently, and obeyed mother Hole when she told her to do anything, for she was thinking of all the gold that she would give her.  But on the second day she began to be lazy, and on the third day still more so, and then she would not get up in the morning at all. Neither did she make mother Hole's bed as she ought, and did not shake it so as to make the feathers fly up.  Mother Hole was soon tired of this, and gave her notice to leave.  The lazy girl was willing enough to go, and thought that now the golden rain would come.  Mother Hole led her also to the great door, but do you know what happened? While she was standing beneath it, instead of the gold a big kettle full of pitch was emptied over her. That is the reward for your service, said mother Hole, and shut the door. So the lazy girl went home, but she was quite covered with pitch, and the cock on the well, as soon as he saw her, cried out -     Cock-a-doodle-doo.      Your dirty girl's come back to you But the pitch clung fast to her, and could not be got off as long as she lived.

                                                                                           ( Moms Stories ) 

                            1. What did the ugly girl do to get the same luck as the pretty girl?
                            2. Did she succeed? Why?
                            3. What happened to the ugly girl at last?
                            4. What message could you get from the story?
                            5. What did the cock cry out when the ugly girl came home?
                             
                             
                             
                             

                            Section Three : Joint Construction of the Text. 

                            Activity 1

                            Read the story of mother Hole once again then discuss with your friends to find out as many fillers as you can. 

                            Activity 2

                            Read the following story carefully.

                                     

                                Once upon a time there was a beautiful girl called Cinderella and she had   two ugly step sisters who were very unkind and  made her do all the hard   work. She had to sweep the floors, wash all the dishes, while they dressed  up in fine clothes and went to lots of parties. 

                                   One day a special invitation arrived at Cinderella's house. It was from  the royal palace. The king's only son who was a truly handsome prince was  going to have a grand ball. The three girls were invited to come. Cinderella knew she wouldn't be allowed to go to the ball. They were excited. They couldn't talk about anything else.

                                   When the day of the ball came, they were so nervous. Poor Cinderella had  to rush about upstairs and downstairs. She fixed their hair in fancy waves  and curls. She helped them put on their expensive new dresses. And she arrange  their jewels too. As soon as they had gone), Cinderella sit   down by the fire and she said. "Oh I do wish I could go to the ball".

                                  The  next moment, standing beside her was a lovely old lady with a silver wand  in her hand. Cinderella, she said , I am your fairy godmother and you  shall go to the ball. But first you must go into the garden and pick a  golden pumpkin, then bring me six mice from the mousetraps, a whiskered   rat from the rat trap, and six lizards. You'll find the lizards behind the   watering can. So Cinderella fetched a golden pumpkin, six grey mice, a whiskered rate,   and six lizards. The fairy godmother touched them with her wand and the   pumpkin became a golden coach, the mice became six grey horses, the rat  became a coachman with the  moustache, and the lizards became    six footmen dressed in green and yellow, then the fairy godmother touched    Cinderella with the wand and her old dress became a golden dress sparkling    with jewels while on her feet were the prettiest pair of glass slippers ever seen. Remember said the fairy godmother. You must leave the ball  before the clock strikes twelve because at midnight the magic ends. "Thank  you fairy godmother" said Cinderella and she climbed into the coach. When Cinderella arrived at the ball she looked so beautiful that everyone wondered who she was! Even the ugly sisters.

                            The Prince of course asked  her to dance with him and they danced all evening. He would not dance  with anyone else. Now Cinderella were enjoying the ball so much that she forgot her fairy godmothers warning until it was almost midnight and the  clock began to strike. One. Two. Three. She  hurried out of the ballroom.    Four. Five. Six. As she ran down the palace steps one of her glass    slippers fell off. Seven. Eight. Nine. She ran on toward the golden coach.  Ten Eleven Twelve.

                                  Then there was Cinderella in her old dress. The golden   pumpkin laid in her feet. And scampering down the road were six    grey mice, a whiskered rat and six green lizards.. So Cinderella had to   walk home and by the time the ugly sisters returned home she was sitting   quietly by the fire.     

                                  Now when Cinderella ran from the palace, the prince tried to follow her   and he found the glass slipper. He said, "I shall marry the beautiful girl   whose foot fits this slipper and only her. In the morning the prince went from house to house with the glass slipper and every young lady tried to  squeeze her foot into it. But it didn't fit any of them.   At last the prince came to Cinderella's house. First one ugly sister tried    to squash her foot into the slipper. But her foot was too wide and fat.   Then the other ugly sister tried but her foot was too long and thin.  Please, said Cinderella, let me try. "The slipper won't fit you", said the ugly sisters. "You didnt go to the ball!" But Cinderella slipped her foot   into the glass slipper and it fit perfectly. The next moment standing    beside her was the fairy godmother. She touched Cinderella with the wand  and there she was in a golden dress sparkling with jewels and on her feet was the prettiest pair of glass slippers ever seen. The ugly sisters were so surprised that, for once they couldnt think of anything to say. But   the Prince knew) what to say.

                                  He asked Cinderella to marry him. And then there was a happy wedding. Everyone who had gone to the ball was invited, even the ugly sisters. There were wonderful food, lots of music  and dancing. And the Prince of course danced every dance with Cinderella.   He would not dance with anyone else.

                                                    <http://www.pitt,edu/-dash/type 0510 a html.Cinderella>

                            Activity 3

                            In pairs, make question and answer  based on the story above. 

                            1. Who did all the house work, Cinderella or her step sisters?
                            2. What did her step sisters like to do?
                            3. Where did the special invitation come from?
                            4. Was Cinderella allowed to go to the ball?
                            5. Did Cinderella help her sisters get dressed before they went to the ball?
                            6. What was her wish when her sisters had gone to the ball?
                            7. Did her wish came true? Who helped her?
                            8. How did she go to the ball?
                            9. How could the pumpkin, the rat, the mice and the lizards became a golden coach, a coachman, and footmen?
                            10. What did Cinderella wear, an old dress or a golden dress sparkling with jewels and pretty glass shoes?
                            11. Why did Cinderella have to leave the ball before twelve?
                            12. What made Cinderella  enjoy  the ball so much that she forgot the time?
                            13. Where did  her glass slipper fall off?
                            14. Who did the prince want to marry with?
                            15. Whose foot fit the slippers?

                            Activity 4

                            Make groups of four, find out the participants in the stories you have studied before then tell your members in your groups the characteristic of each participant. Use any necessary adjectives from the texts. 

                            Example:

                            Step daughter - pretty, industrious, obedient.

                            Well, let me tell you about the step daughter. You know, the step daughter was very pretty. She was so industrious..and .obedient. She always did what she was asked to do by her step mother or by mother Hole.. 

                            1. The widows own daughter  -  ugly, idle.
                            2. Mother Hole    - wise, kind
                            3. The widow    - greedy, cruel
                            4. Cinderella     - beautiful, diligent, obedient
                                        1. The prince                                           -          handsome, patient, had strong willingness

                            Activity 4

                            Still in pairs,  change  the story Cinderella above  into spoken form of writing. Discuss the possible fillers you can use in the story. 

                            Activity 5

                            Practice the dialogue with your friends in your group.

                            Dona  : Excuse me, could anyone do me a favour, please?

                            Sinta  : If I could. What is it?

                              Dona  : I dont know the meaning of the word register. What does it   mean?

                            Roger  : I think register means record a name in a list.

                                Dona : No, it is not that meaning. I mean the meaning that relates to writing text. We are working on it, right?

                                Roger : Oh. sorry, I dont know either. Why dont we ask our teacher, Mr.  Richard?

                            Dona  : Mr. Richard, What does register mean?

                                Richard : Register? Oh, it describes three aspects of the context of situation in which texts occur.

                            Dona  : Three aspects? What are they?

                            Richard : Field, mode, and . tenor.  

                                Roger : Oh, my god! I become more confused. What do they mean? Are they important?

                                Richard : Yes. Theyre important. Why? Because Field is what of a text. I mean what is going on in the text.

                            Dona  : Ok. Then what is tenor?

                                Richard : Tenor means the who of the text.  I mean who is taking part in the text.

                            Dona  : Why is tenor important?

                                Richard : Why? Because differences of status will affect the tenor of a text. For example , texts used in a class where we are now are different from those used in an office.

                            Dona  : Then the last one is mode. What is it?

                            Richard : Mode means the how of a text.

                            Roger  : The how of a text?

                                Richard : Yes, it refers to the role of language in particular situation. You see.. mode is used to refer the channel of communication chosen. Most generally whether the text is in the spoken or written language. Do you understand now?

                            Dona, Roger : Yes, Mr Richard. Thank you.

                            Richard : No problem. Good luck! 

                            Section Four : Independent Construction of the Text.

                            Activity1

                            Choose one of the two stories you have studied  then retell it briefly in front of the class. Use any possible fillers or other expressions to show  a spoken  form of your story.  

                            B. WRITTEN 

                            Section One: Building Knowledge of the Field. 
                             

                            Activity 1

                                      Punctuation: Sentences

                                    (.)  (?)  (!)

                            Study this note:

                            A sentence can be a statement, a question, an exclamation or a command.

                            • A statement begins with a capital letter and ends with a full stop. (.)

                              Example:

                              All the animals of field and forest were tired of hearing the Hare brag.

                            • A question begins with a capital letter and ends with a question mark (?).

                              Example:

                              Why did Mr. Hare ask Mr. Tortoise to race?

                            • An exclamation or a command begins with a capital letter and ends with an exclamation mark (!) .

                              Example:

                              What a joke!

                              Look at my long legs!

                            Punctuate the following sentences whether they are statements, questions, exclamations or commands. Mind the capital letters. 
                             


                            1. alfred cat was running through the woods
                            2. he was chasing sarah mouse through the thistle and gorse
                            3. he chased her up the hill and down into the glen.
                            4. he chased her so much that he was tired
                            5. alfred lay down against a tall tree to rest.
                            6. what is that growing on the tree
                            7. how can we reach them
                            8. cant you climb
                            1. then how will we get those delicious looking pears
                            2. why dont we use a ladder and climb up
                            3. how will we climb the ladder
                            4. look  
                            5. grab my hands
                            6. brilliant idea   
                            7. we were so high up
                             
                             
                             
                             
                             
                             
                             
                             
                             
                             
                             
                             
                             
                             
                             
                             
                             
                             
                             
                             
                             
                             
                            Activity 2

                              Study this example!  Letter of Complaint 

                            25 Golf Boulevard

                            Semarang. 

                            The manager

                            Grammy Book Store

                            25 Malioboro

                            Jogyakarta. 

                            Dear Sir / Madam, 

                            I am writing about the story book that I ordered  two weeks ago. There are two pages missing and three pages up side down. 

                            I have twice reported to you ( 10th March and 12 March) and nothing has been done about it. 

                            This problem is urgent and I would appreciate it if you could send me the complete one immediately. 

                            Yours sincerely, 

                            Sarah 
                             
                             
                             

                             

                             
                            ADDRESSES                 reference to         specific

                                                    participant 

                                              SALUTATION 

                                                          Use of

                                              IDENTIFICATION         Present Tense

                                              OF COMPLAINT 
                                               

                                                        JUSTIFICATION       

                                              OF COMPLAINT        

                                                               PolitenessDEMAND                 Marker

                                              ACTION         
                                               

                                              SIGN OFF 

                                              Use of ritualized

                                              Greetings and leave taking.      
                                               
                                               

                                              Activity 3

                                              Write a letter of complaint based on the following situation.

                                              Your friend, Rony,  has agreed to come with you and two other friends to go camping. Suddenly he changes his mind and says he wants to go to the seaside. He has done this sort of things  three times.   
                                               

                                              Activity 4

                                                          Teachers Information 

                                                    Listen to the explanation about narrative stages. 
                                                     

                                                    Narrative Stages. 

                                                    People who tell or write narratives move through a number of stages. In general, narratives must have:

                                                    1. Orientation: It is an introduction of the text. This is the stage where the narrator gives information about the situation of the characters: Where they live, the time they live in and what they want. This information helps to orient readers C to point them in the direction in which the writer wants the events of the narrative to go. Readers need enough background information to be able to build up a C depending on how much background information is needed to set the scene for the Complication.
                                                    2. Complication: this is the stage where something unexpected happens events go wrong for one of the main characters. Somehow the problems has to be resolved by at least one or two characters. There can be more than one complicating event in a narrative. In some adventure narratives, the characters, especially the hero or heroine, often have to face one complication after another. Sometimes the narrative has a crisis where events reach a point of an emergency situation or climax. The main characters have to act to save the situation or else the disaster will follow.
                                                    3. Evaluation: (not all narratives have evaluation) a stage between complication and resolution in which the action is suspended so that the characters or the writer can comment on what is going on. This is the stage where the writer builds more complicated pattern in their narratives and to build up interpersonal meanings of the events. They learn to use more complications and to develop evaluative meanings which point the meaning of the events for characters or build up suspense in the readers..
                                                    4. Finally there is a resolution: this is the stage where the earlier complication is resolved for better or worse. A skilful narrator will resolve the complicating events or the crisis is a way that it is believable or at least satisfying to the reader. Usually one of the main characters solves the problems introduced in the early part of the narrative and life returns more or less to normal.
                                                    5. Some narratives have a re-orientation or a Coda which return the listener or reader to the present and provide a kind of thematic summation of the events C rather like the moral at the end of a fable. Thus stage is more common in spoken narratives and is optional-which means that it isnt necessary to a complete narrative. It depend on the individual narrator whether it is included.
                                                     

                                                    The organizational structure of narratives in general is: 

                                                    Orientation, Complication, Resolution, and reorientation.  
                                                     

                                                    Activity 5       

                                                    Now, its time for you to answer the questions about narratives in general.. 

                                                    1. What are narratives?
                                                    2. Each type of text has three main characteristic features. What are they? This chart may help you answer it.
                                                     
                                                     
                                                    Purpose 
                                                     
                                                     
                                                               Language Features      Organizational

                                                                       structure 
                                                                     

                                                                  1. Lets examine these features in some detail as we look at narratives, the text type we are focusing on in this unit.
                                                                    1. The purpose of a text type tells us why we use it. What is the purpose of a narrative?
                                                                    2. The organizational structure of a text type consists of sections of the text in that text type. Mention the structure of narratives.
                                                                    3. The third characteristic of a text type is its language features. What are they?
                                                                   

                                                                  Activity 6

                                                                  Fill in the blanks  with the words in the box to complete this note.

                                                                  optional  Reading lesson  information characters    problem Events  complications   resolution re-orientation   

                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   

                                                                  Notes:

                                                                  1. Narratives have two main purposes:
                                                                    1. To entertain (to amuse),
                                                                    2. To instruct/ to teach

                                                                    All of us enjoy 1. or listening to a good story and sometimes we can learn 2 a   from it.

                                                                  1. The first part of the story provides an orientation It gives 3. .about where and when the story take place  , who the main 4. in the story are and what sort of people they are.

                                                                    The second part of the story contains the 5. .. This may sometimes be called conflict

                                                                    Here is where events take place, triggering  a chain of other 6. , which involve the characters in complication. All these events and  7. keeps readers and listeners interested in the narrative.

                                                                    The third part of the story has the problem  resolved  and this known as the  8. .

                                                                    The fourth part of narratives is re-orientation. Sometimes the  9. . is a happy one . Other times, it is not. And it is 10. .. You may have  or not.  

                                                                  1. Language features.
                                                                    1. Specific participants, for example, John and Harry rather than senior high school students.
                                                                    2. Past tense form, because we are describing things that happened in the past.
                                                                    3. Words giving details of people, animals, places, things and actions such as adjectives and adverbs.       
                                                                    4. Connectors of time, such as last week, then, etc.
                                                                    5. Direct (the actual words spoken by a person), and reported or indirect speech ( the meaning of what the person said without using their actual words.)
                                                                   
                                                                   

                                                                  Activity 6

                                                                  Direct and Indirect Speech.

                                                                  Study these sentences. They are taken from the text.

                                                                   "I dont like the sun," Andy frowned. "Its too hot and it makes me thirsty."

                                                                  "I dont like the rain," Jamie scowled. "My fur turns soggy and it makes me shiver."

                                                                  Note:

                                                                  When we report what people said in their own words, it is called Direct Speech. We use quotation marks to indicate the beginning and the end of the actual words used by the speaker. Here is an example from the story.

                                                                    • Then the 12th fairy said, "I cannot change all of the wicked fairys powerful magic." So the princess will prick her finger but she will not die!

                                                                  However when we report what people said but not in their own words, we call it Indirect Speech or Reported Speech. Here is an example from the story.

                                                                    • So they ordered that every spinning wheel and spindle in the land  to be chopped up and burnt

                                                                  Activity 13

                                                                  Memorize the sequence of tenses in Reported Speech.Im happy.      He was happy.

                                                                  I like pop.      He liked pop.

                                                                  Im going to sell my car.    He was going to sell his car.

                                                                  I went to London last year. He said that  He had gone to London the year before.

                                                                  Ive already hear the story.    He had already heard the story.

                                                                  I was reading the news.    He had been reading the news.

                                                                  Ill visit my grand parents.    He would visit his grandparents.

                                                                  I can take you home.     He could take me home. 
                                                                   
                                                                   


                                                                    Direct Indirect
                                                                  1 Present simple Past simple
                                                                  2 Present continuous Past continuous
                                                                  4 Present Perfect Past perfect
                                                                  5 Past Simple Past perfect
                                                                  6 Past Continuous Past perfect continuous
                                                                  7 Past Future Past Perfect Future
                                                                  8 Past Perfect Past Perfect
                                                                   
                                                                  Changes of adverb of time
                                                                  Direct Indirect
                                                                  Today that day
                                                                  Now then
                                                                  Yesterday The day before/ the previous day
                                                                  Last week The week before / the previous week
                                                                  Last year The year before / the previous year
                                                                  Tomorrow The day after/ the following day
                                                                  Next month The month after / the following month
                                                                  Next year The year after / the following year
                                                                  Here There
                                                                   

                                                                  Changes of pronoun

                                                                  Direct          Indirect 

                                                                  I    He/she 

                                                                  You    you

                                                                  We    they

                                                                  They    they

                                                                  My     his/ her

                                                                  Our    their

                                                                  Your    my 

                                                                  Examples:

                                                                  1. STATEMENT  

                                                                        He said to me, I dont have any money.

                                                                        He said to me that he didnt have any money.

                                                                  1. QUESTION 

                                                                     a. Yes/No Question

                                                                      They asked me, Are you happy today?

                                                                      They asked me if/whether I was happy that day

                                                                    b.  Wh-question

                                                                    She asked him, Why did you come late yesterday?

                                                                    She asked him why he had come late the day before.

                                                                  1. COMMAND/ PROHIBITION

                                                                    He ordered me, Meet me at eight tonight!

                                                                    He ordered me to meet him at eight that night

                                                                    She warned me, Dont sit on this chair!

                                                                    She warned me not to sit that chair.

                                                                  Activity 7

                                                                  Create direct sentences based on the following indirect sentences. Number one is done for you.

                                                                  Example: Statement.

                                                                  a. - My friend said that he had written that letter already.

                                                                   - My friend said, I have written that letter already.

                                                                  1. Carol said to me that she would ask Mr. Hendricks about the sentences.
                                                                  2. I said that I couldnt understand those two lessons at all.
                                                                  3. Catherine said that she knew those two girls quite well.
                                                                  4. Charles said to me that he had to leave the office before 3:00 pm.
                                                                  5. Mr. Jones said that his secretary had not finished the work.

                                                                  b. Example : Yes/ No Question.

                                                                    • Roger asked us if / whether we had seen the film yet.
                                                                    • Roger asked us, Have you seen the film yet?
                                                                  1. I asked her whether or not she understood lesson one.
                                                                  1. My friend asked me if I enjoyed my English class.
                                                                  2. My colleague asked me if everyone would be ready by ten.
                                                                  3. Frankie said to me whether I gave the letter to his girl friend.
                                                                  4. Harry asked me if I joined the biology class.
                                                                   

                                                                  c. Example : Questions.

                                                                  • Martha asked me where I had put her hat and gloves.
                                                                  • Martha asked me, Where did you put my hat and gloves?
                                                                  1. Mr. Faddy asked how soon we could pay back the money.
                                                                  1. The teacher asked how well Miss Ana spoke English.
                                                                  2. The woman asked me where she could find the directors office.
                                                                  3. Freddy said to me what I would offer him for that handy cam.
                                                                  4. Mr. Smith asked Mandy how soon she could finish the letter.

                                                                  d. Example : Command/ Prohibition.

                                                                    • The policeman ordered me to show him my drivers license.
                                                                    • The policeman ordered me, Show me your drivers license!
                                                                      1. The clerk said to us not to come back before 3 oclock.
                                                                      2. The teacher said to us to write next three exercises.
                                                                      3. The man directed to turn right at the corner and drive three block.
                                                                      4. My friend said to show him all the photographs.
                                                                      5. Mr. Lamina asked us not to leave our coats on the chair.
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   

                                                                  Activity 8  

                                                                  Read  the text carefully!   

                                                                               Model Narrative Text 1 : Fable

                                                                       Once, there were two lovely animals, Jamie Bear and Andy Bear. They were friends. 

                                                                    Jamie Bear liked the sunshine. He loved to go to the beach and play in the sand. Sometimes he built sandcastles. Sometimes he gathered seashells. Other times he threw his beach ball into the air and tried to catch it. The thing he liked to do the most though was to swim. He loved splashing in the water and floating about with his rubber ring around his waist. Jamie loved listening to the seagulls as they flew over the sea, trying to find fish.

                                                                  Jamies best friend, Andy Bear, loved the rain. There was nothing he loved more than putting on his rain boots and raincoat and running through puddles of water. Sometimes he took his red umbrella outside and other times he let the rain fall on his furry head. He loved the way the raindrops smelled so fresh. When he heard the pitter-patter of rain on the window, he watched as they slid down the glass and dripped down to the ground below. Andy thought the grey clouds were pretty and laughed when he heard the thunder boom and saw the lightning flash.

                                                                  "I dont like the sun," Andy frowned. "Its too hot and it makes me thirsty."

                                                                  "I dont like the rain," Jamie scowled. "My fur turns soggy and it makes me shiver."

                                                                  Even though they were both so different, there was one thing neither of them liked, and that was snow.

                                                                        When the flakes started to fall from the sky, Andy and Jamie went into their cave and slept. They were happy they had lots of shaggy fur to keep them warm.     (Stories for Younger Children)

                                                                   

                                                                           

                                                                  ORIENTATION

                                                                                                                                     Past 

                                                                                   Tense 

                                                                  COMPLICATION

                                                                   
                                                                   

                                                                                                                                      

                                                                  Specific (animals)      Participant  
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                                 Action                verbs 
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   

                                                                                                                               Time

                                                                                                                                conjunctions  
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   

                                                                  RESOLUTION 

                                                                   

                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   

                                                                  RE-ORIENTATION

                                                                   

                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   

                                                                  Glossary:

                                                                  1. Sandcastles = istana pasir
                                                                  2. Gathered  = berkumpul
                                                                  3. Seashells  = kulit kerang
                                                                  4. threw   = melempar
                                                                  5. splashing   = mencebur
                                                                  6. floating   = mengambang
                                                                  7. waist  = pinggul
                                                                  8. seagulls  = burung camar
                                                                  9. dripped   = menitikkan
                                                                  10. scowled  = mengerutkan dahi
                                                                  11. soggy  = lembab, lunak
                                                                  12. shaggy   = seperti bulu kusut
                                                                  13. shiver  = menggigil

                                                                   

                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   

                                                                       Activity 9

                                                                  Complete the table using the information from the text.. 


                                                                  Number What  Jamie Bear Liked What Andy Bear liked
                                                                  1.

                                                                  2.

                                                                  3.

                                                                  4.

                                                                  5.

                                                                  6.

                                                                  Jamie Bear liked the sunshine

                                                                  .

                                                                  .

                                                                  .

                                                                  .

                                                                  .

                                                                  Andy Bear loved the rain

                                                                  ..

                                                                  .

                                                                  .

                                                                  .

                                                                  .

                                                                   
                                                                   

                                                                  Activity 10

                                                                  Answer the questions based on the text above.

                                                                  1. Who were the participants in the story?
                                                                  2. What were the problems faced by the  participants.
                                                                  3. Why did Andy not like the sun?
                                                                  4. Why did Jamie not like the rain?
                                                                  5. How did they resolve the complication?
                                                                  6. How did the story end?
                                                                   

                                                                  Activity 9

                                                                  Read the fairy tale once again then complete the boxes to find out the generic (organizational) structure.

                                                                   

                                                                  Model Narrative Text 2 : Fairy Tale

                                                                  Read the text  carefully!   

                                                                  Mother Hole

                                                                        There was once a widow who had two daughters - one of whom was pretty and industrious, whilst the other was ugly and idle.  But she was much fonder of the ugly and idle one, because she was her own daughter.  And the other, who was a step-daughter, was obliged to do all the work, and be the Cinderella of the house.  

                                                                         Every day the poor girl had to sit by well, in the highway, and spin till her fingers bled. Now it happened that one day the shuttle was marked with her blood, so she dipped it in the well, to wash the mark off, but it dropped out of her hand and fell to the bottom.  She began to weep, and ran to her step-mother and told her of the mishap.  But she scolded her sharply, and was so merciless as to say, since you have let the shuttle fall in, you must fetch it out again. So the girl went back to the well, and did not know what to do. And in the sorrow of her heart she jumped into the well to get the shuttle.  She lost her senses.  And when she awoke and came to herself again, she was in a lovely meadow where the sun was shining and many thousands of flowers were growing.  Across this meadow she went, and at last came to a baker's oven full of bread, and the bread cried out, oh, take me out. Take me out. Or I shall burn.  I have been baked a long time.  So she went up to it, and took out all the loaves one after another with the bread-shovel. After that she went on till she came to a tree covered with apples, which called out to her, oh, shake me. Shake me. We apples are all ripe.  So she shook the tree till the apples fell like rain, and went on shaking till they were all down, and when she had gathered them into a heap, she went on her way.  

                                                                        At last she came to a little house, out of which an old woman peeped.  But she had such large teeth that the girl was frightened, and was about to run away. But the old woman called out to her, what are you afraid of, dear child.  Stay with me. If you will do all the work in the house properly, you shall be the better for it.  Only you must take care to make my bed well, and shake it thoroughly till the feathers fly - for then there is snow on the earth.  I am mother Holle. As the old woman spoke so kindly to her, the girl took courage and agreed to enter her service.  She attended to everything to the satisfaction of her mistress, and always shook her bed so vigorously that the feathers flew about like snow-flakes.  So she had a pleasant life with her.  Never an angry word.  And to eat she had boiled or roast meat every day. She stayed some time with mother Hole, before she became sad. At first she did not know what the matter with her was, but found at length that it was home-sickness.  Although she was many thousand times better off here than at home, still she had a longing to be there.  At last she said to the old woman, I have a longing for home, and however well off I am down here, I cannot stay any longer.  I must go up again to my own people.  Mother Hole said, I am pleased that you long for your home again, and as you have served me so truly, I myself will take you up again.  Thereupon she took her by the hand, and led her to a large door.  The door was opened, and just as the maiden was standing beneath the doorway, a heavy shower of golden rain fell, and all the gold clung to her, so that she was completely covered over with it. You shall have that because you have been so industrious, said mother Hole, and at the same time she gave her back the shuttle which she had let falls into the well.  Thereupon the door closed, and the maiden found herself up above upon the earth, not far from her mother's house. And as she went into the yard the cock was sitting on the well, and cried - cock-a-doodle-doo.   Your golden girl's come back to you. So she went in to her mother, and as she arrived thus covered with gold, she was well received, both by her and her sister. The girl told all that had happened to her, and as soon as the mother heard how she had come by so much wealth, she was very anxious to obtain the same good luck for the ugly and lazy daughter. 

                                                                         She had to seat herself by the well and spin.  And in order that her shuttle might be stained with blood, she stuck her hand into a thorn bush and pricked her finger.  Then she threw her shuttle into the well, and jumped in after it . .She came, like the other, to the beautiful meadow and walked along the very same path.  When she got to the oven the bread again cried, oh, take me out. Take me out. Or I shall burn.  I have been baked a long time.  But the lazy thing answered, as if I had any wish to make myself dirty. And on she went.  Soon she came to the apple-tree, which cried, oh, shake me. Shake me. We apples are all ripe.  But she answered, I like that.  One of you might fall on my head, and so went on.  When she came to mother Holes house she was not afraid, for she had already heard of her big teeth, and she hired herself to her immediately. The first day she forced herself to work diligently, and obeyed mother Hole when she told her to do anything, for she was thinking of all the gold that she would give her.  But on the second day she began to be lazy, and on the third day still more so, and then she would not get up in the morning at all.  Neither did she make mother Holes bed as she ought, and did not shake it so as to make the feathers fly up.  Mother Hole was soon tired of this, and gave her notice to leave.  The lazy girl was willing enough to go, and thought that now the golden rain would come.  Mother Hole led her also to the great door, but while she was standing beneath it, instead of the gold a big kettle full of pitch was emptied over her. That is the reward for your service, said mother Hole, and shut the door. So the lazy girl went home, but she was quite covered with pitch, and the cock on the well, as soon as he saw her, cried out -      cock-a-doodle-doo.      Your dirty girl's come back to you. But the pitch clung fast to her, and could not be got off as long as she lived.

                                                                   

                                                                              Teachers Explanation

                                                                  Fairy Tale

                                                                  Here are the features of typical fairy tale text

                                                                   

                                                                  ORIENTATION

                                                                  Setting in the past  Doubtful

                                                                                                                                                                                    location

                                                                   

                                                                   

                                                                   

                                                                  COMPLICATION

                                                                           Hard live             industrious versus idle 

                                                                   

                                                                  RESOLUTION

                                                                  helped by a wise fairy

                                                                                                                        Tragic ending/

                                                                                 Happy ending

                                                                  RE-ORIENTATION

                                                                  Moral value

                                                                      

                                                                   

                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                     
                                                                     
                                                                     
                                                                     
                                                                    MOTHER HOLLE
                                                                     
                                                                    ORIENTATION 
                                                                     
                                                                    There was once

                                                                     
                                                                     
                                                                    COMPLICATION
                                                                     

                                                                     
                                                                     
                                                                    RESOLUTION

                                                                     
                                                                     
                                                                    RE-ORIENTATION
                                                                     

                                                                   
                                                                   

                                                                  Activity 10   

                                                                               Model Narrative Text 3 : Legend

                                                                  Read the text then answer the questions!   

                                                                   

                                                                  NYI RORO KIDUL

                                                                  This is the precise story of "The Queen in Southern Sea."  

                                                                  Pajajaran kingdom lied in West Java from 1333 AD to 1630 AD and it was conquered by the Islamic kingdom of Mataram from Central Java.  
                                                                  Pajajaran's greatest ruler was Prabu (King) Siliwangi. He had a bride in his harems and a very beautiful daughter was born between he and the bride. The girl was called Dewi Kadita and the beauties of Dewi Kadita and her mother made other harems jealous, and they had a conspiracy against them. 
                                                                  The harems used some kind of black magic to make the bodies of Dewi Kadita and her mother to be filthy and they turn to be so ugly and disgusting. Prabu Siliwangi got angry against the mother and the daughter and forced them to get out of the palace, as they were thought to be bad luck for the kingdom.  
                                                                  They were wandering around the country and one day the mother died. Dewi Kadita was walking in deep sadness, until she reached the Southern Shore (the shore of Indian Ocean) .  
                                                                  She sat above a rock in a stove shape and when she was sleeping, she had a vision that she must have to jump into the water to help herself out of the curse. 
                                                                  When she woke up, with no second thought, Dewi Kadita jumped into the sea. She returned to a beautiful lady as she was but then she realized that she was not a human anymore. She turned into a supernatural form of life. Since then, she ruled all creatures in the southern coast of Java Island, and she was known as Nyi Roro Kidul (Javanese of "Lady of South Sea"). To avenge her father, she became the primary bride for Mataram kings , the rival of Pajajaran kingdom. It's believed for centuries, even until now. 
                                                                   
                                                                  The river of Bengawan Solo, which started from the mystical mountain of Merapi in Central Java and leads to Indian Ocean, is said as the tunnel used by Nyi Roro Kidul to access Java. 
                                                                  And she traps males in green costume who are walking on the shore. They are swallowed by the wave and missing or dead but he will become her guard or (maybe) male. 
                                                                  This either can be the ancient Javanese explanation on the vacuum effect from underwater canyons that lie in the southern shore of Java, where the depth of the ocean's bed on the shore can reach more than 0-200 meters. 
                                                                  In psychological analysis, Nyi Roro Kidul can be a parallel of the revenge of a female who was once rejected by a male. Once she regains her power and beauty, she takes any man she wants. 
                                                                  And yet, I can't talk my point of view to Javanese elders.

                                                                                                      http://www.st.ri.or.jp      
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                   

                                                                  Glossary :

                                                                  1. harems   = selir
                                                                  2. conspiracy  = persekutuan
                                                                  3. magic = ilmu sihir
                                                                  4. filthy  = kotor
                                                                  5. disgusting = menjijikkkan
                                                                  6. wandering = mengembara
                                                                  Shore  = pantai
                                                                  1. got a vision  = bermimpi
                                                                  2. curse = kutukan
                                                                  3. realized = menyadari
                                                                  4. supernatural = supranatural ; gaib
                                                                  5. mystical = mistik
                                                                  6. access  = jalan masuk
                                                                  7. canyons  = jurang yang curam
                                                                  8. revenge  = dendam
                                                                   
                                                                   

                                                                  Activity 11

                                                                  Make questions based on the following answers.

                                                                  1. In West Java from 1333 AD to 1630 AD
                                                                  2. It was conquered by the Islamic kingdom of Mataram from Central Java.
                                                                  3. Prabu (King) Siliwangi.
                                                                  4. Dewi Kadita
                                                                  5. Black magic to make the bodies of Dewi Kadita and her mother to be filthy and they turn to be so ugly and disgusting.
                                                                  6. Prabu Siliwangi got angry against the mother and the daughter
                                                                  7. Because they were thought to be bad luck for the kingdom.
                                                                  8. They were wandering around the country.
                                                                  9. The Southern Shore (the shore of Indian Ocean) .
                                                                  10. She had a vision that she must have to jump into the water to help herself out of the curse.
                                                                  11. She realized that she was not a human anymore.
                                                                  12. She turned into a supernatural form of life.
                                                                  13. She was known as Nyi Roro Kidul (Javanese of "Lady of South Sea").
                                                                  14. To avenge her father, she became the primary bride for Mataram kings , the rival of Pajajaran kingdom.
                                                                  15. She traps males in green costume who are walking on the shore.
                                                                   

                                                                  Activity 12

                                                                  Read the legend once again then complete the boxes to find out the generic (organizational)  structure.

                                                                              Teachers Information

                                                                  Legend

                                                                  Story handed down from the past . Legends are often based on historical events or people but are not true history  or doubtful truth.

                                                                   

                                                                  ORIENTATION

                                                                  Setting in the past  Doubtful truth

                                                                                                                                                                                    location

                                                                   

                                                                   

                                                                  COMPLICATION

                                                                                        Hard live       

                                                                   

                                                                  RESOLUTION

                                                                  Untrue historical events

                                                                                                                        Tragic ending/

                                                                                                                        Happy ending

                                                                  RE-ORIENTATION

                                                                             Moral value

                                                                             

                                                                   
                                                                     
                                                                     
                                                                     
                                                                     
                                                                    "The Queen in Southern Sea."
                                                                     
                                                                    ORIENTATION 
                                                                     
                                                                    Pajajaran kingdom lied 

                                                                     
                                                                     
                                                                    COMPLICATION
                                                                     

                                                                     
                                                                     
                                                                    RESOLUTION
                                                                     

                                                                     
                                                                     
                                                                    RE-ORIENTATION
                                                                     

                                                                   
                                                                   

                                                                  Activity 14

                                                                                       Model Narrative Text 4 : Puppet Story

                                                                  Read the text then answer the questions.

                                                                  Rama Shinta

                                                                        Once upon a time in an imaginary country, Ayodyapala, there lived a king, called Rama who had a very beautiful wife, named Shinta and a younger brother, Lesmana. Actually, Rama was a king and the seventh incarnation of the god Vishnu.

                                                                        One day, Rama, Shinta and Lesmana went into a Dandaka Jungle. When they were having a conversation, Rama asked Shinta: Oh my wife, Shinta. Shinta answered Yes, my dear. Do you really love me? Shinta answered again Yes, of course I do, I love you so much. Im happy to be with you and you mean a lot to me. As if I was not hungry even though I dont eat anything. As if I was not thirsty even though I dont drink anything. Rama added, Yes, my wife, so do I, dear. I will not leave you even in a second. Like honey and its sweetness. Fate meant us to live together.

                                                                        In the jungle, they saw many kinds of beautiful animals. Suddenly, they saw a very beautiful golden deer. Shinta, however, had never seen this golden deer and wanted to have it. She asked Rama to catch it for her. Rama who loved his wife very much went alone to catch the deer.

                                                                        After a few minutes, Shinta and Lesmana heard a cried for help. Shinta was worried about her husbands safety. It was not the cried of Rama, Lesmana said. Shinta accused him that he wanted Rama death because he loved her too. I will never do that and Ill go to look for Rama, said Lesmana. Before he went to catch up Rama, he made a magic circle surrounded Shinta for protection and asked her to stay in the circle until they came back.

                                                                    After Lesmana had gone, Rahwana came to kidnap Shinta. But, he couldnt across the circle. So, he changed himself into an old beggar and asked Shinta to come out from the circle. He cried, Oh my daughter, I hadnt eaten anything for three days. Please, help me. As soon as Shinta came out from the circle, the poor old man changed into Rahwana. Shinta was carried off by the demon king, Rahwana.

                                                                        Rama was very sad because he didnt find Shinta. They decided to look for her. In their journey, they met a white monkey, called Anoman. Anoman wanted them to help Sugriwa who was wedged in the branch of tree. Subali was angry to know about that. And there was a fight between Subali and Sugriwa. Rama helped Sugriwa to kill Subali by the powerful Gua Wijaya arrow. Then, he asked Anoman to give Satyaludiros ring to Shinta in Alengka.

                                                                        In Alengka Soka garden, Shinta missed her husband so much. Even though Trijata, Rahwanas sister always entertained her but she was not happy. Rahwana wanted her to marry him, but Shinta always refused him. She said, My lord, if I become your wife, I shall not be so happy as when I was my own husband.

                                                                    Anoman arrived in the Alengka Soka garden and gave the Sotyaludiros ring to Shinta. After he succeeded in finding Shinta he damaged the castle in Alengka. Indrajit, Rahwanas son caught and brought him to his father. Rahwana was angry and he wanted to kill Anoman. Before he did that, Gunawan Wibisana, his younger brother, told him to let Anoman free. Rahwana shouted, Go away from Alengka and dont come back again!. His anger showed on his face.

                                                                        In Alengka, Rahwana forced Kumbakarna, his younger brother to lead the war against Ramawijaya by sending his twin sons to the prison. Finally, Kumbakarna agreed to lead the war but he was forced to do that. Actually, he wanted to do that because he loved his country very much. Both countries prepared their own country on a battle field.

                                                                        Next, Rama met Rahwana face to face. Rama shot Rahwana with the powerful Gua Wijaya arrow. But, he couldnt kill him. He tried to kill Rahwana again and again. Rahwana who had got the earth and the sky power, couldnt be dead. He always raised and fought again. Then, Rama shot Rahwanas head with the arrow. It was the weakness of Rahwanas power. Finally, Rahwana was killed by Rama.

                                                                        All the people felt happy because Rahwana who lived under a tyranny, cruel or liked to use unjust of power to other people. Shinta was successfully brought back to Ayodyapala.

                                                                    As a good citizen, dont ask to our country what it has given to us. But, please ask ourselves what we have given to our country. We should be true to our partner. We can also learn about loyalty, respectively and heroism. True love is reflected by the loyalty of husband and wife. 

                                                                  Questions :

                                                                  1.  What happened with Shinta when Lesmana had gone to look for Rama?

                                                                        A. She stayed in the circle until Lesmana and Rama came back

                                                                        B. She made a magic circle for protection

                                                                        C. She went to catch the golden deer

                                                                        D. She was kidnapped by Rahwana

                                                                        E. She helped an old man

                                                                  2. What was mainly discussed in the text?

                                                                    A. Rahwana kidnapped Shinta and wanted to marry her but she loved her  husband so much

                                                                        B.  Anoman was a very powerful person so that he couldnt be burnt

                                                                        C. Shinta and Lesmana were wandering in Dandaka jungle

                                                                        D. Kumbakarno loved his country very much

                                                                        E. The war between Rama and Rahwana

                                                                  3.  Anoman wanted them to help Sugriwa who was wedged in  the branch of tree. What does the underline word refer to?

                                                                        A. Cavalcade

                                                                        B. Maltreat

                                                                        C. Scatter

                                                                        D. trapped

                                                                        E. Verdict

                                                                  4.  Which sentence is TRUE according to the text?

                                                                        A. Kumbakarno agreed to lead the war because he hated  Rama

                                                                        B. Anoman gave Sotyaludiros ring to Shinta in   Ayodyapala

                                                                        C. Lesmana made a magic circle surrounded him

                                                                        D. Lesmana killed Kumbakarno by using knife

                                                                        E. Rama couldnt find the golden deer

                                                                  5.  What was the weakness of Rahwanas power?

                                                                        A. His body

                                                                        B. His body

                                                                        C. His head

                                                                        D. His hand

                                                                        E. His hair  

                                                                  6.  Fate meant us to live together. What does the sentence mean?

                                                                        A. They should be together forever and ever

                                                                        B.  Love is an important thing in our life

                                                                        C. They must live and go together

                                                                        D. They didnt love each other

                                                                        E.  They couldnt be together

                                                                    7.  Rama shot Rahwana with the powerful Gua Wijaya arrow. The synonym of the underlined word is .

                                                                        A. very brave

                                                                        B. very strong

                                                                        C. very rude

                                                                        D. very big

                                                                        E.  very high 

                                                                  8.  Why did Rama ask Anoman to go to Alengka?

                                                                    A. Because he wanted to give Shinta a special ring, named Sotyaludiros ring

                                                                    B. Because he wanted to know a lot about Sarpakenaka

                                                                    C. Because there were some people who put into the jail

                                                                    D. Because Shinta didnt like Rama anymore

                                                                    E. Because Anoman was a brave general

                                                                  9.   Who was Gunawan Wibisono?

                                                                    A. Rahwanas younger brother

                                                                    B. Ramas close friend

                                                                    C. Kumbakarnos friend

                                                                    D. Lesmanas brother

                                                                    E. Rahwanas son

                                                                  10.  Where did Anoman and his monkeys soldiers live?

                                                                    A. Dandaka jungle Alengka

                                                                    B. Kiskenda cave

                                                                    C. Ramas house

                                                                    D. Ayodyapala

                                                                    E. Alengka 

                                                                    Activity 16

                                                                    Read the text once again then answer the questions. 

                                                                    1.  What is the function of the text above?

                                                                          A. To critique an art work especially the story of Rama and

                                                                                Shinta

                                                                      B. To amuse, entertain and to deal with actual or vicarious experience in  different ways

                                                                      C. To describe how something is accomplished through a sequence of actions or steps

                                                                          D. To retell events for the purpose of informing or entertaining

                                                                          E. To persuade the reader or listener that something is the case

                                                                    2.   Look at the sentences below. Which ones the sentence belong to Evaluation?

                                                                          A. Rahwana was angry and he wanted to kill Anoman

                                                                          B. Rama had a very beautiful wife, named Shinta 

                                                                          C. Rama asked Shinta whether his wife loved her or not

                                                                          D. Rama went alone to catch the deer

                                                                          E. We should be true to our partner 

                                                                    3.  Finally, Rahwana was killed by Rama. Which does the  sentence belong to .

                                                                          A. Re-orientation

                                                                          B. Complication

                                                                          C. Evaluation

                                                                          D. Resolution

                                                                          E. Orientation

                                                                    4.  What is the orientation provided?

                                                                          A. Rama was a prince and the seventh incarnation of the  God Vishnu

                                                                          B. Both countries prepared their own country on a battle  field

                                                                          C. Shinta was successfully brought back to Ayodyapala

                                                                          D. Rama, Shinta and Lesmana went into a Dandaka Jungle

                                                                          E. Rahwana came to kidnap Shinta 

                                                                    5.   Where can you find the complication of the text above?

                                                                          A. In paragraph 1

                                                                          B. In paragraph 2

                                                                          C. In paragraph 3

                                                                          D. In paragraph 10

                                                                          E. In paragraph 12

                                                                    6.  What is the orientation provided?

                                                                          A.Once upon a time in an imaginary country, Ayodyapala

                                                                          B. Along time ago in a jungle, there lived a man

                                                                          C. One day in a country, there was a girl

                                                                          D. Last night in Alengka Soka garden

                                                                          E. Yesterday in the Dandaka Jungle

                                                                    7.   Who are the main characters in the story?

                                                                          A. Shinta and Lesmana

                                                                          B. Rama, Lesmana and Rahwana

                                                                          C. Rama, Shinta and RAhwana

                                                                          D. RAma, Shinta and Lesmana

                                                                          E. Shinta and Rama

                                                                    8.  When and where did the story happen?

                                                                          A. Long time ago / in the valley

                                                                          B. Long time ago / in the jungle

                                                                          C. Four years ago / in the village

                                                                          D. Yesterday / in the palace

                                                                          E. Two weeks ago / in the mountain

                                                                    9.  Where can you find the resolution?

                                                                          A. In paragraph 4

                                                                          B. In paragraph 2

                                                                          C. In paragraph 3

                                                                          D. In paragraph 8

                                                                          E. In paragraph 12

                                                                    10. The following statements are the re-orientation of the  story, except.

                                                                          A. We should ask to our country what it has given to us

                                                                          B. We learn about loyalty and heroism

                                                                          C. We should give anything to our country

                                                                          D. True love is reflected by the loyalty of husband and wife

                                                                          E. We should have respect ability to socialize with others 

                                                                    Section 3 : Joint Construction of the Text. 

                                                                    Activity 1  

                                                                                      Teachers Explanation

                                                                    Get started in your narrative writing.

                                                                    Listen to the  explanation about your preparation in your narrative writing. 

                                                                    1. If you want to write a story in your group, you need to agree about what happens in the story and in what order.
                                                                    2. Talk about what events to include in your group story. You need to list a sequence of events before you start writing ( for example, fairy tale) .
                                                                    3. List the events you plan to write about under the following headings to do with the stages of a narrative.

                                                                         Orientation, Complication(s), Resolution, Re-orientation.

                                                                    1. Try to keep your sequence of events as simple as possible : only include short statements about events which help push the action of the narrative forward. The events that make the narrative go forward are the most important events in the story.
                                                                     

                                                                      Activity 2

                                                                      Use the following table as framework for planning your group narrative and make a discussion for an agreement: 

                                                                      TITLE   : .. 

                                                                      AUTHORS  :

                                                                            1. ..
                                                                            2. ..
                                                                            3. ..
                                                                            4. ..
                                                                            5. ..

                                                                               ORIENTATION  : (giving information about setting C time, place, situation of main characters)

                                                                            COMPLICATION : (showing a change in the usual order of events or way of life of one of main characters; problem occurs which one of the characters has to resolve) 

                                                                                    RESOLUTION : (showing how the problems written about earlier are resolved in a believable and interesting way by one or more of the characters; life returns to more or less normal.)  

                                                                                    RE-ORIENTATION : (Its optional. But it will be better for you if you write a     

                                                                                                            Complete narrative.) 
                                                                                     
                                                                                     

                                                                                    Activity 3 

                                                                                          Teachers Explanation

                                                                                    Pay attention to the explanations about:

                                                                                    1. how the writer orients the readers or listeners. 

                                                                                      By the use of the simple past tense. For example; Once upon a time there lived .. This provide the first orientation: not now (which may be in the past or in some imaginary world  and  not here ; for example : Long time ago, in a small village .)

                                                                                    1. finding your way in the narrative world.

                                                                                      By the use of time conjunction. For example: Now one day, So at last , so then ., and then ., ever after..

                                                                                    1. how the writer locate the readers/listeners in the geography of the narrative.

                                                                                      By the use of particular geographical space. For example: in a little village, there was a big palace, deep in the forest, there was a big palace.

                                                                                    1. how the writer provide indication of what is real or unreal.

                                                                                         By the use of conditional. For example: if he could .

                                                                                    1. how the writer asks the readers/ listeners to imagine the future, the unreal.

                                                                                      By the use of verbal process. For example: The King promised., His mother yelled.  
                                                                                       
                                                                                       

                                                                                      Activity 4

                                                                                      Ask one of your friends in your group to read the following guiding questions and the rest of the members in your group to check your group work writing.

                                                                                        1. Orientation. 
                                                                                        1. Is there enough information given in the orientation about time and place?
                                                                                        2. Do you learn enough about the characters situation to set the scene and understand what happens next?
                                                                                        3. Is the orientation stage links with the following events?
                                                                                      1. Complication.
                                                                                        1. Are you happy with the second step of the narrative?
                                                                                        2. Are the things which the characters do or say believable and interesting?
                                                                                        3. Does the narrative need an evaluation stage?
                                                                                        4. How could this part of the narrative be improved?
                                                                                        1. Resolution.
                                                                                        1. How satisfying is the resolution?
                                                                                        2. Does the resolution solve the problem? 
                                                                                        3. Do you feel other complicating events would make the resolution more interesting, more believable and more meaningful?
                                                                                        4. How do you end the story, happy ending or tragedy?
                                                                                        1. Re-orientation.
                                                                                        1. Whats the moral value of the story?
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       

                                                                                      Activity 5

                                                                                            Presentation 

                                                                                      Make a presentation about the result of your group work in front of the class. Type your work in Power Point or other software and use In Focus (Projector) to present it.  Insert necessary pictures or film in your presentation.

                                                                                      You might use your group work to participate in writing competition at your school or at other schools in your town or city. 

                                                                                      Section Four: Independent Construction of the Text.

                                                                                      Activity 1

                                                                                      Get ready to write a narrative on your own. 

                                                                                      Choosing a topic

                                                                                      Now, when you write our own narrative, think about what you are going to write about. When you are ready to write your own story, you should be able to use the stages of the narrative to help you plan the events in each stages.   
                                                                                       

                                                                                      Writing a Plan

                                                                                      Try to decide what kind of story you are going to write. Before you begin, think about these questions:

                                                                                                    1. Do you want to write a completely new story?
                                                                                            1. Do you want to use another story from your reading and write one which is like in the same ways? You might decide to write a modern fairy or to make the events in another country or you could put yourself in the story as one of the characters.
                                                                                            2. Do you want to use a story from a film you have watched?
                                                                                       

                                                                                      Activity 2

                                                                                      Drafting

                                                                                      After you have plan the sequence of events, begin to write your own story. Remember that the first draft of a piece of writing doesnt have to be perfect. 

                                                                                      Activity 3

                                                                                      Reviewing

                                                                                      Read over your draft and check that all the events are in the right order. As you read your draft make sure that your narrative has the following stages. 
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       

                                                                                            TITLE   : .. 

                                                                                        AUTHOR   : . 

                                                                                                      ORIENTATION  : (giving information about setting C time, place, situation of main characters)

                                                                                                  COMPLICATION : (showing a change in the usual order of events or way of life of one of main characters; problem occurs which one of the characters has to resolve) 

                                                                                                  RESOLUTION : (showing how the problems written about earlier are resolved in a believable and interesting way by one or more of the characters; life returns to more or less normal.)  

                                                                                         RE-ORIENTATION  : (Its optional. But it will be better for you if you write a     

                                                                                                                Complete narrative.) 
                                                                                         
                                                                                         

                                                                                        Activity 4

                                                                                        Conferencing

                                                                                        Swap your draft narrative with other students. Ask them to let you know where your text is unclear where more information could be added or left out.  

                                                                                        Activity 5

                                                                                        Consulting

                                                                                        Arrange a time to consult with me about your first draft. Consulting in a small group will be a good way too. 

                                                                                        Activity 6

                                                                                        Editing

                                                                                        Edit your draft and re-write the narrative after talking with other people about how it could be improved. Compare your final draft to some of the other model texts you have studied before , the narratives  written by the class ,  or found in books. Think about the differences and talk with others about how you might write a new narrative.  

                                                                                        Activity 7

                                                                                        Publishing

                                                                                        Decide whether you want to publish your own text in your school magazine or school newspaper, a library display or individual folder as your port polio.   

                                                                                        You might use your own work to participate in writing competition at your school or at other schools in your town or city. 
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                                                         

                                                                                        C. Assessments. 

                                                                                              The assessment in this action research was conducted during  the learning process:  

                                                                                        1. Paper and pencil test
                                                                                          1. Pre Test
                                                                                          2. Post Test
                                                                                        2. Performance
                                                                                          1. Creativity
                                                                                          2. Activity
                                                                                        3. Product
                                                                                          1. Spoken narrative text
                                                                                          2. Written narrative text 
                                                                                        4. Project
                                                                                          1. Group work presentation
                                                                                          2. Home assignment
                                                                                        5. Portfolio
                                                                                        6. (Attachments) Instrument 1,2,3,4,5 
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                                                         

                                                                                        CHAPTER III 

                                                                                        REPORT OF THE RESULT OF THE OBSERVATION 

                                                                                        The writer would like to report the result of the observation of the teaching and learning narrative text as follows: 
                                                                                         

                                                                                        1. Cycle 1.

                                                                                        a. Planning and Action Preperation.

                                                                                          1. The teaching stage for cycle 1 had been constructed : The stage of Building knowledge of the Field  and the stage of Modelling Text.
                                                                                          2. Lesson Plan For cycle 1 had been constructed.
                                                                                          3. Pre-test and post-test for cycle 1 had been constructed.
                                                                                          4. Observation paper for the students activity for cycle 1 had been constructed
                                                                                          5. Questionnaire for measuring  motivation and attitude for cycle I had been constructed.
                                                                                        1. The implementation of the action. 

                                                                                          The action implemented on  this stage :

                                                                                        1. had implemented  Lesson Plan for cycle 1.
                                                                                        2. had implemented pre-test for cycle 1.
                                                                                        3. had implemented  Building Knowledge of the Field.
                                                                                        4. had implemented  Modelling Narrative Text
                                                                                        5. had taught the students how to do VCD Cutting.
                                                                                        6. had observed classroom students activities
                                                                                        7. had given questionnaires to measure the students scientific attitude.
                                                                                        8. had implemented Post-Test. 
                                                                                        1. Observation. 

                                                                                          Observation  was started with  pre-test . Then the writer implemented  the stage of Building Knowledge of the Field.  She  shared experience with students about  narrative text and talked about  transactional and interpersonal language  and other expressions  used in spoken language.

                                                                                          She did  the stage of modelling text  by giving varies of narrative text one of which presented  with power point completed with  animation , colour, sound, and VCD Cutting.  Then she taught how to do VCD Cutting to the students.

                                                                                                In the last cycle the students   did the post-test.  Then she distributed the questionnaires to find out the students motivation and attitude towards the action given.

                                                                                          The result of the observation was as follows:  

                                                                                            QUESTIONAIRES
                                                                                            MOTIVATION AND ATTITUDE OF SEMARANG 7 SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL
                                                                                            TOWARDS  MEDIA "VCD CUTTING"
                                                                                                     
                                                                                              No Pernyataan (Statements) Setuju Tidak
                                                                                                  (Agree) Setuju
                                                                                                    (Disagree)
                                                                                              1 Membantu saya memperoleh petunjuk untuk 20 5
                                                                                                mengaktifkan (helps me provide meaning clues)    
                                                                                              2 Memberi contoh berkomunikasi dalam bahasa 25  
                                                                                                Inggris yang baik (gives me good models of    
                                                                                                communication)    
                                                                                              3 Membantu saya berkonsentrasi pada materi 16 9
                                                                                                utama (help me focus on main points)    
                                                                                              4 Membantu untuk menarik perhatian saya ( helps 23 2
                                                                                                me focus on my attention)    
                                                                                              5 Membantu saya untuk mengkomunikasikan 22 3
                                                                                                gagasan-gagasan dgn lebih baik(gives me a better    
                                                                                                help for communicating ideas)    
                                                                                              6 Mempermudah memahami ungkapan yang sesuai 18 7
                                                                                                (make it easy to learn appropriate expressions)    
                                                                                              7 Membuat saya memahami budaya dari bahasa yang dipelajari 16 9
                                                                                                yaitu bahasa inggris (make me learn the culture of the target language)    
                                                                                              8 Mempermudah untuk berlatih bersama teman (makes me 23 2
                                                                                                easy to practice with my friends)    
                                                                                              9 Membantu untuk memahami penjelasan guru saya 19 6
                                                                                                (help me understand my teacher's explanation)    
                                                                                              10 Memberi motivasi (be motivating) 21 4
                                                                                              11 Membantu saya meningkatkan kemampuan berkomunikasi dengan bahasa 25  
                                                                                                inggris (helps me improve my English communication)    
                                                                                              12 Menunjukkan bahwa VCD Cutting lebih membantu daripada teks biasa 19 6
                                                                                                (shows that VCD Cutting is more helpful than a mere text)    
                                                                                              13 Membuat saya belajar bahasa inggris lebih menyenangkan 23 2
                                                                                                (makes me learn English more enjoyable)    
                                                                                                Rata-rata (average) 20,76923 4,230769231
                                                                                                     
                                                                                                SETUJU (AGREE) 21  
                                                                                                TIDAK SETUJU (DISAGREE) 4  
                                                                                                     
                                                                                         

                                                                                        21

                                                                                        4

                                                                                        0

                                                                                        5

                                                                                        10

                                                                                        15

                                                                                        20

                                                                                        25

                                                                                        TOTAL OF STUDENTS

                                                                                        AGREE/ DISAGREE

                                                                                        GRAPH 1 : SCIENTIFIC ATTITUDE

                                                                                        AGREE

                                                                                        DISAGREE

                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                                                         

                                                                                          d. Reflection. 

                                                                                                      From the  observation paper and graph 1 can be reflected that from the total of the students of grade XII Language Program there wre only 25 students who had been given the questionaires. The average students in this class  ( 21 students or 84 %) agreed with the questionaires. There were 4 students or 16 % didnt agree  with the questionires. So it means that the students motivation and  attitude  high towards  the teaching and learning english on narrative text  with VCD Cutting.  

                                                                                          2. Cycle 2 

                                                                                          a. Planning and  the preperation of the action.

                                                                                          1. The stage of the teaching and learning cycle 2 had been constructed that was the stage of Joint Construction of the Text.
                                                                                          2. The lesson plan for cycle 2 had been constructed.
                                                                                          3. The observation paper for the activity in cycle 2 had been constructed.
                                                                                          1. The  implementation of the action 

                                                                                            The implementation of the action in cycle 2:

                                                                                          1. had implemented the lesson plan cycle 2.
                                                                                          2. had implemented. Join Construction of the Text .
                                                                                          3. had observed classroom students activities
                                                                                          4. had implemented Post-Test  
                                                                                          1. Observation. 

                                                                                            The observation was started with the writer came to the stage of Joint Construction of the Text.  She divided the students into groups of 5. Each students consisted of 6 students. The students had their group work make the presentation material about narrative text based on the film they watched. Then they presented  their group work with Power Point completed with animation, pictures, colour, sound and VCD Cutting. The result of the observation was as follows: 
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             

                                                                                                                                             RUBRIC FOR SPEAKING ASSESMENT


                                                                                            NO. INDICTOR/ VARIABLE QUESTIONS/ STATEMENTS SCORE
                                                                                            A. Teaching Learning Activitiey 

                                                                                            Using Likert Rating scale (1  up to 4)

                                                                                            1. Is the assignment can be done in the groups ? ( Apakah tugas dapat diselesaikan secara berkelompok ?)
                                                                                            2. Is there any questions appear after home assignment?  (Adakah pertanyaan muncul setelah mengerjakan tugas rumah)
                                                                                            3. Do they participate actively  in the learning pocess? (Apakah dalam pembelajaran aktif berpartisipasi ?)
                                                                                            4. Do they participate actively in their group? (Apakah dalam kerja kelompok aktif mengikuti ?)
                                                                                            5. Do they participate actively in prsenting their work? (Apakah dalam presentasi kerja kelompok siswa juga berperan aktif?)
                                                                                            6. Do they give respon to the questions given? (Apakah siswa merespon pertanyaan yang diberikan ?)
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                            1     2     3     4 
                                                                                             
                                                                                             

                                                                                            1     2     3     4 
                                                                                             

                                                                                            1     2     3     4 
                                                                                             

                                                                                            1     2     3     4 
                                                                                             

                                                                                            1     2     3     4 
                                                                                             
                                                                                             

                                                                                            1     2     3     4

                                                                                            B. Process Skill 

                                                                                            The achevement indicator reached 64 %..

                                                                                            1. Students researched, outlined, and practiced their oral report. (Siswa meneliti, membuat, dan mempraktekkan hasil laporan mereka secara lisan)
                                                                                            2. Students spoke slowly and clearly. (Siswa berbicara pelan-pelan dan jelas)
                                                                                            3. Students glanced at their notes while talking. (Siswa melihat catatan mereka selama berbicara)
                                                                                            4. Students used gestures to help express meaning. (Siswa menggunakan gerak-isyarat untuk membantu mengekspresikan arti)
                                                                                            5. Students used their face to express feelings. (Siswa menggunakan wajah untuk mengekspresikan perasaan)
                                                                                            6. Students answered questions on their report. (Siswa menjawab pertanyaan-pertanyaan dalam laporan mereka)
                                                                                            7. Students summarized the main points. (Siswa merangkum gagasan utama)
                                                                                            8. Students gave details to support their main points. (Siswa memberi penjelasan-penjelasan untuk membantu gagasan utama mereka)
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                            1     2     3     4 
                                                                                             

                                                                                            1     2     3     4 
                                                                                             

                                                                                            1     2     3     4 
                                                                                             
                                                                                             

                                                                                            1     2     3     4 
                                                                                             

                                                                                            1     2     3     4 
                                                                                             

                                                                                            1     2     3     4 
                                                                                             

                                                                                            1    2      3     4 
                                                                                             

                                                                                            1     2     3     4

                                                                                              Keterangan:

                                                                                              1 = never (tidak pernah)

                                                                                              2 = sometimes (kadang-kadang)

                                                                                              3 = often (sering)

                                                                                              4 = always (selalu) 

                                                                                          OBSERVATION PAPER - SPEAKING            
                                                                                          FOR  VARIABLE OF ACTIVITY AND LEARNING PROCESS
                                                                                          SUBJECT        :   ENGLISH      
                                                                                          GENRE         :   NARRATIVE
                                                                                          CLASS         :   XII Lang. Prog.  
                                                                                           
                                                                                          No/ Students Activity   Learning Process
                                                                                          label A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6 SUM   B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B7 B8 SUM
                                                                                          S1 4 2 3 4 4 3 20   2 3 2 3 3 3 3 4 23
                                                                                          S2 4 3 3 4 4 3 21   3 4 4 3 3 4 4 4 29
                                                                                          S3 4 3 3 4 4 3 21   3 3 4 3 3 4 4 4 28
                                                                                          S4 4 3 3 4 4 3 21   3 3 4 3 3 4 4 4 28
                                                                                          S5 4 2 3 4 4 3 20   3 3 4 3 3 3 3 4 26
                                                                                          S6 2 2 3 3 4 3 17   3 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 26
                                                                                          S7 4 2 3 4 4 3 20   3 3 4 3 3 4 4 4 28
                                                                                          S8 4 2 3 4 4 3 20   3 3 2 3 3 3 3 4 24
                                                                                          S9 4 2 3 4 4 3 20   3 3 4 3 3 4 4 4 28
                                                                                          S10 4 2 3 4 4 3 20   3 3 4 3 3 4 4 4 28
                                                                                          S11 4 2 3 4 4 3 20   3 3 4 3 3 4 4 4 28
                                                                                          S12 4 2 3 4 4 3 20   3 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 26
                                                                                          S13 4 2 3 4 4 3 20   3 3 4 3 3 4 4 4 28
                                                                                          S14 4 2 3 4 4 3 20   3 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 25
                                                                                          S15 4 2 3 4 4 3 20   3 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 25
                                                                                          S16 4 3 3 4 4 3 21   3 3 4 3 3 4 4 4 28
                                                                                          S17 4 3 3 4 4 3 21   3 4 4 3 3 4 4 4 29
                                                                                          S18 4 2 3 4 4 3 20   3 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 26
                                                                                          S19 4 2 3 4 4 3 20   3 3 3 3 3 3 2 4 24
                                                                                          S20 3 2 2 3 3 3 16   2 2 3 2 3 3 3 4 22
                                                                                          S21 4 2 3 4 4 3 20   3 3 4 3 3 4 4 4 28
                                                                                          S22 4 2 3 4 4 3 20   3 3 4 3 3 4 4 4 28
                                                                                          S23 4 2 3 4 4 3 20   3 3 4 3 3 4 4 4 28
                                                                                          S24 3 2 3 4 4 3 19   2 2 3 3 3 3 2 4 22
                                                                                          S25 4 4 3 4 4 3 22   3 4 4 3 4 4 4 4 30
                                                                                          S26 4 2 3 3 3 3 18   3 3 4 3 3 4 4 4 28
                                                                                          S27 4 4 3 4 4 3 22   4 4 4 3 3 4 4 4 30
                                                                                          S28 4 2 3 4 4 3 20   3 3 4 3 3 4 4 4 28
                                                                                          S29 4 3 3 4 4 3 21   3 3 4 3 3 4 4 4 28
                                                                                          S30 4 3 3 4 4 3 21   3 3 4 3 3 4 4 4 28
                                                                                            3,9 2,37 2,97 3,9 3,9 3 20 0 2,93 3,1 3,6 3 3 3,6 3,7 4 26,9
                                                                                                              Teacher,          
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                              Sri Muryati, SPd    
                                                                                                              NIP : 131406067        
                                                                                           
                                                                                           

                                                                                          GRAPH 2

                                                                                          3,9

                                                                                          2,37

                                                                                          2,97

                                                                                          3,9

                                                                                          3,9

                                                                                          3,0

                                                                                          20,03

                                                                                          2,93

                                                                                          3,1

                                                                                          3,6

                                                                                          3,0

                                                                                          3,0

                                                                                          3,6

                                                                                          3,7

                                                                                          4,0

                                                                                          26,9

                                                                                          0

                                                                                          5

                                                                                          10

                                                                                          15

                                                                                          20

                                                                                          25

                                                                                          30

                                                                                          TOTAL OF STUDENTS

                                                                                          1

                                                                                          Learning Process

                                                                                          SPEAKING OBSERVTION

                                                                                          A1

                                                                                          A2

                                                                                          A3

                                                                                          A4

                                                                                          A5

                                                                                          A6

                                                                                          sum

                                                                                          B1

                                                                                          B2

                                                                                          B3

                                                                                          B4

                                                                                          B5

                                                                                          B6

                                                                                          B7

                                                                                          B8

                                                                                          sum

                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           

                                                                                          RUBRIC FOR SPEAKING ASSESMENT


                                                                                          NO. INDICTOR/ VARIABLE QUESTIONS/ STATEMENTS SCORE
                                                                                          A. Teaching Learning Activitiey 

                                                                                          Using Likert Rating scale (1  up to 4)

                                                                                          1. Is the assignment can be done in the groups ? ( Apakah tugas dapat diselesaikan secara berkelompok ?)
                                                                                          2. Is there any questions appear after home assignment?  (Adakah pertanyaan muncul setelah mengerjakan tugas rumah)
                                                                                          3. Do they participate actively  in the learning pocess? (Apakah dalam pembelajaran aktif berpartisipasi ?)
                                                                                          4. Do they participate actively in their group? (Apakah dalam kerja kelompok aktif mengikuti ?)
                                                                                          5. Do they participate actively in prsenting their work? (Apakah dalam presentasi kerja kelompok siswa juga berperan aktif?)
                                                                                          6. Do they give respon to the questions given? (Apakah siswa merespon pertanyaan yang diberikan ?)
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                          1     2     3     4 
                                                                                           
                                                                                           

                                                                                          1     2     3     4 
                                                                                           

                                                                                          1     2     3     4 
                                                                                           

                                                                                          1     2     3     4 
                                                                                           

                                                                                          1     2     3     4 
                                                                                           
                                                                                           

                                                                                          1     2     3     4

                                                                                          B. Process Skill 

                                                                                          The achevement indicator reached 64 %..

                                                                                          1. Conveys meaning clearly and effectively. (menyampaikan makna dengan jelas dan efektif)
                                                                                          2. Presents multi-paragraph organization, with clear introductions, development of ideas and conclusion. (menyajikan organisasi paragraph dengan penjelasan yang jelas, pengembangan gagasan dan kesimpulan)
                                                                                          3. Shows evidence of smooth transitions. (menampilkan keterangan dari peralihan yang halus).
                                                                                          4. Uses varied vivid, precise vocabulary consistently. (menggunakan kosakata yang beragam, jelas dan tepat terus menerus)
                                                                                          5. Writes with few grammatical / mechanical errors. (menulis dengan sedikit kesalahan tata bahasa)
                                                                                          1     2     3     4 
                                                                                           

                                                                                          1     2     3     4 
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           

                                                                                          1     2     3     4 
                                                                                           
                                                                                           

                                                                                          1     2     3     4 
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           

                                                                                          1     2     3     4 
                                                                                           

                                                                                          Keterangan:

                                                                                          1 = never (tidak pernah)

                                                                                          2 = sometimes (kadang-kadang)

                                                                                          3 = often (sering)

                                                                                          4 = always (selalu)

                                                                                           


                                                                                          OBSERVATION PAPER - WRITING                      
                                                                                          FOR  VARIABLE OF ACTIVITY AND LEARNING PROCESS        
                                                                                          SUBJECT        :   ENGLISH              
                                                                                          GENRE         :   NARRATIVE          
                                                                                          CLASS         :   XII Lang. Prog.            
                                                                                          No Nama Keaktifan   Ketrampilan proses
                                                                                          label   A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6 SUM   B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 SUM
                                                                                          S1 ADI H 3 3 3 3 3 2 17   2 3 2 3 3 4 17
                                                                                          S2 AMELIA M 4 4 4 4 4 3 23   3 4 4 3 3 4 21
                                                                                          S3 ANI W 4 4 4 4 4 3 23   3 3 4 3 3 4 20
                                                                                          S4 ANIS F 4 4 4 4 4 3 23   3 3 4 3 3 4 20
                                                                                          S5 BONDAN S 4 4 4 4 4 2 22   3 3 4 3 3 3 19
                                                                                          S6 CAHYO P 4 4 4 4 4 2 22   3 3 3 3 3 3 18
                                                                                          S7 CATUR W 4 4 4 4 4 3 23   3 3 4 3 3 4 20
                                                                                          S8 DESI A 4 4 4 4 4 3 23   3 3 2 3 3 3 17
                                                                                          S9 DEVI S 4 4 4 4 4 3 23   3 3 4 3 3 4 20
                                                                                          S10 DEWI P 4 4 4 4 4 3 23   3 3 4 3 3 4 20
                                                                                          S11 DIAH P 4 4 4 4 4 3 23   3 3 4 3 3 4 20
                                                                                          S12 DWIKI R 4 4 4 4 4 2 22   3 3 3 3 3 3 18
                                                                                          S13 DYAH A 4 4 4 4 4 2 22   3 3 4 3 3 4 20
                                                                                          S14 FERI D 4 4 4 4 4 3 23   3 3 3 3 3 3 18
                                                                                          S15 FIVILIA 4 4 4 4 4 3 23   3 3 3 3 3 3 18
                                                                                          S16 KHUSNIYATI 4 4 4 4 4 3 23   3 3 4 3 3 4 20
                                                                                          S17 LAILA Z 4 4 4 4 4 3 23   3 4 4 3 3 4 21
                                                                                          S18 LINDA R 4 4 4 4 4 3 23   3 3 3 3 3 3 18
                                                                                          S19 MOH. T 4 4 4 4 4 3 23   3 3 3 3 3 3 18
                                                                                          S20 MUSTIKA A 4 4 4 4 4 1 21   2 2 3 2 3 3 15
                                                                                          S21 NOVA LITA 4 4 4 4 4 3 23   3 3 4 3 3 4 20
                                                                                          S22 OKY F 4 4 4 4 4 3 23   3 3 4 3 3 4 20
                                                                                          S23 PUTRI P 4 4 4 4 4 3 23   3 3 4 3 3 4 20
                                                                                          S24 RIANA A 4 4 4 4 4 1 21   2 2 3 3 3 3 16
                                                                                          S25 RICKY W 4 4 4 4 4 3 23   3 4 4 3 4 4 22
                                                                                          S26 RINA WATI 4 4 4 4 4 3 23   3 3 4 3 3 4 20
                                                                                          S27 RINDA A 4 4 4 4 4 3 23   4 4 4 3 3 4 22
                                                                                          S28 VELMA R 4 4 4 4 4 3 23   3 3 4 3 3 4 20
                                                                                          S29 WAHYU W 4 4 4 4 4 3 23   3 3 4 3 3 4 20
                                                                                          S30 YULIANI T 4 4 4 4 4 3 23   3 3 4 3 3 4 20
                                                                                            AVERAGE SCORE 4 3,97 3,97 4 4 2,7 22,5 0 2,93 3,1 3,6 2,97 3,03 3,7 19,3
                                                                                                                Teacher,      
                                                                                                                Sri Muryati, SPd.
                                                                                                                NIP : 131406067    
                                                                                           

                                                                                                       GRAPH 3

                                                                                          3,97

                                                                                          3,97

                                                                                          3,97

                                                                                          3,97

                                                                                          3,97

                                                                                          2,7

                                                                                          22,53

                                                                                          2,93

                                                                                          3,1

                                                                                          3,6

                                                                                          2,97

                                                                                          3,03

                                                                                          3,7

                                                                                          19,3

                                                                                          0

                                                                                          5

                                                                                          10

                                                                                          15

                                                                                          20

                                                                                          25

                                                                                          TOTAL OF THE STUDENTS

                                                                                          1

                                                                                          Learning process

                                                                                          WRITING OBSERVATION

                                                                                          A1

                                                                                          A2

                                                                                          A3

                                                                                          A4

                                                                                          A5

                                                                                          A6

                                                                                          SUM

                                                                                          B1

                                                                                          B2

                                                                                          B3

                                                                                          B4

                                                                                          B5

                                                                                          B6

                                                                                          SUM

                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           

                                                                                            d. Reflection..

                                                                                             From the observation paper cycle 2 and the graph 3 can be reflected that the average score of the students group work presentation  for speaking in the achievement indicator and the learning process  were    47,2 or 84%  and for writing was 41,83 or  84% ?  school passing grade 64 % this showed that it really  fulfilled the achievement indicator of a classroom action research.   
                                                                                           

                                                                                        3. Cycle 3.

                                                                                        a. Planning and  the preperation of the action.

                                                                                          1. The stage of the teaching and learning cycle 3had been constructed that was the stage of  Independent of the Text.
                                                                                          2. The lesson plan for cycle 3  had been constructed.
                                                                                          3. The observation paper for the activity in cycle 3 had been constructed.
                                                                                         

                                                                                        b. The  implementation of the action

                                                                                          The implementation of the action in cycle 3:

                                                                                        1. had implemented the lesson plan cycle 3.
                                                                                        2. had implemented. Independent Construction of the Text .
                                                                                        3. had observed classroom students activities
                                                                                        4. had implemented Post-Test  
                                                                                         

                                                                                        c. Observation.

                                                                                          The writer had done the stage of     Independent Construction of the Text.  The students wrote a narrative text individually. First of all the students chose and planned a new topic or about a story that they had read, or a story based on the film he/ she watched. Then he/ she made a draft of a narrative text and made a review if the writing matched the generic structure of a narrative, swapped the writing with a friend to check whether it was correct or not, or gave other opinion, consulted it with the teacher and finally the student rewrote the draft that had been consulted with the teacher. The best writing would be put on the flannel board in the class room , wall magazine or school magazine , Image. 

                                                                                               

                                                                                             On the last cycle the students did the post-test.

                                                                                          The result of the observation of cycle 3 was as follows: 
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           

                                                                                        RUBRIC FOR INDIVIDUAL WRITING ASSESMENT


                                                                                        NO. INDICATOR/VARIABLE QUESTIONS / STATEMETNS SCORE
                                                                                        A Learning Process etrampilan Proses 

                                                                                        Indikator pencapaian mencapai 64 % bila ketrampilan/ kemampuan dilakukan skoring.

                                                                                        1. Conveys meaning clearly and effectively. (menyampaikan makna dengan jelas dan efektif)
                                                                                        2. Presents multi-paragraph organization, with clear introductions, development of ideas and conclusion. (menyajikan organisasi paragraph dengan penjelasan yang jelas, pengembangan gagasan dan kesimpulan)
                                                                                        3. Shows evidence of smooth transitions. (menampilkan keterangan dari peralihan yang halus).
                                                                                        4. Uses varied vivid, precise vocabulary consistently. (menggunakan kosakata yang beragam, jelas dan tepat terus menerus)
                                                                                        5. Writes with few grammatical / mechanical errors. (menulis dengan sedikit kesalahan tata bahasa)
                                                                                        1     2     3     4 

                                                                                        1     2     3     4 
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                                                         

                                                                                        1     2     3     4 
                                                                                         

                                                                                        1     2     3     4 
                                                                                         

                                                                                        1     2     3     4 
                                                                                         
                                                                                         

                                                                                        1     2     3     4

                                                                                        Keterangan:

                                                                                        1 = never (tidak pernah)

                                                                                        2 = sometimes (kadang-kadang)

                                                                                        3 = often (sering)

                                                                                        4 = always (selalu) 
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                                                         

                                                                                      OBSERVATION PAPER - WRITING        
                                                                                      FOR VARIABLE  INDIVIDUAL LEARNING PROCESS  
                                                                                      SUBJECT: ENGLISH            
                                                                                      GENRE: NARRATIVE            
                                                                                      CLASS : XII Lang. Prog.            
                                                                                      No Name Learning Process
                                                                                      label   A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 SUM
                                                                                      S1 ADI H 2 3 2 3 3 13
                                                                                      S2 AMELIA M 3 4 4 4 3 18
                                                                                      S3 ANI W 3 3 4 3 2 15
                                                                                      S4 ANIS F 3 3 4 3 2 15
                                                                                      S5 BONDAN S 3 3 2 3 3 14
                                                                                      S6 CAHYO P 3 3 3 3 2 14
                                                                                      S7 CATUR W 3 3 4 3 3 16
                                                                                      S8 DESI A 3 3 2 3 3 14
                                                                                      S9 DEVI S 3 3 2 3 3 14
                                                                                      S10 DEWI P 3 3 2 3 3 14
                                                                                      S11 DIAH P 3 3 2 3 3 14
                                                                                      S12 DWIKI R 3 3 3 3 3 15
                                                                                      S13 DYAH A 3 3 2 3 3 14
                                                                                      S14 FERI D 3 3 3 3 3 15
                                                                                      S15 FIVILIA 3 3 3 3 3 15
                                                                                      S16 KHUSNIYATI 3 3 4 3 3 16
                                                                                      S17 LAILA Z 3 4 4 3 3 17
                                                                                      S18 LINDA R 3 3 2 3 3 14
                                                                                      S19 MOH. T 3 3 3 2 3 14
                                                                                      S20 MUSTIKA A 2 2 3 2 3 12
                                                                                      S21 NOVA LITA 3 3 2 3 3 14
                                                                                      S22 OKY F 3 3 4 3 3 16
                                                                                      S23 PUTRI P 3 3 2 3 3 14
                                                                                      S24 RIANA A 2 2 3 3 3 13
                                                                                      S25 RICKY W 3 4 4 3 4 18
                                                                                      S26 RINA WATI 3 3 2 3 3 14
                                                                                      S27 RINDA A 4 4 4 3 3 18
                                                                                      S28 VELMA R 3 3 2 3 3 14
                                                                                      S29 WAHYU W 3 3 4 3 3 16
                                                                                      S30 YULIANI T 3 3 4 3 3 16
                                                                                        Average score 2,9 3,1 3,0 3,0 2,9 14,9
                                                                                            GURU PENGAJAR    
                                                                                                     
                                                                                            SRI MURYATI, SPd.    
                                                                                            NIP : 130  794 346    
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       

                                                                                      GRAPH : 4 

                                                                                      OBSERVATION FOR INDIVIDUAL WRITING 
                                                                                       
                                                                                       

                                                                                    2,9

                                                                                    3,1

                                                                                    3,0

                                                                                    3,0

                                                                                    2,9

                                                                                    14,9

                                                                                    0

                                                                                    5

                                                                                    10

                                                                                    15

                                                                                    20

                                                                                    25

                                                                                    30

                                                                                    TOTAL OF STUDENTS

                                                                                    1

                                                                                    LEARNING PROCESS

                                                                                    A1

                                                                                    A2

                                                                                    A3

                                                                                    A4

                                                                                    A5

                                                                                    SUM

                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                    LIST OF STUDENTS SCORES  CYCLE I,II,III
                                                                                      SEMARANG 7 SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL ACADEMIC YEAR 2006/2007
                                                                                                Class : XII Lang. Program        
                                                                                    NO NIS STUDENTS NAME DAILY ASSESMENTS
                                                                                    1 2 3 4
                                                                                          PRE-TEST CYCLE 1 SCORE CYCLE 2 SCORE CYCLE 3 SCORE
                                                                                    1 048845 ADI HERMAWANTO 40 73 80 70
                                                                                    2 048885 AMELIA MARETA RAHAYU 55 73 77 90
                                                                                    3 048966 ANI WIJAYANTI 60 67 83 85
                                                                                    4 048967 ANIS FAUZIYAH 45 67 70 80
                                                                                    5 048851 BONDAN SASANGKA NUR 40 70 57 70
                                                                                    6 048934 CAHYO PURNOMO 40 40 40 95
                                                                                    7 048935 CATUR WAHONO 40 67 73 65
                                                                                    8 048853 DESI ANISAH PUTRI 40 67 77 80
                                                                                    9 048854 DEVI SULISTYA M 40 70 70 75
                                                                                    10 049134 DEWI PURNAMA SARI 40 60 67 95
                                                                                    11 048855 DIAH PUSPITASARI 53 73 77 90
                                                                                    12 049101 DWIKI RIZKY ANGESTI 40 70 73 95
                                                                                    13 049102 DYAH ARDIANA 40 63 47 75
                                                                                    14 049141 FERI DANU YUDISTIRA 40 50 73 80
                                                                                    15 049143 FIVILIA TIKA PERDANA 40 67 73 85
                                                                                    16 048980 KHUSNIYATI 45 57 77 80
                                                                                    17 048904 LAILA ZORAYA AHMAD 80 67 57 80
                                                                                    18 048945 LINDA RUSDIANI 40 63 70 95
                                                                                    19 038649 MOH. TEGAR DIGDAYA 40 73 50 75
                                                                                    20 048951 MUSTIKA ARISTIANTINI 40 40 80 40
                                                                                    21 049227 NOVA LITA DAMAYANTI 40 70 77 85
                                                                                    22 048988 OKY FERARI KARINA 40 77 60 90
                                                                                    23 049230 PUTRI PRATIWI 40 67 80 75
                                                                                    24 049235 RIANA ARTI LISTIANI 50 57 63 40
                                                                                    25 048991 RICKY WAHYU SETIAWAN 60 67 83 95
                                                                                    26 048992 RINA WATI 40 67 80 75
                                                                                    27 048992 RINDA AYU NURANI 40 40 83 90
                                                                                    28 048993 VELMA RESA SARASWATI 40 67 73 75
                                                                                    29 049001 WAHYU WICAKSONO 40 40 73 75
                                                                                    30 049124 YULIANI TRISNANINGRUM 70 73 87 90
                                                                                        AVEARAGE SCORE 45,3 63,4 71,0 79,7
                                                                                        PASSED 2 20 23 28
                                                                                        FAILED 28 10 7 2
                                                                                     
                                                                                     

                                                                                    2

                                                                                    28

                                                                                    20

                                                                                    10

                                                                                    23

                                                                                    7

                                                                                    28

                                                                                    2

                                                                                    0

                                                                                    5

                                                                                    10

                                                                                    15

                                                                                    20

                                                                                    25

                                                                                    30

                                                                                    TOTAL OF

                                                                                    STUDENTS

                                                                                    1

                                                                                    2

                                                                                    3

                                                                                    4

                                                                                    TYPE OF TEST

                                                                                    PRE-TES, CYCLE 1, CYCLE 2, CYCLE  3

                                                                                    (POST TES) SCORES

                                                                                    PASSED

                                                                                    FAILED

                                                                                    GRAPH 5 
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     

                                                                                      d.  Reflection. 
                                                                                       

                                                                                         From the observation paper cycle 3 and graph 5 could be reflected that the individual average scores  of writing ? school passing grade 64 % this means that it fulfilled the achievement indicator. And it also showed the improvement from  the pre C test only   2 students passed or  7,3 %, in cycle 1 there were 20  students passed or 67 % , in cycle 2   there were 23   students passed or   77 %  and in cycle 3 there were   28 students passed or 93 %  this means that the result showed  the quality assurance of the action research.  
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       

                                                                                      BAB IV

                                                                                      CONCLUSIONS AND SUGGESTIONS 

                                                                                          1. Conclusions.

                                                                                        The conclusions that could be drawn from this action research wee as follows:        

                                                                                      1. the usage of media VCD Cutting efecticve, interesting, and enjoyable and was able to help the process of teaching and learning on narrative text so that the students could be able to improve their competence to communicate in English, to express and response the meaning of monolog text by using spoken and written modes accurately and acceptably in narrative text.
                                                                                      2. In cycle 2, the average score of the group work presentation for speaking on the indicator of the students performance and learning  process was   47,2 or 84%   and for writing was  41,83 or  84% ?  school passing grade     64 %. This showed that it fulfilled the indicator of a research result and showed the qulity assurance of the action research.
                                                                                      3. in cycle 3 the individual average score of writing was   14,9  or 70 %    ?  school pasing grade 64 % . This showed  that it fulfilled the indicator of the achievement.
                                                                                      4. The cognitive scores showed the improvement from the result of the pre C test there were only 2 students failed or  7,3 %, in cycle 1, there were 20  students passed 67 % , in cycle 2 there were 23 students passed or   77 %  and in cycle 3 therewere 28 students passed or 93 %  This showed that it fulfilled the indicator of a research result and showed the qulity assurance of the action research.
                                                                                          1. Suggestions. 

                                                                                        On the basis of the conclusions above, the writer offered the following suggestions.:

                                                                                      1. To teachers, especially English teachers should try to look for inovation  in implementing the teaching and learning English by using suitable learning media and Information Technology ( IT ) and media VCD Cutting  so that it could be used to overcome the problems faced by the students.
                                                                                      2. To sudents, they should use Information Technology ( IT ) and media VCD Cutting to overcome the problem of  studyng English especially on narrative text.

                                                                                       

                                                                                      BIBLIOGRAPHY

                                                                                       

                                                                                      Depdiknas. 2004. Standar Kompetensi Mata Pelajaran Bahasa Inggris SMA/MA.          
                                                                                             Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan Nasional.
                                                                                       

                                                                                      Daryanto. 1990. Media Visual. Bandung : Tarsito.  

                                                                                      Depdiknas. 2003. Pedoman Teknis Pelaksanaan CAR (Classroom Action

                                                                                             Research). Jakarta: Direktorat Jenderal Pendidikan Dasar dan Menengah,  

                                                                                             Direktorat Pendidikan Lanjutan Pertama. 

                                                                                      Hammond, Jenny et al. 1992. English for Social Purposes. A Handbook for

                                                                                             Teachers of Adult Literacy.  Sydney: Marcquire University. 

                                                                                      Sadiman, Arief, dkk. 1996. Media Pendidikan. Pengertian, Pengembangan dan

                                                                                             Pemanfaatannya. Jakarta: PT Raja Grafindo Persada. 

                                                                                      Sudibyo AP, Drs, MPd. 2006. Laporan Penelitian , Pemerintah Kota Semarang.

                                                                                       

                                                                                      William R. Lee. 1983. A Study Dictionary of Social englsh. New York: Pergamon Press. 

                                                                                      Nurhadi,dkk. 2004. Kontekstual dan penerapannya dalam KBK. Malang: pnerbit Universitas Negeri Malang. 

                                                                                      OMalley, J. Michael. 1995. Authentic Assessment For Lnguage learners. Longman. 

                                                                                      Willy Renandya. 1992. Research methodology. RELC. Singapore. 

                                                                                      Jaremy Harmer. 2003. How to Teach english . Longman. 

                                                                                      Sadiman, Arif S, Dr. 1984. Media pendidikan. Pustekom Dikbud dan PT Raja Gofindo persada.

                                                                                       

                                                                                      NSW, KJ. Eltis, Dr. 1991. An Approach to Writing K-12. Australia  : NSW department of School Educatiom. 

                                                                                      Moh. Uzer Usman, Drs. 1993. Upaya Optimalisasi Kegiatan Belajar Mengajar. Bandung: Penerbit PT Remaja Rosda karya.  

                                                                                      Poerwodarminto, 1998. Kamus Umum Bahasa Indonesia, Jakarta : Balai Pustaka.  

                                                                                      Poerwodarminto, 1980. Kamus Lengkap bahasa Inggris , Jakarta : Balai Pustaka.  

                                                                                      Riyadi santoso, Drs. M.Ed. 2003. Semiotika Sosial Pandangan Terhadap Bahasa. Surabaya: Pustaka eurika. 

                                                                                      Tri Wiratmo, Drs, MA. 2003. Kiat Menulis Karya Ilmiah dalam Bahasa Inggris. Jogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar. 

                                                                                      Suharsimi Arikunto. 1998. Prosedur Penelitian Suatu pendekatan praktis. Jakarta : Rineka Cipta.

                                                                                      Anderson, Mark and Kathy.  2003. Tex Type in English.Australia: PTY Ltd.   
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       

                                                                                                BIODATA

                                                                                       

                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                      1 Name Sri Muryati, SPd.
                                                                                      2 NIP ( Civil Servant ID Number) 130794346
                                                                                      3 Occupation teacher
                                                                                      4 Rank Guru Pembina/ IV a
                                                                                      5 Place And Date of Birth Boyolali, 15 May 1953
                                                                                      6 Gender Female
                                                                                      7 Religion Moslem
                                                                                      8 Subject Taught English
                                                                                      9 Length of work 27  years
                                                                                      10 Title of the  Research ENGLISH COMMUNICATION COMPETENCY IMPROVEMENT

                                                                                      ON SPOKEN AND WRITTEN NARRATIVE TEXT

                                                                                      THROUGH VCD CUTTING MEDIA

                                                                                      IN SEMARANG 7 SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL

                                                                                      11 Last education S1
                                                                                      12 Faculty/ Department Faculty of Letter/ English
                                                                                      13 Marital Status Married
                                                                                      14 School Address
                                                                                      1. Name of School
                                                                                      2. Street
                                                                                      3. Village
                                                                                      4. District
                                                                                      5. Region
                                                                                      6. Province
                                                                                      7. Telephone
                                                                                       
                                                                                      Semarang 7 Senior high School

                                                                                      Jl. Untung Suropati  Semarang, 50185.

                                                                                      Banbankerep

                                                                                      Ngaliyan

                                                                                      Semarang City

                                                                                      Central Java

                                                                                      62- (024) 7605977

                                                                                      15 Home Address
                                                                                      1. Name of School
                                                                                      2. Street
                                                                                      3. Village
                                                                                      4. District
                                                                                      5. Region
                                                                                      6. Province
                                                                                      7. Telephone
                                                                                       
                                                                                      Jl. Wahyu Asri Dlm. IV /DD 68 /Rt.08/ RW.6

                                                                                      Tambakaji

                                                                                      Ngaliyan

                                                                                      Ngaliyan

                                                                                      Semarang City

                                                                                      Central Java

                                                                                      Telp (024) 7612539

                                                                                      16 Social activity Chairwoman of  MGMP (English Teachers Union ) Semarang
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       

                                                                                                                          Semarang,  September  5 th  2006  
                                                                                       

                                                                                            Approved by:                 Writer,

                                                                                            Headmaster    
                                                                                       
                                                                                       

                                                                                            Drs. Totok Widyanto               Sri Muryati, SPd.

                                                                                            NIP. 131415203               NIP. 130794346 
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       

                                                                                     

                                                                                     

Ϊҳ | ղ |

All Rights Reserved Powered by ĵ

Copyright © 2011
ĵ磬ַϵtousu#anggang.com
ض