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???????????ManjuNikanIngg

???????????
Manju Nikan Inggiri Gisun i Buleku Bithe
???? (2003) Version 1.23
corrections by W. Porquet (2012)

?????????Möllendorff?????д?????緢???д?????????????κν??飬?????ajiu#hotmail.com????л??

This lexicon employs the Möllendorff transcription system. The author appreciates error reports and recommendations from readers for further revision. Drop me a line at ajiu#hotmail.com. Thank you.


A

a = int. ?????ah, huh, oops
aš = int. ?????ah, huh, oops
a uju = n. ?????alphabet, ABC, letters ; manju i a uju ???????Manchu alphabet
abdaha = n. ???leaf ; moo i abdaha ???tree's leaves
abka = n. ?????????? ; genggiyen abka ???????? blue and sunny sky ; abkai hesei ??????with heaven's mandate ; dergi abka ????heaven ; niohon abka ????firmament, aether
abka na de = ad. ???????on heaven and earth
abkai buten = n. ????ends of the earth, corner of the world
abkai ejen = n. ???????????God, Lord ; abkai ejen i jui ??????God's son (Jesus Christ)
abkai gege = n. ???fairy girl, celestial maiden
abkai gurun = n. ???God's kingdom, heaven ( also as abkai ejen i gurun)
abkai sukdun = n. ????weather ; enenggi i abkai sukdun ?????????today's weather
Abkai Wehiyehe = n. ????????the Qianlong reign (r. 1736-1796)
absi = ad. ????how? how to? where to? ; handu be absi tarimbi? ?????????how to grow paddy
acanjirengge = n. ???????meeting, get-together, date ; oboo de acanjirengge ???????dating in the oboo tent
acanweilen = n. ????cooperation, collaboration
adališara = a. ?????similar ; adališara jilgan ???????similar voice (pronunciation)
adališarak?? = a. ?????different ; adališarak?? ba ??????????difference, distinction
adanambi = v. ?μ??????to participate in, to join
adarame = ad. ?????????how ; se adarame? ?????????how old???
afa-gurun erin = ??????the Warring States period
afame gaimbi = v. ???to attack and capture, to take or occupy by force
afan = n. ???war ; Han-Yailak i afan ?????????????Han-Yailak war
afan jijun = n. ???front line, frontier; occupation ; katurebun afan jijun ???????collective name of all people working in physical education and sports
Afuhan gurun = geogr. ??????Afghanistan
aga = n. ??rain ; agai muke ???rain water, precipitation
aga agambi = v. ????to rain
agu = n. ???????brother, buddy, fellow
ag??ra = n. ?????????tools, instrument ; weilere ag??ra ????tools
ah??n = n. ??磬???? elder brother
ah??n deo = n. ???brothers, siblings ; ah??n deo udu? ????????How many brothers do you have? ; ah??n deo juwe nofi ?????????I have one brother (lit. We are two brothers)
ah??n deo uksura = ??????? fraternal nationalities
ah??n-non = n. ????elder brother and younger sister
ai = p. ??????what? what kind of? ; ere oci ai? ????????What's this?
ai hacin = a. ??????what kind of (thing or people) ; ai hacin niyalma ????????what kind of people, who
ai jaka = n. pron. ??????????what? what kind of thing
aiba = n. pron. ???????where?
aibide = ad. ????????????where, to where ; muse aibide genere? ????????????????Where are we going?
aici = ad. pron. ???????how?
aici niyalma = n. ????????Щ???who? what kind of people?
aifini = ad ????already, for a long time
aika = conj. ?????????if
aimaka = conj. ????it appears, it looks like; like, as if
aimu = ad. ???how?
ainambi = v. ??????to do for what purpose? why doing sth.
ainara = ad. pron. ?????????Σ?how?
ainci = conj. ??????or
ainu = ad. ??????????why? how come?
aise = ad. ????????perhaps (usually at the end of the sentence)
aiseme = ad. ????????why, for what
aisilara ?? n. ??????????????help, favour; aid, assistance
aisin usiha = n. ????Venus, the second nearest planet from the sun
aji = a. С???СС??little
aji juse = n. С??????small children
ajige = a. С??small, little
ajige hoton jen = n. С????small town, village ; ajige hoton jen i iliburan С??????small township development
ajige juse = n. ???children
ajige mujilen = n. С???????special care ; ajige mujilen i С???carefully, with care
ajige šunggiya = n. ????????С??Xiao Ya of the Book of Songs
ajirgan = a. ??????????male
akdun ilimbi = v. ??????to provide warranty
akjambi = vi. ????to thunder ; akjaha??????(it) thundered
akjan = n. ??????thunder
ak?? oci = prep. ???without
albašan = n. ????service
alibumbi = v. ???? to contribute ; h??sun alibumbi ????????to do one's bit (for sth.)
alik?? = n. ????plate, dish
alin = n. ?mountain, hill ; alin ba ???mountainous area, alpine area ; den alin ??? high mountain
alin gese ombi = ??????to pile up like mountains
alin holo = n. ???mountain valley
alirame = ad. ??????????along the mountain ridges
aliyambi = vi. ??????to wait for sb.
ama = n. ????????father, daddy
ama eniye = n. ???parents, father and mother
amaga = ad. ????later (on), after
amaga inenggi = n. ??????days to come, future
amagangga = a. ??????later
amala = post. ?????棻???back, rear; then, after that, after finishing sth.
amargi = n. ????????north
amasi = ad. ???backward
amba = a. ?????????????great, big, enormous
amba baita = n. ???????????? major event, big task
amba falicun = n. ?????solidarity of all people (with different ethnic, cultural, religious or political backgrounds)
amba h??sun i = ad. ??????with great effort ; amba h??sun i ulame selgiyembi ????????to polpularize sth. with great effort
amba isan = n. ???congress ; gubci gurun fundesisai amba isan ?????????national congress
amba muru = a. ???????probably, likely, be supposed to
amba tacik?? = n. ???university ; Jejiyang Amba Tacik?? ?????Zhejiang University
ambarame = ad. ?????????????on a large scale
amen = ad. ??????? amen, verily
amji = n. ??ancle; man 50 years or older
amtangga = a. ?????????????????????sweet, tasty; fun
amtanggai = ad. ?????????????ζ??with fun, pleasurably ; amtanggai leolembi ?????ζ????to talk with great fun
aname ibenumbi = v. ???to promote (sth.), to push ahead, to make progress in doing sth.
An-ciowan Bu = n. ?????National Security Bureau
andan = n. ???instant, moment ; majige andande ??????soon, before long
angga = n. ??????mouth, entrance, intake
angga gaimbi = vi. ?????????to kiss (with) sb.
angga ojombi = vi. ?????????to kiss sb. See angga gaimbi
anggala = n. ??????person, mouth ; uheri udu anggala? ???????How many people? ; sunja anggala ????? five people
aniya = n. ??year ; ere aniya ????this year ; erguwen aniya ??????year of one's own image, one's pivotal years (when he is 12, 24, 36, etc. years old)
aniya biya = n. ????????January
aniya h??sime = ad. ???????all the year
aniya inenggi = n. ???New Year's day
aniyadari = a. ??????every year, yearly ; aniyadari aka muke ????????yearly rainfall or precipitation
aniyai dorgi de = ad. ??????within this year, by the end of the year
aniyalame = ad. ???????year round, all year long
ansarasu = n. ????????general introduction, outline ; ulgiyan ujire ansarasu ???????introduction to pig raising
antaha = n. ????guest
antaharara = n. ???? standing on ceremony ; ume antaharara ??????? please be at home; help yourself (with the food and dishes); don't stand on ceremony.
antaka = pron. ????????how, how well ; tacibuhangge antaka? ??????????How is one doing with his teaching? ; Enenggi i abkai sukdun antaka? ??????????????How is the weather today?
antu = n. ???????sunlit and warmer side of a mountian
arambi = v. ????????д????дto make, to do; to write ; buda be arambi ????to prepare meal
aramtucibure = a. ???????????(of or pertaining to) producers' ; usirtai aramtucibure hedzoše ?????????????agricultural producers' cooperative
arara = n. ????????collecting
arbun = n. ?????????????????form, shape, appearance; case, conditions; recent progress, situation ; weileran arbun ???????recent progress in one's work
arbun i angga = n. ?????river junction where two rivers meet
arbungga ba = n. ?羰????????tourist attraction, scenery spot
arfa = n. ????oat
arga = n. ??idea, way, method
arga ak?? = ??а?I (we, you) can do nothing about it.
arki = n. ??????? arrack, white spirit, liquor
arsalan = n. ??? lion
arsun = n. ??????sprout, shoot ; arsun arsuka ?????sprouted
asigan = a. ???????????young. Cf. asihan
asihan = a. ???????????young, also as asigan (Sibe)
asihatasai falin = n. ??????the Youth League ; Jungg'oi gungcan-juyi asihatasi falin ?й???????Chinese Communist Youth League
asihatasi = n. ???youth league member
asita = n. ??????young person ; sibe asita ???????????a Sibe young man
aššan = n. ??????? (community or neighborhood) activities; campaign, social movement
asu = n. ??????????net, web; internet ; asu de ??????????????online, on the web
atanggi = pron. ??????????when? what time?
aya = int. ????????oops, oh, doh, huh (when sth. went wrong)
ayan1 = a. ???????? great, huge, powerful ; ayan edun ???strong blast of wind, storm
ayan2 = n. ???????wax ; ayan dengjan ????wax candle

B

ba i gisun = n. ?????????????????dialect
ba1 = n. ?????????place, area ; amargi ba i niyalma ??????one who comes from the north ; tesu ba ????local area
ba2 = n. ?????? (~ 500 m) Chinese li, a measure of distance about 1500 feet; neighbourhood ; tofohon ba ?????fifteen li
babade = ad. ????everywhere
badarambungga buleku = n. ?????microscope
badarambure = a. ?????developing, (of or related to) development
badaran = n. ?????????development
badarara = n. ???development, developing sth. ; jingji badarara ???????????÷??economic development, developing economy
badiri = n. ??earthen bowl used by Buddhist monks for alms
bahambi = v. ???????????to get, to obtain, to acquire; to achieve
bahanarak?? = vi. ????????can not, to be unable ; bi manju gisun be gisureme bahanarak?? ??????????I can't speak Manchu.
baihu = n. ?????????????nonsense
baingge = a. ?????somewhere there
baise = n. ???cabbage (Chin. baicai)
baita = n. ??????飬????matter, affair ; baita icihiyarangge ????tackling an affair, dealing with a matter ; baita ak?? ???? That's alright. It's OK.
baitak?? = ???that's alright, that's fine
baitalambi = v. ??????to use, to apply
baitalara = n. ???use, application ; terei baitalara ???????its applications // a.?????????applying, practical
baitalara arga = n. ?÷?????÷???use, method of application
baitalara gisun = n. ???????glossary, lexicon, words for a particular use ; erin kemu i baitalara gisun ???????words to describe time
bajargi = n. ???yonder bank or shore
bajila = n. ????????yonder bank (of a river or sea)
baksi = n. ??? doctor, scholar (Chin. boshi)
baksi i yarure sefu = n. ????????????supervisor for doctorate programs, doctorate supervisor
baktaka gisun = n. ???allegory
bala = n. ???? nighbourhood, vicinity
baniha = n. ллthanks
banjibumbi = v. ????????to give birth to (a baby); to lay (eggs) ; umhan banjibumbi ????to lay eggs
banjiha arambi = v. ??????????to celebrate ones birthday
banjiha inenggi = n. ???? birthday
banjihangge = a. ????was born ; Bi ya ci aniya de banjihangge ? ????????????Which year were you born in? ; Bi emu minggan uyun tangg?? ninju ningguci aniya de banjihengge. ??????1966??I was born in 1966.
banjimbi = vi. ????????to live, to survive ; enteheme banjimbi ????to live an eternal life
banjin = n. ?????????? life; living ; ice banjin ???????????? new life
banjinaha = pp. ???γ??arisen, caused
banjire bucere = n. ??????????life and death
banjirman = n. ??????????hygiene
banjirsu i torhomilasu = n. ???????ecological and environmental situation ; banjirsu i torhomilasu be karmatambi ???????????to protect the environment
bargiyaha = n. ???harvest
bargiyara = n. ???harvesting
baru = post. ??????to, toward
barun = ad. ???year round, at any time of the year
basubumbi = vt. ????Цto be mocked
bayan = a. ????????????????rich, affluent; fertile
be = pron. ????????????????we (excluding the listener)
bebe = n. ????bread
bederebumbi = v. ?????黹????????to return sth (to its owner)
bederembi = v. ???????to go back, to return
beideme las'halambi = vi. ?о?to judge, to rule
Beijing = geogr. ????Beijing, also as Beging in Manchun texts
beikuwen = a. ???cold
bejilere gisun jube = n. ???fable
bekdun = n. ??????debt
beleke = n. ????gift, present
beleni = a. ????????????prepared, ready-to-use ; ~ okto ???prepared madicine, remedy
belhembi = v. ??????????to prepare for sth.
bengneli = ad. ??abruptly, unexpectedly
beningge = n. ?? ; beninggesa ????ladies
bethe = n. ??????? properties, estate
bethe garalambi = v. ???to bankrupt
beye = n. a. ???????????????? ; beye dasangga ????autonomy
beye dasangga = n.????autonomy ; uksurai cioi-ioi i beye dasangga fafun???????????η?Ethnic minorities regional autonomy law
beye dursun = n. ???壬???????health, wellness
beye foršohombi = ?????????to turn over, to be liberated (Chin. fanshen)
beye sain = ??????????????How are you? (addressing a senior or respected person)
beyebe beye arambi = vi. ???to kill oneself, to commit suicide
beyebe hairambi = vi. ???to love oneself, not to abuse oneself
beyebe urebure = n. ?????a. ?????(of or related to) personal wellness, exercise, gym
beyei nirugan = n. Ф?? portrait ; beyei nirugan toose Ф???portrait right
beyembi = n. ?????飬?????? to form a block or body, to freeze
bi = lv. ??there is (are) ; Emu aniya de udu inenggi bi? ????ж?????How many days are there in a year? ; beye de bi oho ?????(woman) is pregnant
bi = pron. ??I (1st pers. sing. nom.) ; Bi simbe buyembi. ????? I love you.
bi simbe cihalambi = ??????? I like you.
bigan = n. ???????wilderness, field
bigarame = ad. ?????????outside, in the field, in the wilderness
bihe = ad. ????once, used to
bihengge = a. ?????????being, appearing, that appears
bikcu = n. ????????bikchuni, Buddhist monk ; bikcusa ???Buddhist monks
bilgan = n. ??term of office ; nadaci bilgan ?????the seventh term of an institution
bilgan = n. ??????period, age
bilgangga h??dai jaka = n. ???futures, time-bargain
bilha = n. ????throat, larnyx ; bilha fejergi ci ?????????from the back of larnyx
biltembi = vi. ????to flood
bimbi = v. ?????to stay, to be (in somewhere) ; boode bimbi ??????г???????????to be at home (not off), to stay at home (not working or studying)
bime = conj. ?????? and, as well as (connecting two adjactives, etc.) ; sain bime tomorhon ???????? good and clear
bio = q. ????Is there any ??? (always at the end of the sentence, marking a question)
bira = n. ???????river, stream
biren = a. ?????????female
bireng ulhibun = n. ???advertisment, commercial ; bireng ulhibun fafun ??淨Commercials and Advertisements Law
birgan = n. ????С???rivulet
bisirengge ak?? = v. ????е??????????there does not exist, there is not
bithe = n. ?飬??????????????book, written document; liscence, permit (Chin. bitie)
bithe boo = n. ?????????study, reading room
bithe cagan = n. ?鼮 (volumes of) books
bithe h??lambi = v. ???飬???to go to school, to study (at an university, school, etc.)
bithe i tacin = n. ????????Confucianism ; bithe, fucihi, doose ????????????Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism
bithe k??waran = n. ???????school ; manju hergen bithe k??waran ???????School for Manchu Language Studies
bithe tuwara agusa = n.pl. ????readers
bithei gisun = n. ????????official letter
bithei niyalma = n. ????????man of lettres, learned person
biya = n. ????????moon; month ; genggiyen biya ????bright moon
biya halan = n. ???????????menses
biya jembi = vi. ??? (said of the moon) to stage a lunar eclipse, to be eclipsed
biyadari = ad. ???every month
biyai elden = n. ???moonlight
biyai icereme = ad. ???early this month, at the beginning of the month
biyai manash??n = n. ???end of the month
biyalame = ad. ????month after month
biyangga inenggi = n. ?????Moon's day, Mid-autumn day (day of family reunion)
boco = n. ??????????????colour; sex, lust ; boco de dosimbi ????????to be indulged in sex
bodomin = n. ???plan, scheme ; bodomin bime?м???? in a well-planned manner
bofun = n. ????????parcel, bag (Chin. ????baofu)
boigoji = n. ?????????host
boigon = n. ???family, household ; mini boigon ????my family
boihon = n. ????????soil, earth ; yeye boihon ???mud ; handu boihon ???????clay, kaolin
boihon usiha = n. ????Saturn, the sixth planet form the sun
boihon yaha = n. ú??ú?coal
bolembi = v. ???????????to refute, to rebute (Chin. bo)
bolgo = a. ???????????clean ; bolgo dasan ????clean government administration
boli = n. ????glass (Chin. boli)
bolimo = n. ????corn
boljon = n. ???????wave
bolori = n. ??????autumn, fall
bolosu = n. ????glass, glassy material (= boli)
bongog = a. ????the very first
bono = n. ??hail
bonombi = vi. ?±???(weather) to hail
boo = n. ??home, house ; boo h??wa ???family
boo boigon = n. ???family
boo gašan = n. ???磬????hometown
boobei = n. ????????treasure; treasury (Chin. baobei)
booha = n. ???????dish ; booha be jeki ?????help yourself with the dishes!
booi = a. ??????????????of or regarding to a family; day-to-day ; booi durugan ????????family lineage
booi aha = n. ??ū??????ū??serf, servant; vassal
booi helmefin = n. ?????home cinema (audio-video system)
booi ularangge = a. ???????洫??family hereditory, heirloom
boolan = n. ????report (Chin. bao)
booningge = a. ????????? of or belonging to a family ; meni booningge ??????ours, our family's
boso = n. ???????un-sunlit and colder side of a mountian
buda = n. ?? meal, lunch, dinner ; inenggi dulin i buda ?緹lunch
buhe dasan = n. ???? politics
buhe dasani = a. ???ε? political ; buhe dasan boolan ???α???political report (given to a congress)
bujan moo = n. ?????? woods, forest ; bujan moo i dorgide niohe bio? ????????????Is there any wolf in the woods?
buktan = n. ???? mound, pile of soil
buleku bithe = n. ??? dictionary
bulukan = a. ????? warm; passionate
bumen = n. ????department, sector (Chin. bumen)
bunai = num. ??hundred million
buraki = n. ????????dust
buribumbi = vt. ???to submerge, to flood
busu busu agambi = vi. ???????to drizzle, to mizzle
buya = a. С?????????????? ; buya niyalma ????????ordinary person (people), obscure figure
buyecuke = a. ?????lovely ; buyecuke banjin ?????????lovely (happy) life
buyenin = n. ????????love, passion ; buyenin ucun ???love song ; jingkin buyenin ???????true love
buyenin buyen = n. ?????????? (sexual) desire
buyere niyalma = n. ???????????one's love, lover ; sini buyere niyalma?????????your love

C

cai = n. ?裬????????tea (Chin. cha) ; cai acabufi benju! ????裡A cup (bowl) of tea, please.
cala = ad. ????????there (= cargi)
calabun = c. ???????difference
cananggi = n. ???day before yesterday
cara aniya = n. ???year before last year
cargi = ad. ???there, over there ; cargi de ????? over there
cargi aniya = n. ????year after next year
ce = pron. ????they
ceceršeme hajilambi = vi. ??????????to make love, to have sex
ceni = a. ?????one's own ; ceni se?????????one's own age
ci = conj. ?????from; since; than; by ; (emu) enenggi ci (emu) inenggi ??????? day by day
ci fusih??n = ad. ?????????????less than ; juwan se ci fusih??n ???????less than ten years old
Cicigar = geo.n. ???????Qiqihar or Cicigar, a city in the Heilongjiang province, China.
ciha = n. ????????will
cihalambi = v. ??????to want, to be fond of, to like; to be willing
cihalan = n. ????????desire ; buyen cihalan ??????????desire
cihanggai = ad. ?????voluntarily, willingly ; cihanggai alibumbi ??????to voluntarily contribute sth.
cik = n. ????sentence
cikten = n. ???the heavenly trunks (in Chinese traditional philosophy)
cilcika = a. ?????fluxing; floodtime
cimaha = n. ?????糿tomorrow morning
cimari = n. ????tomorrow ; cimari erde ?????糿tomorrow morning
cimarilame = ad. ????磬??????early in the morning
cin wang = n. ????prince, royal highness (Chin. qinwang)
cioi-ioi = n. ????region (Chin. quyu)
ciyunjung = n. ???people, general public, mass (Chin. qunzhong)
coco = n. ??????????penis (male sex organ), cock
cohotoi = a. ???????е??????special, exclusive ; cohotoi deyetun ???special jetliner (e.g. Air Force 1)
coko = n. ??chicken
colhon = n. ???????high mountain
colkon = n. ?????????big waves, billows
cooha = n. ????????troops, corps, army ; fulgiyan cooha ???Red Army ; cooha irgen ????military and civilians
coro = n. ????the day after tomorrow
cubanlembi = v. ????to publish (Chin. chuban)
cun cun i = ad. ????bit by bit, progressively
Cun-cio erin = n. ???????the Spring and Autumn period
cungg??šambi = v. ????????to collide with, to bump into
cuwan = n. ??ship (Chin. chuan)

D

da = n. ?????????????a plant (of tree or crop); root ; julgei moo emu da bi????????there is an old tree
dabagan = n. ???mountain peaks
dabala = a. ?????????????nothing more than, merely ; ser sere g??nin be iletulere dabala ???????????merely a small gift (lit. merely an expression of my heart)
dabali = ad. ???????too, excessively
dabsun = n. ?Σ????salt ; dabsun tucire ba ???ε? salt producing area
dahali hethe = n. ???sideline production
Daicing gurun = n. ???壨?????the Ching dynasty of China (1644-1911)
daifu = n. ??????doctor, physician (Chin. daifu)
dain i haha = n. ??soldier
dalan = n. ???enbankment, dyke
dalangga = n. ???dam
dalba = n. ???side
dalbade = ad. ?????around sth. ; ini dalbade ?????????around it
dalin = n. ???bank (of a river)
dalirame = ad. ??????along the river bank
dambaku = n. ???????tobacco, cigarettes (E. tobacco) ; dambaku omimbi?????????to smoke (cigarette)
damu = conj. ????????but, yet
danara = n. ????distribution, alloting
dang i kooli = n. ????charter or organizing principles of the party
dang i suduri = n. ???????????? party history, history of the party
dangse = n. ????records, account, file, document (Chin. dangan, dangzi)
dang-wei = n. ???party committee
dartai = ad. ???at the moment, temporarily
daruhai = ad. ?????????often, frequently
daruhai sabure = a. ??????common, frequently occurring
dasan = n. ????government
dasan dang = n. ???????????political party; ruling party, the party in power
dasan yamun = n. ????government, council ; siyan ~ ??????county government (council)
dasatambi = v. ?????????????to revise, to modify, to repair
dasatame = n. ????maintenance, mending or fixing sth.
dasatame halaha = n. ???revision and modification
dashalan = n. ????revolution, uprising ; dashalan aššan ???????revolutionary movement
dashalangga = a. ??????revolutionary
dash??wan gala = n. ????????????е??????the left wing
datengge = a. ????????????basic; grassroot ; datengge tangkan ??????????grassroot level
debtelin = n. ???????volume (or a book)
dedure bade = n. ?????a place to stay (overnight), lodging
dekdembi = vi. ???to floot
dekdeni gisun = n. ????????proverb
dele = n. ???????????upper portion of sth.upper surface, top (of a table, box, etc.) ; deretui dele??????on the table
den = a. ???high, tall ; den alin ??? high mountains
den i wesihun = a. ??????????highest, loftiest; supreme
den jergi = a. ????higher, advanced ; den jergi tacik?? ????Уinstitutions for advanced (i.e. post-secondary) education (a generic term for universities, colleges and institutes)
den jergi dulimbai tacik?? = n. ????high school
den tangkani = a. ??????????advanced, high-level
den tukiyembi = v. ???to increase, to elevate, to promote, to improve ; fetesu be den tukiyembi ???????to improve quality
deo = n. ???younger brother
der seme = ad. ???one after another, in crowds
dere1 = n. ??????λ????any on of the four directions (i.e. east, west, south, north), orientation; face
dere2= n. ????table, desk
deretu = n. ????table, desk ; deretui dele ?????? on the table/desk
dergi babe ambarame neilere = ????????grand development of the West
dergi ergi tiyan ran ci be wasi gamara weilen = ???????乤??
dergi1 = n. ????upper surface
dergi2 = n. ???????? east ; šun dekdere ergi be dergi sembi ?????????????The direction where the sun rises is the east.
deri = ad. ???????than, more
deri = p. ????????from ; Sardin deri tacimbi ??????????to learn from Sardin
deri ?? ci = ??????? from ?? to ; A deri B ci ??A??B???????????? from A to B
deri deribume = ad. ???????????starting from, from ??on
deri wesihun = post. ????above, greater than ; 60 se deri wesihun sengge ?????????????seniors 60 years and older
deribumbi = v. ???to start, to begin
deribun = n. ???beginning, start, onset
deyembi = vi. ?? to fly ; deyeme muterak?? oho ???????can't fly (any more)
deyetun = n. ???aircraft, airplane
diyan-h??wa = n. ?绰telephone (Chin. dianhua)
diyan-h??wa yuwan = n. ?绰????????receptionist, telephonist
dobi = n. ????fox
dobon dulin = n. ???midnight (= dobori dulin)
dobonio = ad. ???overnight
dobori = n. ??????night, night-time, darkness ; dobori indembi ???to stay overnight
dobori dulin = n. ????????midnight
dogome dulere = n. ????transition ; dogome dulere jalarin ???????transition period
dolo1 = n. ????inside ; booi dolo ???????? inside the house
dolo2 = n. ?? heart
donjimbi = v. ?? to listen
doobumbi = vt. ???????to ferry people, to get sb. through (Chin. du)
doombi = vi. ???????to ferry across, to cross over (Chin. du)
dooran = n. ?????virgin land, uncultivated land
dorgi = n. ???inside, inner part ; dang ni dorgi dasan banjin ????????the Party's inner life ; dorgi albasi guse jafambi ????????? internal securities option
dorgi ubu = n. ???internal
dorgide = n. ??wolf
doro = n. ????morality
doro erdemu = n. ????morality
dosibun = n. ????income ; genšeme sargašara dosibun ????????tourist income
dosiki = v. imp. ?????come on in!
dosimbi = v. ????to enter, to get in
duibulen = n. ????????example ; umesi sain duibulen ????????a good example
duici de = ?????fourthly
duilebuhe šolokon = a. ????????? (dictionaries, etc.) bilingual ; Inggiri-Nikan i duilebuhe šolokon buleku bithe ????????English-Chinese bilingual dictionary
duka = n. ??door ; dukai julergi ???in front of the door ; tiyan an men duka ????Tian'anmen, or the Gate of Heavenly Peace
duksembi = vi. ??????to turn red, to blush ; cira duksembi ?????to blush
duleke aniya = n. ???last year ; duleke aniyai ????of last year, as of last year
dulembun = n. ???飬????experience ; weileran dulembun ???????? working experience ; tacibure dulembun ??????? teaching experience
duleme = ad. ?????????????past; after; over, beyond ; ududu inenggi duleme ???????after a few days
dulenun = n. ?????????account, record ; banjinaha dulenun ?????genesis, creation myth
dulergi holbobun jurgan = n. ????Foreign Ministry
dulga = num. ???????half (See hontoho)
dulimba = n. ?У??в?middle, inner part
dulimba tacik?? = n. ???secondary school, middle school
Dulimbai Gurun = n. ?й???????the Middle Kingdom (i.e. China)
dunggu = n. ???????cave
duranggi = a. ?????muddy, turbid; emulsive
durbejengge miyeter = n. ?????square meter
durimbi = v. ???????to get, to obtain, to achieve
dursun durun = n. ????system, regime ; jingji dursun durun ????????economic system
durugangga = a. ?????demonstrative
durun = n. ????????style, type, format ; ai duruni etuku ????????·?what style of clothes
durun kemun = n. ????????institution, regime


??????????? (E - I)


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

E

e = n. ??yin, negetive ; a e ????yang and yin
ebele = ad. ????????here (= ebergi)
ebergi = n. ???here, this side
ebišembi = v. ??裬?? to take bath, to bathe ; omo de ebišembi ???????to bathe in the pond
ebsi = post. ????since, from
ecike = n. ????uncle (father's younger brother, or a man who is slightly younger than one's father)
edumbi = vi. ?η? (wind) to blow
edun = n. ??wind ; h??waliyasun edun ???gentle breeze ; ayan edun ???blast wind ; sikse edun dahangge umesi amba. ?????εú??It was very windy yesterday.
edun dambi = vi. ?η? (wind) to blow
efimbi = v. ???? to play, to perform, to show
efinjimbi = vi. ????to come to play, to enjoy one's time ; aniya dari ubade efinjimbi ???????come here to play every year
eici = pron. ?е????Щsome, some of
eigen = n. ???husband ; eigen oho hehe ?з????married woman, woman who has a husband
eigen gaimbi = vi. ?????????? (woman) to marry sb.
eigen sargan = n. ????husband and wife, couple
eihen = n. ????mule
eiten = a. ???е?all
eiten de = ad. ????almost, nearly; hardly
ejebun = n. ??????????????account, record; life, biography
ejehen = n. ???annotation, note
ejen = n. ??lord; Lord ; abkai hese be alifi tumen gurun be uheri kadalahangge be ejen seme tukiyembi. ????????????????????The one who governs all the nations with God's will is honoured as the Lord.
ejesi = n. ????jiurnalist, reporters ; ejesisa be kundulere isan ?????д???press conference
ejesisa be kundulere isan = n. ?????д???press conference
ejesu = n. ????????memory
ejeten juyi = n. ??????? imperialism
ejetengge = a. ???????????sovereign
ejetengge toose = n. ???national sovereighty
ejetulembi = v. ????????to mourn, to recall (sb's heroic deeds)
ekšembi = vi. ??????to be busy, to be engaged (in work, activities, etc.)
ekšerembi = vi. ????????????to be busy; to hurry; to worry about sth. ; ekšerak?? ?????????no hurry ; ume skšere ????????????don't worry
elden = n. ??????light
eldengge inenggi = n. ?????Christmas
eldese = n. ????photon ( = guwangse)
eldešembi = vt. ????to light ; musei mujilen be eldešembi ?????????????to light our hearts
ele elei = ad. ????????all the more ; bi suwenbe aliyahai ele elei amu šaburahabi ????????????????Waiting for you, I've got more and more sleepy
ele??ele = ad. ????more and more, all the more, be increasingly (+ a.) ; ele tuwaci ele saikan ??????becoming more and more beautiful when one looks at it ; ele yabume ele??????????more and more, all the more
elei = a. ????more ; musei cimari elei saikan?????????????our future will be better
elekei = ad. ???????????almost, practically ; tese eniyengge gisun I ceni se be elekei gisureme muterak??. ?????????????????????????????They can't even spell out their own ages in their mother tongue.
elgiyan aniya = n. ????year of bumper harvest
elgiyen = a. ??????????rich, bumper (harvest) ; elgiyen bargiyaha ????bumper harvest
elhe nelhe = n. ????patience ; elhe nelhe i ?????patiently, with great patience
Elhe Taifin = n. ????????????Kangxi (meaning peace) reign (r. 1662-1722) ; Elhe Taifin hergen kooli bithe???????Kangxi Dictionary
elhengge = a. ??????healthy, strong, fit
eli eiten = a. ???????almost every
eljembi = v. ?????????to object, to be against; to resist ; suitara be eljembi ???????to resist extravagance ; lashatai eljembi ???????to reject with resolution
eljendumbi = v. ????to be against, to object
emde = ad. ??Σ????once, one time
eme = n. ???mother
ememu = a. ?Щsome (pl.) ; ememu bithe ?е???some books
emgeri = ad. ???already, have been ; bi emgeri simbe emu erinaliyaha bihe. ??????????С???. I've been expecting you for an hour.
emgi = post. ??????with, together with ; we i emgi ?????? along with whom, in whose accompany?
emgi tacire niyalma = n. ???????fellow student, (usually) classmate
emgi tembi = vi. ???to live together, to cohabit
emhe = n. ???mother-in-law
emhulen = n. ???monopoly
emke ekiyeci ojorak?? = ??????indispensible, will not do without any of them
emke emkeni = ad. ????????????????one by one
emteli = a. ?????Ψ???only one, single; sole ; emteli ba ??????λ??(???) only one position
emu = num. ??????a, one
emu andande = conj. ????????in case (of), if by chance
emu angga i = a. ????lit. a mouthful (of sth., e.g. a language) ; emu angga i manju gisun ????????fluent Manchu
emu dursungge = n. ??廯integration, globalization
emu h??fan = n. ?????partner
emuhun = ad. ??????????alone, by oneself
encehen = n. ?????????power, prowess, capability
encu = a. ?????????foreign, alien ; encu gašan ????foreign land ; encu gurun ???foreign country
endebufi wambi = v. ???to kill by mistake, to manslaughter
endebume = ad. ?????????????by mistake
enduri = n. ??god ; abkai enduri ????god
endurin gas'ha = n. ???swan
endurin sargan jui = n. ?????????????godess, godess-maiden
enduringge = a. ???????????holy, immortal, enduring
enenggi = n. ad. ?????????today
enetkek gisun = n. ????Sanskrit language
eniye = a. ???裬???mother, mom
eniyengge gisun = n. ???mother tongue
enteke = ad. ???????so; also
erde = n. ?糿morning // a. ???early, soon
erdeken = a. ??????????early (in the day, month, etc.), earlier; previous
erdelehe = ad. ????be too early
erdemungge = a. ?в???learned and virtuous ; haha erdemungge hehe hocikon ????òperfect match of a learned gentleman and a beautiful lady ; erdemungge saisa/gege ????/??? learned young gentlemen/lady
ere = p. ?????this
ere cimari = n. ?????糿this morning
ere dade = ad. ????in addition, besides
ere oci = ????? This is ??
ere ucuri = ad. ???recently, these days
ereci = ad. ???????thereby
ereci amasi = ad. ???from now on
erei adali = ad. ???so, such ; erei adali labdu ?????????????? so many, so much
erei dorgi = n. ????among these, in which
erei jalin = conj. ???????for this erason, therefore
erembi = v. ???hope ; bi sini aisilara be ~ ??????????I'd like to ask for your help
erembi = v. ?????to peel a tree
ergengge = n. a. ???飬????????living, creature ; ergengge jaka ????living being
ergere šolo = n. ??? vacation, holidays
ergi = n. ???????????????side, edge; here, this place
ergii = pron. ????on, about, regarding ; dang i kooli be dasatame halaha ergii boolan ??????????????report on revising the party rules
erguwen = n. ???age, era ; erguwen aniya ??????year of one's own symbol or virtue
eriku usiha = n. ????comet
erin kemu = n. ???time, time of the day
ertele = ad. ????to date, so far
erun baitai habšan duilen i fafun = n. ?????????criminal case law
erun fafun = n. ???criminal law
ese = pron. ??Щ these
ešen fiyan = n. б??bevel, inclining surface
et uthai = ad. ?????right now, rightaway ; Bi te uthai yabumbi. ??????????I'm going right now.
eteggileme latumbi = vt. ???to rape
etehen = n. ???victory ; eteheni kiru ????????????victory banner
etuku = n. ????????clothes, clothing; (bird's) feather
etumbi = vt. ????????to put on, to wear
eyembi = vi. ????to flow
eyen = n. ??flow, stream
eyen i demun = n. ????????carnality, voluptuousness
eyer hayar = a. ???????????? (of a person) free and easy, smart
eyere usiha = n. ????comet, asteroids
eyerjeme saikan = a. ????????? (of woman) fair, beautiful and lovely
eyun = n. ???elder sister

F

fa = n. ????window
fafaha = n. ???cherry (= fafuha)
fafun = n. ??????????????????law, statute law (Chin. fa)
fafun be dahame = ad. ????by law, in compliance with law
fafun tinggin = n. ???court of law (Cg. fating)
fafuri = n. ????????diligence ; fafuri i weliere ??????working with diligence, working hard
faidan = n. ???У???procession, queue
faidan faidambi = vi. ???to line up (in a queue)
faijuma = a. ???????unusual, strange, peculiar
faitan = n. ü?eyebrow
faitara baita = n. ????surgery, surgical operation
fajambi = vi. ????to relieve nature, to defecate
fajan = n. ?????shit, excrement ; yendah??n fajan ???dogshit, bullshit
faksalame hokombi = vi. ???to divorce
faksi = n. ???????????????skill, craftsmanship; method, way of doing sth. (Chin. fashi) ; usirtai faksi ???????agricultural skills
faksirdemu = n. ????technology ; faksirdemui dashalan ????????technological revolution
fak??ri = n. ????pants, trousers
falan = n. ?hall, room ; gise hehe i falan ???brothel
fali = n. λperson ; juwe fali eyun ??λ???two sisters
falicun = n. ???solidarity, consolidation
fangkela = a. ???????less; lower
fayabumbi = vt. ???????to use, to spend
fayabure = n. ?????a. ?????(of or related to) consumers
fayabure g??nigan = n. ????????consumer attitude, comsumer psycology
fe = a. ???old ; fe Manju gisun ??????Old Manchu language ; fe gucu ??????old friend
fe gisun = n. ????idiom, phrase
fe yamji = n. ???New Year's eve
fefe = n. С????????????vagina (female sex organ), pussy
fehe gisun = n. ???nonsense
fejergi = n. ????bottom, underneath
fejergi beye = n. ?°???private parts, lower portion of the body
fejun = a. ???????????abject, indecent, low and mean
feme gusurembi = vi. ????to talk nonsense
femen = n. ??lip
ferguwen = n. ???????soul ; mujilen ferguwen ????
fetembi = v. ?????to dig
feten = n. ????????planet ; sunja ~ ????the five planets (Venus, Jupiter, Mercury, Mars and Saturn); the five elements (metal, wood, water, fire, and earth)
fetesu = n. ??????????????quality
fetesu be akdulara bilgan = n. ?????warranty, warranty period
fetesu tacibun h??wašabun = n. ???????education for balanced development of personality, knowledge and skills
filtah??n = n. ???empty land, undeveloped land
firumbi = v. ????to curse
fisin = a. ?????????dense, solid
fiyan = n. ????????????òcolour, light; appearance, look
fiyen = n. ??????powder ; fiyen fi ???chalk (for classrom use)
fiyotombi = vi. ???to break wind
focihi i nomulaha = ad.??????????????Buddha says (instructs)
fodoho = n. ????willow
foholon = a. ???short
foholon julen = n. С?story, novel
fonjin = n. ????question; problem, issue
fonjin ojorak?? = ?????no problem (an immediate offer of help)
forgon1 = n. ????????season ; duin forgon ??? four seasons (of a year)
forgon2 = n. ??????????dynasty, mandate
forobun = n. ????????wish
fosombi = vi. ???to shine ; sain usiha den i fosombi ???????May fair stars shine above thee.
foson = n. ???daylight, sunlight
fu'ulembi = v. ????to serve, to be at sb's service (Chin. fuwu) ; niyalmairgen jalin fu'ulambi ????????Serve the people
fucihi = n. ??Buddha
fudz hendume = ad. ???Confucius says
fuhašame tuwambi = v. ????????to browse, to read
fujuri saikan = a. ????????????beautiful
fujurura = n. ????visit ; weileran ~ ????????working visit
fuka = (1607) n. ?????circle, small ringlet ; tongki fuka sindaha hergen ?????????script with dots and circles
fuka = n. ?????circle, ringlet
fukjin = n. ???????beginning, commencement ; fukjin jise ????first draft ; fukjin fon ????early stage, early years
fulah??n = n. ??????????dry and barren land, wasteland
fulehe = n. ??????????????root; foundation, base
fulehengge ba = n. ????base ; untuhun coohai fulehengge ba ???????airbase
fulehun = n. ????????grace
fulgian = a. ?????????red, scarlet
fulgian boco = n. ???red color
fulu = a. ??????????superior, excellent
fulu ba = n. ???advantage, merit
fulush??n = n. ?????????????advantage; superiority
fun = n. ??minute, i.e. 60 seconds (Chin. fen)
funcembi = v. ????????to exceed, to be more than ; dehi se funcembi ????????? (sb. is) in ones forties
funcembi = v. ????????to exceed, to be more than ; juwan da funcere jabjan ???????a python more than ten feet long
fundelembi = vt. ????to represent, to speak on behalf of ; dasan yamun be fundelefi gisun gisurehebi ??????????????spoke on behalf of the givernment
fundelen = n. ????representation; deputy; lawmakers
fundesi = n. ????deputy. Cf. fundelen ; fundesisa ??????deputies
funiyehe = n. ?hair
furdan de boolarangge = n. ????
furgin = n. ????????????tide
furgon = n. ????season ; duin furgon ???the four seasons
fusa = n. ????buddhisattva
fuwen = n. ???????minute

G

g'ambu = n. ???cadre, officials
g'an = n. ??steel
g'angg'a = n. ???gaÃg??, the Ganga river
g'omin jingji = n. ??????national economy
gabsihiyan = n. ???vanguard, avanguard; quick and clever ; asihan gabsihiyan meyen ??????????????????Young Pioneers
gaha = n. ???crow
gaitai = ad. ??suddenly, all of a sudden ; gaitai gehun selaha ???????suddenly cleared (or spiritually enlightened)
gala buribumbi = v. ????to hand over
galai jungken = n. ??????watch, hand watch
galaka = a. ????????????? ; galaka inenggi ???? a clear, sunny day
gargan = n. ???the earthly branch
gasha = n. ??bird
gatha = n. ????song (San. gita)
gebsun = n. ????noun
gebu arara toose = n. ?????right of authorship
gebu bithe = n. ?????????name card, business card
gebu hergen = n. ??????????reputation
gebu hergen toose = n. ?????right of reputation
gebungge = a. ?????????????famous, popular ; gebungge niyalma ????celebrity, famous person
gecembi = n. ???to frost ; gecen gecembi ???to foast
gecembi = v. ????to freeze
gecen = n. ?frost
gefehe = n. ????butterfly
gehešembi = vi. ???to nod (in approval)
gehun gah??n = a. ????clear and sunny
gelecuke = a. ?????scary, terrible ; akjan i jilgan yargiyan i gelecuke ?????????the thunder is really scary
geleku = n. ???terror
gelhun ak?? = ?????????to be not fear, to dare
geli = ad. ???У????moreover; still more
geli muterak?? = ???????cannot either, be impossible either
gemu = a. ???????all, in every case
gemun = n. ???????? capital city
gen = n. ???????neck
geneki = v. imp. ???go ; idu dosime geneki ??????It's time (for you) to go to work.
genggiyen = a. ????????? (of water, sky, any fluid or crystal) clear and transparent
genšeme sargašara = ????tourism, travel ; genšeme sargašara ba ?????????????tourist area, tourist attractions
genšere antaha = n. ?ο?????tourist
genterebumbi = v. ????to eliminate, to eradicate
gereke = a. ??????it is day break
gerembumbi = vi. ???????????to stay awake overnight, to work or play overnight
geren = a. ????????each, individual; different ; geren uksurai ?????of or from different ethnic groups
geren hacin = a. ?????various, all kinds of
gerenusu = n. ???society, community ; gerenusu be elhenebume uherileme dasarangge ?????????????comprehensive reinforcement of law and order
gerenusui = a. ????social
geretele = ad. ???overnight
gerhen mukiyeme = a. ??????it is dusk
gersi fersi = a. ?????????????????it just dawned
gežen juyi = n. ????????indivifualism, egoism
gidara h??sun = n. ???pressure
gindan = n. ????prison ; na i gindana ????hell, netherworld
gingkambi = v. ?????????to hold back, to supress
Ginjeo = geogr. ???? Jinzhou, a strategic military stronghold in the Liaoning province, China. ; Ginjeo hoton ?????У??????Jinzhou city
Gioi Yung Guwan = geogr. ????? the Juyongguan (stronghold) ; Gioi Yung Guwan duka ?????the Juyongguan stronghold
girin ba = n. ??????????С??community, neighborhood
girin bai albašan = n. ????????community services
girucuke = a. ????shameful
girucun = n. ????shame
gise hehe = n. ???prostitute, whore (Chin. ji)
gisun hergen = n. ????language and texts ; manju gisun hergen ???????? Manchu language and texts
gisun i gilgan = ????pronunciation
gisun leolen = n. ????speech
gisun selgiyesi = n. ??????spokesman, spokeswoman ; dulergi holbobun jurgan gisun selgiyesi ??????????Foreign Ministry spokesman
gisurem tucinjirembi = v. ????????to pronounce, to speak loud out
gisurembi = v. ? to speak, to say
gisurembi = vi. ?????????to speak, to say, to talk, to make a speech ; gisure gisurembi ????make a speech
gisurere boo = n. ??????chat room
giyamun = n. ?????? (railway or bus) station, terminal (Chin. zhan) ; tuwai sejen giyamun ??? railway station
giyan = n. ???principle ; lo-siowan i giyan ???????the principle of the screw
giyangnambi = vi. ????????????to tell (s story); to make a speech, to address (a conference, etc.)
gobi = n. ????嫺?barren and rocky land, wasteland, desert
gobi = n. ???gobi
gohon = n. ????hook
goidahak?? = ad. ???????????soon, before long
goidame = ad. ??????????for a long time, long ; jaci goidame ???for a long time
golmin = a. ????long, lengthy
Golmin Dailaha = n. ????the Long March
Golmin Hecen = ????the Great Wall
gonimbi = v. ????????? to miss sb.
goro = a. ??? far, far away ; ubaci goro ak?? ???????not far from here ; goro mafa ???forefather, ancester
goro dailara = n. ???expedition ; fulgiyan cooha goro dailara ci gelerk??. ????????????The Red Army men brave all hardships in their long expedition.
goro sarašan = n. ??Σ????excursion, journey
goro yasai buleku = n. ?????telescope
goroki = ad. ????n. ????near, nearby
gorongge = n. ???those (things or people) far away
gosin = n. ??????benevolence, compassion, mercy
gosingga = a. ????merciful, loving
gosire g??nin = n. ????love, compassion, loving heart
gu wehe = n. ???????raw semi-precious stone (e.g. jade), un-polished precious stone
gubci abkai fejergi = a. ??????????????all under the heaven ; gubci abkai fejergi niyalma ??????
gubci derei = a. ????all-inclusive, comprehensive
gubci gurun i = a. ?????national, of the whole nation
gubci irgen = n. ??????????whole nation
gubci irgen beyebe urebure aššan = ????????National Wellness Program, NWP activities
gubci mumuhu = n. ???????磬????world, globe
gubci mumuhui = a. ????global, world ; gubci mumuhui jingji emu dursungge ???????廯economic globalization
gucu = n. ???? friend ; gucuse ??????friends
guidahai = ad. ???????????as time passes
guilembi = vt. ?????????to invite, to call on
gukdu gakdu = a. ??????? (of road or land) bumpy and rocky, mountainous
gukubumbi = vt. ????to destroy, to annihilate
gukubun = n. ????destruction
gukumbi = vi. ????to perish, to die
g??la = a. ???????????original, real
g??ldun = n. ??cave, hole
g??ldun boo = n. ????wedding chamber
g??ldun jug??n = n. ???tunnel, underground pass
g??lmah??n = n. ????hare, rabbit
gulu = a. ?????????????pure
gulu lamun g??sa = n. ??????Pure-Blue Bannar
gumara = n. ???boy (San. kumara)
gung = n. ????merit (Chin. gung)
gung gebu = n. ????fame, accomplishments
gungcan dang = n. ?????? communist party (Chin. gongchan dang)
gungcan juyi = n. ???????? communism (Chin. gongchan-zhuyi)
gung-can-juyingge = a. ?????????communist ; Gung-can-juyingge doro erdemu ???????????communist morality
gungge = n. ????merit (= gung)
gungge h??sun = n. ?????????????? accomplishlemt, mastery of sth. ; manju gisun i gungge h??sun ???﹦??good mastery of the Manchu language
gungheg'o = n. ????? republic (Chin. gongheguo)
gungjilembi = v. ?????????to supply (Chin. gongji)
gungju = n. ????princess (Chin. gongzhu)
g??ngkambi = vi. ????to be hot and humid
gungli = n. ????kilometer (Chin. gongli)
g??nigan = n. ????mental attitude, mentality; psycology
g??nimbi = v. ??think ; tere g??nime????he thinks that??
gunjilere = n. supply ; gunjilere siyoolara ????supplies and sales
guribumbi = v. ?????????to transplant
gurun = n. ????????country, state ; gurun kiru???? national flag ; gurun bekdun ???state debt
gurun bekdun jiha maktara hacin = ?????????state-debt invested project
gurun boo = n. ????state ; gurun boo jusi ???????president (e.g. of China)
gurun dorgi = a. ?????domestic ; gurun dorgi fafun ?????domestic law
gurun irgen = n. ????nation, national ; gurun irgen jingji ??????national economy
gurun karmatara baturu = n. ??????heroic defender of the country
gurunboo i toodara fafun = n. ????????state compensation law
gurung = n. ????????palace, hall
guse = ?????????? stock share (Chin. gu)
guse be jafaha weilen hethe = ????? controlled-stock industries
guse dosime gusebe jafatambi = ?ι??? stock investment and control
g??sin yamji = n. ???new year's eve
g??wa niyalma = n. ?????????other person (people)
g??wabsi = ad. ??? (go) elsewhere
guwang lan sirge = n. ????optical fibre
guwang-bo = n. ??broadcast, radio broadcast

H

habshan = n. ?????????case, lawsuit
hacin = n. ?????????kind, type; item
hacin = n. ???????item, sort ; werišere hacin ???????things to be noted, notes
hacin = n. ???project
hacin aname = ad. ?????item by item, one by one ; bi hacin aname suwede tacibume alaki???????????????I will tell you one by one.
hacin hcain i = a. ???????????????various, multiple, all kinds of ; hacin hacin i ilha ??????????all kinds of flowers
hacin i dobori = n. ????Lantern Night Festival (Chinese traditional holiday on the 15-th of the lunar first month of the year)
hacingga = a. ?????????various, a variety of ; hacingga bithe be ambula tuwambi ???????to read voraciously and extensively
hadaha usiha = n. ??????north star, polestar, polaris
hafan hali = n. ??? (generic term) official
hafu doro = n. ??·????·highway
haha hehe = n. ???men and women
haha jui = n. ??????к?son, boy
haha niyalma = n. ????????????man, a man of masculinity
hahi = ad. ??????? ; hahi nonggibumbi ????to increase rapidly, to increase drastically
haiha = n. ???hillside, mountainside
haiharame = ad. ???????along the mountainside
haih?? = a. ?????soft and flexible
hailan = n. ???tree
hailan bujan = n. ???forest ; hialan bujan guribume tebumbi ???????
hairacun = a. ??????????? beloved ; hairacun mafagurun ???????? beloved motherland (lit. beloved land of forefathers)
hairambi = v. ??????? to love, to cherish
haji aniya = n. ????year of famine
haji sain = a. ?????intimate
haji1 = a. ???????????intimate, dear ; haji gucu ????intimate friend
hajilambi = vi. ??????????????????to love each other; to have sex, to make love
hajilame acabumbi = vi. ????to make love
haksaha = a. ?????????burning ; haksaha tugi ??????????burning clouds, sunset glow
hala = n. ???????surname, family name; clan ; Sini sefu hala ai? ???????????What's your teacher's (family) name?
halambi = ??????to change, to modify
halame aliyambi = vi. ???????to repent, to confess ones sins and repent
halame araha hergen = n. ?дtransliteration, transcribed words
halan = n. ??????changing, modification
halan yabubure = n. ???reform
halangga = a. ???of a family name ; ajige guwan halangga С????????????? a young man surnamed Guan
halašambi = vi. ????to play the woman, to act like a spoiled child
halh??n = a. ?????????warm, hot, torrid ; ambula halh??n ???????????torrid, scorching ; fiyakiyame halh??n ?????scorching ; halh??n de niyalma alime muterak?? ????????????so hot that one can hardly stand
halh??n šeri = n. ???hot well, geyser, spa
halman = n. ????soap
halukan = a. ???????warm
hamika = a. ?????????е?all, entire
hamimbi = v. ?????????to approximate (in number or quantity)
hamu = n. ??????dejecta, shit
han = n. ????????????emperor, khan, king
hanci = a. ??????????near; recent ; hanci aniya deri ebsi ??????in recent years
hanci nikenembi = v. ??????????to approach, to go or sit next to sb.
hanciki = a. ??????????recent days ; hanciki de ?????????recently
hancingga šunggiya = n. ???????Er Ya (an ancient Chinese dictionary)
handu = n. ???paddy, rice ; handu orho ????rice straw
handucun = n. ???yangge (lit. song of farming rice, a popular dance and song in northern China)
hanggabumbi = vi. ??????????to have little rainfall, to be dry
hangsi = n. ????????????the Hanshi festival (memorial day, forefather's day)
haran = n. ???reason, cause ; ??i haran ???because
haraname šunembi = vi. ????(of lands) to deteriorate, to be desolate
harangga ba na = n. ?????????territory
hargašan = n. ???imperial court
hartungga = a. ?й??relevant ; hartungga bumen ?й????administration in charge of a particular sector
hasa dosimbi = v. ?????????to rush in
hasaha = n. ??? (pair of) scissors
hash?? = n. ??left, left-hand side
Hašigar = geogr. ???????Kashgar
hasutai doro = n. ?????????а??cult, occultism
hatan = a. ??????? (of flames) blazing, raging ; hatan tuwa ???flames ; hatan tuwai dorgide ?????in the flames
hayadambi = vi. ??????????to be promiscuous, to be sexually immoral
hayan = a. ?????????licentious, erotic, porn ; hayan hehe ????woman of easy virtue
hebdešembi = v. ?????????to discuss, to consult
hebe arambi = v. ???to plot (a scheme) together
hebei latumbi = vi. ???to commit adultery
hebei wambi = vt. ??to murder
hebengge = a. ???????????????????????????? (of person) easy-going
hecen = n. ???????city, town; city wall ; hecen hoton ????towns and cities ; cecen i kalka ???castle, fort
hedzoše = n. ??????(agricultural) cooperative, coop farm (Chin. hezuoshe)
hedzošelere = n. ?????? cooperativization
hefeli = n. ??????? belly, stomach
hefelingg?? = n. ???compatriot, sibling ; hefelingg??sa ?????compatriots
hefeliyen = n. ????arms, embrace
hehe baningge = n. ???woman, women ; hehe baningge falin ????????????Women's Union
hehe i lang = n. ???girl, young lady
hehesisa = n. ???women
hehesisai = a. ?????of women, women's ; hehesisai banjirman ??????? women's hygiene
hekcehe = a. ?????refluent, refluxing
helmefin = n. ???????sinema, theatre
helmen = n. ???shadow
henduhe balama = ph. ?????it is said that??, there is a saying that??
hengke = n. ??melon ; hengke i use ????melon seeds (a Chinese snack)
hengkin = n. ??kowtow
hergen = n.???????????????????script, writing system; texts; words ; tongki fuka ak?? hergen ????????? script without dots and circles ; tongki fuka sindaha hergen ????????? script without dots and circles ; untuhun hergen ???auxiliary words
hergen aname = ad. ?????word by word, literally
hergen i suhen = n. ??????Shuo Wen, or Origins of Chinese Writing by Xu Shen (58-147 AD)
hergimbi = vi. ?ε????й?to wander about
heristos = n. ????Christ
hese = n. ?????will, decree ; abkai hesei forgon be aliha ???????by the will of God and upholding his heavenly mandate
hesebun = n. ?????????destiny ; hesebun forgon ????fate, destiny
hethe = n. ???????property
hethei toose = n. ???proprietary rights
hethei toose durun kemun i hala = ???????? reform of proprietary rights system
hetheshere teisungge temgetu bithe = ????????? licence
hetu1 = a. ???????level, horizontal
hetu2 = ad. ?????????????completely, utterly
heturembi = vt. ????to intercept
heturi dasargan = n. ???remedy (for medical use)
hibcan = n. ????????lack, shortage
hibcaran = n. ???saving, conservation ; jekui hibcaran ??????save on food
hibsu = n. ????honey
hican = a. ???????????economical, frugal, sparing
hican getuken = a. ????? (of government officials) righteous and clean
hihalambi = vt. ???to treasure (sth.), to value (sth.) (Chin. xihan)
hihan = a. ???????????rare, precious (Chin. xihan)
hija = n. ???furnace, stove
Hinggan = n. ?????the Hinggan Ridges (in Heilongjiang Prov.)
hirha = n. ????????flint
his'han = n. ???blemish, small demerit
hise = n. [??] ???actor, actress, comedian (Chin. xizi)
hish??n = a. ????????????shy, timid and silent
hitah??n = n. ???fingernail
hiya = n. ???drought
hiyoošun = n. Т?filial piety (Chin. xiaoshun)
hiyoošungga = a. Т???loving one's parents, respectful and obedient to parents
hobo = n. ???coffin
hocikon = a. ????????????pretty, attractive ; hocikon gege ??????????beautiful girl
hogi = n. ??turkey
hohon = n. ??????????barrel, drum
hoise = n. ?????????? muslin (Chin. obs. huizi)
hoise tacihiyan = n. ??????????? Islamism
hojihon = n. ???son-in-law
hojo = a. ???????????pretty, good-looking
hojo na = ????Hello!
hokiran = n. ???в? edidemic, plague ; duin ~ ????four plagues
holbobun = n. ????????磬??relationship; liaison, communication ; dulergi holbobun ??foreign affairs ; sain holbobun ??ù?? friendly relationship
holbon = n. ????????? union, marriage ; holbon baita????marriage ; holbon baitai fafun ??????marriage law ; holbun dorolon ????wedding ceremony
holbon hairan = n. ????marriage
holkonde = ad. ?????????all of a sudden, suddenly
holo gisun = n. ????????lie; rumour
holo1 = n. ????????????valley, pitfall
holo2 = n. ???壬????α??deceit ; holo be seremšere temgetu ??α??? anti-counterfeit mark
holtombi = vt. ????????????to lie; to dupe, to deceive
hon = ad. ????too, very, most
honin = n. ??sheep, goat
hono = ad. ?У???still, yet
hontoho = n. ????????a half ; emu erin hontoho ????(speaking of time) one and a half, one thirty
hoošan = n. ?paper ; hoošan sithen ?????paper box ; hoošan afaha ??? piece of paper
horgik?? ceku = n. ???swing
horonggo ambalingg?? = a ????great
hošo = n. ??????corner, any one of the fours orientations (i.e. northeast, southeast, northwest, southwest)
hotoci = n. ???coconut
hoton = ????city ; Beijing hoton ?????? the City of Beijing
hoton jen = ????????town
h??bilgan = n. ????incarnation
h??cin = n. ??well, tap-well
h??da = n. ?????????goods, commodity ; h??da wesike ??????? (price) going up, appreciation, inflation ; h??da wasika ????????cheapening, depreciation, deflation
h??da ba = n. ?г?market ; h??da ba jingji ?г?????market economy
h??da maiman = n. ó???????trade
h??da toktosi = n. ??????dealer, broker
h??dai jaka = n. ???goods, merchandise, commodity
h??dulambi = v. ?????????????to speed up, to accelerate, to hurry up
h??dun = a. ???????????????fast, rapid; soon
hujurembi = vt. ?????to abrase, to grind
huksidembi = vi. ?±???to shower (usually with thunder and lightnings)
hukun = n. ????dust
h??lambi = v. ????????? to read (loud out); to narrate ; bithe h??lambi ????to go to school, to study
h??lame bumbi = vt. ????????to claim (sth.)
h??lara urse = n. ????readers
h??lašambi = vt. ?????????to exchange, to trade
h??lhambi = v. ??????to steal
h??lmah??n = n. ????rabbit, hare
h??ma = n. ???sesame
h??man = n. ?????????power, capability, prowess
h??mangga hergan = ?鷨caligraphy, caligraph
h??ncihin = n. ???????壻???lineage, ancestry; offspring
huncu = n. ???sledge
h??ngniyoolambi = vi. ?????????????????????to rain in a sunny day
h??rgik?? = n. ????swirl, eddy
hurku = n. ?????sulphur
h??sihan = n. ???skirt
h??simbi = vt. ??????to pack, to wrap (up)
h??sun = n. ??????????????force, power
h??sungge = a. ???????????strong, powerful
h??sutulembi = vi. ???????????????to strive, to make great effort (to do sth.)
huthumbi = v. ????????to bind, to enlace, to pack
hutu = n. ??????ghost, monster
hut??ri = n. ????????????glory, happiness ; hut??ri dergi mederi i gese, jalafun julergi alin i adali???綫??????????(May your) happiness be as deep as the East Sea, your life as long as the South mountian
huturingga = a. ?????happy ; huturingga boo boigon ???????a happy family
h??wa = n. ???yard, garden
h??wa de dosimbi = vt. ??????????to break in, to intrude
h??walambi = vt. ???????????to break, to crush
h??waliyasun = a. ??????????peaceful, mild, gentle, temperate ; h??waliyasun edun ???gentle breeze
h??wang = a. ????????yellow (Chin. huang) ; H??wang Ho Bira ???Yellow River
h??wangdi = n. ???emporer (Chin. huangdi)
h??wanggar seme agaimbi = vi. ????????to rain cats and dogs, to pour
h??wašabumbi = v. ????????to mould, to train
h??wašan = n. ???У????monk (Chin. heshang)
huweki = n. ????fertilizer ; huweki isibumbi ???to apply fertilizers
huwekisu = n. ????fertilizers
huwekiyen = n. ?????????interest, high spirit
h??wešen = n. ???????nun, biksuni (Cf. h??wašan)
huwesi = n. С??knife

I

i = pron. ??he
ibedeme ibedeme = ??????????gradually, little by little
ibiyon = a. ??????????disgusting
ibtenembi = vi. ????????to rot, to go off ; ibtenehe moo ???rotten wood
icangga = a. ?????????????????? (of voice or music) pleasant, sweet, elegant ; icangga buda ???cate, delicious food ; icangga kumun ????????elegant music
ice = n. ???new ; ice jalarin ??????new century ; ice banjin?????? new life ; ice aniya sain ?????happy new year
ice acabumbi = vt. ???to cater to
ice donjin = n. ????news
ice gaiha sargan = n. ?????????bride
Ice Hese = n. ??????????New Testament
Ice Irgejengge-juyi = n. ??????????New Democratism (1949-1955)
ice niyalma = n. ???????????newly weds, bride and her groom (lit. new people)
ice urun = n. ???????bride
icembi = vt. ?to dye
icemlembi = v. ?????????????to become new, to update, to renew, to reform, to rennovate
ici1 = n. ??right, right-hand side
ici2 = n. ????direction
icihiyabuk?? = n. ??????manager, management
icihiyambi = v. ???????to do a good job, to succeed (in doing sth.)
icihiyambi = v. ??????????????? to run, to manage, to administer; to develop, to carry out ; icihiyame foršombi ???to manage, to develop (business, market)
idu = n. ?????????working hours, shift ; idu dosimbi ???to go to work ; idu dosime ???going to work ; idu aliha ???on duty
ifimbi = v. ????to sew
igeri usiha = n. ???? the Cowboy star in Chinese astronomy / astrology
ihan = n. ????????????ox, cow ; ihan adun ??cattle
ikengge = n. ??????origin, element, prime, first
iktambi = vi. ????????to accumulate, to build up
iktebumbi = vt. ???to collect, to accumulate
ik??bumbi = vt. ????????Сto reduce, to decrease
ik??mbi = vi. ??????С??????to reduce, to shrink
ilaci = num. ???? third ; ilaci de ?????????? thirdly
ilan = num. ??three
ilan fundelen = n. ????????three representations
ilan gurun i bithe = n. ????????Romance of the Three Kingdoms (title of a Chinee classic)
ilan jiyangnan = n. ????three emphases
ilbarilambi = vi. ?Цto smile
ildamu = a. ???????????agile, quick in response; smart
ilenggu = n. ???tongue
iletu = a. ?????????????????????open, blatant; apparent, obvious ; iletu temgetu ???clear proof
iletulehengge = n. ????statement
iletulembi = v. ???????to show, to exhibit
iletusaka = a. ?????clear, obvious, open, blatant
ilgambi = vt. ???????to distinguish, to discern, to tell (the difference)
ilha = n. ????????flower ; toro ilha ???peach blossom ; ilha ilambi ????to blossom
ilhai muheren = n. ????garland, corona ; den alin fejergi i ilha muheren ?????????The garland at the foot of the high mountains
ilhai yafan = n. ???garden
ilhak?? tubihe = n. ?????fig
ilhi = a. ????????????ε?vice, deputy; next ; ilhi jusi ?????vice chairman
ilhi ilhi = ad. ???Σ???one by one, in turn
ili = geogr. ????Ili (a border town in western China)
ilibumbi = v. ???裬????to build, to construct, to establish
ilibume arambi = v. ????to build, to develop ; beyei boo gašan be sain ilibume arambi ????罨???to build ones own hometown well
iliburan = n. ????construction
iliha = v.p. ????????stopped, ceased ; aga iliha ?????it stopped raining; the rain stopped
iliha andande = ad. ?????????at once, immediately, in no time
ilihai = ad. ?????????at once, rightaway
ilimbi = vi. ???????to stand, to rise
ilmun = n. ????hell, underworld
imata = ad. ???????all, wholy
ina = n. ????nephew
ina sargan jui = n. ?????niece
indah??n = n. ?????dog
ine mene = ad. ???磬???why not
ineku aniya = n. ????this year
ineku inenggi = n. ????today, this day
inenggi = n. ????day ; emu inenggi ?????one day ; inenggi dari ???every day ; inenggi dobori ???day and night
inenggi dulin = n. ????noon, midday
inenggi hetumbumbi = vi. ???????????to live, to earn a living
inenggi šuntuhele = ad. ????????all day long
ing jiyan = n. ???hardware (Chin. yingjian)
ingtori = n. ???cherry
ini beye = pron. ?????himself
ini cisui = ad.???????????by oneself, spontaneous ; ini cisui bisire ??????????????natural, naturally occurring
ini cisui bisire = a. ??????????????natural, naturally occurring ; ini cisui bisire gisun ???????natural languages
injeku = n. Ц????Ц???Ц??joke, butt, laughingstock ; injeku gisun Ц??joke, hilarious joke ( = injekungge gisun)
injembi = vi. Цto laugh
intewang asu = n. ?????? (= in te wang asu) the Internet (Chin. intewang)
inu1 = conj.????and; also, too
inu2 = lv. ???????yes
iogi = n.?λ??? garilla
iohurilambi = v. ??????????to neglect
irahi = n. ???????wavelet, ripple
irgašambi = vi. ???????ü????? (woman) to look amorously
irgebumbi = vi. ?????д?to write a poem or verse
irgebun = n. ??????poetry; poem ; irgebun isamjan ??????? collected poems ; irgebun yoro ???ballad
irgebun i nomun = n.???????the Book of Songs
irgejengge = a. ?????? democratic
irgejengge dashalan = n. ???????? democratic revolution
irgen = n. ????
irgen baita = n. ????civil affairs ; irgen baita yamun ??????Bureau of Civil Affairs
irgen baitai habšan duilen i fafun = n. ?????????civil action law
irgen cooha = n. ???militia
irgen i g??nin = n. ????public opionion
irgen siden = a. ????folk, non-governmental, among the people
irgen sideni dosibure ulin = ??????
irumbi = vi. ????????to sink, to drown ; irume bucembi ????to drown
is'heliyen = a. ??????narrow
is'hunde = ad. ???each other
isabun = n. ?????????sink; place where streams meet
isaburengge = n. ?????????handling, preparation, making
isamjambi = vi. ????????to compile, to edit
isamjan = n. ??????collection, anthology ; irgebun isamjan ???anthology of poems, collected poems
isan = n. ??????meeting, conference
ise = n. ????chair (Chin. yizi)
isebun = n. ??????descipline
isecun = n. η??fear
isembi = v. ???????to fear, to be afraid of
ishun aniya = n. ????next year
isibumbi = vt. ???????to apply, to use
isimbi = v. ??????to be no less than ; morin orin isimbi ??????????There are twenty or more horses.
isinambi = vi. ??????????to come, to arrive
isiname jimbi = vi. ???????to arrive at ; Beijing de isiname jimbi ?????to arrive at Beijing
isinjimbi = vi. ????arrive ; i ya erinde isinjimbi? ???????????When will he be arriving?
isitala = post. ???until, till
Iso = n. ????Aesop ; Iso duibulen gisun jube ???????Aesop's fables
Isus Heristos = ??????Jesus Christ


??????????? (J - N)


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

J

ja = a. ????????????????? easy; cheap; common ; gisurengge ja, yaburengge mangga ????????easy to talk, hard to do
ja ja de = ad. ????? easily, readily
ja sindambi = vi. ??? to handle with care
ja tuwambi = vt. ???? to belittle
jabcambi = vi. ??? to repent, to regret
jabcan = n. ??? regret
jabdugan = n. ???У??????? (shorter, e.g. a few hours) leisure
jabdumbi = vi. ????????? to be ready
jabdunggala = ad. ??δ???????? without, not yet
jabšaki = n. ?????????profit, gain ; jabšaki be gaimbi ????? to gain in profit
jabšan = a. ????? lucky, fortunate
jabšan de = ad. ???????? fortunately, lucky enough
jabšan h??turi = n. ???happiness
jabšara ufarara = n. ??? gain and loss
jabumbi = vt. ??? to answer, to reply ; fonjire de jaburengge muke eyere adali ??????? questioning and answering fluently
jabun = n. ??????????answer; affidavit ; fonjin jabun ???questions and answers, frequently asked questions (and their answers), FAQ ; jabun i bithe ???? affidavit
jaci = ad. ?? very, very much ; jaci goidame ??? for a very long time ; jaci labdu ??? too many, too much
jaci ohode = ad. ???? often, frequently
jacin = n. ????? second, secondary ; jacin deo ???? the second brother ; jacin jui ???? the second son
jadagan = n. ???? illness, disease
jadahalambi = vi. ???????м? to be ill, to be disabled
jafak?? = n. ??????? handle
jafambi = vt.????????????????У???? to seize, to catch, to hold, to take; to freeze; to occupy ; juhe jafambi ???to freeze
jahari = n. ???pebble
jai = ad. ???????????then ; arki be eleme omiha manggi jai buda jaki ??????????? (we can) have the meal after a good drink
jai = ad. ????????????again, once again; and, as well
jai de = ad. ????????secondly, in addition
jai jergi = ad. ???????once again, the second time
jaide = ad. ??Σ????secondly
jaifan = n. ???riverhead
jaji2 = a. ??????????poor (in harvest), short (of food) ; haji yuyun ????????uamine
jaka = n. ??????????
jaka hacin = n. ???????????classification, sorts of things and materials
jakan = n. ???recent time
jakdan = n. ????pine tree
jaksaka = n. ???rosy glow
jaksan = n. ??????morning or evening glow, rosy glow
jak??n = num. ??eight
jak??n g??sa = n. ???????????????????????????????????the Eight Banners that constitute the Manchu and Mongolian nations
jak??n hergen = n. ?????????????????????????? the Eight Points of agriculture (soil, fertilizer, water, seeds, density, fostering, management, working)
jalan jecen = n. ????world ; amba minggan jalan jecen ???????everything under heaven, world
jalarin = n. ????century, era
jalin = post. ??????for, for the cause (sake) of
jalingga koimalingga = a. ?????sly, cunning ; jalingga koimalingga dobi ????????sly fox
jangceng = n. ???constitution, charter (Chin. zhangcheng) ; Jungg'o gungcan dang i jangceng ?й??????????Constitution of the Communist Party of China
jang-u = n. ????mastery (Chin. zhangwo)
jasigan = n. ????????????letter, correspondence
jasimbi = v. д?? to write a letter
jebele gala = n. ????????????е??????the right wing
jeceni angga = n. ??????
Jejiyang Amba Tacik?? = n. ????? Zhejiang University
jeku jembi = vi. ?????to eat (food)
jeng = ad. ???????right at the time, just
jengge niyalma = n. ???? (Taoism) true man
jergi1 = n. ?Σ???????·??????time; grade, class, level; a suit (of clothes) ; ilan jergi ???Σ?????thrice
jergi2 = n. ??????et cetera ; irgen baita yamun jergi bumen ?????????Departments including (but not limted to) the Bureau of Civil Affairs
jia inenggi = n. ????next day
jibca = n. ??????????leather coat
jibehun = n. ????quilt ; jibehun sishe ????quilt and futon
jidere = a. ?????coming, next ; jidere niyengniyeri ??????the coming spring // n. ????coming, arrival ; beyei jidere be urgunjeme okdoki ??????????Welcome you
jidun = n. ???mountian ridges (= judun, mulu)
ji-guwan = n. ????governmental institutions (Chin. jiguan)
ji-guwan gung-wei = n. ?????? Joint Party Committee of the Governmental Institutions (Chin. jiguan gongwei)
jiha = n. ??????money, coins ; tofohon ulcin jiha ????Fifteen strings of money (title of a traditional drama)
jilangga = a. ????amiable
jilgan = n. ????sound
jimb = v. ?????????????
jing = ad. ????????right now, at the moment ; ce jing amtanggai leoleme bi. ?????????????????They are talking with great fun.
jingji = n. ????economy; economics (Chin. jingji)
jingji fonjin = n. ????????problems in economy; (of an individual) suspected (financial) corruption problems
jingji iliburan = n. ??????裬???÷??economic development
jingkin = a ??????????true, real (Chin. zhenzheng) ; jingkin buyenin ???????true love
jingshen = a. ?????cute, smart
jiti = n. ????team, group, collective (Chin. jiti); a. ?????jointly organized, owned, etc. ; jiti holbun dorolon ???????joint wedding ceremony (party)
jiyangnaha gisun = n. ????????common guide, manual (Chin. jiangyi)
jiyangnambi = v. ??to tell ; jube be jiyangnambi ??????to tell a story
jiyangnan = n. ??????????????emphasis, attention (Chin. jiang) ; banjirman i jiyangnan ????????pay attention to hygiene
jiyangnara bithe = n. ????lecture notes
Jiyoodiyan Fangtan = n. ?????? Focus, name of a very popular TV program in China (Chin. jiaodian fangtan)
jiyun fa = n. ???? warlord (Chin. junfa)
JNG = abbr. Jungh??wa Niyalmairgen Gungheg'o ?л????????the People's Republic of China
joboten = n. ?????????work,labour ; joboten be buyembi ???????
jodoraga usiha = n. ???? the Girl Weaver star in Chinese astronomy / astrology
joobiyoo = n. ?б?inviting public bidding (for a project) (Chin. zhaobiao)
joobiyoolembi = v. ?б?to invite bidding (for a project) (Chin. zhaobiao)
jorik?? = n. ????????guideline, pointer
jortai = ad. ?????on purpose, intentionally, delibratedly
jube = n. ????????С?story ; jube sonjin С???collected stories
jubki = n. ???????islet of a river
juce = n. ?deep pool
judun = n. ???mountian ridges (= jidun, mulu)
jug??n = n. ??????????·way
jug??n jorimbuhe niyalma = n. ?·?????·??guide (lit. road-leading person)
jug??nbe ulame = n. ?????????????????????????????????????·??the General Line (a transition from New Democracy towards socialism and communism)
juhe = n. ??ice ; birai juhe ??????ice on the river
jui = n. ????child ; haha jui ????son ; si wei jui ? ???????????Who's child are you?
julergi1 = n. ??????front
julergi2 = n. ??????south
julesi = ad. ???forward
julge = n. ???antiquity, ancient times
julgei = a. ?????ancient, antique ; julgei moo????very old tree
julun = n. ????????life, biography ; Tsysi taiheo julun ??????? A life of the Empress Dowager Cixi
Jung'ar = grogr. ????Zungaria
Jungg'o = ?й? China (Chin. Zhongguo)
Jungg'o cohotosh??n bisire = n. ???й?????? ; Jungg'o cohotosh??n bisire šeh??i-juyi???й?????????????socialism with Chinese characteristics
Jungg'oi ?? a. ?й??? Chinese
Jungg'oi Gung-can-dang = ?й???????the Chinese Cummunist Party
junggitu = n. ????????champion, first prize
Jung-gung Jungyang = n. ?й????? Central Committee of the Communist Party of China
jungh??wa = n. ?л?????????Chinese, ethnic Chinese ; jungh??wa niyalma ????ethnic Chinese
Jungh??wa Niyalmairgen Gungheg'o = n. ?л????????the People's Republic of China
jungken = n. ???o'clock ; ningguci jungken ?????? six o'clock
jungyang = n. ????central ; jungyang weiyuwan-h??i ????????Central Committee
jurambi = v. ??????????leave (for), set out ; be cimari jurambi ??????????? We'll leaving tomorrow.
juru = n. ????pair, set of two equal parts; couple ; emu juru ice niyalma ???????a newly-wed couple
juwari = n. ???????summer
juwe niyaman = n. ???????one's parents
juzo = n. ????works, collected works (Chin. zhuzuo)

K

k'otacin = n. ???science ; k'otacin jai faksirdemu???????science and technology
kaltarambi = vi. ??????????????to slip and fall
karcambi = vi. ì??????????? to collide with, to bump into
karcundu = n. ì??????conflict, contradictions ; miyalmairgen i dorgi ubui karcundu ???????ì??contradictions among the people
karmambi = v. ??????????to maintain, to keep; to guard, to protect
karmame wehiyembi = vt. ????to maintain ; sain holbobun be karmame wehiyembi ??????ù??to maintain friendly relationship
karmatambi = v. ????
karun = n. ?????????sentry, patrol, sentinel
katun = n. ????
katun be akdulambi = vi. ????
katun beki = n. ????health
katurebun = n. ????physical education, sports
kejine = ad. ??????quite a while
kelung = n. ??? also as ke lung, clone
kemun = n. ????????????rate, ratio
kemuni = ad. ????????????still, ever; even more ; ere wa kemuni wangga ?????ζ????this smells even better
kesi = n. ????????grace ; abkai kesi ???emperor's grace
kesike = n. ècat
kicebe malh??n = n. ???hardworking and frugality, modesty ; kicebe malh??n i boo be bajimbi ?????to run ones household with hardworking and frugality
kidumbi = v. ????????? to miss sb.
kina(mu) ilha = n. ????? balsamine, touch-me-not
kiru = n. ??????
kiruda = n. ????red flag, red banner
kirumbi = v. ?????????to stand, to tolerate, tp put up with
kituhan = n. ?????????? (a kind of) string instrument
kiyakiyambi = v. ????????to praise (in surprise)
komso ton uksura = n. ????????ethnic minorities ; Jungg'o komso ton uksurai ice banjin ?й???????????????? the new life of the minorities in China
kooli = n. ????discipline, regulations
kooli = n. ???????棬?涨?????rule, statute, regulation, principle
kooli be baicara = n. ?????飬???government officials discipline examination
kubuhe = a. ???????bordered ; kubuhe lamun g??sa ??????Bordered Blue Banner
k??bulime bithe = n. ???????curvy and turning writing, curvy script
k??bulin = n. ?仯?????change, turn
k??ke = a. ???????cyan, greenish blue
k??ke noor = n. ??Qinghai Lake (Lake Kooke Noor)
kumdustun nantuh??rambi = vi.??????? to cause atmospheric pollution
kumum = n. ????????????music ; tulergi gurun i kumun ???????foreign music ; kumun i ag??ra ????musical instrument ; kumun i ucusi ??????????musician
kumun i niyalma = n.??????music professional
kumun serebun = n. ???melody, music tones
kumungge = a. ?????????????????? (of a place) crowded and noisy; prosperous ; kumungge ba ??????crowded and properous area (e.g. downtown area)
kumusi = n. ??????performer
kundu = a. ?????????????ò??respectful, polite ; kundu ak?? ??????????òimpolite ; kundu ginggun ????respect, esteem
kundulecuke = a. ?????????????respectable, admirable
kundulembi = v. ??to respect
kundulen = a. ????respected ; kundulen han ???????respected king
kundulerengge = n. ?д?hosting ; antaha be kundulerengge ?д?????hosting a guest (or guests)
kunesun = n. ????????????·??ration, travel food; money carried by a traveller, travelling expenses
kungdz i henduhe = ad. ??????????Confucius says
k??ngga = n. ??????????????valley, abyss
kurdun = n. ???samsara, transmigration
kuren = n. ???????guest house; bureau, government institution (e.g. for policy-making research)
kurku = n. ?????????leader, head
kuru = n. ????ridgy ; kuru ba ????????mound
kuse = n. ???bubbles, froth, foam
kuse jingji = n. ???????foam economy
kušulembi = vt. ???????to disguise, to dislike
kušun = a. ?????????????sick, not feeling well
k??wangtah??n = ??????open land
k??warambi = vt. Χ????Χto encircle, to besiege
k??wasa = a. ??????????exaggerative, gassy, vaunting ; k??wasa niyalma???????mouther, boaster
k??wasa gisurembi = v. ????????to brag, to boast
k??wasadambi = v. ?????????to boast, to brag, to exaggerate

L

labdarambi = vi. ???to droop, to hang down
labdu = a. ?????many, much, a lot
labdu = a. ???many, lots of, big amount of
labdu saburak?? = ????? rarely seen, (lit.) not often seen
labdu ton = n. ???????????majority ; ~ jungg'oi niyalma ??????й???the majority of the Chinese people
labsa = ad. ????????much, very much ; labsa ekiyehe ????????decreased drastically
labsa ombi = vi. ??????to be very dissapointed
labsambi = vi. ????to snow, to fall down like snow flakes
labsan = n. ??snowflakes
lacadambi = vt. ?????????to seal
lafu sogi = n. ???cabbage
lahin = a. ?????????trivial, meticulous
laidambi = v. ??棬????to malign, to backbite
laidan gisun = n. ?????????slander
laih?? = n. ?????????rascal, ruffian
laih??n = n. ???????????????? (single) rascal, ruffian (= laih??tu)
lakcaha mangga = a. ???????preeminent, outstanding
lakcambi = v. ???????????to break, to cut off, to terminate
lakdari = ad. ????????right on time, right on spot
lakiyambi = vt. ?????to hang, to suspend
lakiyan = n. ????suspension
lakiyangga = a. ?????suspending, hanging
lala1 = a. ???????the last, least
lala2 = a. ??????sticky
lalanji = ad. ?????? (food) overdone; very, extremely
lali = a. ?????fast, swift ; lali oso! ?????speed up, hurry up! ; lali seme????fast, right away, rapidly
lamun = n. a. ?????????blue
lan = n. ??????evidence, proof
langg?? = n. ???pumpkin, squash
langlai = n. ???棬?????insect, dung beetle, bug
langse = a. ???????????????filthy, dirty; porn ; langse gisun ??dirty words, bathroom words ; langse arbun ?????????dirty deeds ; langse g??nin ?????????dirty soul
largin = a. ???????multiple, multifarious ; largin geren ????multitude, great variety
lasari = a. ?????????? (of tree barnches) dense and hanging, bushy
lasha1 = n. ?Σ???section
lasha2 = ad. ??????clear-cut, determinedly
lashalahangge = n. ????resolution ; jungyang ningge lashalahangge ???????Party Central's resolution
lashalambi = v. ????ж???ж??????????????to cut, to break; to terminate, to end; to judge, to rule
lashalan = n. ???飬????????????resolution, decision, outcome (of voting or public referendum)
lashalara = n. ????
lashatai = ad. ?????resolutely, with resolution ; ~ eljembi ???????to object resolutely
lasihimbi = v. ???????to wave, to shake
lata = a. ??????????slow, sluggish
latubumbi = v. ???????to stick to, to adhere to; to apply (medicine)
latujimbi = vi. ????to come to attack, to invade (one's own country)
latumbi = v. ?????????to stick together; to have immoral sex, to commit adultery ; latume yabumbi ???to fornicate, to commit adultery
latunambi = vi.?????????to go to attack, to invade (other country)
layambi = vi. ???to wither, to dry
leb seme = ad. ??????suddenly, without warning
lebdehun = a. ??о????????????bored, lackluster
lebenggi = a. ?????muddy, swampy
lehele = a. n. ????????????? (derog.) bastard, love son ; lehele jui ?????????bastard, love son
leke = n. ????knife sharpener ( a piece of stone with a smooth face)
leksei = ad. ??????all, uniformly, unanimously
leli = a. ???wide, broad
leli amba = a. ??????????broad, vast; broad-minded, loving and forgiving
lempen = n. ????pergola, shed
lempi = n. ????young person with prematurely graying hair
leolecembi = v. ??to talk, to discuss
leolehe gisun = n. ?????????comments, remarks
leolembi = v. ??????to talk about, to discuss, to comment (on)
leolen = n. ????????????contemplations, discussion, thinking; paper, essay
leolen gisuren = n. ??????Confucius Annalects
ler seme = a. ??????????soft, mild, tender ; ler seme agambi ???to drizzle
letehun = a. ???????broad, wide
leyecun = n. ???ballad, folk song
lifahan = n. ????mud
lingge = a. [??]???????heroic
liyeliyefi tuhembi = vi. ?ε?to fall in a faint
liyeliyembi = vi. ???裬???to be drowsy, to be dizzy
loho = n. ????broadsword, saab
lokdohon = ad. ?????alone
longkon = n. ?? (music instrument) gong ; longkon tungken ???gong and drum
loombi = vi. (???)???to roar, to growl
loshilembi = vt. ???to execute (a policy, a settlement, etc.) (Chin. luoshi)
lo-siowan = n. ????screw, spiral (Chin. luoxuan)
lu-geo-kiyoo = n. ?????Marcol Polo Bridge (Beijing)

M

mabu = n. ???hand mop (Chin. mabu)
madagan = n. ???????interest, profit
madambi = vi. ????to swell, to expand
mafa ?? n. ??grandpa ; mafa mama ??????old man and his wife, old couple
mafa da = n. ????ancester, forefather
mafa gurun = n. ???motherland, land of forefathers
mahala = n. ??????? hat; target ; mahala goiha ?е?????????on target
mahatu = n. ?????coronet, a kind of high hat worn by officials or scholars in ancient China
Mai-dang-loo = ?????????MacDonalds fastfood (Chin. Maidanglao)
maidari = n. ?????Maitreya
maigu = n. ????deaf
maise = n. С??????wheat (Chin. maizi) ; muji, maise, mere, arfa be tarimbi ???????С???????????to grow barley, wheat, buckwheat and oat
majige andande = ad. ??????????in a moment, in the turn of a hand
majige goidame = ???????a little more while
majige tacifi heni saha = n. ?????sciolism, inadequate knowledge or understanding
maka = conj. ???????????wonder ; maka cimari i abkai sukdun antaka ni? ?????????????????I'm wondering how the weather will be tomorrow. ; maka ainambio ?????????have no idea what to do
Maks Liyening juyi ?? n. ???????????? Marx-Leninism
maksimbi = vi. ?裬?赸?????? to dance ; maksire sargan jui ???dancer, dance hostess, dancing girl
maksin = n. ?赸???dance, play
maksisi = n. ???????????dancer
maktacun = n. ????????reputation, fame
maktambi = vt. ??????????to throw, to toss, to discard; to put sth. somwehere
maktašambi = vt. ?????????to litter, to toss
malangg?? = n. ???sesame
malu = n. ??????bottle
malukan = a. ????a lot of, big number
mama = n. ??????????grandma, old woman
mampimbi = vi. ?????to knot, to tie
mamun ak?? = a. ?????wordless, silent
manaha biya = n. ?????last month
manambi = vi. ?????????to age, to wear out
manda = a. ?????????behind, slow (Chin. man) ; Mini galai fungken sunja fun manda oho. ????????????My watch is five minutes behind.
mandumbi = vi. ????????to grow up, to mature
mangga = a. [?]???????????????????? [strong]; difficult, tough, hard
mangga dacun = n. ???cutting edge, hard tip; one's real personality; talent
mangga urse = n. ????person with strong business or political capability
manggai = ad. ????no more than, nothing but ; manggai untuheri gisurere dabala????????nothing but empty talks
manggalambi = vi. ???????????to become worse
manggalame = ad. ????hard, severely
manggangge = n. ?????????expert, good player
manggašambi = vi. ???to feel difficult (to do sth.), to shy off (doing sth.)
manggašara ba = n. ??????difficulty, things one is not sure of
manggasika = n. ?????Σ??hardship, trials and tribulations
manggi = p. ???after?? ; baita mutabuhe manggi ??????after the job is done
manggi geli = ?????? both??and??, as well as
manggiyan = n. ???monster, devil
Manju = n. ???????????Manchuria; Manchu people
Manju hergen = n. ???? Manchu language and philology
Manju uksura = n. ????
Manjui niyalma = n. ??????
marambi = vi. ???to refuse to do sth., to decline (a request)
mari = n. ?????times, round
marimbi = v. ?????????to return, to go back ; inenggi dulin de uthai marimbi ????????to get back by noon.
marin = n. ???????times, round
mašangga niyalma = n. ???expert, specialist
mašanggasi = n. ????????consellor
mayan1 = n. ????elbow
mayan2 = n. ????luck, chances ; mayan sain ??????in luck
me = n. ???? (heart) beat, animation (Chin. mai)
mede = n. ??????????????news, message ; mede isibumbi ?????to pass a message
medege = n. ???message, information (= medehe)
mederi = n. ??????
mederi cooha = n. ????navy
mederi dorgi = n. ????inland, anywhere in the country
mederi h??lha = n. ????pirate
mederi jakarame = a. ?????coastal; along the coastline
mederi jecen = n. ????coastal areas and territorial seas
mederi namu = n. ???? (generic term for) oceans and seas
megu = n. ???mushroom
mehumbi = vi. ????????to bend down, to bow down
Mei gurun = n. ????the United States of America
mei gurun jiha = n. ??? US currency (See mei yuwan)
mei yuwan = n. ???dollar ; 500 bunai mei yuwan 500?????50 billion US dollars
meifehe = n. ???hillside
meihe = n. ??snake, serpent
meiherembi = vt. ????????to hold on back
meijebumbi = vt. ???飬????to crush, to crunch
meiren = n. ???shoulder ; meiren adame ????next to (sb.), side by side, (stand) by
meitembi = vt. ???ж??????to cut; to cut down, to reduce
mejige = n. ??????????鱨news, news report; information
mekele = ad. ????????in vain
mektembi = vi. ???to gamble
mekten = n. ?????????gambling, competition
melebumbi = vt. ???to miss, to drop, to leave sth. somewhere
meljembi = vt. ??????????to compete, to race
meme = n. ???????????? (respectful reference to one's) mother
memerembi = vi. ?????????????????to be stubborn; to stick to
mene = ad. ???????really, sure enough, indeed ; mane mangga ???????really difficult
menggun = n. ????????silver ; menggun i suihun ??????silver earrings
mengse = n. ?????????curtain (esp. bed curtain) (Chin. ???manzi)
meni meni1 = pron. ?????each other's, one another's
meni meni2 = ad. ???respectively
mentuhun = a. ????????????stupid, silly
mere = n. ????buckwheat
mergen = a. [?磬?]????????????wise, nice and wise ; saikan bime mergen ???????????beautiful and wise
mergense = n. ????wise man
merkimbi = vt. ?????????to recall, to think of ; merkihe seme bahanarak?? ????????can not recall it
mešembi = vi. ?????????to make love, to have sex ; g??nin i cihai mešeme alimbaharak?? sebjelehe ???????????????went wild enjoying sex
meyen = n. ??????飬???????????team, group; troops; section, paragraph
micihiyan = a. ???shallow, superficial
micumbi = vi. ????????to crawl, to move on knees
mimimbi = vt. ??????????to shut up (one's mouth), to keep (silent) ; angga mimimbi ????to shut up
Ming gurun = n. ??????????Ming dynasty (1368-1644)
minggan = num. ?thousand
minggatu = n. ???????chiliarch
mini = pron. ???my
mini funde = ad. ??????????????????for me, on my bahalf ; ~ boo tuwakiyaci ombio? ????????????Could you please take care of my house for me (e.g. while I'm off) ?
mini niyere beye = n. ??ū????????????My Tender Body (a meter of Chinese verse)
miningge = n. ???mine ; miningge umesi sain ?????????mine is the best
minzy buleku = n. ?????goggles
miosihon = a. ?????????а??shew, wobbly; wicked, evil ; moisihon ehe а???evil
miosih??n = a ??????????ill-minded, evil, wicked
miosiri = ad. ????Ц??smilingly
miosirilambi = vi. ?Ц???????Цto smile (without opening the mouth)
mishalambi =????????to restrict, to rectify, to discipline
mitambi = vt. ?????????to turn one's body, to turn back; to turn against
miyalimbi = vt. ????????to measure
miyamigan = n. ????headgear, jewelry, ornaments
miyamiya = n. ????????????appearance, look ; ice miyamiya ????new look
miyehudembi = vi. ???? (children or pets) to gambol, to dance happily
miyoocalambi = vi. ???to fire (guns), to shoot (at)
miyoocan = ????????gun ; miyoocan angga ??? gun mouth
miyori = n. ??second
modo = a. ????????clumsy, unskillful, inept
mohombi = vt. ??to exhaust (sth.)
mohon = n. ???????end
moli = n. ????jasmine
molo = n. ????maple
Monggo = a. ????Mongolian
Monggo = n. ?????????Mongolia, the Mongols
monggo boo = n. ????Mongolian-style tent
monggon = n. ????????neck
monio = n. ?????С????monkey; cute baby
moo = n. ?????? wood, tree, lumber (Chin. mu)
moo bujan = n. ???forest
moo jaka = n. ???wood, lumber
Moo jusi = n. ????Chair Mao, Mao Tsetung (Chin. Mao Zedong)
moo sacimbi = vi. ???to lumber
moo usiha = n. ???Jupiter, the fifth planet from the sun
moo yaha = n. ???????char, charcoal
mooi faksi = n. ???carpenter
morin = n. ??horse ; geo morin ????mare (female horse)
morin i cooha = n. ???cavalry
moringga cooha = n. ???cavalry
moringga liyan cooha = n. ???cavalry
moro = n. ?????bowl
morombi = vt. ?????????????to stare at (sb.) ; morome tuwambi ?????to stare at
mucen = n. ??????wok
mucesi = n. ???cook, chef
mucu = n. ???????????grape, vine ; mucu yafan ?????vineyard
mucu nure = n. ?????grape wine
mudalikan = a. ??????bent, tortuous
mudan = n. ?????????????strain, tune, voice
mudan = n. ?????ζ???????????accent, tune; intunation; rhyme ; irgebun mudan ???rhyme of poetry
muduri = n. ??dragon
mufuyen = a. ??????????clumsy, awkward
muhaliyan = n. ???裻???ball, sphere; bullet
muhantumbi = vi. ??????to mate
muheren = n. ???????wheel, tyre; circle, round
muhu = n. ???height, high land
mujak?? = ad. ??????very, indeed
muji = n. ????barley
mujilen = n. ???????????heart, ones innermost feelings or thinking; mind ; simbe mujilen tatabuha ?????????thank you for your care
mujilen = n. ??heart
mujilen be sindaki = ?????don't worry (lit. put your heart at rest)
mujilen niyaman = n. ????????confidential friend
mujin = n. ???????????ambition, inspiration, will
mujingga = a. ?????????????ambitious; righteous
mukdembi = vi. ????????to rise
mukden = n. ??????????rise
Mukden = n. ?????????Mukden (today's Shenyang)
muke = n. ?water ; muke talgan???water surface
muke dosika = n. ???leak
muke necin = n. ??????level, standard
muke usiha = n. ???Mercury, the nearest planet from the sun
mukei aisi = n. ???water conservancy and utilization, irrigation
mukei gashan = n. ??? (disastrous) flood
mukei on = n. ???????water way
mukiyen = n. ??? fire extinction
muktehen = n. ??temple
muk??n = n. ????????????family, lineage, clan
mulan = n. ????stool
multulembi = vt. ?????to put off (clothes), to relieve
mulu = n. ???mountian ridges
mumin = a. ????abysmal, very deep
mumurh??n = a. ???????????????blurry; ambiguous, vague
mumuri = a. ??????? (of old person) toothless
murak?? = a. ?????????????impudent, impolite, rude // ad. ????????exceedingly
murish??n = n. ????????injustice, unfair treatment
mursa = n. ???radish
muru = n. ?????????form, shape; situation, trend
muse = pron. ????we (first person plural nominative)
musei = pron. ?????our
musei gurun = ??? our country, our nation
mutembi = vi. ???????to be able, can, to be possible ; ai hacin niyalma sefu ome mutembi? ????????????????What kind of people can be teachers? ; juwe biya oho uthai gisureme mutembi ???????????can talk at two months old
muten = n. ?????????ability, capability, skill
muterak?? = vi. ???????????????to be impossible
muterak?? = ????can not, be unable ; arame muterak?? ????дcan not write
mutumbi = vi. ???????to grow
muyah??n = a. ???????????in good condition, whole, intact

N

miyamani = a. n. ?????????dear, babe, honey, sweetie
na = n. ??????earth ; amba na ???earth (ant. abka ??sky or heaven), land
na i gindana = n. ????hell
nadaci = num. ????seventh
nadan = num. ??seven ; nadan biya ??????????seven months; the seventh month (July)
nadangga inenggi = n. ???the lunar July seventh day, lover's day (Chinese version of Valentine's day)
nadanju = num. ???seventy
nahan = n. ??????bed, couch
nahan i baita = n. ????????sex, lovemaking ; nahan i baita yabumbi ???????з?to make love
nai i giyan = n. ??????????geography
naih?? = n. ???????? the seven stars of the Ursa Minor constellation, at the tip of the Little Dipper's handle ( = nadan usiha)
nainai = n. ??mom, mommy
nakabumbi = vt. ???to stop (sb. from doing sth.)
nakambi = v. ???????????????to stop, to cease, to terminate; to retire, to resign
nakcu = n. ???ancle, mother's brother
namašan = n. ?漴rightaway, right now
nambumbi = vt. ?????????to be caught, to be arrested
namdambi = vi. ????????????to beg (for mercy), to appeal; to plead guilty
namu = n. ??????ocean (See mederi??) ; namu angga ???sea port
nantuh??n = a. ?????????????dirty, polluted, corrupted
naracun = n. ??????????????love, amour, admiration
narambi = v. ????????to love, to cling to
naranggi = ad. ?????????in the end, eventually, at last
narh??n = a. ????????????????????thin, delicate; rigorous
narh??n edun tuwambi = vi. С??to go peeing
narh??n gisun = n. ????????whisper, murmuring
nash??n = n. ????opportunity, occasion
ne = n. ????now, present ; Si ne Beijing de bio? Inu, bi ne Beijing de bi.?????????????????????????Are you in Beijing now? Yes, I am in Beijing.
ne i jalan = n. ???modern times
neciken = a. ??Щ (of a surface) more level and smooth
necimbi = v. ??????????????to offend, to attack, to violate ; ejetengge toose de necimbi ???????to offend to other country's sovereighty
necin = a. ?????????level, plain
nedege = n. ????news
nei = a. ?????modern, contemporary
nei fungge iliburan = n. ?????modernization
nekcu = n. ????aunt, mother's sister-in-law
nememe = ad. ???????all the more
nemu = n. ??mineral ores
nendembi = vt. ???У????to precede, to be earlier, to predate
nenden = ad. ????first
nenehe = ad. ???in the old days, before
nenehe aniya = n. ???last year
nenehe jalan = n. ?????????preexistence, destiny in Buddhist sense
neneme = ad. ???????????first; in the beginning; previously
neneme amala = ad. ???one by one, in turn ; neneme gisurembi ?????to speak in turn
nerembi = vt. ??to wear, to put on back
nikan gisun = n. ????Chinese language
Nikan niyalma = n. ???? Chinese person (people)
nikan uksura = n. ????the Hans (the ethnic majority group in China)
niktembi vi. ???????to migrate and herd
nilah??n = n. ????????slip, sliding
nilgiyan = a. ????smooth and slippery
nimaha = n. ??fish ; asu sindame nimaha butambi ????????to fish by setting net
nimanggi = n. ?snow ; ~ nimaraha. ?????it snowed
nimarambi = v. ??????to snow ; geli emu inenggi ~ ???????to snow for another day
nimeku = n. ????????disease, sickness; pain ; sabure ~????????common diseases
ningge = n. ???????which one (by age, order or rank) ; Si udu ~ ? ?????????Which one are you? ; ah??ngga ~ ???the eldest one
ningge = pron. ?????????the one which, he who
ninggu = a. ???????????overhead, above
ninggude = ad. ???棬????above ; ~ udu hacin ???????the above items
nio = int. ???????????????is it? is that right? (a word ending a sentence marking a question)
nio = q. ??(marking a question at the end of a sentence)
niongniyaha = n. ???? (bald or golden) eagle
nioron = n. ?磬???rainbow
niowanggiyan = a. ????????green ; moo emgeri ~ oho??????????trees are already green
nirwan = n. ??槃nirvana
nisumbi = vi. ???to skate, to go on skating
nisundumbi = vi. ??????to skate together
niyalma = n. ??man, person, people ; sain ~ ?????????gentleman ; jalingga ~ С??????????hypocrite, mean person, sly person ; buya ~ ?????ordinary person
niyalma anggala = n. ???polulation
niyalma baita = n. ????personnel affairs, human resources work
niyalma ci colgoroko = a. ?????preeminent, talented
niyalma irgen = n. ????people, the general public ; geren uksura ~ ????????people of different ethic backgrounds
niyalma tome = ad. ???each person, each of us
niyalmai = a. ?????????human, of mankind
niyalmai jui = n. ???? Son of Man, Jesus Christ
niyalmai toose = n. ???human rights
niyalmairgen = n. ????people
niyalma-sa = n. ????people
niyaman = n. ????family member, relative
niyaman = n. ??heart ; ~ i ucun ???е??song of the heart
niyaman tuksimbi = vi. ????heart beat
niyamangga gisun = n. ???mother's tongue, first language
niyamangga niyalma = n. ????relative
niyamašan = a. ?????м??mesopotamian, between two rivers
niyambi = vi. ????????to go off, to rot ; niyaha yali ????decayed meat
niyancangga = a. ???????????????????persistent, patient, lasting
niyangg??mbi = v. ???to chew
niyangniya = a. ????? (sky) clear, sunny
niyececun = a. ?????????benefit, good
niyecembi = vt. ???????????to sew, to do good to your health
niyehe = n. ?duck
niyekse = a. ??????????????????weak, thin
niyelembi = v. ???? to read out loud
niyengniyeri = n. ????????????spring, springtime; amour, love ; niyengniyeri mujilen ????amour, esp. maiden love ; niyengniyeri arbun ???spring view
niyere = a. ????????weak, thin
niyerengge = a. ????the weak
niyohombi = vi.?????????to make love
noho = ad. ???????only, nothing but
nokai = ad. ??????very, much
nomhon = a. ?????frank, artless, down-to-earth
nomulambi = v. ??to chant the scripture
nomun = n. ?????????????sacred text, sacred book, scripture, canon ; fucihi i nomun ??Buddhist canon
nomun i kurdun = n. ???飬????Buddhist experience, wheel (San. cakra) of the Law
non = n. ???? younger sister; young girl
Non Ula = n. ????????????????Non River
nonggibumbi = vi. ???????to increase, to grow
nonggimbi = vt. ????????to grow, to expand
nonggime isabumbi = vt. ????to supplement ; nonggime isabuha ??????supplemented
nonggime toktobumbi = vt. ????to revise and expand ; nonggime toktobuha ???????revised and expanded
nonggingga = a. ??????????candidate
noor = n. ??lake
norambi = vi. ???to pile up, to accrue
noran = n. ??pile
norombi = vi. ????????????to stay, to linger
nuhaliyan = n. ???low lands, billahong
nuhan = a. ??????????composed ; elhe nuhan ???????composed and leisured, unhurried
nuhu = n. ???plateau; height, upland
nujan = n. ?????fist
nukte = n. ????pastoral area
nunggembi = vt. ?????to swallow
nungnembi = vt. ???to invade, to raid, to assault
nure = n. ???kitchen wine, yellow wine
nurh??mbi = vt. ????????to continue, to proceed
nushumbi = v. ?????????????to advance (towards sth.) ; buyecuke banjinci ~ ???????????advance towards happy life

??????????? ??O - Sh)


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

O

obombi = vt. ?to wash, to clean
obonggi = n. ???????froth, foam
obongginambi = vi. ?????to foam
obumbi = lv. ??????to become, to turn (into), to act as
obume = post. ????????? (take sth.) as ; oyonggo ~ ??????as a major task (point) ; jorik?? ~ ??????as a guideline
oci1 = conj. ?????????????????????β??if (used at the end of a conditional clause)
oci2 = lv. ????????is, are; was, were (preceding a predicative)
ocibe = conj. ????????????β??though, although (used at the end of a clause)
ofi = conj. ????????????????????β??because of, for (used at the end of a clause)
ofi biheo = ????????????????????isn't it? is that right?
ofingge = a. ????????????????β??because of
oforo = n. ????nose ; oforo sangga ???nostril ; oforo niyaki ????mucus ; oforo kobsohon?????(having a) high nose
ohode = conj. ????????磨?????????????β??if (used at the end of a conditional clause)
oihori1 = a. ?ü???????????terrific ; oihori sain ?ü???that's great! terrific!
oihori2 = a. ?????overlooking, negligent
oihorilambi = vt. ?????????to overlook, to neglect
oihorilame tuwambi = vt. ?????????to ignore, to scorn, to disdain
oilo = n. ???棬???outside, external, appearance
oilohon = n. ???????frivolity
oilori = ad. ???棬??????on the surface
ojombi = vt. ???????to kiss
ojorak?? = a. ????????????????negative; cannot ; ere jabun oci ~ ?????????the answer is then negative.
okcin = n. ????lid, cover
okdombi = v. ??????to pick sb. up (at airport, railway or bus station), to greet sb.
oksombi = vi. ??????????to walk, to move
okson = n. ?????????step, pace ; ~ bime ?в????step by step, in a well-organized manner
okto = n. ????????????drug, medicine; poison; chemical ; okto i boo ???pharmacy ; okto i dasargan ????prescription ; okto omimbi ???to take medicine
okto orho = n. ???herbal medicine
oktosi = n. ???doctor, phiysician, pharmacist
oktosi i erdemu = n. ???professional morality of medical workers, a doctor's professionality
olhoba = n. С???????care, caution
olhocuka = c. ??????Σ???scary, dangerour
olhocun = n. ???η??fear
olhon = a. ???????????????????dry, dried; land ; olhon tubihe ???dried fruit ; olhon ba ???land (anton. mederi)
olhon bai = a. ????????? (of or pertaining to) land or surface ; ~ coohai meyen (????)????marine corps
olihadambi = vt. ???η??to fear
olimbi = vt. ???????? to avoid, to escape from
olji = n. ???captive, war prisoner
oljilambi = vt. ???????to capture
ombi = v. ????????????????to be, to become; may; do
ombi = vi. ???????????to be, to become ; jusi ombi ?????to be chairman
ombio = int. ???????????????????would you please?? okay? may I? ; buci ombio ? ??????May I?? ? (when checking with sb. if sth. is allowed or not) ; tere debtelin bithe be minde bufi tuwaci ombio ??????????????Would you please pass that book to me? ; esi ombi ???????certainly, of course, sure
omiholombi = vi. ????to starve
omihon = a. ??????????hungry
omilambi = vi. ??????????to cross over a river riding a horse
omimbi = v. ?????????to drink, to take (medicine)
omin = n. ????????hunger
omingga = n. ????drink, beverage
omire jeterengge = n. ???food and drink, diet
omo = n. ???????pond, pool ; omo cise????pond
omolo = n. ????grandson ; omosi??????grandsons
on = n. ·????????·road, way, path
onco = a. ???wide, broad
oncodombi = vt. ??????to forgive
oncodome guwebumbi = vt. ????????to pardon, to absolve
ondobumbi = vt. ?????to be raped, to be violated
ondombi = vt. ?飬???to have (illicit or immoral) sex, to rape ; g??nin cihai ondombi????????to indulge in sex
onggolo = post. ???????????before, in advance
onggombi = v. ????????to forget
onggosu = n. ??????????bed memory, forgettery, oblivion
ongko = n. ????pasture, meadow, prairie ; ongko muke???meadow and water source
oori = n. ??????????????????essence, vigor, semen ; oori turibumbi ???to dream a wet dream
oori b??sun = n. ???? (a person's) energy, vigor
oori simen = n. ????vigor, stamina
oori sukdun = n. ????spirit; spirituality ; oori subdun šu-genggiyen ????????spirituality, spiritual civilization
oose = n. ?????????? (derog.) japanese
ooyunh??i = n. ?????Olympic Games (Chin. aoyunhui)
orho = n. ??grass ; eme ak?? jui orho i gese ????????????????A motherless child likens a grass
orho ordo = n. é???????? (straw) hut
orhoda = n. ???ginseng (a medical herb considered most helpful to keep one well among the Far Eastern peoples)
orimbi = vi. ??λ??????to talk in dream
orin = num. ???twenty
orinci = num. ????twentieth
orinta = num. ????every twenty
orok?? = n. ???????????condensate
oron = n. λ??λ?????λ??????????place, location; department, sector; vacancy, position ; tesu ~ ????λone's own ??unit'
oron ak?? gisun = n. ?????groundless talks, nonsense
Oronco = n. ????????????????Oroncho
oronde enggelere = n. ????a. ????taking on an occupation , accepting a job offer ; oronde enggelere temgetu????liscence (for a particular occupation or position)
oroni = a. ?????departmental, sectoral
oroni emhulen = n. ???????departmental or sectoral monopoly
Oros = n. ?????Russia ; oros gisun ????Russian language
oshon = n. ?????????violence, cruelty, atrocity
osohon = a. С??СС??small, smaller
osokon niyalma = n. ????I, me (humble reference of oneself)
oyo = n. ?????????top ; alin oyo de ???????on the top of the mountain ; boo i oyo???rooftop
oyobumbi = vt. ????????to speed up, to accelerate, to hurry up
oyombi = vt. ???to bent, to make sth. curvy
oyomburak?? baita = n. С????????????trivial matter
oyon = n. ???abject poverty
oyonggo = n. ???????????major task or event??a. ?????important, significant ; oyonggo gisun ???????important speech ; oyonggo niyalma???????VIP, high official ; oyonggo baita????????important event, important work
oyonggo obumbi = vt. ?????????to emphasize, to focus on, to pay much attention to

P

pai = n. ??????????? card, board; playing cards ; pai yabumbi????to play one's cards
palta = n. ?????????diamond ; palta wehe????diamond
pilembi = vt. ????to review (Chin. pi) ; pilehe bithe ???? official reply (to a report, etc.)
pinggu = n. ???apple (= pingguri. Chin. pingguo)
pinglembi = v. ???????????????to evaluate (Chin. ping)
pingleme bodoro oron = n. ????????evaluation agency
pingpi alin = n. ????flat-topped mountain
pingse = n. ???bottle, jar (Chin. pingzi)
piyatar = a. ?????????????? (of a person) talky
piyoo = n. ?ticket (Chin. piao)
pojan = n. ????fire cracker (Chin. paozhang)
poo fahambi = vi. ????to chat, to talk
poo sindambi = vi. ????to fire a gun
pul jiha = n. ???? (coinage) pur
pusa = n. ????Buddha
puseli = n. ????shop, grocery

R

radi = n. ???magic power
raksha = ???raksa (also as rakcha. San. raksa)
rhiben = n. ???japan
ruwan jiyan = n. ???software (Chin. ruanjian)

S

sabarambi = vt. ????to spray (water), to shed (blood)
sabdambi = n. ????????to leak; to shower, to rain
sabdan = n. ???raindrop
sabi = n. ?飬????auspice (also as sabirgan)
sabinggga = a. ???????auspicious ; sabingga nimanggi ???auspicious snow
sabka = n. ????chopstick
sabu = n. Ь??shoe, shoes ; emu juru sabu ??Ь a pair of shoes
sabugan = n. ????world ; sabugan be sabuhak??????????? (of a person) have not seen much of the world
sabuha = v.p. ??????saw
sabujimbi = vt. ??????????to come to see, to come to visit
sabula = n. ???pubic hair
sabumbi = v. ????????to see, to perceive
sabunambi = vt. ????????to go to see, to visit
sabure = a. ??????seen, observed; occurring
saca = n. ???helmet
sacimbi = vt. ??????to chop, to cut ; moo sacimbi ?????????to fell trees, to lumber ; sacime wambi ???????to capitulate, to kill (e.g. with a broadsword)
sacu = n. ????buckwheat
sadun = n. ???relatives by marriage
sadun = n. ???relatives by marriage ; sadun jafambi ??????????????to be related by marriage; to intermarry
saha = n. Χ??hunting by encircling an area ; aba saha Χ??hunting
sahah??kan = a. ī????????dark, pitch-dark ; ~ buleku ī?? (dark) sunglasses
sahah??n = n. ī??????dark, black
sahaliyan = a. ????????black, dark ; sahaliyan undehen ???black board
sahaliyan ujungga = n. ???????????????dark-headed people
Sahaliyan Ula = n. ??????the Heilongjiang River, also name of a province of China (lit. dark river)
saharambi = vi. ???????to become dark, to become old
saicungga = a. [??] praiseworthy
saih??wa = n. ????bramble, bushes ; saih??wa bula ????bramble
saikan = a. ???????????? beautiful, pretty ; saikan hojo ????fair, beautiful ; saikan hehe ???beautiful woman, beauty ; saikan eldengge ????gorgeous ; saikan sain ???????????graceful ; sain cooha????powerful troops
saimbi = v. ????Σ???to bite, to hold in mouth
sain = a. ??good, fine ; umesi sain ???very good, fine ; jaci sain ??????Great! Superb! ; Si sain. ????How are you? How do you do?
sain amtangga = n. ????sweet smell, fragance
sain baita = n. ?????????good deed, benevolent act
sain booi sargan juse = n. ???????daughter of a decent family
sain dobori = n. ????good time in the night
sain ehe = n. ??? goodness, quality
sain hahasi = n. ?ú????????true men, valiant warriors
Sain Holo Furdan = n. ??????the Good Valley Fort (in Gansu Province, China)
sain i bargiyambi = vi. ???? (crops) to have a bumper harvest
sain inenggi = n. ????auspicious day, red-letter date
sain irgen = n. ???????civilian, common people
sain sabi = n. ????good sign
saisa = n. ???????????? geneltman, mister, sir (Chin. xiansheng) ; saisa sa ?????? gentlemen
saišacuka = a. ??üν??????ε?praiseworthy
saišambi = vt. ??????ν?to praise, to compliment
saišame g??nimbi = vt. ????to admire
saitu = n. ?? (Emporor's reference to his ministers) dear sir
saiy??n = int. ?????????how is (are) ? ; si saiy??n? ?????How are you? ; fakcaha ci ebsi beye saiy??n? ?????????How are you since our last meeting?
saja = num. ???????million
sajingga deo = n. ???lower grader who follows the same teacher
saka = post. ?????just now
sakda = n. ???????????????old, senior, elderly; older ; sakda agu ????elder brother ; sakda aha ??????????old servant ; sakda erin ????????old age
saksab??n = n. ???rack, kickstand
saksaha = n. ??magpie
saksari = ad. ???泯??lying down facing upward, lying on one's back
salambi = vt. ???????裬???to allot, to distribute
salgabun = n. ?????????????????talent, gift; luck, destiny
salgangga = a. ???????????kind, benign
salgangga mujilen = n. ????????conscience
salgatu = a. ???????kind, having good conscience
salgatu hoohan = n. ??????albatross
salibumbi = vt. ????????to be estimated, to be evaluated ; salibuha be tuwaci ?????it is estimated that??
saligan be akdulambi = v. ???
saligan toose = n. ??????????right to make decision; sovereignty
saligan1 = a. ??С???????fewer, less
saligan2 = n. ??? value, price; claim; domination ; uherilehe saligan ?????????total value
saligan3 = n. ????????????idea, view; control domination
salimbi = v. ?????????????to decide, to control; to be worth
salingga = a. ?????????bossy, autocratical, imperious
saliyan = a. ??????????exact, just
salja jug??n = n. ??·??????·turnoff road, fork in a road
salu = n. ?????????beard, mustache
samadi = n. ??????????sam??dhi ; samadi baksi ???buddhist monk ; samadi h??wa?????????buddhist temple
sanat = n. ???????????senate, foreign ministry (Eng. senate) ; sanat yamun ???????????senate, foreign ministry
sandalabumbi = vi. ???to be??away
sandalambi = vt. ?????????to stand or sit with legs open ; sandalame tehebi ???????????sitting with legs wide apart
sangga = n. ???С???????small opening, hole ; sangga t??mbi (arambi) ???????
sanggatangga = a. ??????????porous, perforated
sangg?? = n. ???????????good news, pleasant thing
sangse = n. ????cuff, handcuffs
saniyabumbi = vt. ????????to extend
saniyangga = a. [??]???????extensive, extended
sara = n. ɡ????umbrella, shield
saraci = n. ???chancellor of a county ; uhei saraci ??vice chancellor
sarak?? = conj. ????????????do not know, have no idea, cannot tell ; ilire ilirak?? ~ ?????????? have no idea if it would stop or not
sarambi = vt. ???????????to open, to unfold
sarašambi = vt. ?Σ??棬???Σ?????to tour, to spend holidays, to play ; sargan jui i dartai mujilen be tookabume sarašame iliki ???????????????????tour with a girl for pleasure
sarašara gucu = n. ??飬??? (travel) companion
sarasu = n. ?knowledge, knowing
sarasu tucirsu = n. ??knowledge (and vision)
sarasu tucirsu toose = n. ?????intellectual property
sargan = n. ????wife
sargan jui = n. ?????????????? girl, maiden ; niyengniyeri sargan jui ?????? Spring Maiden ; hošoi sargan jui ??????????maiden, virgin ; huhun i tumiha da anm i sargan jui i beye???????????nipples still look like those of a maiden
sargašambi = vi. ?棬????to play, to tour
sargiya = n. ?貿???赵crotch
sargiyambi = vt ??д????дto copy, to transcribe ; sargiyaha bithe ???????????????д??copy, transcript
saribumbi = v. ???to carry out
sarilambi = vi. ???磬????to feast, to host a banquet
sarin = n. ????????feast, banquet, lancheon ; sarin dagilambi????to host a banquet ; sarin de dosimbi????to attend a banquet
sark?? = ????????????It's difficult to say.
sartabumbi = v. ??????????????to do sth. for pleasure, to kill time, to delay
sartabun = n. ????????delay
sartacun = n. ????delay
sartah??n = n. Σ???Σ??danger, crisis, critical situation
sasa = ad. ????????together, jointly (also as sasari) // post. ????together with, with
sasari = ad. ??????together, jointly
se = n. ??????years of age, years old (Chin. sui) ; tumen se ????ten thousand years, aeon ; Si ere aniya udu se oho? ??????????How old are you (this year)?
se asihan = a. ????young ; se asihan hehe ???young lady
se baha = a. ??????elderly
se jalgan = n. ????life-span, life
se komso = a. ????young
sebcelembi = vt. ????to have a taste of what is just in season
sebden = n. ??rust, stain
sebderi = n. ????????manger; cool place
sebimbi = vi. Ъ????to take a rest, to rest a while
sebjelembi = vi. ???to make fun
sebjen = ???????fun, joy ; sebjen ak??????no fun, unhappy
sebken = a. ????????rare
sebseheri = n. ???grasshopper, locust
sebsihiyan = n. ??????????intimate, friendly
sebsingge = n. ?????? (person) amicable
seci = conj. ???????????though; at all ; seci ombi ????????to be at all
secibe = conj. ?????????although, despite ; udu gungge bi secibe????й?despite many merits
sedehengge = a. ??????damned, funky
sedeheri = a. ????????????smart, clever
seferembi = vt. ???????to catch, to seize, to arrest
sefu = n. ?????????????teacher, one that teaches or gives lectures (Chin. shifu)
sehe seme = ????????that is (to say), i.e.
sehehun = a. ??????????upright
sehehuri = a. ?????steepy, cliffy
sehei = conj. ???????thinking nothing but, focused on
seherembi = vi. ?????????to be angry, to get mad
seheri = a. ?????high ans steep ; seheri hada ??壬????steepy ridge
seibeni = n. ???before, old time
sejen = n. ???????chariot, vehicle; car
sejen i namun = n. ????garage
sejilembi = vi. ??to sigh
sek seme = ad. ???suddenly
seke = n. ????????marten, ermine
sekiyen = n. ?????source
sekiyen = n. ?source (of a stream)
seksehun = n. ??pale and tired
sektefun = n. ?????????cushion, futon, blanket
sektu = a. ??????????clever, smart
selabumbi = vt. ??ο???????to comfort, to console
selambi = vi. ?????????to be happy, to be pleased
sele = n. ??iron ; sele faksi ????blacksmith
selei ejen = n. ???????????magnet (lit. king of stones)
seleme = n. ???dagger
selengge = a. ?????????? (made of) iron, grey ; selengge moo ????iron tree (a plant said to blossom once a thousand years)
selgiyebumbi vt. ???????????to propagate, to issue
selgiyebume hafunambi = vi. ???to circulate, to enter currency
selgiyembi = v. ?????????to propagate
selgiyeme alambi = vt. ????to announce, to propagate ; slegiyere bithe ????edict, official notice
sembi = v. ?????want, would like ; Bi sinde emu baita be yanduki sembi. ???????????????I would like to ask for your help (or a favor).
semeo = int. ???????????????isn't it (marking an interrogation) ; aika sain ak?? semeo? ?????????isn't it good?
semerhen = ad. ????????????attently, heart and soul
sen = n. ???????????small opening, hole
sence = n. ???mushroom ; sence tugi ?????mushroom cloud (of a nuclear detonation)
sendejembi = vi. ???? (enbankment or dam) to fail, to collapse
senembi = vi. ??????to leak, to percolate
sengge = a. n. ????????senior, aged man ; sengge irgen ???seniors
senggelembi = vi. ???to become old, to come of age
senggi = n. ?blood ; senggi bira ???blood river ; senggi sudala ???blood vessel
senggi yasai muke = n. ???blood and tears
senggilembi = vi. ????????to bleed, to shed blood
senggimbi = vi. ?????????to love each other, to be friendly
sengsereme bucembi = vi. ?????????to drown
sengseršbumbi = vt. ????to be loved, to be lovely
sengsu = n. ????????gravel, riprap ; sengsu wehe ???gravels
senji = n. ???post (of a rifle or gun)
seolembi = vi. ?????to think, to ponder
seolen = n. ???????consideration, thought
ser seme = a. ?С??tiny ; ser seme agambi ???to drizzle and mizzle
ser sere = a. ?С??tiny, trivial ; ser sere tuwa ???????tiny sparks ; ser sere jaka ??С???trivial thing
sere = a. ?????????so-called, as it is called (after the noun it modifies) ; ??jalarin buyenin?? ~ jiti holbun dorolon ???С??????顱????????a joint wedding ceremony called the ??century love??
sere anggala = conj. ???????????not only??, but also?? ; tusa ak?? sere anggala, kemuni kokiran bi. ???????棬?????к?not only doing no good, but also harms
serebe = a. ?????vigilant, cautious
serebun = n. ?????о??????sense, perception
serecun = n. ????vigil, due caution
serembi = v. ?о???????to feel, to sense, to perceive
seremšeku = a. ???????????vigilant
seremšembi = vt. ???????to take precaution, to prevent
serengge = int. ????????????????????????that is, which is (put after the subject to mark emphasis)
serguwen = a. ??????????cool ; serguwen dade ???????cool place ; serguwen edun ????cool breeze
seri = a. ??????????sparse
serki = n. ???news of victory
serkin = n. ?????message, report ; cabcal serkin????????the Chabchal Messenger
seseme = ad. ????????kind of, a little bit
seshe = n. ????disgusting thing, the evil
seshecuke = a. ??????????????disgusting
seshembi = vt. ???????to disguise, to dislike
sesheri = a. ???????vulgar, worldly
sesulabumbi = vt. ????to surprise (sb.)
sesulambi = vi. ?????????????to be surprised (also as sesulembi)
seyecuke = a. ?????????disgusting, abominable
seyecun = n. ???????hate, hatred
si1 = pron. ??you (second person singular) ; si saiy??n ?????How are you? ; si bi seme ilgalarak??????????not distinguishing you and me
si2 = n. ????????comma; space
Sibe = a. ??????of the Sibe nationality
Sibe gisun = n. ??????Sibe language
Sibe Manju gisun = n. ???????????????????????the Sibe Manchu language
siberi = n. ??sweat
sibiya tatabumbi = vi. ???to draw cuts, to ballot for sth.
sibiyalambi = vi. ???to draw cuts, to ballot
sibkimbi = vi. ?о?????to study, to research; to spy
sibkime fuhašara boo ?? n. ?о???research group, research division
sibša = ad. ?????????????downward, backward
sibšalambi = vt. ?????????to expel, to dismiss, to kick out
sibšambi = vi. ??????to make a face
sidan = n. δ?????????????children, juvenile
siden i ba = n. ????????public place ; siden i bade?????????in public places
siden i baibungga = n. ????public money ; siden i baibunggai ?ù???at public expense ; siden i baibunggai sargašara ????????
siden i baita = n. ?????????????public afffair
siden i baitalan = a. ?????for public use
siden i bithe = n. ????official document
siden1 = n. ?м????????????middle; among ; gurun siden ?????international ; irgen siden ???? (among the) folks, people
siden2 = n. ???????proof, evidence ; siden i inyalma ?м???????mediator, witness ; siden temgetu ???????evidence; certificate
sidengge boo = n. ???? office
sifik?? sifiha se = n. ??箮???????the age to use hairpins, fifteen
sifulu = n. ????bladder
sihak?? = n. ???piccolo
sihambi = vi. ???????to wither, (leaves) to fall
sihelembi = vt. ????????to obstruct, to hinder; to stop
sihešembi = vt. ???????to cater to
sija = n. ????minced meat
sijirh??n = n. ????????righteousness, candor
sika moo = n. ?????palm tree
sike = n. ??urine
sikse = n. ????yesterday
sikseri = ad. ?????????dusk, towards the end of the day
sile = n. ????????soup, meat soup
silemin = a. ???????????durable, serviceable, enduring
silenggi = n. ??dew
silenggimbi = vt. ???to envy
silenggišembi = vt. ????to envy, to covet
silgabun = n. ?????????????selection
silgambi = vt. ??????to select
silgiyambi = vt. ???????to wash away, to cleanse
silhata = n. ????????????single person, lonely person ; silhata haha ????????single man
silhi = n. ????????gallbladder; courage
silhidambi = vt. ?????????to be jealous of, to envy
silhingga = a. ?????envious, jealous
silin = a. ?????battle-hardened, selected ; sinlin cooha ??????battle-hardened troops
silmelembi = v. ???to air-dry
silmen = a. ????????????????shade ; silmen ba ??????shaded area
silmengge sara = n. ??ɡparasol
siltambi = vt. ??????????to decline, to shy away from
simacuka = a. ????????????depressed
simbi = vt. ????to block, to plug up
simebumbi = vt. ????to moisturize, to wet ; simeli fa ????cold window (Chinese experssion of hard studying)
simelen = n. ???????marsh, (small) lake
simeli = a. ???壬???????cold, poor
simen = n. ?????????????essence; semen ; simen senggi ??? (man's) vigor, sperm
simenggilembi = vt. ?????????to oil, to add lube oil
simhun = n. ??????finger; toe
simnebume = n. ????test, examination
simnembi = v. ?????????????to test, to carry out an examination ; simneme gaimbi ???to pass the entrance examination
simnen = n. ????examination ; simnesi ?????????examinee
simnenembi = vi. ??????????to go for an examination
simnere = a. ????? (of or pertaining to) examination, examining ; simnere erin???????test date, time of examiniation ; simnere bukdarun ????????test sheet, answer sheet ; sinmare hafan ????examinar, tester
simten = n. ζ??ζ??taste, flavour ; simtan simten ??ζtaste
sinagan = n. ???????Т??funeral, beravement; mourning dress ; sinagan de genembi ???to attend a funeral ; sinagan i baita be icihiyambi ???to manage a funeral
sinagan i mejige = n. ????obituary
sinahi = n. Т????Т??mourning dress
sindambi = vt. ??????????????????????to apply, to add, to employ; to place, tp put; to establish, to found
sinde fonjiki = ????excuse me, may I ask?? ; Sinde fonjiki, ere oci tana I boo nio? ?????????????????Excuse, is this Tana's home?
sing jeng = n. ????administration (Chin. xingzheng)
sing jeng habšan = n. ????????administrative case or lawsuit
singgebumbi = vt. ???to graft
singgembi = vt. ????????to go deep into, to enter
singgeri = n. ????rat, mouse
singsilembi = vt. ???to recognize, to discern
Sinh??waše = n. ?????Xinhua News Agency (Chin. Xinhuashe) ; Sinh??waše mejige ????????Xinhua news report
sini = p. ???your (sing.)
sini beye = n. ?????yourself ; sini beye gociki ??????鰡 help yourself with the cigarettes
Sinjiyang = geogr. ???Xinjiang
sirabuha isamjan = n. ???飬??г?????sequel
sirak?? = n. ???wig
sirambi = vt. ????????????to link; to continue, to extend
sirame = a. ?????????continuing, extended ; sirame tacibun h??wašabun???????post-secondary education, continuing study ; sirame acaki ???see you later
sirame ama = n. ???step father
sirame eniye = n. ???step mother
sirame mudan = n. ??Σ??????next time
siramengge = a. ?ε?????ε????????secondary (in order, isgnificance or quality)
siran = n. ??????????continuation
siranduhai badarara bodogon = ???????????strategy for sustainable development
sirandumbi = v. ????to follow
sirdan = n. ?????arrow
siren = n. ????????????????磻???????line, string, ray; stream; down-lead, rattan, vine
sirenembi = vi. ??????????to last, to stretch, to extend
sirentu moo = n. ????banyan tree
sirga k??waran = n. ??????an architectural compound with a bounding wall, courtyard
sirge = n. ????????silk, string, cord
sirimbi = vt. ?????(????) to press, to blow (nose) ; niyaki sirimbi ?????to blow nose
sirsing = n. ????ape
sirumbi = vi. ????to grow older
sisambi = vt. ???????to pour, to shed (blood); to lose
sišargan = n. ???sparrow
siseku = n. ???sieve, screen
sisembi = vt. ???????to sieve, to screen
siseme arambi = vt. ????to draft (a paper, etc.)
sishe = n. ????tick, futon
sisimbi = vt. ?壬????to insert, to stick in
sitah??n = a. ???????few, single, lonely ; sitah??n niyalma ????a king's humble reference of himself
sitash??n = n. ?????????poverty, hard time
sitembi = vi. С??to pee, to urinate
sithen = n. С????????small box, casket
sith??mbi = vt. ?????????to devote oneself to, to focus one's attention on
siwa = n. Ш??wedge (Chin. xie)
siyanfa = n. ???constitution of a nation (Chin. xianfa) ; Jungh??wa niyalma irgen gunheg'o i siyanfa ?л??????????? Constitution of the People's Republic of China
siyoo jiyei = n. С??miss, damsel
siyoolambi = v. ????????to sell, to market (Chin. xiao)
siyoošun = n. Т?filial piety
so = n. ????????????omen
sogi = n. ???vegetables
sohin = n. ??ice
sohohori = n. ????pure yellow
sohon = a. ????????????????yellow, light brown
soihon = n. ????care, attention ; emu soihon i weilembi??????to work with care
soilombi = vi. ?????????????to soar, to fly up; to take off
soison = n. ????squirrel
sokji = n. ???float grass, seaweed
soksimbi = vi. ???????????????to weep
soksori = ad. ???suddenly
soktoho = a. ????drunk ; elekei soktoho ?????????nearly really drunk ; soktoho niyalma ?????????drunk
soktok?? = n. ???drunkard, alcoholic
soktombi = vi. ???????to be drunkened, to drink too much
Solho gurun = n. ?????????Korea
solimbi = vt. ?????????to invite, to hire
solinabumbi = vt. ???to go to invite
solinjimbi = vt. ????to come to invite
solmin = n. ?????end, tip, crown (of a tree) ; biya solmin isinaha ????????the moon rose onto tree tops
sombi = vt. ????????to sew, to cast; to shoot at the same time
somimbi = vt. ???????to hide sth.
somime bimbi = vi. ????to live as a hermit, to retreat
somime gisurembi = vt. ?????????to conceal sth.
somime saisa = n. ???hermit
somish??n = n. ?????????????? secret, mystery ; somish??n jalan ????????secret world, mysterious world
somitambi = vi. ???????????to hide (oneself)
soncoho = n. ????braid, pigtail // a. ??????single, odd number
songgombi = vi. ???????to cry, to cry out ; songgome gasambi ????to cry
songgotu = a. ?????lacrimose, like a crybaby
songko = n. ????????trace, track ; songko de sonkoi???as before, as usual
songko arbun = n. ????sign
songkoi = prop. ????????????????in compliance with, according to; that way, like that ; ~ gisurembi ?????to speak that way
songkolombi = vt. ??????????Ч??to comply with, to follow one's example
sonihon = a. ?????????????odd (numbered)
soningga = a. ???????????fresh, new, unusual
sonjombi = v. ???to choose, to select
sonjombi = vt. ????????to choose, to select
sonombi = vt. ??????to raise (ones buttocks)
soorilambi = vi. λ?????????to be situated, to be seated, to lie (in)
soorin = n. ??λ????λthrone, empery ; soorin de tembi ???????λto ascend the throne ; soorin de turimbi??λto usurp the throne
soro = n. ????Chinese date, jujube
sorocuke = a. ???????????shy, bashful
sorombi = ??????to abstain from, to avoid talking about
sosambi = vt. ????????to loot, to plunder
sosombi = vi. ??кto suffer a diarrhea
sosorombi = vi. ?????????to retreat, to withdraw
su = n. ????cyclone ; su edun ????cyclone, tornado, whirlwind
suayan = a. ?????????yellow
subarhan = n. ??pagoda (also as subargan)
subeliyen = n. ??????wool, velvet
subsi = a. ?????trivial, immaterial ; subsi baita????trivial things, drudgery
sucumbi = vi. ?壬?????????????to rush, to attack, to assault; to penetrate, to force in
sucumgga = n. ???????????beginning ; sucumgga aniya ???first year ; sucungga mudan ????first time
sudala = n. ??????????????pulse, pulsation; animation ; sudala jafambi ????to diagnose by analyzing pulsation
sudan = n. ???short hair, bingle ; sudan funiyehe ???short hair
suduri = n. ??????history ; suduri bithe??飬??? ; gurun i suduri ???national history ; suduri mutun ???hostorical documents ; suduri ejebun ??????Records of the Historian
sufan = n. ??????elephant
suhe = n. ????axe
suhen = n. ???????note, remark, annotation ; suhen gisun ???note, annotation
suhun = a. ???????????milky, light yellow
sui = n. ??????sin, guilt, crime; trials and tribulations ; sui mangga ????????injustice, an unjust charge
sui ak?? = a. ?????????innocent, not guilty, in the clear ; sui ak?? urse be ušabumbi ?????to harm the innocent people
sui tuwambi = v. ???to suffer
suihumbi = vi. ???to be addicted to wine
suihun = n. ????earrings
suilacuke = a. ???????????arduous, toilsome, laborous
suilacun = n. ????????labour, travail, toil and moil
suilambi = vi. ????to work hard, to labour
suilan = n. ??????bumblebee
suilash??n = n. ?????????poverty, misery
suimbi = vt. ??????to look for, to seek ; baime suime yabucina, uthai ucara ??????????Seek, and you will find.
suitambi = vt. ??????????to pour, to shower, to fill
suitara = n. ???extravagance, unnecessary luxury
sujambi = vt. ????棬????????????to support, to hold, to underlay; to resist
sujumbi = vi. ???????to run, to flee
sukdun = n. ???????壻????????????gas, breath of life; weather ; abkai sukdun ???? weather ; sukdun arbun ????weather ; sukdun fiyan ????????complexion ; sukdun oron ????verve
sukdun = n. ???????? gas, gasoline ; sukdun sejen ????bus, generic name of all motor vehicles on gas and diesel
sukdun salgabun = n. ????a person's temperament, disposition, tincture
sukiyambi = vt. ???????to empty ; sukiyame omimbi ???bottom up, cheers
sukjimbi = vt. ?????????to enjoy
suksaha = n. ????thigh
suksalambi = vt. ????to cultivate, to reclaim (land)
suksan = n. ??????????newly cultivated land
suksurembi = vi. ??????????(???) ????to expand, to swell; (birds) to dive
suk?? = n. ??????????????skin, leather, peel
suk??nambi = vi. ????????to crust
suk??ngge = a. ????????made of leather
sula = a. ?????????free, (land) deserted, uncultivated ; sula ba ???uncultivated land
sula saisa = n. ???upsaka
sulabumbi = vi. ???????????????to be unoccupied, to be free, to be spare
sulakan = a. ???????????relaxed, at ease, leisured ; si mujilen be sulaka sinda ?????don't worry, set your heart at rest ; sulakan ojorak?? ??????worried, concerned
sulambi = vt. ??????????? to leave, to remain, to be left over
sulambus'hun = n. ???liberation ; sulambus'hun cooha ????Liberation Army
sulfa = n. [??]??????ease, comfort, well-being
sulfangga = a. ??????????relaxed, comfortable
sumala = n. ???bag, backpack
sumaltu = n. ????kangaroo
suman = n. ?????????air; evening mist
sumbi = vt. ?????????ж????to put off (clothes), to get rid of, to unload, to release ; etuku be sumbi ????to put off clothes
sume bodombi = vt. ??????????to reimburse, to liquidate, to write off
sume tucibumbi = vt. ????to kick off, to dismiss, to fire (sb.)
sun = n. ??milk ; sun i cai ???milk tea ; sun sambi ????to milk ; sun sirimbi ????to milk
sun nimenggi = n. ????ghee, milk tea
sundalambi = vt. ???to chase and attack
Sung gurun = n. ?γ?the Song dynasty (960-1279) ; Sung forgon ?δ?Song dynasty
sunggari bira = n. ????????milky way, galaxy
sunggari ula = n. ?????Songhua River
sunggeljembi = vi. ???????????????to tremble, to quake, to shake
sunggiyen = a. [?]??????????wise, open-minded
sunja = num. ??five ; sunja feten ????the five prime elements ; sunja nomun ?徭five classics
sunja aniyai bodomin = n. ??????five-year plan
sunja biya = n. ??????????May; five months
sunja usihai = a. ?????with or of five stars ; sunja usihai fulgian kiru??????? five-star flag (national flag of China)
sunjaci = num. ????fifth ; sunjaci jalan i omolo ???????the fifth generation grand children
sunjangga inenggi = n. ?????the lunar May 5 day (poet's day, in memory of Qu Yuan)
suntaha = n. ?????ski
surambi = vi. ????????to cry out, to hawk
suran = n. ????flea ; suran h??da ba?????г?flea market
sure = n. ????brightness, intelligence ; sure genggiyen ????brightness, wisdom ; sure sektu ??????????smart, clever ; sure i cargi dalin de ak??naha niyaman i nomun ?????????????????Prajñ??p??ramit??-s??tra, or the Heart Sutra
sure baramit = n. ??????????prajñ??p??ramit??, or perfect enlightenment
Sure Han = n. ????????????????Tiancong reign (r. 1627-1636)
sure h??sun = n. ????????intelligence contest
sure sere = n. ????sweet smell, fragrance
surembi = vi. ???????to shout, to yell (also as surambi) ; sureme h??lambi ???to shout, to yell ; sureme songgombi ???????to cry out loud
surh??n = n. ?????????understanding, clarity ; surh??n ak?? ??????????????fool, idiot
surimbi = vi. ??????to wither
surtembi = vi. ???????to run
suruk = n. ????????cattle, herd
surumbi = vt. ????????to relieve, to alleviate
susai = num. ???fifty
susaici = num. ?????fiftieth
susakangge = a. ??????damned, cursed
susambi = v. ?????????to kill, to destroy; to die
susu = n. ???磬????????????hometown, native place; ruins ; da susu ???one's original home place
susultungga = a.n. [?]????????the wise one
sutembi = vt. ????????????to slaughter the whole family
suwaliyaganjambi = vt. ??????????to mingle, to mix, to adulterate
suwaliyambi = vt. ???????to mingle, to adulterate
suwanda = n. ??????garlic (Chin. suan)
suwangkiyambi = v. ??? (animals) to graze
suwayan = a. ????????yellow ; suwayan turi ???soy bean
suwayan nenden ilha = n. ??÷??calyx canthus flower
suwe = pron. ????you ( second person plural nominative)
suwelembi = vt. ???????to search, to forage for ; suweleme tucibumbi ???to rummage up, to find
suweni = pron. ?????your (pl.)
sysiyang = n. ??? ideology (Chin. sixiang)

Š

šabi = n. ????????????disciple, pupil, appertice
šabinar = n. pl. ???????????followers, disciples
šaburambi = vi. ????????to fall asleep
šadambi = vi. ???to get tired, to get bored
šadash??n = a. ???????Щ????tired
šah??n = a. ????????????pale; xin (the eighth of the ten tiangans in Chinese traditional natural philosophy)
šah??rabumbi = vt. ????to cool
šah??rambi = vi. ?????????to cool down; to catch cold
šah??run = a. ??????????????????cold, chilly; impassionate ; šah??run ak?? halh??n ak?? ???????neither cold nor hot, comfortably temperate ; ajige šah??run С??Small Coldness (the second last season in a Chinese lunar year) ; šah??run injembi ??Цto sneer
šajilambi = v. ???to forbid, to prohibit
šajin = n. ???棬????regulation, commandment ; šajin kooli ????statute ; šajin kurdun ???? (Buddhism) wheel of law
šajingga baksi = n. ???Buddhist guru
šak fik = a. ?????????? (forest or woods) dense, thick
šaka = n. ?? fork, trident; cross
šakalambi = vt. ?棬???to cut using a fork; to cross, to intercept
šakašambi = vi. ????????to assemble, to swarm
šakšaha = n. ??cheek
šala = n. ??У????margin, brink
šambi = vt. ??to look ; Isus cembe šafi, cende hendume?? ????????????????Jesus looked at them, and said??
šan = n. ????ear ; yasa šan ???eyes and ears ; yasa šan be dasimbi ??????to block ones eyes and ears, to prevent sb. from knowing the truth ; šan uluken ????????????unconfident, unsure of oneself
šanahai furdan = n. ?????the Shanhaiguan Fort
šancin = n. ???????castle, fort
šang = n. ???????award, reward
šanggambi = vt. ???????to accomplish, to fulfil
šanggan = n. ???fruit, success, progress ; sain šanggan bahambi??ú?ó??to make great progress, to be fruitful
šanggatai = ad. ?????successfully
šanggiyan = n. ??????(??)??(???)?? white; geng (the seventh tiangan in Chinese traditional natural philosophy)
šanggnambi = vt. ???????to award (sb. for an accomplishment)
Šanghai = geogr. ???Shanghai
šanyan = a. ????????white (also as šanggiyan) ; šanggan alin??????????the Changbai Mountains
šanyan fulha = n. ????aspen
šanyangga = a. ??????? silver, white
šara = ad ??????extremely ; šara fancambi ??????extremely angry
šaringgiyambi = vt. ????????to exonerate (sb. from false blame or accusation)
šarmana = n. ??????????Buddhist monk, sramana
šasihalambi = vt. ?????slap sb. in the face
šasihan = n. ??????soup
šašun = n. ??minced meat
šatan = n. ???????? (white, refined) sugar
šayu = n. ?fast, vegetables (also as šayo) ; šayu sogi ???vegetables
šeh??i juyi = n. ??????? socialism (Chin. shehui-zhuyi)
šehun = a. ?????????????bright, bright and spacious ; šehun bigan ???wildness, field
šeji = n. ???state
šelembi = vt. ??????to sacrifice, to five up ; ergen šelembi ?????????to sacrifice one's life
šelenembi = vi. ?????to fight for social justice
šengge = a. ?????miraculous, wonderful
šengge jui = n. ???wonder child, whiz kid, genius
šenggin = n. ???forehead
šengsin = n. ???fengshui, qi of the surrounding environment ; šengsin i siren ????vital line for the qi, demarcate line or watershed
šeobei = n. ??????????garrison, defenders (Chin. shoubei)
šeri = n. ?????fountain, spring ; ah??n-nun šeri ?????the Brother-sister Fountain ; halh??n šeri ???hot spring, spa, geyser
šeyen = a. ??????????pure white, snowwhite, argent
šigiyamuni = n. ???????Śaky??muni the Buddha
šitang = n. ???dining hall (Chin. shitang)
šoge = n. ?????ingot, bar
šohodombi = vi. ?ε???????to wander about
šokšohon = n. ????summit, tiptop
šolo = n. ???У????leisure (e.g. a few days), time ; šolo bihede jia jicina. ?п?????????come to see us again when you got the time ; šolo ak?? ??п?having no time
šolo be dulebure tokso = n. ????holiday village
šolo tucibumbi = vt. ???to find a time (to do sth.), to make time
šolokon = a. ???????? ; šolokon suduri ???brief history
šolombi = vt. ?????to grill, to bake
šolonggo = a. ???pointy, sharp
šombi = vt. ?Σ???to scrape, to scratch, to shave
šorgimbi = vt. ???У????to assemble, to collect
šorho = n. С????????chick
šošohon = n. ?????????????sum, total; conclusion ; šošohon ton ????????sum, total ; šošohon i ba ???strategic location, pivotal place ; šošohon tucibumbi ?????to conclude, to draw a conclusion
šu fiyelen = n.???????prose, essay
šu h??man = n. ????????????literature and arts ; šu h??man falin ?????team of performing arts
šu wen = n. ???culture
šu-genggiyen = n. ???? civilization ; oori sukdun šu-genggiyen ????????spirituality, spiritual civilization
šulhe = n. ?? pear
šumci = ad. ????in depth, in detail
šumin = a. ??deep ; bethe be duleme šumin ?????deep enough to cover one's feet ; birai muke šumin ak?????????the river is not deep
šun = n. ??????sun ; teniken alin deri tucike šun ????????the rising sun (from the top of mountains) ; šun tucike ?????the sun rose ; šun dosika ??????the sun set ; šun biya?????????sun and moon; time ; šun i foson???sunlight
šun dekdere ergi = n. ???????????east
šun dosimbi = vi. ???? (sun) to rise
šun dositala = ad. ?????裬????at the end of the day, toward the end of the day
šun jembi = vi. ???(said of the sun) to stage a solar eclipse, to be eclipsed
šun mukdembi = vi. ???? (sun) to rise
šun tuhere ergi = n. ???????????west
šunembi = vi. ???? (land) to lie waste, to deteriorate
šungga ilha = n. ??osmanthus flower
sunggari bire = n. ????????milky way, galaxy
šunggayan = a. ???????????thin, slim
šunggeri = a. ????????elegant, refined (also as šungkeri)
šunggiya = a. ?????refined, polite
šungke urse = n. ????man of letters, literati
šungkebi = pp. ???to be expert in
šungkeri = a. ????????elegant, refined (also as šunggeri) ; šungkeri hiyan ????orchid
šungkeri ilha = n. ????orchid flower
šuntuhuni = a. ?????all day long
šuntuhuni = ad. ????all day long
šurdebuku = n. ????pulley, chain wheel
šurdeku = n. ??????????turbulence, whirl, whirlpool ; šurdeku muke????turbulent water
šurdembi = v. ??????to spin, to rotate; to turn
šurdeme = ad. ???????????about, around
šurdeme ba na = n. ??????surrounding areas
šurdeme gisurembi = vi. ?????????to mediate, to lobby
šurdeme ukumbi = v. ????????to turn around (sb.), to cluster around
šurdere = a. ?????circulating, rotating
šurga = n. ?????????????dust, wind-raised dust or snow
šurgambi = vt. ????????to raise, to wind up (dust or snow)
šurgecembi = vi. ???????????to tremble (for fear or cold)
šuru = n. ???coral
šuruci = n. ???????seaman, sailor
šusai = n. ????student
šusi ilha = n. ???narcissus, daffodil
šusihalambi = vt. ???????to whip
šušu sogi = n. ???laver
šušu1 = a. ????????purple ; šušu boco ??? (colour) purple
šušu2 = n. ??????????Chinese sorghum (Chin. shushu)
šušungge = a. ?????purple, violet
šušunggiyambi = vi. ????????????to wishper
šušurgan ilha = n. ?????redbud
šutucin = n. ?????????????preface, prelude
šutumbi = vi. ??????to grow up
šuturu = n. ??grammar ; Manju gisun i šuturu ??????Manchu grammar
šuwe ak?? sehede = ad. ?????????at least
šuwe amala = ad. ???lastly, finally
šuwe hafu = a. ???having thorough understanding of sth.
šuwe šošohon = n. ???end; last minite
šuwe šošohon de = ad. ???finally, at the end (of sth.)
šuwe wajima = ad. ???at last, finally, at the end of the day
šuwe1 = ad. ??????very ; šuwe šumin ?????very deep ; šuwe amala ??? finally, lastly
šuwe2 = ad.????????????directly; all the way; utterly ; šuwe ak?????????never

??????????? (T - Z)


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

T

tabarambi = vi. ???????????to err, to make mistake
tabcilambi = v. ????to rob, to loot
tabcin = n. ????robbery, looting
tabsitambi = vi. ??????????to stickle, to argue illogically
tacibcen = n. ?????α??????textbook, lecture notes; manual, brochure
tacibumbi = vt. ????????????to teach, to instruct, to educate
tacibun = n. ??????teaching, education ; tacibun h??wašabun ????education
tacibun h??washabun = n. ????education
tacibure bithe = n. ???textbook
tacibure hese = n. ????????emperor's breve, instruction
tacibure mutun = n. ????teaching materials, handouts
taciha sahangge = n. ??knowledge and vision
tacihangge = n. ???inquiry, knowledge
tacihiyak?? = n. У???Уschool, college, educational institution
tacihiyambi = vt. ???????????to teach, to instruct
tacihiyan = n. ????????????teaching, education; religion ; booi tacihiyan???????tutoring, family education ; bai liyan tacihiyan ??????the White Lotus cult ; tacihiyan de buksurehe urse ?????????religious fanatics
tacik?? = n. ?Уcommon school, college, university ; tacik?? tacihiyak???У (a generic term for) educational institutions ; tacik??i juse ???????students
tacimbi = v. ?????to learn
tacime ilimbaha = pp. ?????accustomed, used ; tacima ilimbahade ini cisui oho adali sehebi???????once accustomed, one would take it easy ; tacin ak?? ?????not familiar
tacin = n. ???????learning, enquiry; moral tendency of a community or culture, moral awareness
tacin demun = n. ????custom
tacinun = n. ??????????ethos, fashion ; tacinun šunggiya ????vogue, literary fashion
tacire de amuran = a. ???fond of learning, knowledge-loving
tacisi = n. ???student (pl. tacisisa)
tadurame tantambi = vi. ?????????to fight a gang war or bunch-up
tafambi = vt. ?????????to rise, to climb up ; šu bai jug??n i manggannge, niohon abka de tafara ci mangga???????????????? (travelling by) the Shu roads is so hard, literally harder than climbing up to the sky
tafitu = n. ??????unicorn
tafuk?? = n. ????????????stairs, staircase; social class ; tafuk?? de uyun jergi terkin bi????о??the staircase has nine steps
tafulambi = vt. ???????裬??to persuade or disuade, to advise ; tafulame hendumbi??to persuade or disuade
tafulan = n. ??persuasion, disuasion, advice
tafumbi = vt. ?????to go up, to climb up (also as tafambi)
tahan fatan i sabu = n. ???Ьchopine
tah??ra = n. ????????mussel, shellfish ; tah??ra efen ??????? (food) dumplings
tai = n. ?????platform ; tai giyamun???posthouse, dak
taibu = n. ????????beam ; niyalma de sargan ak?? oci, boo de taibu ak?? adali kai??????????緿????a wifeless man likens a beamless house
taifin = n. ??peace (Chin. taiping) ; taifin jalan ?????????????peacetime
taifingga = a. ??????????peaceful, quiet
taigiyan = n. ???eunuch
taiheo = n. ???empress dowager (Chin. taihou) ; Tsy-si taiheo ???????The Empress Dowager Cixi
taizu = n. ???first emperor of a dynasty
taizy = n. ??????λ?????prince-heir
taka = ad. ????????????just, for the moment ; bi taka teyebi ????????????I'd like to rest a while
taka banjimbi = vi. ???????to live temporarily
takabumbi = v. ???????????????????to introduce, to outline; to be recognized ; gisureme takabumbi ????to give a brief introduction (of sth. or sb.)
takambi1 = vt. ????????????to know, to understand ; manju hergen be takambi ??????to know Manchu
takambi2 = vi. ??????to wait, to pause ; takasu ??????????wait a minute
takdambi = vi. ????????????????to be proud, to be haughty and arrogant
takdangga = a. ??????????proud, arrogant
taksimbi = vi. ?棬?????????to exist, to remain ; taksire gukure ????life or death, to be or not to be
taktu = n. ?????? (generic term for) storeyed building, pavilion ; taktu asari ???buildings and pavilions
tak??lu = conj. ???????????wait a minute
tak??rambi = vt. ??????to send, to assign sb. to do sth., to dispatch (on a mission)
tak??ran = n. ????????mission, assignment ; tak??ran de tucimbi ????to go on a business trip
tak??ršara hehesi = n. ??????maid, maidservant
tala = n. ???field, wilderness
talai = a. ???wild ; talai tuwa ???forest fire, prairie fire
talai cooha = n. ????field army
talgan = n. ?棬???face, plane
talgari = n. ????????surface, outside
talih??n = n. ?????????doubt, hesitation
talkiyambi = vi. ???? (lightning) to appear
talkiyan = n. ????lightnings
talmambi = vi. ????to mist ; talman talmambi ????to mist
talman = n. ??fog, mist
talu de = ad. ???occasionally, sporadically
talude = conj. ?????????in case (of), by any chance (put at the beginning of a clause)
tamalimbi = vi. ????to struggle
tamambi = vt. ??????to collect
tambi = vi. ???????????????to delay, to drag on
tampin = n. ??kettle
tana = n. ????pearl
tandame tuhebumbi = v. ?? to smash; down with
Tang gurun = n. ???the Tang dynasty (618-907) ; Tang forgon ???the Tang dynasty
tanggimbi = vt. ???to accost sb.
tangg?? = num. ?? hundred ; ilan tangg?? ninju sunja inenggi ???????????three hundred sixty five days ; gangg?? boo i hala ?????a hundred family names
tangg?? hala = n. ????people
tangg?? tumen = num. ????million
tanggut gisun = n. ????Tibetan language
tangkan = n. ???????????level, grade, rank, class ; geren tangkan ??????at various ranks
tangsime = ad. ?????????????adroitly, fluently ; ingiri gisun be tangsime gisurembi ??????????to speak English fluently
tangsu = a. ?????????tender, sweet, namby-pamby ; tansu harh??n ??? (voice) tender and sweet
tangsulambi = vt. ?簮??????to spoil ; tangsulame ujimbi ?簮to spoil
tanjambi = vi. ??????????to stammer
tantabumbi = vi. ????to be assaulted, to be beaten
tantambi = vt. ?????to hit, to beat, to assault ; tantame bucebumbi ????to beat to death ; tantame wambi ????to beat to death
tar seme = a. ??????scared
tara ah??n = n. ??? cousin brother (elder than oneself) ; tara ah??n deo ?????cousins
tara non = n. ????cousin sister (younger than oneself) ; tara eyun non ?????cousins
taracin = n. ??????????peasant, farmer
tarcan = n. ?ī???graphite, lead
tarcan = n. ? (metal) lead
targa inenggi = n. ????death day
targacun = n. ????????warning, admonition
targambi = vt. ????????to forbid, to ban; to watch for, to take precautions
targame sengguweme = a. ?????vigilant, precautious
targara daldara = n. ???fear, scruple ; targara daldara ba ak?? ??????having no scruple
tarh??mbi = vi. ?????????to gain weight, to grow fat
tarh??n = n. ???????fatness, obesity
tarimbi = v. ??????to plant, to grow ; handu be tarimbi ??????to grow paddy ; handu be absi tarimbi ??????????how to grow paddy
tarire ulha = n. ????????????farming livestock
tarni = n. ??????spell
tarudambi = vi. ???????to answer back, to talk back
tašan = a. ????α??false, fake, couterfeit ; holo tašan ??α??deceptive, hypocritic ; yargiyan tašan ??αtrue or false; authetic or counterfeit
tašarambi = vi. ????to err, to make mistake ; ere gisun tašarahabi??????it does not make sense
tašarame g??nimbi = vt. ?????????to mistake sb./sth. for sb/sth. else
tašarame wambi = vt. ?????????to manslaughter, to accidentaly kill
tasgambi = vt. ????????to fry, to dry
tasha = n. ???tiger ; hoošan tasha ????paper tiger
tatak?? = n. ????????drawer; willow bucket (for tapping water from wells) ; tatak?? dere ?????????????????desk (with drawers)
tatala = ad. ???????a lot, very much
tatambi = vt. ????????????to pull, to drag, to haul; to attract customers, to importune
tatame tucibumbi = vt. ???to confiscate
tatame wambi = vt. ????to hang
tatan = n. ??????????????station, stop; base, habitat ; sukdun sejen i tatan ?????bus station
tatan tobo = n. ????????????headquarters, command tents ; tatan boo de tehe, minggan bai tulergi be bodohobi???????У??????????devising a strategy in the headquarter tents, winning the war a thousand miles away
tatara boo = n. ???inn, home inns
tath??njambi = vi. ????????to hesitate, to doubt
tatuhan = n. С????violin, fiddle
te = n. ????????now, today ; te bici ???У?????now there is (are)
te bicibe = ad. ???????now, at present
te donjinci = ad. ????????I heard that, it is said that
te i = a. ??????????present ; te i jalan???present (time)
te uthai = ad. ??????????right now, right away, immediately
tebcimbi = vi. ????????????to stand, to bear, to tolerate
tebeliyembi = vt. ????????????to embrace, to hug, to grip, to clasp
tebumbi = v. ???????to fill up, to put in, to put, to place
tebumbi = vt. ?????????????У?????to fill, to load; to hold in mind ; tebuhe g??nin ????mind, what one holds in mind ; tebuhe mujilen????????mind, thinking
tede = ad. ????so far, up to now
teherebuku = n. ???balance, scale
teherebumbi = vt. ???????to match, to trade (goods)
teherembi = v. ??????to be even, to be equal, to be fitful, to match
teherembi = vt. ?????to worth, to be equal to
tehereme yabumbi = vi. ???to be parallel
teherere niyalma = n. ????rival
tehererengge ak?? = a. ?????????????? peerless ; mini tara non saikan, tehererengge ak??????????????my cousin sister is peerlessly beautiful
teike = n. ???just now ; teike teike ?????now and then
teile = ad. ?????????????Ψ??but, only
teile ak?? = conj. ????not only
teisu = n. ????????one's duty, devoir, measure
teisu teisu = ad. ????????each other, following one another
teisulebumbi = vi. ????to meet
teisulembi = vt. ??????????????????to meet, to encounter; to match, to be equal to
teisulen = n. ???compliance, matching
teišun = n. ???brass
teisungge = a. ????equal
teksilembi = vt. ??????????????to arrange, to regulate
teksilere = n. ???裬????consolidation ; dang be teksilere ???????consolidation of the party
teksin = a. [??]??????????????equal, indiscriminate ; teksin mujilen ?????????equinamity
teku = n. ?λseat
teliyehe efen = n. ????dim sum, snacks
teliyembi = vt. ??to steam
tembi = vi. ??????????????? to sit; to live; (water, liquid mixture, or argument) to clarify, to become clear
temgetu = n. ????????????????? mark, symbol, label, identification ; temgetu bithe ??飬??? certificate, diploma
temgetu hergen arambi = vi. ???to register (and get a number)
temgetu jorin = n. ???guideline, pointer
temgetulen = n. ?????????????symbol ; temgetulen juyi ????????symbolism
temšembi = vt. ????????to compete (for), to fight (for)
temšen = n. ????struggle, competition
temun = n. ????wheel axle
ten = n. ????????????????pole, apex; root, base ; ba i ten ???base, foundation ; ten de isinambi ???????to the extreme
ten i = ad. ???extremely ; ten i sebjen ????extremely joyful
ten i banin = n. ???? (a person's) nature
ten i erun = n. ????death sentence, capitulation
ten obuha = post. ???????according to, in compliance with; via ; Ili Wanboo mejige be ten obuha ???????????????according to an Ili Evening News report
tenggeljembi = vi. ????to tremble, to shake, to quake
tenggin = n. ????????lake
tengkime sambi = vt. ???to know well, to be clearly aware
tengtembi = vt. ????to step (on sth.)
teniken = a. ???????just, just now
tenteke = a. ??? that, that kind of, such a ; tenteke erde?????so early ; tenteke hocikon?????so beautiful
teobiyoo = n. ???bidding for (a project)
teobiyoolembi = v. ??????to bid for (a project)
tere = ??he??????????? that, it
tere erin de = ad. ??????????then, at that time
tere erini = a. ?????then, of that time
tere fonde = ad. ???at that time, then
tere ucuri = ad. ???at that time
tereci = conj. ???????therefore, thus
terei = pron. ?????????his, its ; terei baitalara ???????its applications
terei amala = ad. ???after that
tereingge = pron. ??????????? (ownership) his or hers
terkimbi = vi. ?????to jump
terkin = n. ???????????step, platform
teru = n. ????anus
tese = pron. ???????Щ?????Щ??they, these people
tesu = n. ????????????one's own ; tesu oron ????λone's own 'unit' ; tesu ba ?????????local area
tesu bai = a. ???????????local, indigenous ; tesu bai jaka ??????????native goods
tesu bai irgen = n. ??????????native people, indigenous population, aborigines
tesumbi = v. ??????????????????????to suffice, to reach, to hit (a figure)
tetele = ad. ????so far, up to date, till now
tetendere = conj. ???since, now that (put at the end of the clause)
tetun = n. ????????????utensil, tool; coffin
teyehun cooha = n. ??????emerging force, fresh activists
teyembi = vi. ???to rest, to take a rest
teyen = n. ????????rest, repose
tinggin = n. ??????division (Chin. ting); lobby, yard
tiyan ran ci = n. ?????natural gas (Chin. tianranqi)
Tiyan-šan = geogr. ??? Mt. Tianshan, also as Tiyan-šan Alin (Chin. tianshan)
tob = n. [?]?????????just, righteousness ; tob ambalingg?? ???????fair, just and right
tob doro ?? n. ????justice, fairness
tob dulimba = n. ????middle, centre
tob seme = ad. ????????just right
tob tab = a. ????proper, upright
tob tondo = a.n. ???righteous; righteousness
tob waka = a. ??????unfair; unequal ; tob waka mekten ??????????unfair competition
tob yargiyan = a. ?????right, (politically) correct ; tob yeagiyan jug??n ?????·correct line
todolo = n. ????sign, omen
tofohoci = num. ?????fifteenth
tofohon = num. ???fifteen
toholon = n. ??tin, stannum
toholon muke = n. ???????mercury
tohoro = n. ????wheel, tire
tohorombi = vi. ??????????to rest, to settle, to relax
tohorombumbi = vt. ??????????to appease, to pacify
toilokošombi = vi. ????????to look around
toiton = n. ??????cuckoo
tojin = n. ???peacock
tokombi = vt. ??????to pierce, to prick
toksimbi = vt. ???to knock, to tap
tokso = n. ???village ; toksoi da?峤village head
toktobuha kooli = n. ??????????convention, precedent (also as toktoho kooli)
toktobumbi = v. ??????to be decided, to be determined, to be settled ;
toktoho gisun = n. ????idiom
toktoho g??nin = n. ????clear idea, determination
toktohon = n. ???????decision, determination; settlement
toktombi = vt. ????????to decide, to determine
tolgimbi = vi. ?Σ?????to dream
tolgin = n. ?Σ??????λ?dream ; tolgin getembi ????to wake up
toloci wajirak?? = a. ??????countless, innumerable
tolombi1 = vt. ?????????to count, to check the number ; tolome gisureme wajirak?? ???????countless, innumerable, beyond enumeration
tolombi2 = ?????to light up, to ignite, to kindle
tolon = n. ??棬???torch ; tolon tokiyembi ??????to hold a torch
tome = ad. ??? each, every ; niyalma tome ??? each person ; baita tome ?????everything, every matter
tomilambi = vt. ???????to allot, to distribute
tomombi = vi. ??????to rest, to dwell
tomon = n. ??????tomb, cave
tomorhon = a. ??????????clear, unambiguous, unequivocal
tomortai = a. ??е?exact
ton = n. ????????number
ton arambi = vi. ????to make up the number
ton i ilibuha = n. ????????quota, fixed number
tondo = a. ??????????????????????????????????????right, normal; vertical, perpendicular; loyal ; tondo sijirh??n???righteousness ; tondo amban ???loyalist ; tondo baturu ????loyal worrior ; tondo fayangga ???loyal soul ; tondo giljan ???loyal and forgiving ; tondo necin ???fair, just ; tondo h??da???????fair trade
tondo gisun = n. ????sincere advice
tondo hošo = n. ??? (geometry) right angle
tondo unenggi = a. ????loyal, faithful
tondokon = a. ???????????vertical, upright
tongga = a. ??е?????е?rare, scarce ; tongga baita?????rare case ; tongga saburengge ??????rare
tonggo = n. ??????thread, string
tongki = n. ??dot, point ; tongki fuke sindaha hergen ?????????dotted and circled script
toombi = vt. ??????to curse, to abuse ; girubume toombi ????to abuse
toose = n. ??????????right, entitlement; weight ; toose be jafambi ????????to come into power ; toose arga??Machiavellian politics, power games ; toose horon ??? (political) power ; toose h??sun???power
toose salibumbi = vi. ??to arrogate power
torgire muheren = n. ????pulley
torhombi = vt. Χ??to surround, to orbit
torimbi = vi. ?????????to shift, to change
toro = n. ???????peach, peach tree ; toro ilha???peach blossom
toron = n. ???flying dust
tosombi = vt. ???????????????to prevent, to take percaution; to protect against ; šah??run be tosombi????to protect against the cold wave
Tot = n. ???Tot Monglian ; Tot hergen i bithe????????Tot Mongolian script
tu = n. ??????flag, banner (Chin. dao) ; tu kiru ???banners
tuba = pron. ????there, that place
tubade = ad. ?????? (to) where ; tubade genefi ai baita be arambi? ??????????What do you want to do (after getting) there?
tubi = num. ?????a quarter
tubihe = n. ???fruit
Tubot = n. ?????????Tibet (called in early Ching period)
tucibumbi = v. ??????????????????to reveal, to publish, to declassify; to recommend ; tucibuhe bithe ?????reference letter
tucibun = n. ??????postscript
tucimbi = vi. ??????????????to come out; to escape; to excel
tucime = ad. ????????out, outward ; gisureme tucime ???speaking out
tucin = n. ??????reason, cause
tucinembi = vt. ???????????to go beyond, to be more than ; enduringge niyalma i doro unenggi ci tucinerak?? ?????????????the sages way is nothing more than faith
tucisun = n. ?????opening address
tugi = n. ??????cloud ; tugi neigen ????overcast, cloudy ; tugi haksaha ??????????evening glow ; tugi i gese isanambi ??? (people) to assemble like couds
tugi sunggari = n. ??????????milky way, galaxy (lit. heavenly river)
tugiyen = a. ?????outside
tugiyen arambi = vi. ????????????to treat sb. like outsiders, to stand on ceremony
tugiyen be buyembi = vi. (??) ????to be involved in a love affair, to have a romantic relationship with sb. other than one's spouse ; si imbe tugiyen be buyere habi semeo? ????????????????do you think he would have a love affair with somebody else?
tuhan = n. ???????????????? canoe; single-wood bridge; balance beam
tuhebuku doohan = n. ???????????suspension bridge
tuhebuku eye = n. ????pitfall, trap
tuhebumbi = vi. ????????????to suspend, to hang down, to droop
tuhembi = vi. ???????????????to fall (down); to drop; (sun, moon) to set
tuhen = n. ??????????????solution, settlement
tuilembi = vt. ????????to moult, to depilate
tukiyeceku = a. ????boastful, vaporing
tukiyecembi = vt. ????to praise, to give compliments
tukiyehe gisun = n. ??????abstract, excerpt
tukiyembi = vt. ??????to raise, to increase
tuksaka = n. (??) ??? (blastpheme) bastard, illegitimate child
tuksimbi = vi. ????to panic, to be scared
tuktan = n. ?????????beginning; first time ; tuktan acabumbi ????newly-wed, just got married
tuktan jergi = n. ??????????leisure time
tuku = n. ??????????outside, surface, appearance
tule = n. ????outside ; tule genembi ????to go to restroom
tule genere boo = ????toilet, washroom
tule genere hunio = n. ???potty
tulejehembi = vi. ?????????to gain weight, to grow fat
tulergi = n. ????outer (side or area), outside ; tulergi gurun???foreign countries ; tulergi golo ???outside one's own province, other provinces
tulergi aiman = n. ???????vassal state
tulergi aisilarangge = n. ???foreign aid
tulergi gurun i = a. ???????????foreign, overseas, of other countries
tulergi h??da = n. ??ó??????ó??foreign trade ; tulergi h??da dosimbume tucibure uherilehe saligan ??ó?????????total foreign trade including import and export
tuleri = n. ???棬???outside
tulesi = ad. ???????outside, out; after, later ; tulesi tuwambi ?????濴to look outside.
tulfambi = vi. ???to fail
tulhun = a. ???????????overcast, cloudy, sullen ; abka gaitai tulhun ombi oho. ????????the sky suddenly turns cloudy ; tulhun aga ????rainy day
tulhušembi = vi. ????????to turn cloudy or overcast
tulibumbi = vi. ?????????to go beyond the deadline, to expire
tulike ilha = n. ?л?stubbed flower; (woman) no longer a virgin
tulimbi = vt. ????????to go beyond (deadline, ration, etc.)
tumen = num. ??ten thousand ; tumen jaka ????things, everything ; tumen isimbi ???????there are thousands of
tumen de = ad. ???in case (also as tumen de emgeri) ; tumen de seme inu muterak?? ?????should never
tumen se = n. ????ten thousand years, emperor
Tumen Ula = n. ????the Tumen River
tumiha = n. ???nipple
tumin = a. ?????????????dense, dark (colour) ; tumin lamun ????dark blue
tumin lamun gu = n. ?????sapphire
tun = n. ????????island
tunggalambi = vt. ?????????to happen to sb., to encounter
tunggen = n. ????????????chest, breast; mind
tunggu = n. ??????deep pool, abyss
tungji = n. ?? comrade (Chin. tongzhi) ; tungjisa ???? comrades
tungken = n. ?? (music instrument) drum
tungse = n. ???????interpreter (Chin. ???tongshi)
tura = n. ????column, pole ; tura wehe ???stone column
turak?? = n. ???water fall
turame agaimbi = vi. ??????? (said of rain) to pour
Turfan = n. ?????Turban
turga = a. ???thin and weak, boney
turgen = a. ?????turbulent
turgun = n. ???reason, cause
turgun hacin = n. ????????scenario
turi = n. ???????bean, soy bean ; turi arsun ?????bean sprouts ; turi hoho ????green beans
turi miyehu = n. ????toufu, bean curd
turibumbi = vi. ?????????????to detach, to separate; to spall
turigen = n. ???rent, rental
turihe irgen = n. ??workman
turimbi = vt. ????to rent ; turiif tembi ?????to rent a house to live in
turime gajimbi = vt. ???to hire sb.
turulambi = vt. ????????to initiate, to originate
tusa = n. ????????interest, benefit ; tusa ak?? ????not benefitial, useless ; tusa ombi ????to be benefitial, to be good for sb. or sth.
tušambi = vt. ?????????? (??) to meet with (a mishap), to encounter; to suffer (illness)
tušan = n. ??????office, duty ; tušan muten???duty, function
tušan be ak??mbumbi = vi. ???to be fit (for one's job)
tušan be narašambi = vi. ???to be reluctant to step down from one's position
tušan muten = n. ???duty, function ; tušan muten dendembi ?????split of function and responsibility
tusangga = a. ?????benefitial, good
tušanun = n. ????task, mission ; oyonggo tušanun ???????important task
tusumbi = vt. ???????????to get married, to marry (a man) ; mongo niyalma de tusumbi ????????to marry a Mongolian ; bi ainaha seme g??wa de tusurak?? ???????????? (??????) I will never marry anybody but you
tutala = a. ?????so many, so much, that much
tutambi = vi. ???to lag behind
tuttu = conj. ???then, thus, so, therefore ; tuttu de dahame ????????then ; tuttu oho doro bio???д???darned, it's really outrageous
tuttu ak?? = conj. ???otherwise
tuttu anggala = ad ???????硭would rather??than??
tuttu bime = conj. ???nevertheless, nonetheless
tuttu oci = conj. ???????????????if so, then
tuttu ofi = conj. ?????????so, therefore
tutu ohode = conj. ???then, thus
tuwa = n. ??fire ; tuwa turibumbi ??????to catch fire
tuwa usiha = n. ????Mars, the fourth planet from the sun
tuwabun = n. ????????view, sight
tuwacihiyambi = vt. ??????????to rectify, to correct
tuwai efin = n. ???firework
tuwai enduri = n. ????fire god, Vulcan
tuwai g??rgin = n. ????flame
tuwai okto = n. ???gunpower
tuwai sejen = n. ??train
tuwaki = imp. ???????look!
tuwakiyambi = v. ???to observe, to examine
tuwak?? = n. ???? example, examplary person
tuwambi = vt. ?????????????????????to look, to watch, to observe; to read; to view; to see to ; tuwara ba ak?? ???????????to be unable or unfit
tuwame yabumbi = vi. ???У????to let sb. go, to give green light
tuwamehangge = a. ????????????notable, remarkable
tuwanambi = vt. ???to go to see, to go to watch
tuwara gisun = n. ????????comment, evaluation, remark
tuwašambi = vt. ????????????????to take care of, to look after; to monitor, to watch
tuwašatambi = vt. ?????????to take care of; to look after (also as tuwašambi)
tuwašatame benembi = vt. ????to convoy, to escort
tuwelembi = vt. ???????to sell
tuweleme uncara niyalma = n. ????client, businessman
tuwelesi = n. ???merchant, grocer
tuweri = n. ????????winter ; ere tuweri ??????this winter
tuyebumbi = vt. ????????????to show, to indicate, to exhibit
tuyembi = vi. ????to bend, to break
tuyembuhe buyenin = n. ????custom, culture

U

u = n. ??senior ; u jalangga niyalma????senior
uba = pron. ???????this place, here
uba adarame = ph. ????????how are things going?
ubade = ad. ??????here
ubaingge = n. ?????these
ubaliyabuhangge = n. ????translation
ubaliyabumbi = vt. ????to translate, to interpret
ubaliyambi = vt. ????????????to turn; to render, to translate; to betray
ubaliyan = n. ?仯?????change, transformation
ubaliyasi = n. ??????????translator, interpreter
ubambi = vi. ?????????????to go off, to deay
ubašaha h??lha = n. ????mob, rebel
ubašaha urse = n. ???traitor
ubašambi = v. ??????????to turn, to change; to rebel, to uprise, to betray ; henduhe balame, niyalma hafirabure ten de isinaci ubašambi, indah??n hafirabure ten de isinaci fu dabambi sehekai ???????????????????????????It is said that desparate people will uprise, desparate dogs will jump up walls.
ubašara fudarara = n. ?????????rebellion
ubiyabumbi = vt. ????to be disgusting
ubiyacuka = a. ?????disgusting
ubiyacun = n. ???????disgust, abhorance
ubiyada = a. ??????????disgusting
ubiyambi = vt. ???????to disgust, to dislike, to detest
ubu = n. ???????????portion, ration; part; lot, luck ; tumen ubu de emu ubu?????one out of ten thousand
ubungge = a. ?????due
ucarabun = n. ???????chance, encounter
ucarambi = vt. ????????to encounter, to meet
ucaran = n. ????????encounter
uce = n. С????С???????window, door; back door
uci = n. ????weapon, arms (Chin. wuqi) ; sisiyang uci ???????ideological weapons
uculembi = v. ??to sing
uculen = n. ???verse, song
uculere hehe = n. ???alme, girl singer
uculesi = n. ?質????????????singer
ucumbi = vt. ?裬??to mix, to mingle
ucun = n. ?裬????song ; irgen ucun ???folk songs
ucuri = n. ???????season, chance; opportunity ; ucuri lash??n???opportunity
udambi = vt. ??????to buy, to shop, to purchase
udaralambi = vt. ?????to shop, to purchase
udu inenggi = a. ????a few days
udu1 = a. ???????several, a few ; udu juwan aniya ?????tens of years ; udu fali ?????????a few, some
udu2 = pron. ????????how many, what (time) ; udu erin oho? ???????What time is it?
uduci = a. ?????which one, which number
ududu = num. ?Щ?????many, a lot (also as udu udu)
ududu aniya = n. ?????????many years
udun = n. ??wind ; udun jai aga ???? wind and rain
ufa = n. ?棬???flour
ufaracun = n. ???????mistake, error
ufarambi = vi. ?????????????????????to lose; to make mistake, to miscalculate
ufaran = n. ??????????loss, mistake
ufimbi = vt. ??to sew
ufuhu = n. ??lung
uhala = n. ??裬????testicles
uhe = a. ????????????г??united, in agreement, harmonious ; uhe dak?? ????friendly, neighbourly
uhe obumbi = vt. ??to unite; to unify
uhereme = ad. ?????????totally
uheri = a. ???general; total, sum ; uheri ton ????total, sum ; uheri hešen ???guideline ; uheri tukiyen ???????generic term
uheri gebu = n. ???????generic term
uheri tuwara hafan = ???chief executive office, president
uherilehe = a. ???general ; uherilahe šuji?????secretary general
uherilembi = vt. ????????to unite, to integrate ; junggo be uherilembi ???й?to unite China
uhufi haršambi = vt. ????????to cover up for sb.
uhuken = a. ???????soft, weak ; uhuken niyere ????weak, feeble
uhumbi = vt. ??????to pack, to wrap up
uibo = n. ???壬????summit, peak
uihe = n. ??horn
uiherin = n. ??????unicorn
uilembi = vt. ?·?to serve ; tondo i ejen be uilembi???????to serve the king with loyalty
uilen = n. ????service
ujan = n. ??? border, boundary
ujan jecen = n. ???????????????border
ujelembi = vt. ???? to pay attention to, to emphasize
ujeleme baitalambi = vt. ???? to promote sb. to very important position
ujeleme tuwara = n. ????attention; emphasis ; ujeleme be yarume tucibumbi ????????to be brought to the attention of sb
ujeleme olhošombi = vi. ???? to be careful, to be cautious
ujen = a. ?????????heavy; accentuated ; ujen mudan ????accent
ujen mudan = n. ????accent, accentuated syllable
ujen weile = n. ???? felony ; ujen weilengge niyalma ???? felon
ujen fafun = n. ???? severe punishment
ujen tušan = n. ???? important mission
ujen fisin = n. ??? sobriety
ujimbi = vt. ?????????????? to breed (animals, children); to support (parents, etc.)
ujihe jui = n. ???? foster child
ujihe ama = n. ???? foster father, nursing father
uju = n. ????? head; first ; uju nimembi ?? to have a headache ; uju coko ??????????? primary, most important ; uju gehešembi ???????? to nod ; uju ilhi ????? first, primary
uju jergi = a. ???? top-grade, first-rate
ujude = ad. ????first ; ujude, manju gisun urunak?? ici ini eniyengge gisun?????????????????????First, Manchu must be his mother tongue.
ujui = a. ????? first ; ujui debtelin ????? volume one
ujui bayan = n. ??? the richest person
ujui beningge = n. ??????????????? first lady
ujuci = num. ??? first
ujui funiyehe = n. ??? hair
ujui gebu = n. ?????????? champion, number one
ujui mudan = ad. ??Σ??????for the first time
ujui uju = ad. ????most, foremost ; ujui uju oyonggo baita???????????the most important thing
ujulambi = vi. ???????? to be head
ukaka weilengge niyalma = n. ??????????escaped criminal, wanted
ukambi = vi. ?????to flee, to escape
ukanju = n. ??????exile, refugee
ukiyembi = vt. ?????to drink
uksa = ad. ?????????unexpectedly (also as uksan)
uksin = n. ????armor and helmet, protection
uksin etumbi = vi. ??????to serve in the armed forces
uksin tokso = n. ???village
uksun = n. ?????????royal family, royal lineage
uksura = n. ???壬?????????nationality, ethnic group, race ; Manju uksura ???? (ethnic group) Manchu people
uksurai-juyi = n. ????????nationalism
uktu = a. ???????????sad
ukumbi = vt. Χ???????to encircle, to go around, to revolve
ula = n. ??big river ; ula (i) angga???river mouth
ulabun = n. ?????????????????????tale, legend, saga; anecdote; life, biography ; jube jai ulabun ???????stories and tales
ulabure nimeku = n. ?????infectious disease
ulambi = vt ????????to transfer, to convey, to pass ; ulame benembi ????to send, to convey
ulame alambi = vt. ???to let sb. know, to keep sb. informed
ulame algimbumbi = vt. ?????????to disseminate, to promulgate; to preach
ulame selgiyere = n. ????publicity, propaganda ; ulame selgiyere jurgan ??????Publicity Department
ulame tuwambi = vi. ????to circulate (some paper or book among people)
ulame uncarangge = n. ????chain sale
ulan1 = n. ??big ditch, river
ulan2 = n. ????transfer, conveying
ulanduha gisun = n. ????????? rumour, gossips
ulcin = n. ??????????????? series, string; link, hyperlink ; tofohon ulcin jiha???????????????Fifteen Strings of Coins
uldeke = a. ??????? just dawned
uldembi = vi. ???? to give out light
ulden = n. ?????????? aurora, dawn, first light of morning
ulebubumbi = vt. ι????to feed, to offer meal
ulebumbi = vt. ?????ι???????to feed, to breed
ulejimbi = vi. ??????????to collapse, to fall down ; ulejehe nimanggi ??? avalanche
ulenggu = n. ????belly button
ulgiyan = n. ???????????? pig, boar ; ulgiyan ujire ???? pig raising
ulha = n. ???????? domestic animals, licestock, cattle
ulha tuwakiyara niyalma = n. ????????? shepherd, cowboy, cattle owner
ulhai oktosi = n. ???veterinary doctor
ulhi = n. ??????????sleeve, shute
ulhibumbi = vt. ??????????to enlighten sb., to let sb. know
ulhibun = n. ???棬???edict, bulletin
ulhicun = n.??????????????????ж???intelligence, savvy, judgment ; ulhicun ak?? ???????????? foolish, empty-headed
ulhicungga = a. [??]??????????????intelligent, smart
ulhimbi = vt. ?????????to know, to understand
ulhinjembi = vi. ???????to start to know
ulhisu = n. ?飬???????? acumen, wit
ulhisungge = a. ??????????clever, cute
ulhiyen = n. ???? a while
ulhiyen ulhiyen i = ad. ?????? gradually, progressively
ulh?? = n. ??reed
ulhun = n. ??????guideline, outline
uli = n. ????string, cord
ulimbi = vt. ????????to offer sacrifice
ulin = n. ??????????? money, treasure (gold, silver, precious stones, etc.)
ulin benembi = vi. ?л?????to bribe, to pay out graft
ulin boigon = n. ???property, estate
ulin dosimbi = vi. ????to prosper, to become rich
ulin gaimbi = vi. ???to take graft, to accept bribes
ulin nadan = n. ???????property, capital
ulintumbi = vi. ?л?to give out bribe
ulme = n. ??needle ; ulme i sen???pinhole
ulusu gurun = n. ????????the whole country, entire nation
ulusun = n. ??? olive ; ulusun moo ????? olive tree
umai ak?? = ad. ????? not yet
umai banjirak?? ba = n. ?????? barren land
umai sark?? = p. ????? unaware of
umai serak?? = ad. ???????? silent
umainaci ojorak?? = ad. ??????????ò?have to
umbumbi = vt. ??to bury
ume = lv. ???????do not (imperative use)
ume sitara = ????????do not be too late (remind or urge sb. to do sth.)
umesi = ad. ??????very ; umesi sain ???very good, excellent, very nice ; umesi sebjen ???????very glad
umesi amba = a. ????very big, significant
umesi fakcambi = vt. ???? farewell, to be parted forever
umesilembi = vt. ????????to verify, to realize
umhan = n. ??egg (also as umgan) ; umhan bilembi ??? to lay eggs
umhan durun = n. ????cake
umiyaha = n. ????insect, bug ; umiyaha yerhuwe ????insect ; umiyaha aššambi ????awakened insects
umpu = n. ??haw ; upmu i moo ????hawthorn
umudu = n. ???lonely person; orphan ; umudu sargan jui ???orphan girl
umuhun = n. ??λ????λseat, position
umušuhun = p. ??????lying down, grovelling
uncambi = vt. ?????to sell
uncehen = n. β?????????βtail, rear; end ; hergen uncehen ??β????βsuffix
unda = n. ????back
undarambi = vi. (???飬Σ??) ????to aggrevate, to become worse
unde = ad. ??δnot yet ; si kemuni jurara undeo? ???????why haven't you set out yet?
undehen = n. ?? (wood or metal) plate, sheet ; undehen falan ???floor
undu = a. ??????????vertical, upright
unduri = ad. ???????·??on route, half way
unenggi = a.n. ???????(??) sincere, faithful; sincerity ; unenggi i ????sincerely, with sincerity, truly ; unenggi g??nin ???? sincerity
unenggi nomhon = a. ?????sincere, truthful
unenggi yabun = n. ????ж? action
unenggi yalanggi = a. ?????? true, real
unenggi yargiyan = n. ???good faith, sincerity
unesi = n. ?????heirloom
ungga da = n. ????senior
ungga jalan = n. ?????????person of one's father's or grandfather's generation
unggala = n. ?????hole, opening ; muhaliyan unggala ??? gunpoint
unggimbi = vt. ????????to send; to mail
unggire bithe = n. ????official communication, report
unggu = n. ??????????????棩beginning; great (grandfather, etc.) ; unggu mafa ???游 great grandfather ; unggu mama ????? great grandmother
ungkembi = vt. ?????????to put sth. upside down, to overthrow, to subverse
uniyen = a. ???female ; uniyen honin ??? she goat ; uniyen ihan ?? cow
untuhulembi = vt. ???????to be empty; to be sold out, to run out of
untuhun = a. ????????????empty, hollow, void; air ; untuhun gebu ????hollow name ; untuhun gala i ???? empty-handed ; untuhun gisun ??? empty talks ; untuhun hergen ???????? auxiliary words (e.g. conjuntions, prepositions)
untuhun cooha = n. ???air force ; untuhun coohai fulehengge ba ???????airbase
untuhun inenggi = n. ??????leisure day, holiday
untuhun simengge = n. ????vanity
untuhuri = ad. ???????in vain ; untuhuri suilambi ???to make fruitless efforts
untuhusaka = a. ????????empty; clear ; untuhusaka cai ??? clear tea (with no milk or suger)
unumbi = vt. ?????? to hold on back
unun damjan = n. ????load, burden; charge, responsibility
unure h??nin = n. ????????????? porter
ura = n. ?Σ????buttocks, bottom ; ura fajuk?? ??? buttocks ; ura t??mbi ????? to hit one's bottom (as a punishment or discipline)
urahilame donjici = ph. ???????? it is said that??
urambi = vi. ??????to sound; to echo, to resound
uran = n. ??????????echo, resounding
urangga = a. ??????loud, resounding
urangga moo = n. ???????????? chinar, phoenix tree
urebuk?? = n. ??? private school, home school
urebumbi = vt. ?????????????to do homework, to practice; to review; to train
urebume tacibumbi = vt. ?????????to train, to coach
urecuke = a. ????????????miserable
urembi1 = vi. ???????????????to ripen, to grow up; (food) to be ready; to specialize, to be expert ; buda urehe ?????? meal is ready
urembi2 = vi. ????to grieve, to be sad
urembi3 = vi. ?? to be hungry, to starve
uresh??n = a. ???????????? skillful, ept, adroit; familiar ; uresh??n niyalma ???? acquaintance, friend
urgedembi = vt. ????????to betray, to turn away from; to fail to meet sb's expectation
urgen = n. ???size, dimension
urgengge deremgtu = n. ????Ф??portrait
urgetu = n. ??????? puppet, idol, icon
urgulembi = vt. ?????????to celebrate
urgun = n. ???????pleasure, joy
urgunjembi = vi. ?????????to be happy, to be glad; to rejoice ; mini mujilen juhe weniyehe gese urgunjembi ???????????????I am so happy that my heart almost melts
urgunjeme = ad. ?????gladly, happily
urgunjen = n. ?? happiness ( a gua or divinatory symbol in the I Ching)
urguntu = n. ???joy, gladness
urhu = a. ??е???????leaning, partial, preferred ; urhu amuran ??? preference, favorite
urhuhe ba = n. ???prejudice (alos as urhu saha ba)
urimbi = vi. ??????(???????)????(??????)? to collapse, (sovereign or monarch) to die, to pass away ; urihe inenggi ???? death day
urkilambi = vt. ????????? to promulgate (a news, usu. intentionally)
urkingge= n. ????fame
ursanambi = vi. ?????????? (seeds or roots) to sprout
urse = n.pl. ????people ; g??sai urse ???? Manchus, people of the Eight Banners ; h??lara urse ????readers
urseingge = a. ??????????? others'
ursu = n. ????????layer, stratum; social class
ursungga = a. ????? whole set
uru = n. ?????? right, correctness ; uru waka ??? right and wrong, true or false, validity ; uru waka be foršome gamambi ?????? to confuse right and wrong, to call white black
urui = ad. ?????????????????????usually, normally; always
urulembi = vt. ??????? to agree (on, at, with)
urumbi = vi. ???????? to be hungry, to feel hungry
Urumci = n. ??????Urumqi
urun = n. ????????wife; daughter-in-law ; urun gaiha ??????married a woman
urunak?? = ad. ???????????must, certainly, definitely
urušehe = a. ??????????permitted, approved
urušehe temgetu = n. ????permit, liscence, franchise
urušembi = vt. ??????????to agree (at, on), to approve, to permit
usabumbi = vt. ??????????? to disappoint sb., to make sb. feel frustrated
ušabun = n. ???? involvement, cumbrance
usacuka = a. ?????????? sad, miserable, pathetic
usacumbi = vi. ????????? to be sad, to grieve
usacun = n. ???? grief, sadness
usambi = vi. ?????????????? to be disappointed, to be frustrated, to be desperate ; g??nin i dolo usaka ??????? felt disappointed in the heart
ušambi = vt. ????????????? to draw, to pull, to drag
usambumbi = vt. ?????????? to disappoint, to frustrate
use = n. ??????????seed ; use arambi ???? to be used as seeds ; use faha ???? seed
use tarimbi = vi. ???? to sow (also as use usembi)
uše umiyaha = n. ??? ascarid, bellyworm
usembi = vt. ???? to sow, to spread
usen = n. ?????? debt
useri = n. ??? megranate
ushambi = vt. ???????? to blame, to get mad at sb.
ushe = n. ????????semen
usiha = n. ??????????????star, any celestial body (e.g. a star, a planet, a comet); acorn ; usiha gerišembi ?????? stars twinkle
usiha gerišembi = vi. ?????? (said of stars) to twinkle
usiha moo = n. ???? oak tree
usihangge = a. ???ε??????????????е?????? star-like; intelligential; inspired, maniac
usihibumbi = vt. ???????? to wet, to moisten
usihimbi = vi. ? to be wet
usihin = a. ??? wet
usin = n. ??field, arable land ; usin imari ??????? (cultivated) field, farm land ; usin buta ??? cultivated land ; usin i niyalma ??? farmer ; usin weilere ag??ra ??? farming tools ; usin weilere erin ????? farming season
usin bethe = n. ??agriculture
usin tokso = n. ??壬???villages, countryside, rural areas ; usin tokso de?????in rural areas
usin yalu = n. ??? field, rural estate ; usin yalu i irgebun ???? idyll, eclogue
usumbi = vi. ???????????? to drift
usun = a. ????????ζ??????????? disgusting; (smell) stinky, fishy; rustic
usirtai = a. ????agricultural ; usirtai hedzošelere ????????building agricultural cooperatives
usisi = n. ??? peasant, farmer ; usisisa ???peasants ; usisisa uheri ??????м?amnog the peasants
utala = a. ????? ??? so many, so much ; utala aniya ??????? so many years ; utala se banjifi ???????????? lived so many years, in one's life
uthai1 = ad. ????????????then, thus, rightaway, in no time
uthai2 = a. ??????????? common, regular ; uthai niyalma ????? common people
uttu = ad. ????????? so, this way
uttu ak?? oci = conj. ????????? otherwise
uttu bade = ad. ???????? in such a situation
uttu be dahame = conj. ??? therefore, thus
uttu bicihe = cong. ?????????????? nevertheless
uttu bime = conj. ??????? however, but
uttu dabala = ad. ??????? just so so, no more than this
uttu oci = conj. ??????????????????? if so, then
uttu ohode = conj. ???????? if so
uttu ofi = conj. ????????therefore
uttu tuttu = a. ???????????? this or that, such and such
uttungge = pred. ?????? goes like this, this way
uyan = a. ?????????? dilute; weak ; uyan buda ??????? rice broth
uyan i aligan = n. (????) ???? keel
uyuci = num. ??? ninth
uyun = num. ?? nine ; uyun biya ???? September; nine months ; uyun eyen ????nine schools ; uyun uksun be suntebumbi??????? to slaughter the whole clan
uyun uncehengge dobi = n. ??β?? nine-tailed fox
uyungge inenggi = n. ?????lunar September ninth day
uyunju = num. ??? ninety
uyujuci = num. ???? ninetieth
uyuršembi = vi. ??Ц???Ц?ú?? to smile sweetly
??nglingge ejen = n. ??? elms giver, benefactor
??ren = n. ??????? idol, puppet

W

wa = n. ??ζsmell ; wa su ??ζ (body) odor, smell ; abci saikan wa ??????ζhow good a smell ; wa ehe ???? smells ugly ; wa sain ???? smells good
wa ak?? = a. ??ζ?????г???? tasteless; lackluster, dull; unattractive
wabumbi = vi. ??? to be killed, to be murdered
wacihiyahangge = a. ??????? finishing (touch)
wacihiyambi = vt. ??????????????????? to end, to complete, to finish; to use out, to run out of
wacihiyame alambi = vt. ???????????? to elaborate, to describe in detail
wacihiyan = n. ??? completion
wadan = n. ?????????? blanket; banner
wadan managan = n. ???? swaddle (for holding babies)
wahai = ad. ????? very, much, extremely ; wahai sain ??? very good, great
wah??n = a. ??? stinky, odorous ; wah??n umiyaha ??? bug, chinch bug
wai = n. ????????? bend, elbow
waidambi = vt. ? to ladle, to scoop
waiku = a. ?????????? skewed, crooked
wajiha = a. ?У???fine, well
wajima = n. ???? end ; wajima dube ??? end, finale
wajimbi = vi. ????????? to end, to stop
wajin = n. ??????? end, ending
wajinggala = post. ??????????? before?? ends, before ending sth. ; gisun wajinggala ??δ?????? while one is still talking, before one finishes his words
wajitala = ad. ?????all the way, completely
waka bahambi = vt. ??????????? to offend, to make sb. angry
waka wakai = ad. ????? iresponsibly, without thinking about it ; waka wakai gisurembi ??? to talk irresponsibly, to talk nonsense
waka1 = lv. ????????? (be) not ; burlaci, haha niyalma waka ???????????? those who flee are not men
waka2 = n. ???????? fault ; mimbe waka ???? my fault ; waka alimbi ??? to acknowledge one's mistake, to apologize ; waka baha ???????my apologies! it's my fault!
wakai = ad. ????? by mistake, wrongly ; wakai gisurembi ??? to misstate, to missay, to say by mistake
wakalambi = vt. ??????????? to blame, to accuse; to impeach (an official)
wakalan = n. ????????? defect, fault, demerit
wakangge ak?? = conj. ???????? was it? I wonder if it is??
wakjak??n = a. ???????????? roly poly
wala = n. ???Σ??·??????? downstream, leeward, back ; edun i wala ?·? lee
wali = n. ???????? magic, tricks
waliyaha = a. ?????????????????????? abandoned, deserted, castaway, leftover // int. ?????o shit! game is over!
waliyambi = vi. ???? to give up
waliyame gamambi = vt. ???????? to forgive, to tolerate
waliyan = n. ????????abandon, quit
waliyatai = post. ?? sacrifice, risk ; beye be waliyatai ????????? sacrificing one's life (to do sth.), risk one's life
waliyatambi = vt. ????????? to lose ; dere waliyambi ???? to lose face
wambi = vt. ? to kill ; wame nungnembi ??????? to murder
wan = n. ????ladder
wanboo = n. ???evening news (usually the name of a newspaper)
wancarambi = vt. ??Ц????? to deride, to scoff at
wang = n. ?? king (Chin. wang) ; wang ombi ???? to claim kingship
wangga = a. ???sweet, fragrant,
wangkiyambi = vt. ????? to smell
wara dure = n. ?????? killing
wargi = n. ????????west ; šun dosire ergi be wargi sembi ??????????????The direction where the sun sets is the west ; wargi ba ?????????? the west, western territories
wargi amargi = n. ???? northwest
wargi ashan = n. ????right wing
wargi ergide = n. ??????????west, west side; in the west
wargi namu = n. ???? the Occident
wase1 = n. ???????????? tile; pottery ; waesi tetun ???? pottery
wase2 = n. ???? socks, stockings
washa cecike = n. ??? sparrow
wasibumbi = vt. ???????? to decrease, to cut down
wasih??n = ad. ?????????????? downward, downstream; westward
wasimbi = vi. ??????????????????to fall, to drop, to decrease
we = pron. ?who?
we ya = pron. ?κ???????? anyone, anybody
wecebumbi = vt. ???????? to worship
weceku = n. ?? deity, demigod ; weceku soho ???? god, deity
wecembi = vi. ???????? to worship
wecen = n. ???????? worshipping, mourning, memorial ceremony
wecere = a. ??????????? worshipping, mourning, memorial ; wecere bithe ???? lament, eloge ; wecere gisun ????????? lament ; wecere ulha ?????????? sacrifice, animal offering ; wecere juktere ???? worshipping, sacrifice
wehe = n. ?????rock, stone ; ayan wehe ?????pebble
wehe cinuh??n = n. ??? vermilion
wehe dalan = n. ?????? stone causeway or dam
wehe yaha = n. ú??ú? coal
wehei = a. ????????? (made) of stone
wehei bithe = n. ????????? inscription (on a stone plate or column)
wehei yerutu = n. ??????????? blockhouse, stone blindage
wehengge = a. ???? made of stone
wehiyembi = vt. ???????????to help sb. up, to support
wei u juyi = n. Ψ?????? (philosophical) materialism ; ai be wei-u juyi sembi? ????Ψ?????壿what is materialism?
weihe = n. ?????? tooth, horn, (elephant) trunk ; weihe silgiyambi ??? to brush one's teeth
weihe silgiyak?? = n. ??? tooth brush (also as weihe tokošok??)
weihu = n. ??????С?? canoe, boat ; weihu huju С?? boat
weihukelebumbi = vi. ?????? to be despised
weihukelembi = vt. ????????? to despise, to belittle
weihuken = a. ??? light
weihuken = a. ?????????light, soft
weihuken balama = a. ?? frivolous, flirtatious
weihun = a. ???????????? alive, living ; weihun jafambi ????????? to capture, to hold captive
weijumbi = vi. ???????? to revive, to resurrect
weijun = n. ??? tongs, pliers
weke = int. (???в??????????) ι?????? hi there
weile = n. ??????????work, job
weile beidembi = vt. ????????? to interrogate (a suspect)
weile de gisurebumbi = vi. ???????? to judge, to sentence
weile de tambi = vi. ???? to commit a crime (also as weile de tanambi)
weile endebuku = n. ??? gross crime
weile waliyambi = v. ???????? to absolve, to pardon
weile1 = n. ??? crime; sin, karma ; weile arambi ???? to punish (for one's crime or sin) ; weile alimbi ????????л?? to plead guilty; to apologize ; weile be sumbi ???? to redeem sb.
weile2 = n. ????????????????? work, job ; galai weile ??? needlecraft
weilembi = vi. ?????????????? to work, to do sth., to deal with sth.
weileme deribumbi = vt. ?????????? to start (construction)
weilen1 = n. ?? crime, sin
weilen2 = n. ???? project, construction, building
weilengge = a.n. ????????guilty, convicted; criminal; sinner ; weilengge niyalma ???? prisoner, convicted criminal
weileran = n. ??????????work ; zujyhen weileran ??????? organizational work
weilerasi = n. ??????worker ; gerenusu weilerasi ???????social worker
weilere = a. ??????????????working
weilere falga = n. ???????? workshop
weilere jaka = n. ?????????? workpiece, material
weilesi ursu = n. ???????????????the working class
weilesi usisi = n. ???????????????workers and peasants
weilumbi = vt. ???????? to conceal, to deceive ; arame weilumbi ???????? to pretend, to deceive, to play ; bucere arame weilumbi ??? to play dead
weingge = a. ????(???) whose? ; ere buleku bithe weingge? ??????????? Whose dictionary is it?
weisihun = a. ???very high, lofty
weiyuwan = n. ??member, deputy (Chin. weiyuan) ; jungyang weiyuwan ??????member of the Central Committee ; weiyuwan h??i ????committee, commission
welmiyeku = n. ????? fishing rod ; welmiyeku fesin ????? fishing rod, fishing pole ; welmiyeku sirge ?????? fishing wire
welmiyembi = vt. ????????to go fishing; to tempt, to allure
weiyuwan h??i = ????committee, commission (Chin. weiyuanhui)
wembi = vi. ?????????л?to thaw; to dissolve (in water); to move sb., to reclaim sb.
wembumbi = vi. ??? to melt
weme = a. ???????????molten, thawed (also as wenembi) ; juhe emgeri weme ?????????the ice thawed
wen = n. ?????л? conversion, influence
wenjang = n. ???? article, essay
wenjehun = a. ????????????????? prosperous, popular
wenh??wa = n. ???culture (Chin. wenhua)
Wenh??wa Da Geming = n. ????????the Cultural Revolution (Chin. wenhua da geming)
wenjendumbi = vi. ????????? to be intoxicated, to be inebriated
wenjengge = a. ????? warm
werembi = vt. ?????????to wash, to elutriate (gold, rice, etc.) with water
weren = n. ????wave
wesibure bithe = n. ????????memorial
werešembi = vt. ???????? to visit, to see sb.
weri = pron. ????????? others ; weri niyalma ???? others, other people
werimbi = v. ????????????????? to leave (behind), to carry over; to remain, to survive
weringge = a. (????) ??????????? others', (that belongs to) others
werirengge = a. ????????????????? remaining, remnant, survived
wesibun = n. ???????? rise, ascension
wesihulebumbi = vt. ????磬????? to be respected, to be esteemed
wesihulembi = vt. ??磬??磻???? to respect, to esteem; to uphold, to encourage
wesihulen = n. ??磻???? respect; encouragement
wesihun = a. ??????????????????????????????? high, lofty; east, eastern; prosperous, rising, flourishing; glorious; noble ; wesihun jalan ??? flourishing age ; wesihun baita ??? great event ; wesihun saisa ??? learned, scholar
wesihun beye = n. ????????? (calling a friend) you, your excellency
wesihun gurun = n. ??? great power, powerful nation
wesihun muk??n = n. ????nobility, person of noble lineage
wesihun niyalma = n. ???? learned, erudite person
wesihun šabi = n. ????????? prominent graduate, excellent student or disciple
wesimbi = vi. ??????????????????? to rise, to ascend, to get promoted; to succeed ; h??da wesike ????? the prices rose
wesimbumbi = vt. ?????????? to submit (a memorial); to be promoted
wesimbure bukdari = n. ???? memorial
wesinembi = vi. ???????? to rise, to fly up
wesingge ilha = n. ?????? trumpet creeper
weji = n. ????????? jungle, woods, forest ; weji ba ???? dense forest
weji bujan = n. ???????? forest, jungle ; wehei bujan ??? jungle of rocks

Y

ya ba = pron. ?????where, what place ; ya ba i niyalma? ??????????Where (does he) come from? (lit. a person of what place?)
ya ci aniya = ad. ?????in which year ; ya ci aniya bi banjihangge? ?????????????Which year were you born?
ya inenggi = ad. ?κ????????????any day
ya inu = ph. ????? who is??? (put at the end of sentence) ; Sun Tse ya inu? ??λ?????Who is Sun Ce?
ya1 = pron. ????????which, what ; ya inenggi ????? (in) which day ; ya emu ????? which one ; ya niyalma ?????????who? ; ya jaka ?? what
ya2 = a. ??? classic ; ya kumun ???? classic music
yabade = ad. ??????where, to where ; si yabade genehe? ??????????Where did you go?
yabsi = int. (????) ?ò?????(sarcastic) what a hero!
yabubuha bithe = n. ???? official report
yabubumbi = v. ?????????? to do, to act; to hold or sponsor an event ; sain baita yabubumbi ?????? to do good deeds or benevolent things
yabubure bithe = n. ???????? communications, announcement
yabuha ba = n. ???? resume, curriculum vitae
yabuha baita = n. ?????????????? deeds, acts, merits
yabuha songko = n. ?м?????? itinerary, routing
yabumbi = vi. ???????????????to go, to walk; to do; to practice, to implement ; erin isinaha, be yabume oho ????????????ɡ?It's time to go; let's go. ; bi ne uthai yabumbi ??????? I'm going right now.
yabun = n. ???act, behaviour, conduct ; yabun gusherak?? ??????? delinquent, unclean ; yabun tuwakiyan ???????? conduct, behaviour
yabungga = n. ??? conduct, behaviour
yabure k??waran = n. ??? field headquarters
yabure niyalma = n. ????????? traveler, pedestrain
yabure on = n. ?ó?????? journey, trip
yaburengge = n. ???????? what one did, things done
yacihiyambi = vi. ?????? to sneeze
yacin = a. ?????????????? ; yacin tugi????dark clouds
yadah??n = n. ???????? poor, impoverished, needy ; fungsan yadah??n ????? penniless, in abject poverty
yadah??n fusih??n = a. ?????????????????????? poor and lowly, underprivileged
yadah??n jociha = a. ????? lacking, in need
yadalingg?? = a. ?????????С????????? weak
yadambi = vi. ????? to be poor, to be impoverished
yadan = n. ???? hunger, want
yadara urse = n. ???? the poor, poor person
yadarak?? = a. ??????? unforseen, cannot be forseen
yafahalambi = vi. ???? to walk
yafahan = a. ???е? walking
yafahan cooha = n. ???? infantry
yafahan uksin = n. ??????? footman, doughboy
yafan = n. ?????? garden, yard ; sogi yafan ??? vegetable garden, kaleyard ; toro yafan ??? peach garden
yafan i haha = n. ???yardman, gardener
yafasi = n. ??? gardener
yagese = ad. ???????how ; yagese bulukan ??????how warm
yaha = n. ? charcoal ; moo yaha ?? charcoal
yaha moo = n. ??? rotten wood
yaha moo weilen = ?????????? a project or construction that does not function well, or very likely to fail (lit. a building constructed with rotten wood)
yahan moo = n. ??? asbestos
yahana coko = n. ?? turkey
yahi tembi = vi. ????????????????? to earn money secretly (usu. by unfair means)
yahilambi = vi. ??????????? accumulate wealth
yai = n. ???? dust
yaka = pron. ???????? who, which person
yakca = n. ???yakva
yaksibumbi = v. ????????? to be closed, to be shut off
yaksimbi = vt. ??? to close, to shut off ; duka be yaksimbi ???? to close the door ; angga be yaksimbi ????shut up (ones mouth)
yaksitai = ad. ?????????? resolutely, firmly ; yaksitai marambi ?????? to firmly refuse (a proposal)
yak??ngga = a. ???????????????? alluring, tempting; charming, seductive ; yak??ngga mudan ????????? alluring voice
yala = ad. ???????? really, indeed ; yala oho ??? indeed ; yala tusa ??????? really useful or helpful, (it) really works
yala uttu oci = ph. ?????????? if so, if this is true
yalake = part. ??? yes, sure
yali = n. ????? meat; texture
yalihangga = a ??????? fat, obese
yalitu = n. ???? fatty, lard-bucket
yalu = n. ???? edge, margin
Yalu Ula = n. ???? Yalu River
yalumbi = v. ?????? to ride, to sit on ; morin be yalumbi ???? to ride on a horse
yamaka = ad. ??????????????(??????) maybe some ; yamaka inenggi ??????????г???? maybe some day ; yamaka bade ??????????? maybe somewhere ; yamaka niyalma ???????? maybe some one
yamdun = n. ??? hate, enmity (from injustice) ; yambun sui ???? crime, sin
Yameligiya = n. ????????????? America ; Yameligiya Jeo ???? America
yamji = n. ????????evening, night ; yamji tome ??? every evening, every night
yamji cimari = ad. ?????????? sooner or later, overnight
yamji idu = n. ??? night shift
yamjidari = ad. ???????every evening
yamjimbi = vi. ??? to get dark
yamjish??n = n. ????evening, dusk ; yamjish??n š??n ??? setting sun ; yamjish??n sukdun ??? evening mist
yamjitala = ad. ??????? until evening
yamun = n. ???????????????????? bureau (Chin. yamen), government building, court ; dasan yamun ????government
yanduha baita = n. ???е??? entrusted matter
yandumbi = v. ?У?????to ask for help, to entrust sb. of sth.
yangga = n. ????????? turpentine, rosin
yanggilambi = vt. ????????? to molest, to flirt with
yanggilandumbi = vi. ?????飬???? to flirt with
yanggilara gisun = n. ?????? flirting words, dalliance
yang-ioi = n. ?????? potato (Chin. yang yutou?????)
yangmei = n. ??÷ waxberry
yangšan = n. ???????? ail, illness, disease
yangsangga = a. ????????????? refined, elegant
yangse = n. ???????? look, appearance, pose (Chin. yangzi)
yangselambi = vt. ??Σ???? to make up, to decorate
yar seme = a. ?丣?????? smoothly flowing; long and thin ; yar seme eyembi ?????? to flow smoothly
yargiyalambi = vt. ???????????? to verify, to confirm, to reconfirm; to attest
yargiyalame kimcimbi = vt. ???? to reconfirm, to check
yargiyan = a. ?????????true, real ; yargiyan mujilen ???? true heart ; yargiyan i ??? really ; yargiyan i amba ??? really big ; yargiyan de nikebumbi ??? to turn words into action ; yargiyan kooli ?? first-hand account, verifiable records
yargiyan baita = n. ????????? truth
yargiyan tašan = a. ??? true or false
yargiyan turgun = n. ??????????????? truth
yarha = n. ?? leopard, panther
yarh??dai1 = n. ?? guide
yarh??dai2 = a. ??????????????guiding, leading. Also as yarh??dan
yarh??dambi = vt. ????????????????? to lead; lure, to tempt; to seduce
yarh??dame gajimbi = vt. ???? to seduce, to tempt
yarh??dan = n. ????????leadership, leading ; yarh??dan h??sun ??????guiding force, leadership
yarh??dara = a. ????(of role or position) leading ; yarh??dara banse ??????leading group, leading team
yarh??dasi = n. ?????????????leaders, person in charge
yarkiyambi = vt. ???????? to seduce, to lure ; niyengniyeri be g??nire sargan jui bici, sain haha yarkiyambi ??????????????? there was a girl at her prime of youth, and a gentleman lured her.
yarkiyame yarumbi = ???? to tempt, to allure
yarkiyan = n. ???????? temptation
yarsi = n. ?? opium ; yarsi dambagu ???? opium
yarugan = n. ???? guiding, guidance
yaruma jurume = ad. ??? one after another, successively
yarumbi = vt. ????????·??????????? to lead, to guide; to cite, to quote
yarume gajimbi = vt. ???? to seduce
yarume tucibumbi = vt. ????to cause, to lead to, to result in; to be brought to the attention of
yarun = n. ??????? prelude, prologue
yarure bira = n. ???????????????guiding channel, bypass channel
yarure gisun = n. ????????? introduction
yarure sefu = n. ???????????supervisor (of a degree program), adviser; mentor, guru
yasa = n. ?????? eye, hole ; asui yasa ???? mesh ; yasa gedehun ??????? pop-eyed, with eyes wide open
yasa arambi = vi. ????? to hint with the eyes ; yasa nicumbi ???? to cloes one's eyes
yasa de jerkišembi = vi. ??? to shine
yasa efujehe = a. ??? lost one's eyesight
yasa faha = n. ????????eyeball
yasa faitan = n. ü?eyebrow
yasa gurbušere siden de = ad. ?????? in an instant, in no time (also as yasa habtalaha / habtašara siden de)
yasa hošo = n. ??? canthus
yasa sohimbi = vi. ???? to blind one's eyes
yasa tuwahai = ad. ????????in an instant
yasai humsun = n. ??? eyelid
yasai h??ntahan = n. ??? eyepit
yasai juleri = ad. ??????? at present, presently; what one sees
yasai muke = n. ??????? tears
yasai yarkiyandumbi = vi. ???????ü?????to show love with eyesights
Yasiya = n. ?????????? Asia
yatu = n. ?? maidservant (Chin. yatou)
yatuhan = n. ?? zhen (a string instrument)
yaya = pron. ??У????У??κΣ?????any, whatever ; yaya baita ak?? ???????nothing special
yaya ere gese = a. ???????? such (and such)
yaya hacin = a. ??????κ???? any kind of, whatever kind ; yaya hacin i ?κ????????????any kind of, whatever
yaya we = n. ?κ??????????? anyone, anybody
yayamu aniya = ad. ???every year
yebcungge = a. ???????????? pretty ; yebcungge hojo ???? beautiful
yebcungge ildamu = a. ??????romantic
yebe = a. ???Щ??????Щ?? (getting) better
yebelembi = vi. ??????? to be pleased, to be happy ; yebelerak?? ?????? to look unhappy
yebkelembi = vt. ???????? to be fond of, to love
yebken = a. ??????????? goodlooking, cute; outstanding ; yebken haha ???? a person of outstanding talent ; yebken morin ???? courser
yebken saikan = a. ?????? (man) handsome, pretty
yehere = n. ???? porcelain ; yehere tetun ???? porcelain, chinaware
yekembi = vi. ?????????????С?? to sing a porn song
yeken = n. ????????? capability
yekengge = a. ???????? noble and respected, admired ; yekengge haha ????? hero ; yekengge niyalma ?????????? respected person
yendah??n = n. ?????dog
yendebumbi = vt. ????????? to rejuvenize, to restore; to encourage, to promote
yendebume dasambi = vt. ???? to boost construction (of irrigation system, etc.)
yendebun = n. (??????????????) ?? inspiration
yendembi = vi. ????????????? to rise, to prosper; (fire) to propagate
yenden = n. ???????? rise, origination ; yenden i ba ????? craddle, originating place
Yendu = n. ??? India ; Yendu gurun ??? India
yengguhe = n. ???? parrot
yengsi = n. ????????? feast, banquet (Chin. yanxi)
yentu = n. ??? (smoothing) iron (Chin. yundou)
yerecuke = a. ???????? disgraceful
yerhuwe = n. ???? ant
yertebumbi = vt.i. ???裻???? to humiliate sb.; to be humiliated
yertecun = n. ??? disgrace, shame
yertecun girucun = n. ???? shame
yertembi = vi. ?????????? to be ashamed
yertere cira = n. ??? blush
yeru = n. ??? cave
yeye boihon = n. ??? clay
yeye1 = n. ?? maggot
yeye2 = a. ???????? sticky ; yeye bele ??? sticky rice ; yeye gisun ?????? verbiage
yobo = n. ??Ц??Ц?? joke ; yoy maktambi ????Ц to be joking ; yobo waka ??????Ц not kidding
yobodombi = vi. ?Ц??????Ц to speak jokingly
yocambi = vi. ???????? to itch, to tickle
yodambi = vt. ???? to carry, to lift
yodan = n. ???? raincoat, muddy-buddy
yohoron = n. С??ditch, stream
yohi = n. ?? set ; emu yohi bithe ?????? a set of (serial) books
yohibun = n. ???????? brief account; abstract
yohikak?? = vt. ???? disdain, to show contempt ; fafun be yohikak?? ??????? to show contempt of law
yohindambi = vt. ???? disdain, to show contempt (= yohikak??)
yohingga = a. ????? set, assambled (equipment or product)
yoho = n. ???? yolk
yokcin = a. ??ò??? pretty ; yokcin ak?? ????? ugly
yoktak?? = a. ????????ε? embarrassing; boring
yokto = n. ?ζ????? taste, sense
yokto ak?? = ???????????? embarrassing, boring, tasteless ; absi yokto ak?? ?????? it's so boring ; yokto ak?? oho ??????? sorry
yolonggi = n. ??????? fly ash
yombi = vi. ???????? to go, to leave
yonambi = vi. ???????? to go, to leave (= yombi)
yondombi = vt. ????? to accomodate
yong sere = a. ???? silly
yonggan = n. ?sand ; yonggan buraki ???dust ; yonggan mucen ??? terrine
yongkiyabumbi = vt. ??? to complete, to supplement
yongkiyaha niyalma = n. ???? perfact man
yongkiyambi = vt.i. ??? to be complete
yongkiyame = ad. ??? completely ; yongkiyame h??lambi ??? to finish a book; to read extensively
yongkiyan = n. ?????? completion
yooni = ad. ????????? all, completely
yooni bithe = n.???????dictionary, encyclopedia
yoose = n. ?? lock, padlock
yooselambi = vt. ??????? to lock
yoro = n. ??? rumour ; yoro gisun ??? rumour, gossip
yoso = n. ???????? way, right way to do things, decency
yoto = a. ????? silly
yumpi = n. ? addiction ; yumpi banjinambi ??? to be addicted
yun = n. ??????м? track, trace
yuwei tai = n. ??? platform
Yunhe Bira = n. ?????????????the Grand Canal (from Beijing to Hangzhou) (Chin. yunhe)
yuyumbi = vi. ????to be hungry
yuyuhe irgen = n. ???? starving people
yuyure aniya = n. ???? lean year, famine
yuyun omin = n. ???? want, starvation

Z

žiben = n. ???japan
ziben-jiya = n. ????? capitalist, entrepreneur (Chin. zibenjia)
ziben-jiya jiyeji = n. ?????? bourgeoisie (Chin. zibenjia jieji)
zican jiyeji = n. ??????bourgeoisie
zijycioi = n. ??????autonomous region (Chin. zizhi qu) ; Sinjiyang Uighur zijycioi ?????????????Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region
zijysiyan = n. ??????autonomous county (Chin. zizhi xian) ; cabcal sibe zijysiyan ???????????????Cabcal Sibe Autonomous County (in Xinjiang Prov., China)
zofeng = n. ????style of working or living, way, manner (Chin. zofeng) ; dang i zofeng ????the Party's working style
zujyhen = n. ?????????organization; institution (Chin. zuzhi) ; jalan jecen h??dai maiman zujyhen ????ó?????World Trade Organization ; zujyhen weileran ???????organizational work
zungtung = n. ???president (e.g. of the United States) (Chin. zongtong)


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