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Application Note
Lync 2010 deployment guide
Document version: v1.2 Last update: 12th December 2013 Lync server: 2010 ALOHA version: 5.5 and above

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Contents
1 Introduction 4 1.1 About Exceliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1.2 About ALOHA Load-balancer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1.3 About this guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1.4 Appliance supported . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1.5 Aloha firmware versions supported . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 1.6 Microsoft Lync version supported . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 1.7 Document history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 1.8 Disclaimer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2 Lync 2010 introduction 6 2.1 Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 2.2 Server roles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 2.3 Load Balancing Lync 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 2.3.1 DNS Load Balancing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 2.3.2 Hardware Load Balancing (HLB) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 2.3.3 Why using a Load-Balancer for Lync 2010? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 2.3.4 Hardware Load-Balancer deployment mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 2.4 Lync 2010 services summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2.4.1 External services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2.4.1.1 Edge server pool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2.4.1.2 Director servers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2.4.1.3 Front End servers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2.4.2 Internal services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 2.4.2.1 Edge server pool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 2.4.2.2 Director servers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 2.4.2.3 Front End servers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 2.4.2.4 Mediation servers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 2.5 Persistence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 2.6 Timeout settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 2.7 Lync 2010 Web Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 2.8 Mobility Web Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 2.9 Microsoft documentation about Lync 2010 Load-Balancing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 3 Lync infrastructure and ALOHA Load-Balancer 13 3.1 External services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 3.1.1 Edge pool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 3.1.2 Director pool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 3.1.3 Front End pool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 3.2 Internal services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 3.2.1 Edge pool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 3.2.2 Director pool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 3.2.3 Front End pool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
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Exceliance - ALOHA Load-Balancer Lync 2010 deployment guide 4 ALOHA Load-Balancer configuration templates for Lync 2010 17 4.1 HAProxy configuration diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 4.2 Default section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 4.3 External services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 4.3.1 Edge pool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 4.3.2 Director pool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 4.3.3 Front End pool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 4.4 Internal services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 4.4.1 Edge pool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 4.4.2 Director pool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 4.4.3 Front End pool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 5 SSL Offloading, SSL bridging 24 6 Going further with the ALOHA Load-Balancer 25 7 Contact Us 26
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1 Introduction
1.1 About Exceliance
Exceliance is a software company, editing the Application Delivery Controller called ALOHA Load- Balancer. Headquartered in Jouy-en-Josas (Yvelines), all its team (including R&D and technical support) is based in France. Exceliance currently has around 200 customers in the banking, retail groups, energy and e-commerce industries and the public sector. Exceliance solutions are also used by many hosting providers. The ALOHA Load-balancer is designed to improve performance, guarantee quality of service and ensure the availability of critical business applications, by dynamically balancing flows and queries on the company*s various servers.
1.2 About ALOHA Load-balancer
The ALOHA Load-Balancer is designed to load-balance at layer 4 and control application delivery at layer 7. It is designed to integrate simply and quickly into any environment or architecture. The main ALOHA Load-Balancer benefits are: 每 Guarantee applications and services availability as well as improve web application performance 每 Makes infrastructures scalable and reliable 每 Simplifies architecture: IPv6 frontend, SSL offloading, layer 7 routing 每 Protect the infrastructure against DDOS and any type of attacks Developed using HAProxy open source load balancing software, Exceliance solutions are known for their processing performance, reliability and wealth of features. Offered at more affordable prices than other commercial solutions, they are easy to deploy and to administer. ALOHA Load-balancer is available either as a physical appliance or as a Virtual Appliance. The Virtual appliance can run on top of any hypervisor available on the market.
1.3 About this guide
The guide provides configuration templates to setup the ALOHA Load-Balancer for Microsoft Lync 2010. The latest version of this guide can be downloaded from Exceliance website: http://www.exceliance.fr/.
1.4 Appliance supported
All ALOHA Load-Balancer appliances can be used with Microsoft Lync 2010. (physical and virtual ones).
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1.5 Aloha firmware versions supported
ALOHA 4.2 and above are supported to load-Balance Microsoft Lync 2010. the configuration templates provided in this guide applies to the latest ALOHA Long Term Support 5.5 branch. For earlier version, the configuration may be slightly different. Please contact Exceliance Pre-sales team for help and information.
1.6 Microsoft Lync version supported
ALOHA load-balancer can be used with the following versions of Microsoft Lync: 每 Microsoft Lync 2010
1.7 Document history
每 2013-11-08: template updates, Lync introduction updated 每 2013-11-08: Minor typo changes 每 2013-01-24: Initial Version
1.8 Disclaimer
The Lync 2010 configuration tips which might be provided in this guide are purely informational. For more information about Microsoft Lync 2010 tools and how to use them, please refer to Microsoft web site which is fully and properly documented.
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2 Lync 2010 introduction
2.1 Description
Microsoft Lync Server 2010 (previously known as Microsoft Office Communications Server, OCS) is an enterprise level communications server application, providing services such as instant messaging, VoIP, conferences (audio, video and web conferencing) and Public Switch Telephone Network (PSTN) or SIP connectivity. It can be used in an enterprise network or can be connected to the outside world, for external commu- nication.
2.2 Server roles
The table below summarizes the different Lync 2010 server roles and provides useful information from a load-balancing point of view.
Role name Description
Front End Core server role, it runs many Lync Server services. This is role is required for Lync 2010. High Availability can be achieved with the ALOHA Load-Balancer. Edge Allow users to communicate and collaborate with users outside the organization*s firewalls. These external users can include the organization*s own users who are currently working off-site, users from federated partner organizations, and outside users who have been invited to join conferences hosted on your Lync Server deployment. This role also enables connectivity to public IM connectivity services, including Windows Live, AOL, Yahoo! and Google Talk. High Availability can be achieved with the ALOHA Load-Balancer. Director Used in collaboration with Edge Servers. Director Servers authen- ticates external users, before passing their traffic to the internal servers. Directors can also be deployed with Front End pools to improve per- formance: the Director routes requests to the correct Front End pool. High Availability can be achieved with the ALOHA Load-Balancer. This is a required role when Edge Servers are deployed. Audio/Video Conferen- cing Provides Audio / Visual conferencing functionality to Lync clients. One can use a pool of A/V Conferencing servers for high-availability. This role is can be installed on the Front End Server or standing on its own server.
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Role name Description
Mediation Enables Enterprise Voice and dial-in conferencing. Mediation Server translates signaling between your internal Lync Server infrastructure and a public switched telephone network (PSTN) gateway, IP-PBX, or a Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) trunk. This role is can be installed on the Front End Server or standing on its own server. High Availability can be achieved with the ALOHA Load-Balancer. Communicator Web Ac- cess shortened to CWA Allows users who do not have a Lync client to use the Lync Server ser- vices. It is an extension from Lync 2010 and cannot be run separately. This role is can be installed on the Front End Server or standing on its own server. Monitoring Collects information from the Lync infrastructure and ability to run reports for administrator. This information can be used to help to provide the best possible media experience for users to plan future growth. This role is can be installed on the Archiving Server or standing on its own server. This role is outside the Load-Balancing scope Archiving Allows archiving of IM communications and meeting content. Only required if you have legal concerns. This role is can be installed on the Monitoring Server or standing on its own server. This role is outside the Load-Balancing scope Back End It can host various SQL Server databases to keep track of Lync*s con- figuration and state information. Microsoft recommends using an SQL cluster for high availability. This is role is required for Lync 2010. This role is outside the Load-Balancing scope
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2.3 Load Balancing Lync 2010
Lync 2010 supports two ways of load balancing: 1. Domain Name System (DNS) 2. Hardware Load Balancing (HLB)
2.3.1 DNS Load Balancing
Lync 2010 DNS load balancing is implemented on the client side: when a Lync 2010 client wants to get connected to a Lync infrastructure, it queries the DNS which will provide it all member addresses. The client then attempts to establish a TCP connection to one of these IP addresses. If it fails, the client tries the next IP address. If the client can*t get successfully connected on any server running IP address provided by the DNS, then an error is returned to the client, mentioning no Lync 2010 servers are available. Services relying on HTTP/HTTPs are session state oriented and can*t use the DNS load-balancing method. In this case a Hardware Load Balancer must be used.
2.3.2 Hardware Load Balancing (HLB)
As explained in the previous chapter, hardware based load balancing is required for Web based services. That said, DNS and HLB based load-balancing can be used together or the HLB can be used alone to load-balance all Lync 2010 services.
2.3.3 Why using a Load-Balancer for Lync 2010?
每 Fault tolerance is limited and failover can take much longer than when using a Load-Balancer 每 The Load-Balancer can also cover the Reverse-Proxy features needed by Lync 2010 每 The Load-Balancer allows graceful shutdown of servers by draining traffic to it without cutting any connections 每 DNS roundrobin is not load-balancing while the Load-Balancer can perform smooth and smart load-balancing That said, you have to note that a Load-Balancer may add complexity in Lync 2010 deployment.
2.3.4 Hardware Load-Balancer deployment mode
The ALOHA Load-Balancer can be used in the mode below: 每 Layer 7 reverse-proxy, also known as source NAT or Full NAT. Easiest integration, no architecture modification required. 每 Layer 7 Transparent proxy, same as reverse-proxy mode but client IP is not hidden. The HLB must be the server*s default gateway 每 Layer 4 Destination NAT. The HLB must be the server*s default gateway. The HLB acts as a router. 每 Layer 4 Direct Server Return, also known as gateway mode. The HLB Virtual IP must be configured on a server loopback. The HLB acts as a router. Lync 2010 is not compatible with this mode. 每 Layer 4 IPIP tunnel. The HLB Virtual IP must be configured on a server loopback and the server
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Exceliance - ALOHA Load-Balancer Lync 2010 deployment guide must be compatible with IPIP tunnels. The HLB acts as a router. Lync 2010 is not compatible with this mode. In this guide, all the TCP based services will be load-balanced in reverse-proxy mode, labelled Layer 7 mode in the ALOHA GUI. UDP based services will be load-balanced with the Layer 4 Destination NAT mode, labelled Layer 4 in the ALOHA GUI
2.4 Lync 2010 services summary
2.4.1 External services
2.4.1.1 Edge server pool
Port Protocols Service purpose
443 TCP / STUN SIP 443 TCP / STUN Conferencing 443 TCP / STUN Audio/Video TCP (failover from UDP) 3478 UDP / STUN Audio/Video UDP 5061 TCP / TLS / SIP Access Edge federation Because 3 different services require TCP port 443, you must use 3 different public IP addresses. Fortunately, the Conferencing and Audio/Video TCP services can run on different ports, allowing you to lower your deployment requirements in term of Public IP addresses.
2.4.1.2 Director servers
Port Protocols Service purpose
443 TCP / HTTPs web services The Load-Balancer replaces the Reverse-proxy in this case
2.4.1.3 Front End servers
Port Protocols Service purpose
443 TCP / HTTPs mobile client access, autodiscover The Load-Balancer replaces the Reverse-proxy in this case
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2.4.2 Internal services
2.4.2.1 Edge server pool
Port Protocols Service purpose
443 TCP / STUN Used for SIP/TLS communication for external users accessing internal Web conferences, and STUN/TCP inbound and outbound media com- munications for accessing internal media and A/V sessions 3478 UDP / STUN Used for STUN/UDP inbound and outbound media exchange. 5061 TCP / MTLS / SIP SIP/TLS to edge 5062 TCP / MTLS / SIP Edge A/V authorization 8057 TCP / MTLS Used to listen for Persistent Shared Object Model (PSOM) connections from client
2.4.2.2 Director servers
Port Protocols Service purpose
80 TCP / HTTP various HTTP services 443 TCP / HTTPS Communication between Directors and Front End 444 TCP / HTTPS Communication between Directors and Front End 4443 TCP / HTTPS External Web Services from Reverse Proxies 5060 TCP / SIP Optionally used for static routes to trusted services, such as remote call control servers 5061 TCP / TLS / SIP Used for internal communications between servers and for client con- nections 8080 TCP / HTTP External Web Services from Reverse Proxies
2.4.2.3 Front End servers
Port Protocols Service purpose
135 TCP / DCOM Used for DCOM based operations such as Moving Users, User Replic- ator Synchronization, and Address Book Synchronization 443 TCP / HTTPs Internal web services 444 TCP / HTTPs Used for communication between the Focus (the Lync Server compon- ent that manages conference state) and the individual servers 4443 TCP / HTTPs External web services from reverse proxies 5061 TCP / TLS / SIP Used by Front End pools for all internal SIP communications between servers (MTLS), for SIP communications between Server and Client (TLS) and for SIP communications between Front End Servers and Mediation Servers (MTLS). 5065 TCP Used for incoming SIP listening requests for application sharing 5069 TCP Used by Quality of Experience (QoE) agent on the Front End Server
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Exceliance - ALOHA Load-Balancer Lync 2010 deployment guide Optional services:
Port Protocols Service purpose
80 TCP / HTTP Various HTTP based Services 448 TCP Used for call admission control by the Lync Server Bandwidth Policy Service 5060 TCP / SIP Unsecured SIP Traffic 5071 TCP / SIP Used for incoming SIP requests for the Response Group application 5072 TCP / SIP Used for incoming SIP requests for Microsoft Lync 2010 Attendant (dial in conferencing) 5073 TCP / SIP Used for incoming SIP requests for the Lync Server Conferencing An- nouncement service (that is, for dial-in conferencing) 5074 TCP / SIP Used for incoming SIP requests for the Lync Server Conferencing An- nouncement service (that is, for dial-in conferencing) 5075 TCP / SIP Incoming SIP requests for the Call Park application 5076 TCP / SIP Used for incoming SIP requests for the Lync Server Conferencing An- nouncement service (that is, for dial-in conferencing) 5080 TCP Used for call admission control by the Bandwidth Policy service for A/V Edge TURN traffic 8080 TCP / HTTPs External web services from reverse proxies
2.4.2.4 Mediation servers
Port Protocols Service purpose
5067 TCP / TLS / SIP Used for incoming SIP requests from the PSTN gateway 5068 TCP / TLS / SIP Used for incoming SIP requests from the PSTN gateway 5070 TCP / SIP Incoming requests from the Front End Server The Mediation role is usually hosted on the Frontend server
2.5 Persistence
Most Lync 2010 services are compatible with source IP persistence: actually, only Mobility services, when enabled through the Forefront TMG reverse-proxies, and Communicator Web applications must use application layer persistence, such as HTTP Cookie. Since Lync 2010 does not allow SSL offloading, when performing Cookie based persistence, the Load- Balancer must decypher the incoming traffic and cypher the outgoing traffic. Fortunately, the ALOHA Load-Balancer can do this easily for you.
2.6 Timeout settings
In Lync 2010, the TCP idle timeout is setup to 20 minutes by default. It is recommended to setup a timeout slightly higher in your configuration. In the configuration templates provided in this guide, we*ll use 30 minutes timeout (or 1800 seconds)
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Exceliance - ALOHA Load-Balancer Lync 2010 deployment guide for TCP based services.
2.7 Lync 2010 Web Services
In order to publish Web Services in a Lync 2010 infrastructure, it is required to use Microsoft Forefront Threat Management Gateway (TMG) 2010. Microsoft recommends that all Web Services in all pools should be published. One publishing rule for each Front End pool and Director pool is required. When Director Servers are deployed, the reverse proxies should listen for HTTP/HT- TPS requests to the simple URLs and should proxy them to the external Web Services virtual directory on the Director pool. Forefront TMG configuration and load-balancing is outside the scope of this guide.
2.8 Mobility Web Services
When load-balancing Mobility web services, we must provide cookie based persistence: SSL bridging is mandatory, since clients get connected over an SSL connection and the Lync servers expect SSL connections as well. SSL bridging related documentation is provided at the end of this document.
2.9 Microsoft documentation about Lync 2010 Load- Balancing
每 Hardware Load Balancer Requirements: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/jj656815.aspx 每 Setting Up Reverse Proxy Servers: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/gg398069.aspx 每 Load Balancing Requirements: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/gg615011.aspx 每 Components Required for External User Access: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/gg425779.aspx 每 Ports and Protocols for Internal Servers: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/gg398833.aspx 每 Port Summary - Scaled Consolidated Edge with Hardware Load Balancers: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/gg398739.aspx 每 Microsoft Lync Server 2010 Protocol Workloads Poster: http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=6797
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3 Lync infrastructure and ALOHA Load- Balancer
The diagram below shows an example of ALOHA Load-Balancer deployment in a Lync 2010 infrastructure: The main components are: 每 One cluster of ALOHA load-balancer, plugged in the public DMZ and in the LAN. It also assumes the Reverse-Proxy feature. 每 A pool of Lync 2010 Edge servers, in the public DMZ and in the LAN 每 A pool of Lync 2010 Director servers, in the LAN 每 A pool of Lync 2010 servers with enterprise roles: Front End, AV/V Conferencing and Mediation Any other roles, such as Archiving and Monitoring can be installed in the LAN on a dedicated server.. You could also use 2 clusters, one for the public DMZ and one for the LAB to improve security and DMZ isolation.
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3.1 External services
3.1.1 Edge pool
The Virtual IPs and Services concerning External Edge Pool are configured on the ALOHA Cluster public interface. These services are:
Virtual IP Port / Protocol Mode Service name
64.x.y.174 443 / TCP Layer 7 SIP 64.x.y.174 5061 / TCP Layer 7 SIP federation 64.x.y.174 5062 / TCP Layer 7 Audio / Video TCP 64.x.y.174 5063 / TCP Layer 7 Conferencing The required deployment mode for Edge servers is transparent proxy. This means the Edge servers default gateway must be the Aloha Load-Balancer. In normal case, 3 Public IPs are required because 3 services must listen on port 443: Access, Web conference and A/V. In our lab, we chose to use a single IP but use 3 different TCP ports.
3.1.2 Director pool
The Virtual IPs and Services concerning Director Pool external web services are configured on the ALOHA Cluster public interface. These services are:
Virtual IP Port / Protocol Mode Service name
64.x.y.173 443 / HTTPS Layer 7 External web services In this case, the ALOHA Load-Balancer acts as a Reverse-Proxy
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3.1.3 Front End pool
The Virtual IPs and Services concerning Front End Pool external web services are configured on the ALOHA Cluster, on its public interface. These services are:
Virtual IP Port / Protocol Mode Service name
64.x.y.176 443 / HTTPS Layer 7 External web services In this case, the ALOHA Load-Balancer acts as a Reverse-Proxy
3.2 Internal services
3.2.1 Edge pool
The Virtual IPs and Services concerning Internal Edge Pool are configured on the ALOHA Cluster LAN interface. These services are:
Virtual IP Port / Protocol Mode Service name
192.168.10.8 443 / TCP Layer 7 SIP TLS communication 192.168.10.8 5061 / TCP Layer 7 SIP/TLS to Edge 192.168.10.8 5062 / TCP Layer 7 Audio / Video TCP 192.168.10.8 8057 / TCP Layer 7 PSOM
3.2.2 Director pool
The Virtual IPs and Services concerning internal Director Pool services is configured on the ALOHA Cluster LAN interface. These services are:
Virtual IP Port / Protocol Mode Service name
192.168.10.7 443 / HTTPS Layer 7 Directors / frontends communica- tion 192.168.10.7 444 / HTTPS Layer 7 Directors / frontends communica- tion 192.168.10.7 4443 / HTTPS Layer 7 Web services 192.168.10.7 5060 / SIP Layer 7 SIP communication 192.168.10.7 5061 / SIP Layer 7 TLS SIP communication
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3.2.3 Front End pool
TCP based Services: The Virtual IPs and Services concerning internal Front End Pool services is configured on the ALOHA Cluster LAN interface. These services are:
Virtual IP Port / Protocol Mode Service name
192.168.10.6 80 / HTTP Layer 7 Internal web services 192.168.10.6 135 / TCP Layer 7 DCOM and RPC 192.168.10.6 443 / HTTPS Layer 7 Internal web services 192.168.10.6 444 / HTTPS Layer 7 Internal web services 192.168.10.6 4443 / HTTPS Layer 7 External web services 192.168.10.6 5060 / TCP Layer 7 unsecured SIP 192.168.10.6 5061 / TCP Layer 7 TLS SIP communication 192.168.10.6 5065 / TCP Layer 7 SIP Application sharing 192.168.10.6 5069 / TCP Layer 7 SIP QoE 192.168.10.6 5071 / TCP Layer 7 SIP Response group service 192.168.10.6 5072 / TCP Layer 7 SIP Conferencing attendant 192.168.10.6 5073 / TCP Layer 7 SIP Conferencing announcement 192.168.10.6 5074 / TCP Layer 7 SIP outside voice control 192.168.10.6 5075 / TCP Layer 7 SIP for call park application 192.168.10.6 5076 / TCP Layer 7 SIP dial-in conferencing 192.168.10.6 8080 / HTTP Layer 7 Internal web services Since the Frontend servers also hosts the Mediation role, the following ports should be conigured as well:
Virtual IP Port / Protocol Mode Service name
192.168.10.6 5067 / TCP Layer 7 SIP request from PSTN gateway 192.168.10.6 5068 / TCP Layer 7 SIP request from PSTN gateway 192.168.10.6 5070 / TCP Layer 7 Incoming request from Frontend servers
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4 ALOHA Load-Balancer configuration tem- plates for Lync 2010
Just copy / paste the configuration example below and update them accordingly to your IP addressing scheme.
4.1 HAProxy configuration diagram
The diagram below explains how the HAProxy configuration is setup. Basically, EXTERNAL frontends listen on public interfaces and INTERNAL frontends listen on the server lan interface. The diagram show the name of each frontend and backend in use:
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4.2 Default section
It is recommended to setup a default section dedicated to Lync 2010. To be added in the LB Layer 7 GUI tab:
######## Default values for all entries till next defaults section defaults LYNC2010 log global option tcplog option tcpka option dontlognull # Do not log connections with no requests option redispatch # Try another server in case of connection failure option contstats # Enable continuous traffic statistics updates option socket-stats retries 3 # Try to connect up to 3 times in case of failure timeout connect 5s # 5 seconds max to connect or to stay in queue timeout queue 30s # 30 seconds max queued on load balancer timeout tarpit 1m # tarpit hold tim backlog 10000 # Size of SYN backlog queue
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4.3 External services
4.3.1 Edge pool
To be added in the LB Layer 7 GUI tab:
frontend ft_LYNC2010_EXT_edge mode tcp bind 64.x.y.174:443 defer-accept name sip bind 64.x.y.174:5061 defer-accept name sip-federation bind 64.x.y.174:5062 defer-accept name audio_video_tcp bind 64.x.y.174:5063 defer-accept name conferencing option tcp-smart-accept timeout client 1800s default_backend bk_LYNC2010_EXT_edge backend bk_LYNC2010_EXT_edge mode tcp option tcp-smart-connect timeout connect 5s timeout server 1800s retries 3 stick-table type ip size 10k expire 1h peers aloha stick on src balance leastconn source 0.0.0.0 usesrc clientip default-server inter 5s fall 3 rise 2 on-marked-down shutdown-sessions server 2010lyed1 64.x.y.177 weight 10 check observe layer4 port 443 server 2010lyed2 64.x.y.178 weight 10 check observe layer4 port 443
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4.3.2 Director pool
To be added in the LB Layer 7 GUI tab:
frontend ft_LYNC2010_EXT_director mode tcp bind 64.x.y.173:443 defer-accept name web_services option tcp-smart-accept timeout client 1800s default_backend bk_LYNC2010_EXT_director backend bk_LYNC2010_EXT_director mode tcp option tcp-smart-connect timeout connect 5s timeout server 1800s retries 3 stick-table type ip size 10k expire 1h peers aloha stick on src balance leastconn default-server inter 5s fall 3 rise 2 on-marked-down shutdown-sessions server 2010lydir1 192.168.10.33:4443 weight 10 check observe layer4 server 2010lydir2 192.168.10.34:4443 weight 10 check observe layer4
4.3.3 Front End pool
To be added in the LB Layer 7 GUI tab:
frontend ft_LYNC2010_EXT_frontend mode tcp bind 64.x.y.176:443 defer-accept name web_services option tcp-smart-accept timeout client 1800s default_backend bk_LYNC2010_EXT_frontend backend bk_LYNC2010_EXT_frontend mode tcp option tcp-smart-connect timeout connect 5s timeout server 1800s retries 3 stick-table type ip size 10k expire 1h peers aloha stick on src balance leastconn default-server inter 5s fall 3 rise 2 on-marked-down shutdown-sessions server 2010lyfe1 192.168.10.31:4443 weight 10 check observe layer4 server 2010lyfe2 192.168.10.32:4443 weight 10 check observe layer4
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4.4 Internal services
4.4.1 Edge pool
To be added in the LB Layer 7 GUI tab:
frontend ft_LYNC2010_INT_edge mode tcp bind 192.168.10.8:443 name https bind 192.168.10.8:5061 name sip bind 192.168.10.8:5062 name av_tcp bind 192.168.10.8:8057 name webconf_NOTNEEDED option tcp-smart-accept timeout client 1800s default_backend bk_LYNC2010_INT_edge backend bk_LYNC2010_INT_edge mode tcp option tcp-smart-connect timeout connect 5s timeout server 1800s retries 3 stick-table type ip size 10k expire 1h peers aloha stick on src balance leastconn default-server inter 5s fall 3 rise 2 on-marked-down shutdown-sessions server 2010lyed1 192.168.10.36 weight 10 check observe layer4 port 5061 check-ssl server 2010lyed2 192.168.10.37 weight 10 check observe layer4 port 5061 check-ssl
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4.4.2 Director pool
To be added in the LB Layer 7 GUI tab:
frontend ft_LYNC2010_INT_director mode tcp bind 192.168.10.7:80 name http bind 192.168.10.7:443 name dir_fe_communication bind 192.168.10.7:444 name dir_fe_communication bind 192.168.10.7:4443 name web_services bind 192.168.10.7:5061 name sip bind 192.168.10.7:8080 name web_services option tcp-smart-accept timeout client 1800s default_backend bk_LYNC2010_INT_director backend bk_LYNC2010_INT_director mode tcp option tcp-smart-connect timeout connect 5s timeout server 1800s retries 3 stick-table type ip size 10k expire 1h peers aloha stick on src balance leastconn default-server inter 5s fall 3 rise 2 on-marked-down shutdown-sessions server 2010lydir1 192.168.10.33 weight 10 check port 5061 observe layer4 check-ssl server 2010lydir2 192.168.10.34 weight 10 check port 5061 observe layer4 check-ssl
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4.4.3 Front End pool
To be added in the LB Layer 7 GUI tab:
frontend ft_LYNC2010_INT_frontend mode tcp bind 192.168.10.6:80 name OPT_http bind 192.168.10.6:135 name dcom bind 192.168.10.6:443 name https bind 192.168.10.6:444 name https bind 192.168.10.6:448 name OPT_call_admission_control bind 192.168.10.6:4443 name web_services bind 192.168.10.6:5060 name OPT_sip_unsecured bind 192.168.10.6:5061 name sip_tls bind 192.168.10.6:5065 name app_sharing bind 192.168.10.6:5069 name qoe bind 192.168.10.6:5070 name OPT_med_fe_communication bind 192.168.10.6:5071 name OPT_sip_response_groups bind 192.168.10.6:5072 name OPT_sip_conference_attendant bind 192.168.10.6:5073 name OPT_sip_conference_announcement bind 192.168.10.6:5074 name OPT_sip_voice_control bind 192.168.10.6:5075 name OPT_incoming_sip_request bind 192.168.10.6:5076 name OPT_dialin_conferencing bind 192.168.10.6:5080 name OPT_call_admission bind 192.168.10.6:8080 name OPT_web_services option tcp-smart-accept timeout client 1800s default_backend bk_LYNC2010_INT_frontend backend bk_LYNC2010_INT_frontend mode tcp option tcp-smart-connect timeout connect 5s timeout server 1800s retries 3 stick-table type ip size 10k expire 1h peers aloha stick on src balance leastconn default-server inter 5s fall 3 rise 2 on-marked-down shutdown-sessions server 2010lyfe1 192.168.10.31 weight 10 check observe layer4 port 5061 check-ssl server 2010lyfe2 192.168.10.32 weight 10 check observe layer4 port 5061 check-ssl
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5 SSL Offloading, SSL bridging
For some configuration templates provided in this guide, you may need to host your Lync certificates into the ALOHA load-balancer. Documentation to configure SSL offloading and SSL bridging is available from Exceliance website: Resources > FAQ and Technical articles, then download the following PDF: 每 AN-0021-EN - Implementation of a SSL frontend 每 AN-0022-EN - Implementation of a backend SSL 每 AN-0023-EN - Managing SSL backend & frontend 每 AN-0024-EN - Managing SSL chained certificates
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6 Going further with the ALOHA Load- Balancer
As mentioned in introduction, bear in mind that most services can be load-balanced via DNS, thanks to the smart Lync 2010 client protocol. There are many topologies available for a Lync 2010 infrastructure and the ALOHA Load-balancer can be used in any of them. Purpose of this document is to provide the main line of configuring the ALOHA load-balancer for Lync 2010. The features below can be done with the ALOHA Load-Balancer, but are not explained in this documentation. Please contact Exceliance Pre-sales team or your Exceliance partner for help and information. 每 DDOS protection on external Edge services 每 Advanced health checking on TCP based services 每 Application level health check on web Services
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7 Contact Us
Email: contact@exceliance.fr Website: http://www.exceliance.fr/en Blog: http://blog.exceliance.fr/
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