ĵ > Full text of "English-Swahili vocabulary"

Full text of "English-Swahili vocabulary"

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ENGLISH-SWAHILI VOCABULARY.



Digitized by tlie Internet Arcliive

in 2007 witli funding from

IVIicrosoft Corporation



littp://www.arcliive.org/details/englisliswaliilivoOOmadaiala



ENeLISH-SWAHILI VOCABULARY.



COMPILED FROM THE WORKS OP THE
LATE BISHOP STEERE AND FROM OTHER SOURCES.



ST



A. C. MADAN.




SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING CHRISTIAN KNOWLEDGE,
LONDON: 68, HAYMARKBT, S.W.

1317

BOOii -.-L.. a,
MAiaC&Z. B. E.A.



ADVERTISEMENT.



'fiiis Vocabulary was begun as an Index to 'Swabili Exercises' (by
Bishop Steere), and can be used for that purpose. It assumed its
present form by the addition of a large number of words from his
collections in the 'Handbook of the Swahili Language,' and of a few
from other sources.

As it is intended to be useful, not only to Europeans learning
Swahili, but to Swahilis and others learning to read an English book,
a description of the abbreyiationa is added from Bichop Steere's
♦ Grammar in Swahili.*



ABBREVIATIONS,



T. = verb, maana yake, ncno la (act.) kuteuda, kama Penda, ao

(neut.) kuwa na kutcndeka, kama Weza, Geuka,
B^ = substantive, . . . JiiM» la kitu ao jambo, kama Mtu, Hofu.
a. = adjective, . . . Ginsi ya kitu ao ya jambo, kama Jema, Bovn.
adv. = adverb, , ; . Kadiri ya kuwa na kutenda, kama Sana, Mbali.
pron. = pronoun, . . . neno litumikalo Mahali pa Majina (substan-
tives), kama Mimi, lie.
prep. = proposition, . . . neno la kuonyesba Kuwaje tendo ao bali,

kama Kwa, Eatika.
conj. = conjunction, . . . Ungo la kuungia maneno.
iuterj. = interjection, . . . Kilio, kama Ah ! Jo ! Loo ! Kumbe.

rel. = relative pronoun, . . . Rtjeo, neno la kurejca kwa ncno liugine,
kama -ye, -o, -cbo.
inter. = interrogative, . . . neno la Kuuliza, kama Wapi ? Lini?
neg. = negative, . . . neno la Kukana.

sing. = singular, . . • ir.moja tu, kama Jambo, ndio jambo moja.
plur. = plural. . . . vcngi, kama Mauibo, adio Mambo mengi.

A C. Jl.




ENGLISH-SWAHILI VOCABULARY.



A, An, not expressed in Swahili.

Abandon, T., aclia.

Abhor, v., cliukia.

Abhorrence, 8., raachukio.

Ability, s., uwczo.

Able, a., hodari.

he Able, v., weza.

About, adv. and prep., (near,nearhj)
karibu, karibu ya, kama, (all
round) pande-zote, (concerning)
habari ya, (on account of) kwa
ajili ya.
Tell me about him, Uniambie ha-

bari zake.
What are you about 1 Wafanya-
jo?

Above, adv. and prep., juu, juu ya,
(more thati) zayidi ya.

Absent, v.

He is absent, hako, hayuko.

Abundance, s., wingi, tele.

Abundant, a., -iugi, tele, marithawa.

Abuse, 8., matukano.

Abuse, v., tukana.

Abyssinian, a., Habesbia.



, ACT

Accept, v., (receive) pokea, (assent to)

kubali.
Acceptance, s., ukub.ili.
Accident, B.,'X<^hance event) tukio,

plur. ma-, (disaster) msiba.
Accidentally, adv., (by chance) kwit

nasibu.
Accompany, v., fuatana na, (for

part of Vie icay) sindikiza.
Accordingly, adv., (thus) hivi, vile,

(and so) bassi.
on Account of, pi'cp., kwa ajili ya,

kwa niaana ya, kwa hesabu ya.
Account-booh, s., daftari.
Accounts, 8., hesabu.
Accusation, a., shtaka, plur. raa-
Accuse, v., shtaki, teta.
Accustom, v., zoeza.
become Accustomed, v., zoea.
Ache, v., uma.
Acknowledge, v., uugama.
Act, action, a., tendo, plur. ma-,

kitendo.
Act, v., tenda, fanya.
Active, a., -tendaji.



ADD



AMO



Add, v., (in arithmetic) jumlisba,
hesabu, (say further) eema
tena, (put besides) tia. -;

Add to, v., ongeza, zidisha.
Addition, s., (in arithmetic) jumla.
Address, s., (of a letter) anwani.
Admit, v.j'ingiza, (confess) ungama.
Adorn, v., painba.
Adulterer, s., mzinzL
Adultery, s., uzinzi.
commit Adultery, v., zini.
Advance, v., endelca mbele, (of

money, etc.) kopcsba.
Adcantage, %., (??profit) faykla.
Adversity, s., matcso, sbidda.
Advice, s., sbuuri, plur. lua-.
Advisable, a., afatbali, sunne.
Advise, v., pa shaiiri, oiiya.
Affair, e., jambo, plur. mambo,

sliugbuli.
Affection, s., mapcnzi, shauko.
Afflict, v., tesa, onea, sumbua.
Affliction, ?., matcso, huzuui.
be Afraid, v., ogopa.
After, adv. and prep., (of place)

nynma, nyuma ya, (of time)

baada, baada ya, baadaye.
Aftencards, adv., baadaye, halafu,

tena, kiisha.
Again, adv., tena, marra ya pili.
Against, prep., juu ya.
Age, 8., umii, (old age) uzee.
Agent, 8., wakili.
Agitate, v., sukaauka.
Ago, adv.

Long ago, zamani, zamaiii zakale.
V How long agol Tangu lini?

Ten days ago, tangu siku knmi,
Ico siku kumi.
Agony, s., (effort) jshudi, (great

pain) utuDgu.
Agree, v., patana,(I»eaZi&e)lingana,

elckea.



Agriculture, a., kilima
Aim, 8., 8hababa.

To talce aim, kutwaa sbabaha.

To aim a gun, kulekeza buuduki
Air, 8., bewa.

Alike, n., sawasawa, mamoja.
Alive, a., -ziina, bayi.
All, a., -ote? pia.
Allutment, s., (of land) koonde, plur.

ma-.
Allmo, r., acha.'pa rnbusa, (acknow-
ledge) ungama, kubali.
Almond, s., lozi, plur. ma-.
Almost, adv., karibu.
Alms, s., sailaka.
Alone, a., pekc y angu (y ako, y ake,

etc.), (tiumized^ -tupii, tu.
Along, adv., (beside) kando ya,
mbavuni.

To go along, kncndelea.

Go along! ondoka!
speak Aloud, ti-Hiv., sema sana, kwa

sauti knbwa.
Already, adv., (before) mbelo, (now)
sasa.

He has gone already, Amekwisha
kwenda.
Altar, 8., matbbabu.
Alter, v., badili, geuka, badilika,

(act.) badili, geuza.
Although, conj., kwanaba, ikiwa,

-ngawa.
Altogether, adv., kabisa, pia.
Alioays, adv., siku zote, (continually)

dayiina.
Amaze, v., ajaabisha, sbangaza.
be Amazed, v., staajabu, aliangaa,

tosbea.
Amazement, 8., matanjabu, usha

ngao.
American sheeting, s., amerikano.
Among, prep., katikati ya, miougoni

mwo.



A MIT



ASS



Amulet, B., talasimu, plur. ma-.
Amusement, s., mazumgumzo, (game)

mohezo.
Ancestor, s., inzee, baba.
Anchor, b., nanga.

To weigh anchor, kungoa nanga.
Anchor, v., tia nanga.
And, conj., na.

And not, wala.

And you, nawe, nanyi.

And he. And she, naye.

And it, nao, nacho, nalo, etc.

He got up and tcent, aliondoka
akneuda.
Anecdote, a., kisa.
Angel, a., malaika.
Anger, a., basira.
Angle, s., pembo.
be Angry, v., kasiiika, wa na basira,

fanya basira.
Animal, s., nyama, (small) nidudu.

Wild animal, nyama ya mwitu.
Anldet, a., nitali.
Announce, v., liubiri, tangaza.
Annoy, v., sumbua, utbia.
be Annoyed, v., sumbuka, utbika.
Annul, v., tangua.
Another, a., -ngine, -a pili.
Answer, a., jibu, plur. ma-.
Answer, v., jibu, (when called)

itika.
Ants, s., cbungu, (brown, biting)

siafu, {white) rachwa.
be Anxious, v.,.taabika, tabaruki.
Any, a., often not expressed in Swa-
hili ; (any whatever) yo yote, zo
zote, lo lote, etc.

I do not see anything, sioni kitn.
Apart, adv., mbali.
Apartment, a., cbumba.
Ape, a., nyani.
Apostatize, v., kufurn^
Apostle^ s., mtumc, plur. mi-.



A2Jpear, v., (become visible) onekana,

(come out to) fokea.
Appease, v., tuliza.
Appoint, v., agiza.
Approach, v., karibia, jongea.
Approve, v., penda, ratbi, kubali.
Arab, s., Mwarabu.
Arahin. s . Arabuni, Manga.
Arabian, Arabic, a., -a kiarabu.
Arbitrator, a., mwamuzi.
Arch, a., tao, plur. ma-.
Areca nut, b., (tree) mpopoo, (fruit)

popoo.
Arm, a., mkono.
Armpit, s., kwapa.
Arms, a., (iceapons) sclaba.
Army, a., jeslii, plur. nia-.
Around, adv., paiide zote, kuzun-

guka.
Arrange, v., andika, panga, tenge-

neza.
Arrangements, a., madaraka.
Arrest, v., kamata, funga.
Arrive, v., fika, wasili.
Arroio, a., mshnle.
Artftd, a., -a bila.
As, conj., kania; witb a verb, -vyo,

-vyo-. See While, Because, etc.
Ascend, v., panda, paa, kwea.
be Ashamed, v., tabayarika, ona

haya.
inalce Ashamed, v., tahayarisba, tia

baya.
Ash, v., uliza.

Ask in marriage, posa.
Ash for, v., taka, omba.
Asleep.

Jle is asleep, amelala, amcsinzia.
Ass, a., punda.
Assemble, v., kusanyika, (act.) ku-

Banya.
Assembly, a., makusauyika
Assist, v., sayidia.



AST



BAT



Astonish, v., ajabisha, shangaza.
be Astonished, v., toshea, sangaa,

etaajabii.
Astonishment, b,, mataajabu, usa-

ngao.
At, prep., kwa.-katika, -ni.

At once, marra rnoja.

At last, hatima, niwisho, hatla.

Is he at home ? Yuko kwake ?
Attend, v., sikiliza, angalia, (accom-
pany) fuatana na, {wait upon)

ngojea.
Attempt, v., janhn.
Attempt, 8., (effort) bidii, jaribu, plur.

ma-.
Auction, 8., nmada.
Auctioneer, s., dalali.
Aunt, a., Bhaugazi.
Authority, s., nguvu, mamlaka, amri.
Autumn, a., demaui (spring in Zau-

aibar).
Avail, v., faa.
Avarice, a., choyo.
Avoid, v., (heep one's self from)

epuka, (get out of the way) epa.
Awake, v., atnka, (act.) ainsha.

Remain awake, keslui.
Awahe, a., maclio.

He is awake, yu macho.
Aicay.

I am going away, nakweuda
zangu.
Axe, B., shoka, plur. ma-.



B.

Bahy, s., mtoto mcbanga.

Back, 8., mgongo.

Back, Backwards, adv., nyuma.

Go back, rudi. X.

5ad,a,-baya,-ovu,(roWe»,ttn«OM7ic7.^.

-bovu. ^



go Bad, v., oza.

Bag, a., mfuko, (small) kifuko, (mat-
ting) kikapo, kapo, plur. ma-,

kauda, plur. ma-, peto, (wallet)

mkoba.
Bait, 8^ cbambo.
Bake, v., oka.

Bale out water, v., vuta maji.
Ball, s-' P'^^> t"f^'
Ballast, a., far u mi.
Bamboo, s., mwanzi.
Banana, a., (plant) mgomba, (fruit)

ndizi.
Band, a., utepe, (company) jamii,

kundi, plur. ma-, (of soldiers) ki-

kozi.
Bandage, a., kitambaa.
Bank, a., fuugu, plur. ma-, ukingo.

The opposite bank, ng'ambo.
be Bankrupt, v., filisika.
Baobab, a., (tree) mbuyu, (fruit)

buyu, plur. ma-.
Baptize, v., batiza.
Bar, 8., (iron) chuma, mtambo,

(wood) mti.
Bar, v., (a door) pingia.
Barbarous, a., -a kisheuzi, (cruel)

•kali.
Barber, a., kinyozi.
Bare, a., -tupu.

Bargain, v., piga bei, patana, afika.
Bark, a., ganda, plur. ma-, gome.
Barrel, a., pipa, plur. ma-, (of a gun)

kasiba.
Barren, a., (of land) kame.
Barter, v., bud ill.
Basin, a., bakuli, plur. ma-.
Basket,a.,(ofcocoanutleaf)pakcic\ieL,

plur. ma-, (flat, for sifting) ungo,

plur. ma-.
Bat, a., popo, kipopo.
Bathe, v., oga.
Battle, s., mapigano, vita.



BAY



BIT



Say, B., ghubba.
Bazaar, a., soko, plur. ma-w
J< Be, v., wa.

Be with, wa na.
!- 5ea(Z, F„ ushanga.
Beak, s., mdoino.
Beam, e., boriti.
Bear, s., dubu.
JBeor, v., {carry) cliukua, (^tolerate)

Tumilia, (bear cliildren,fruil, etc.")

zaa.
Beard, s., ndefu.

A hair of heard, udevu.
Beast, 8., nyama.
Beat, v., piga, (coTi^uer) sliinda.
Beautiful, a., -zuri.
Beauty, a., uzuri.
Because, conj., kwa sababu.
Because of, prep., kwa sababu ya,

kvra ajili ya, kwa maana ya.
Become, v., wa.

Bed, B., kitanda, (raised bed for
planting potatoes) tuta, plur.
ma-.

To go to bed, kwenda kulala.
Bedroom, a., chumba cba kulala.
Bedstead, s., kitaada.
Bee, a., nyuki.
Beef, a., nyama ya ngo'mbe.
Before, adv. and prep., mbele, mbcle

ya. Also of time, kabla.

Before I die, kabla sijafa.

Before he goes to sleep, asijelala.
Beg, v., omba, (entreat) sihi.
Beget, v., zaa.
Beggar, a., mwombaji.
Begin, v., anza.
Beginning, a., mwanzo.
Behave, v., tenda.
Behaviour, a., mwenendo.
Behind, adv. and prop., nyuma,

nyuma ya.
Belief, s., imani.



Believe, v., sadiki, (believe in, trust)

aminL
Bell, 8., kengele, (for ornament)

njuga.
Belly, a., tumbo, plur. ma-.
Below, adv. and prep., cblni, cliini

ya.
Belt, a., mshipi.
Bend, v., pinda, (bend down) inami-

sha, (neut.) inama.
Beneath. Seo Below,
he Bereaved, v., (by a death) fiwa.
Beside, prep., kando la, (in addition)

zayidi, tena.
Best, a., bora, -ema, 'ZurL
Betel leaf, a., tambuu.
Betray, v., toa.

Better, a., (more good) -ema zayidi,
-ema , (pre/eraftZy) arf"athali, heri .
You had better go, please go,
afathali uende.
get Better, v., pona.

Is he better ? hajambo ?
Between, adv. and prep., kati kati,

kati kati ya.
Beware, v., angalia.
Beyond, adv. and prep., kupita,
zayidi ya, juu ya, (of place')
upande wa pili.
Beyond measure, pasipo kiasL
Bier, a., jeneza.
Bill, s., (of a bird) mdomo.
Bind, v., funga.

Bind round, ganga.
he Binding upon, v., lazimn.
Bird, 8., ndcge.
Birth, 8., uzazi.
Bishop, a., askafu.
Bit, B., (piece) kipande, kidogo, (of

a bridle) lijamu.
Bite, v., uma, (bite a piece off) mega.
Bitter, a., -chungu.
Bitlemets, s., nchunga.



6



D L A



6RI



Black, a., -eusi.
Blacksmith, s., mfua chuma.
Bladder, s., kibofti.
Blame, v., laumu, tia hatiyani.
Blasphemy, s., unajisi.
Blaze, v., waka.
Bleed, v., toka damu.
Blets, v., bariki.
Blessing, 8., mbaraka.
a Blind person, s., kipofu.
become Blind, v., pofuka.
Blindness, b., upofu.
Bliater, s., lengelenge, plur. ma-.
Blood, 8., damu.
Blossom, v., funuka, toa maua.
Blot out, v., zimiliza.
Blow, B., pigo, plur. ma-.
Blow, v., (as wind) vuma, (with
tnoutli') puzia, (blow away) pepe-
rusba.
Blue, a., saraawati,
Bluestone, s., (sulphate of copper)

mrututu.
Blunder, s., kosa, plur. ma-.
Blunder, v., kota, (in work) boro-

nga.
Blunt, a., -butu.
Boar, 8., nguruwe ndume.
Board, e., ubau, plur. mbao.
Boast, B., majisifu.
Boast, v., jisifu, jivuna.
Boat, 8., mashua.

Body, 8., mwili, (trunk) kiwiliwili,
(dead body) mayiti, (of men,
troops) kuudi, jamiL
In a body, pamoja.
Boil, 8., jipu, plur. ma-.
Boil, v., (of water, etc.) chcmka,

(in cooking) tokosa.
become Boiled, v., tokoseka.
Bold, a., -jasiri.
Bonibay, 8., Mombee.
Bone, 8., mfupa.



Book, 8., kitabu, chuo, msuhafu.
Boot, B., kiatu.
Booty, B., mateka, mawindo.
Border, b., (boundary) uipaks, (of a

dress, etc.) taraza.
Bore, v., pekecha, toboa, (annoy)

eumbua.
be Born, v., zaliwa.
Borrow, v., azimwa, kopa.
Both, conj. Both — and, na-na.
Both, a., w-ote ??wa-wili.
Bother, a., uthia.
Bother, v., sumbua, utbia.
Bottle, 8., chupa, plur. ma-.
Bottom, 8., cliini.

At the bottom, of, cliini ya.
Bough, 8., tawi, plur. ma-.
Bound, v., ruka.
Boundary, s., mpaka.
Bow, B., upindi.
Bow down, y., inama, (how down to)

Bujudu.
Bowels, 8., tumbo, plur. ma-.
Box, 8., kasha, plur. ma-, (large)

Banduku, (small) bweta.
Box the ears, v., piga makofi.
Boy, B., mtoto mume, mtoto.
Bracelet, 8., kckce.
Branch, 8., tawi, plur. ma-.
Brass, 8., sliaba.

Brave, a., mshujaa, -a moyo mkuu.
Bravery, 8., usbujaa.
Bread, s., mkate, (food) chakula.
BreadUi, 8., upana.
Break, v., vunja, (a promise) acha.
Breakfast, 8., ch9ku]a cha asaubuhi,
cha amsha kinwa, kifuugua
kinwa.
Breast, s., kifaa, (woman^a breasts)

maziwa.
Breaih, s., pumuzi.
Breathe, v., vuta pumuzi, pumzika.
Brick, 8., tofali, plur. ma-.



BRI



CAL



/



Bride, b., bibi hnrusi.

Bridegroom, s.. bwuna barusi.

Bridge, s., daraja, plur. nm-.

Bridle, B., batamu.

Brigld, a., -a kuiigan.

become Bright, v., ug'ara, (by ruh-

hing) katuka.
Brimstone, s., kibcriti.
Bring, v., Icta.

Bring near, karibislin, jongcza.
Bring up (rear) lea.
Brink, s., ukiiigo.
Broad, a., -pana.
become Broken, v., vunjika.
Brook, s., kijito.
Broom, s., ufiigio.
Brother, s., ndngu.
become Bruised, v., chubuka.
Brush, 8., ufagio.
Brush, v., fagia, sugua.
Brushwood, b., koko, plur. ma-.
Bucket, 8., ndoo.
Buckler, 8., ugao.
Bud, v., cbipiika.
Buffalo, s., nyati.
Bug, B., kiinguni.
Build, v., jcnga.
Buildings, s., majeugo.
Building materials, s., majengea.
Bull, 8., fahali, plur. ma-.
Bulht, 8., risasL.
l?uZ/f/, v., chokoza, snmbua.
Bunch,B., (of fruit) kitawi, kicbala.
Bundle, s., pcto, plur. ma-, mzigo.
Bung, 8., kizibo.
Buoy, B., kilczo.
Burden, 8., mzigo.

It is a heavy burden, inalemoa.
Burial, s., kuzika.
Burial-place, 8., maziko, makaburi.
Burn, v., (act.) tcketeza, tmguza,
vraslia, choma moto, (ncut.) tekc-
lea, uiigua, waka.



Burnish, v., katuka.

Burrow, v., fukua.

Burst, v., pasuka, lumbuka, (act.)

pasua, vunja.
Bury, v., zika.
Bush, a., kijiti, koko, plur. ina-,

gugu, plur. ma-.
Business, a., shuglmli, mambo, knzi.

I have no business to, sina amri ya.

It is not my business, simo mimi,
haiuipasi.
be Busy, v., wa na shughuli, shu-

ghulika.
But, conj., lakini, ilia, illakini.
Butter, s., siagi.
Butterfly, s., kipepeo.
Buttermilk, a., mtindi.
Button, s., kifungo.
Buy, v., nuuua.

Buy back, komboa.
Buyer, a., mnuuuzi.
By, prop., iin, (by means of) kwo,

(near) karibu, (beside) kaudo la.

By myself, yourself, etc., pelce

yaugu, yako, etc.

0.

Cage, e., tundu.

Calie, 8., mkato mtamu.

Calabash, s., buyu, plur. ma-.

Calamity, a., msiba.

Calculate, v., hesabu.

Caldron, a., sufuria, plur. ma-.

Calf, a., ndama ya ng'ombo.

Calico, a., (Americaji) amcrikano,
(English unbleached) ulayiti,
(blue) kaniki, (fine) bafta.

Call, v., iti, (visit) amkia, enda
kutazania.

become Callous, v., faganzi.

Calm, v., tuliza.

Calm, 8., kimya, (of the sea) shwari.



CAL



CHA



Calumniate, v., singizia.

Calumny, s., inasingizio!.

Camel, s., iigamia.

Camp, 8., kituo.

Can, v., weza.

Can, 8., kopo, plur. ma-.

Candle, a., meshurmia.

Candlestick, s., kiDara.

Cannon, s., mzinga.

Canoe, s., mtumbwi, (with outriggers)

galawa.
Cap, 8., kofia, (gun cap) fataki.
Cape, s., rasi.
Captain, a., (of soldiers) akida, plur.

ma-, (of a ship) nakhotha.
Captives, s., -wafungwa, (in war)

mateka.
Caravan, a., msafara.
Caravan-journey, a., safari.
Caravan-porter, a., mpagazL
Carcase, a., mzoga.
Care, a., (trouble) sLidda,
Care for, v., penda.
Tahe care of, tunza.
Tal:e care, angalia.
Idon^t care, haitburu,mamoja pia.
Careful, a., -angalizi.
Careless, a., -baratbuli.
Carelessness, s., ubaratbuli.
Cargo, s., shehena.

TaJce in cargo, pnkio.
Carpenter, s., scrmala.
Carpet, a., zulia.
Carriage, a., gari, plur. ma-
Carry, v., cbukua.
Carry off (as spoH) teka, nya-
ng'anya.
Cart, a., gari, plur. ma-.
Carve, v., kata uakshi.
Case, 8., (condition) hali, '(affair)

jambo, (box) kasba.
Cashew-apple, 3.,(tree) mbibo, (fruit)
bibo, plur. ma-.



Cashew-nut, s., korosho, plur. ma-.

Cash, 8., pipa, plur. ma-.

Casket, s., bweta.

Cassava, a., mabogo.

Cast, v., tupa, (in a mould) ita.

Castor oil plant, a., mbarika.

Castor oil, mafuta ya mbarika.
Castle, a., ng'ome, gereza.
Cat, 8., paka.
Catch, v., kamata, (in the hand)

daka, (in a trap) nasa, tega, (catch
fish) vua 8am a ki.
Cattle, a., ng'ombe.
Cattle pen, a., zizi, plur. ma-.
Caulking, a., khalfati.
Cause, a., sababu, asili, maana, kisa
Caution, a., batbari.
Cautious, a., -angalizi.
Cave, 8.. paango, plur. ma-.
Cease, v., koma.

Cease speaking, hurting, nyamaza.
Cent, 8., dokra.
Centipede, a., fciandu.
Certain, a., yakini.
Certainly, for Certain, adv., yakini,

bakika.
Chaff, s., kapi, plur. ma-.
Chain, a., mnyororo, (ornamental)

mkufu, (door-chain) riza.
Chair, s., kit!.
Chamber, a., chumba.
Chameleon, s., kinyonga.
Chance, a., iiasibu.
Change, v., g< uka, badili, Cact.)geu-

za, badili, (large for smaU coin)

vunja.
he Changed, Changeable, y., geuka,

badilika.
Chapter, a., sura.
Character, b., eifa, moyo, tabia^

(mark) alaraa, (letter) harufu.
Charge, v., (order) agiza, (acctise)

abtaki, (of soldiers) rukia.



CH A



COA



9



Charm, s., (magic) talasimu, hirizi.
Chase, v., fukuza, kimbiza, (hunt)

winda.
Chatterer, Chatterbox, s., mpuzi.
Cheap, a., rahisi.
become Cheap, v., rahisika.
Cheat, 8., mjatija, ayari.
Cheat, v., danganya, punja.
Check, v., zuia.
Cheek, a., cbafu, plur. ma-.
Chess, B., sataranji.
Chest, B., sanduku, kasha, plur. ma-,

(of the body) kif ua.
Chew, v., tafuna.
Chicken, s., faranga, plur. ma-.
Chief, B., mfalme, jumbe, plur. ma-,

mkuu.
Chief, a., -kuu, -kubwa.
Child, 8., mtoto, mwana.
Childhood, b., utoto.
Chimney, b., dohani.
Chin, 8., kidevu.
China, s., (ware) kauli.
China, s., (the country) Sini.
Chisel, 8., patasi, (morticing) juba.
Choice, b., natbari.
Choice, a., -a kuchagua, -teule.
Choose, v., chagua.
Chop, v., (of JireiDOod) chanja, (cut

small) katakata.
Christ, 8., Masiya.
Christian, a., (person) Mmasibiya,

(thing) -a kimasihiya.
Church, s., kanisa, plur. ma-
Oinnamon, s., mdalasini.
Circumcise, v., tahiri.
Circumcision, 8., tohara.
Circumference, s., kivimba.
Circumstance, a., jambo, plur. ma-

mbo, hali.
Cistern, s., birika.
Citron, s., balungi.
aty, B., mji.



Civilization, 8., ungwana.

Civilized, a., -a kiungwana.

Clap, v., (the hands) piga makofl.

Clap of thunder, a., radi.

Claret, a., divai.

Clarified butter, a., samli.

Class, a., (rank) daraja, kimo, (kind)

giusi, namna, (in school) darasa.
Claw, 8., kucha, plur. ma-, ukucha.
Clean, a., safi, -eupe.
become Clean, v., takata, taka-

sika.
make Clean, v., takasa, safisha.
Clear, a., (evident) thahiri.
make Clear, v., thibirisha, eleza.
become Clear, v., elea, (of the sky)
takata.

It is clear to me, imenielea.
Clear, make a clearing, v., (in

forest, etc.) fieka.
Clergyman, s., padre, (priest) kasisi,

(deacon) sberaasi.
Clerk, 8., karani.
Clever, a., bodari, -enyi aklli.
Climate, s., tabia.
Climb up, v., panda, kwea.
Clock, 8., saa.
Close, adj., karlbu.
Close, v., (of eyes, mouth, etc.) fumba,

(of door) shindika, (of book) funi-

ka, (end) isha.
Closet, 8., (watercloset) choo.
Cloth, 8., (loincloth) nguo, doti,

(xcoollen) joho. See Calico,
Clothe, v., vika.
Clothes, 8., nguo, mavazi.

Fut on clothes, vaa nguo.

Take off clothes, vua nguo.
Cloud, a., wingu, plur. ma-.
Clove, B., garofuu, (tree) mgarofuu.
Cluh, 8.,rungu, (association) chama.
Coals, a., makaa.
Coast, a., pwani.



10



COA



COM



Coat, 8., (of an Arab) joho.
Cock, 8., jogoo, plur. ma-.
Cockroach, s., mende.
Cocoanut, 8., (tree) mnazi, (nut when

ripe) nazi, (nut when full of liquid)

tlafu, plur. ma-, (fibre) makumbi,

(the leaf) kuti, j)lur. ma-.
Coffee, B., kahawa, (theplant) mbuni.
Cold, a., baridi.
Cold, a., -a baridi.
Collect, v., kusanya, (neut.) kusa-

nyika.
Colour, B., rangi.
Column, 8., nguzo.
Comb, a., kitana.
Come, v., ja.

Come to, with, for, etc., jia.

Come back, rudi.

Come or go out, toka.

Come near to, karibia.

CoTne to an end, isha, koma.

Come upon, kuta, angukia.

Come ! njoo !

Come in ! knribn I

Gome along ! haya !
Comfort, a., raha, (consolation) faraja.
Comfort, v., fariji.
become Comfortable, v., tengenea.
become Comforted, v., fiirajika.
Coming, s., (arrival) kifiko.
Command, s., amri.
Command, v., amuru, agiza.
Commander, e., (of soldiers) jema-

dari, plur. ma-.
Commend, v., sifu.
Commerce, a., biasbara.
Commission, a., agizo, plur. ma-.
Common, a., vivi hivi, si vya tunu,

-a kufuta.
Communion, b., Tisharika.
Companion, a., mwenzi.
Com;)are,v.,pambani8ha,lingani8ba.
Compass, s., (mariner's) dira.



Compel, v., lazimisha.
Complete, a., kamili, -kamilifu.
Complete, v., raaliza, timiliza.
become Complete, v., timia, malizika.
Compliments, a., salamu.
Comprehend, v., (understand) faha-

mu, tambua, sikia.
be Compulsory on, v., lazimtu
Conceal, v., ficha, stiri.
Concubine, a., suria, plur. ma-.
be Condemned, v., (by a judge) feti-

wa.
Condition, a., bali, (necessary require-
ment) kanuni.
Conduct, 8., mwenendo, matendo,

(good conduct) adili.
Conduct, v., peleka, leta, fikiza.
Confess, v., ungama.
Confidence, s., matumaiui.
become Confident, v., tumaini.
become Confused, v., (of persons)

fathaika, (of things) cliafuka.
Confusion, a., uthia, macb»fuko.
Conquer, v., shinda, tiisba, piga.
Conscience, a., moyo, tbamiri.
Consecrate, v., fanya wakfu, \7eka

wakfu.
Consent, v., kubali, rithika.
Consider,\., (have an opinion) thani,

ona, (reflect) fikiri, fanya sbauri.
Consolation, a., faraja.
Console, v., fariji, tuliza, tulizia

roho.
become Consoled, v., farijika, tulia.
become Constipated, v., fungika

cboo.
Consul, 8., barozi.
Consult, v., (ask advice) taka 8hauri,

(consider) fanya shauri.
Contain, v., cbukua, vreka.
Contempt, a., tharau.
be Content, v., rathi, wa na rathi,

ritbika.



CON

Continually, adj.,dayiina, siku zote.

Continue, v., duma, kaa, shinda.

Contract, s., maagano, sharti.

Contradict, v., kania.

Control, v., zuia.

Conversation, s., mazumgumzo, ma-

ongezi.
Converse, v., zumgumza, semana,

ongea.
Convert, s., mwongofu.
Convert, v., o ngoa, geuza.
be Converted, v., ongoka, geuka.
Cool:, v., pika.
Coolc, s., mpishi.
Cool-ed rice, s., wall.
Cooking-place, s., jiko.
Coolcing-pot,8.,(eart}ienicare)ch\insu,

mkuugu, (metal) sufuria.
Cooking-stones, a., (to rest a pot oh)

mafya.
Cool, a., -a baridi.
Cool, v., poa, (act.) poza.
Copal, a., sandarusi.
Copper, 8., shaba, {cojiper vessel)

sufuria.
Copulate, v., jami, tomba, (for first

time) bariki.
Coral, 8., (rock) mawe, (fresh, half

fossilized) matumbawi, (growing)

marijani.
Cord, s., kaniba.
Cork, s., (stopper) kizibo.
Corn, a., ngano.
Comer, s., pembe.
Corpse, 8., mayiti.
Corpulent, a., -nene.
become Corpulent, v., nenepa.
Correct, a., sahihi, fasihi, -zuri.
Correct, v., tengeneza, fanyiza, (pun-
ish) rudi.
Cost, 8., (price) bei, thamani, kadri,
kiasi.

What does it cost ? Chapatajc ?



CRE



11



Costly, a., -a thamani.

Cottage, s., kibanda.

Cotion,s.,(un8pun)pauiha,(spun)uzu

Cotton cloth, a., nguo.

Cough, v., kohoa.

Cough,jB., kikohozi. *

Council, 8., baraza.

Counsel, 8., shauri.

Count, s., besabu.

Countenance, a., uso.

Countrified, a., -a kimnshamba.

Country, b., (region) inchi. Also

prefix U-, e.g. Country of the

Gallas, Ugalla, (opposed to town)

ehamba, mashamba.
Countryman, fellow Countryman, s-,

(of kindred tribe) mtani.
Courage, s., ushujaa, moyo mkuu.
Courageous, a., -shujaa, -a moyo

mkuu.
Courtesy, a., adabu, jamala.
Court, Court-yard, a., ua,(i« a house)

bchewa.
Cover, v., funika, stiri.
Cover, a., kifuniko.
Covet, v., tamani.
Covetous, a., -a choyo, -a tamaa.
Covetousness, a., choyo, tamaa.
Cow, s., ng'ombe mkc, ug'ombe.
Coward, a., mvroga.
Cowardice, a., woga.
Coxcomb, 8., malidadi.
Crab, 8., kaa.

Crack, s., ufa, plur. nyufe.
Crafty, a., -a hila.
Crash, a., kisliindo.
Cream, a., siagi.
Create, v., umba.
Creator, s., muumba.
Creature, a., (animal) nyama, dudu,

plur. ma-, (created thing) kiumbe.
Creed, s., imani.
Creep, v., tambaa.



12



CBB



DE A



Crew, B., babnria.

Crocodile, s., mamba.

become Crooked, v., potoka.

Crop, 8., {harvest) mavuno.

Cross, s., msalaba.

Cross, a., -kali, -korofl.

Cross over, v., vuka.

Crossing, s., kivuko.

Cross-roads, s., njia panda.

Crow, a., kunguru.

Crow, v., wika.

Crowbar, s., mtaimbo.

Crowd, B., kundi, plur. ma-, maku-

tano.
Crown, 8., taji.
Crucify, v., sulubisha.
Cruel, a., -kali.
Cruelty, 8., ukali.
Crush, v., seta, ponda.
Cry, v., lia, piga kelele.
Cry, 8., kilio, kelele, plur. ma-.
Cubit, 8., tbiraa, mkono.
Cucumber, s., tango, plur. ma-.
Cultivate, v., lima.
Cultivation, s., (o/ 80i7) kilimo.
Cunning, a., -erevu.
Cunning, 8., ??werevii,
Cwp, 8., kikcmbe.
Cupboard, 8., kasba, plnr. ma-.
Cwre, v., ponya.
Current, 8., (o/ water) mkondo wa

maji.
Curry, b., (seed) bizari, (Tnade dtsA)

mcbuzi.
Curse, 8., laana, (oo/A) apizo, plur.

ma-.
Curse, v., laani, (stcear at) apiza.
Curtain, s., pazia, plur. ma-.
Curve, 8., kizingo.
Cushion, 8., mto.
Custard-apple, s., topetope.
Custom, B., dcBturi.
CustomBf B., (ducs^ kodi, ushoru.



Customer, s., mnunuzi.
Custom-house, s., forthani.
Cm<, Ca< down, v., kala.
Cut, fi^ort Cut, 8., njia ya kukata.



D.



Dagger, s., jambia.

Daily, adv., eiku kwa siku, killa

8iku.
Damage, 8., basara, matbara.
Damn, v., laani.
Damp, a., kimaji.
Dance, s., mchezo, ngr ma.
Dance, v., cbeza.
Dandy, s., malidadL
Danger, b., hatari.
Dare, v., tbubutu.
Daring, a., -jasiri.
Daring, 8., ujasiri.
Darli, a., -a giza, -eusL
Darken, v., tia giza.
Darkness, s., giza.
Darling, s., kipendi.
Dat£, s., (/ree) mtende, (fruit) tende.
Daughter, s., binti, mtoto mke.
Day, B., siku, (opposed to night)
mohana.

All day, mcbana kuchwa.

To-day, leo.
Daylight, s., mcbana.
Dawn, 8., kuclia.
Deacon, 8., shemasi.
become Dead, v., fa.

He is dead, amekufa.

ily father is dead, nimefiwa na
babangu.
Deaf person, e., kiziwi.
Deal, 8., (tcood) sunobari.
Deal in, v., fanya biasbara ya.
Dear, a., (costly) gbali, -a tbamani,

(beloved) mpenzi.



DEA



DIP



13



Death, s., mautl.
Debauchery, s., asherati.
Debt, 8., deui.
Decay, v., oza.
Deceased, a., marhemu.

Be deceased, fariki.
Deceit, s., udaaganifu, liila.
Deceitful, a., -danganifu, -a hila.
Deceive, v., danganya, kararakia.
Decide.v. ,kat!i maneno, kata jambo,

(resolve) yakinia.
Deck, B., sitaha.
Deck, v., pamba.
Decorate, v., pamba.
Decorations, s., pambo, plur. ma-.
Decoy f v., tega, twaa kwa werevu.
Decrease, v., punguka.
Decrease, s., upungufu.
Deed, s., tendo, plur. ma-, (legal)

khati.
Deep, a., -a kwenda cbini sana, (nf
sound) -nene, (of sleep) -zito.

Deep sea, kilindi.
Deer, s., paa.

Defeat, v., sbinda, kimbiza, piga.
Defect, 3., upimgufu, kipunguo.
Defend, v., linda.
Defde, v., tia uchafu.
Defraud, v., punja, thalimn.
Delay, v., kawia, (act.) zuia.
Delight, 8., furaha.
Delight, v., furabislia.
Deliver, v., okoa, (give up) toa.
Deliverance, a., wokovu.
Deluge, a., gbarika.
Demand, v., taka, (in marriage)

posa.
Demolish, v., vunja, haribu.
Demon, s., shetani, plur. ma-, pepo

mbaya.
Den, 8., utundu.
Deny, v., kana, (refuse) kataza,

katalia.



Depart, v., enda zangu (zako, zake,
etc.), ondoka, toka.

Depart this life, fariki.

Departed (deceased), marhemu.
Depend upon, v., (rest, rely on) tege-
mea, amini.

It depends upon him, kunaye.

Be connected with, fungamana na.

Be a dependant, fuata.
Depth, 8., kwenda chini.
Deprive, v., twalia.
Deride, v., tbihaki, fanyia thibaka.
Derision, B., mzaba, thibaka.
Descend, v., shuka, (a hill) telemka.
Desert, a., nyika, jangwa.
Desert, v., acha.
Deserve, v., stahili.
Design, a., kusudi, plur. ma-, sbauri,

plur. ma-.
Desire, a., haja, tamaa, (lust) ng'oa.
Desire, v., taka, tamani.
Desolation, s., ukiwa.
Despair, v., kata tamaa.
Despise, v., tharau, tweza.
Destiny, a., ajali.
Destitute, a., fukara.
Destroy, v., haribu, Tutija.
Destruction, a., uharibifu.
Determine, v., yakinia.
Device, a., (trick) hila.
Devil, a., shetani, plur. ma-.
Devour, v., la, meza.
Devout, a., -clia Muungn, -taowa.
Deic, a., umande.
Dhow, a., chombo. Different kinds

of dhows are called, ratepe, betela,

bagala, batili, bedeni, etc.
Dialect, a., lugha, maneno.
Diamond, a., almasi.
Jiave Diarrhoea, v., hara.
Die, v., fa.

Difference, 8., tofauti.
Different, a., -ngine, rabalL



14



DIP



DOO



Difficult, a., -gumu, -zito.

Difficulty, s., shidda.

Dig, v., cliiinba.

he Diligent, v., tenda kazi sana.

Dimension, s., cheo.

Diminish, v., (act.) puEguza,(neut.)

punguka.
Diminution, s., upungufu.
Din, s., utliia, niakelele.
Dinner, s., (iniddaij') cliakula clia

mcbaiia.
Dip, v., cliovya.
Direct, v., agiza.
Direct, a., (0/ a road) inoja kwa

moja.
Direction, s., (order) agizo, ))lur. ma-,

(of a letter) aiiwani, (0/ a place)

upaiido Via, njia ya.
Directly, adv., marra moja, sasa

hivi.
Dirt, 8., taka.
Dirty, a., -a taka.

Very Dirty, takalaka.
Disappear, v., toweka.
Dif appointment, s., uchungu.
Discharge, v., (send away) ondosha,

(of a wound) toka uzaha, (of a

gun, etc.) piga.
Discord, s., fitina, ugoravi.
Discover, v., on a, pata.
Discriminate, v., pambanua.
Disease, s., ugonj \va, uweli, marathi.
Disgrace, s., aibu.
Disgrace, v., aibisba, tia aibu.
Disguise, v., geuza.
Disgust, 9., macbukio.
Disgust, v., cbukiza.
Dish, 8., sabani.
Dish up, v., (of coolt) pakua, (of

waiter) kta cbakula.
Dismiss, v., oudosba.
•disobedient, a., -asi.
Disobey, v., asi.



become Disordered, v., cliafiika.
Disperse,\., tawanya, (neut.) tawan-

yika.
Disposition, s., nia, moyo, tabia.
Dispose, v., (arrange) andika.

Dispose of, tuinia.
be Disposed, v., pcnda.
Dispute, 8., masbindimo, ugomvi.
Dispute, v., gombana.
Distinguish, v., pambanua.
Distinguished, a., bora, -a sifa

nyingi,
Diiftress, s., sliidda, bnzuni.
Distribute, v., gawanya.
Disturb, v., futliaisba.

Do not disturb yourself, starehe.
Ditch, 8., bandaki.
Divide, v., kata, gawa, gawanya,

tenga.
Divine, a., -a Muungu.
Division, 8.,(tn arithmetic) mkasama.
Divorce, s., talaka.
Divorce, v., tangua ndoa, acha.
Do, v., tenda, faiiya, (be of use) faa.

ICs no use, baifai.

It is done (finished), imekwisha.

It is done (cooked), imeiva.

That will do, bassi.

How do you do ? Jambo ? Salaam!
Subulkberi I
Doctor, 8., nitabibu, mganga.
Doctrine, s., elimu, mafundisho.
Document, s., barda, kbati.
Dog, s., mbwa.
Dollar, 8., realo.
Domestic, a., -a nyumbani.
become Domesticated, v., fugika.
Dominion, a., milki, ufalme.
Donlcey, a., piinda.
Door, 8., mlaugo.

Door chain, riza.

Door post, mwimo.

Lintel, top piece, kizingitu



DOU



E LE



15



Double, a., marra mbili, maradufu.
Doubt, 8., shaka, plur. ma-.
Doubt, v., ona shaka.

Tliere is no doubt, hapana shaka.
Dove, 8., bua.
Doicn, adv., cliini.
Drag, v., kokota.
Drain, s., fereji.
Drain off, v., churukiza.
Draw, v., vuta.

Draio water, tcka tnaji.

Drato a line, piga mstari.

Slcetch, andika saiiamu.
Dread, s., hofu.
Dreadful, a., -kuu, -a liofa.
Dream, v., ndoto.
Dream, v., ota.

Dress, s., nguo, vazi, plur. mn-.
Dress, v., (one's sdf) vaa, (another)

vika.
Drill, s., (carpenter's) keekee.
Drinh, a., kinywa.
Drink, v., nywa.

Drive away, v., fukuza, kimbiza.
Drop, 8., tone, plur. ma-.
Drop, v., tona, dondoka, (/aZQ a-

ngnka.
Drowjlit, s., kiu.
Droim, v., (ncut.) zama, tota, (act.)

zamisha, tosa.
Drum, s., ngoma.
be Drunk, v., lewa.
Drunkard, s., mlcvi.
Dry, a., -kavu, yabis.
become Dry, v., kauka.
make Dry, v., kausha (clothes in tlte

sun) anika.
Duck, s., bata, plur. ma-.
a Dumb person, a., bubu, plur. ma-.
Dung, B., raavi.
Dunghill, s., jaa.

During, prep., katika, wakati wa,
Z)ug<, 8., vumbi, plur. ma-.



Duty, B., (proper work) knzL
To be a person's duty, ku-pasa.

Dwarf, 8., kibetL

Dye, 8., rangi.

Dysentery, s., tumbo la kuhara
damu

E.

Each, a.,(every) killa, (singly) -moja-

moja.
Eagle, s., tai.
Ear, s., sikio, plur. ma-.
Early, adv., mapcma.
Earn, v., pata, chuma.
Ear-ring, s., pete ya sikio.
Earth, a., iuchi, dunia, (80j7)'udoTigo.
Earthenware, s., vyouibo vya udougo.
Earthquake, s., tetemeko la inchi.
Ease, 8., (comfort) ralia.
Easily, with Ease, adv., raliisi.
East/, a., rahisi, -epesi.
Eat, v., la.
be Eatable, v., lika.
Eatables, a., vyakula.
Echo, 8., mwangwi.
Edge, s., ukingo, (of a cloth) pindo,

plur. ma-, (sharpness) ukali.
Educate, v., lea, fundisha, elemisha.
Effort, 8., bidii.
Egg, 8., yayi, plur. ma-.
Egypt, a., IMisri.
Eight, 8. and a., nane, -nane.
Eighteen, a. and a., kumi na nane,

tbemantashara.
Eighth, a., -a nane.
Eighty, s. and a., themanini.
Either, a., hii ao hii, yo jote.
Either -or, conj., ao -ao, ama -ama.
Elbow, a., kisigino.
Elder, Eldest, a., -kubwa.
Elephant, s., tcmbo.
Eleven, a. and a., edashara, kumi Ai

moja.



16



ELE



EVE



Eleventh, a., -a edashara.
EUeichere, adv., panginepo.
Emancipate, v., weka huru.
Embark, v., panda.
Embarrass, v., tia matata, fathaisba.
Embarrassment, a., matata.
Embellish, v., pamba.
Embellishment, a., pambo, plur. ma-.
Embrace, v., nmbatia.
Emetic, s., tapisbo, plur. ma-, dawa
( ya kutapisha.
Empire, 8., ufalme, milki.
Employ, v., tuma, tumia.
Employment, s., kazi, utumwa, {pro-
fitable occupation) uchumi.
Empty, a., -tupu.
Empty out, v., mwaga.
Enable, v., wezesba.
Encamp, v., tua, panga.
Encampment, s., kituo.
Enclosure, s., ua, uwanja.
Encounter, v., kuta, angji);ia.
Encourage, v., tia moyo.
End, B., mwisho, (of a journey)

kikomo.
End, v., isha, koma, (act.) komesha,

timiliza.
Endeavour, v., jaribu, jitahidi, fanya

bidii.
Endure, v., (hear tcith) vumilia,

stabimili, (last) isbi, ka*a.
Enemy, s., adui.
Engage, v., (promise) abidi, fanya

ebarti, (secure) twaa, afikana na.
be Engaged, v., wa na shughuli.
Engagement, s., sbugbuli.
Engine, s., gari la niosbi.
England, a., Ingereza.
English, a., -ingereza, -a kiingereza.
Enjoy, v., furabiwa na, ona raha.
Enjoyment, a., furaba, anasa.
Enormous, a., -kubwa-kubwa, -kub-

wa mno.



Enough, a., -a kutosha.

That is enough, bassi.
be Enoughy v., toeha.
have Enough, v., (food) shiba.
Enquire, v., tafuta, uliza, huji.
Enrage, v., kasirisha.
Enslave, v., tia utumwani.
Entangle^ v., tatiza, (perplex) tata-

nisba.
Enter; v., ingia."'
Entertain, v., (as host) tendea

mazuri, (please) pendeza, fura-

bisba.
Entice, v., vuta.
Entire, a,, -ziraa, pia, -ote.
Entirely, adv., kabisa, pia.
Entrails, a., matunibo.
Entrance, a., njlango.
Entreat, v., Bibi, omba.
Entrust, v., wekea amana, aminia.
Envious, a., -a basldi.
Envoy, a., nijumbe.
Envy, a., basidi.
Equal, a., sawa, sawasawa.
make Equal, Equalize, \.,sa.yia.ma\i&,

sawazisba.
Erect, v., simamisba, simikisba.
Err, v., kosa.
Error, a., kosa, plur. ma-.
Escape, v., okoka, kimbia.
Eternal, a., -a milele.
Eternity, a., milele.
Eucharist, a., Usliaiika mtakatifu.
Eunuch, 8., towasbi, plur. ma-.
Europe, s., Ulaya, Europa.
European, a., -zungu, -a kizungu.
Even, a., kamili, sawa, (smooth) laini.
Even, adv., hatta, na.
Evening, a., jioni.
Ever, adv., eiku zote, dayima.
Every, a., killa.

Every one, killa natu, wata wote.
Everf/tihere, adv., poto.



E VI



FA V



17



Evidence, b., dalili, (JteiUmonij) uslia-

hidi.
Emdent, a., thahiii, wazi.
Evil, s., uovu.
Evil, a., -ovu.
ExcLct, v., (of money, etc.) tosa,

lipisha.
Exact, a., balisi.
Exactly, adv., halisi, barabba.
Examine, v., " (by eye) tazama,

tazamisha, (by questions) huji,

saili, hakikia.
Exceed, v., pita.
Exceedingly, adv., mno.
Excel, v., pita.
Except, conj., ilia, illakini.
ExcJiange, v., badili.
Excuse, v., samehe, achilia.

Excuse me, kiinratbi.
Excuses, s., (<<?/r) maneno maneno.
£a;ert one'* stlf, v., fanya bidii, jita-

hidi.
Exertion, a., juliudi, bidiu
Expand, v., tanuka.
Expect, v., ngoja, ngojea, (confi-
dently) tumaini.
Expel, V,, toa, ondoa, fukuza.
Expense, s., gbarama.
Expensive, a., gliali, -a tbamani.
Explain, v., eleza, fasiri.
Express, v., nena.
Expression, s., (in vsords) maneno,

(of face) uso, tazamo.
Extend,v., enea, (reach to) fika, fikia,

(act.) eneza, nyosba.
Extent, 8., eneo.
External, a., -a nje.
Extinguish, v., zima.
Exult, v., sbangilia.
Exultation, s., sbangwi.
Eye, B., jicho, plur. macho.
Eyebrow, a., nyuahi.
Eyelasht s., kope, plur. ma-.



V.

Face, a., uso, plur. nyuso.

Fade, v., kauka, fifia.

Fail, v., punguka. <

Faint, v., zimia.

Fair, a., (beautiful) zuri, O'"s0 si^wa.

become Fair, v., (0/ weather) ttikata

Faith, a., imani.

Faithful, a., amini, aminifu.

Fall, v., anguka, (fall in, of a wall,
etc.) bomoka, (fall into) tumbukia,
(of rain) nya.

False, a., -a uwongo.

Falsehood, a., uwongo.

Family, a., jamaa.

Famine, a., njaa.

Famish, v., shindisba kwa njaa.

Fan, a., pepeo, plur. ma .

Fan, v., pepea.

Fancy, v., (suppose) tbaui, ona,
(imagine) nia, fikiri.

Far, Far of, adv., mbali.

Fare, a., (for voyage) nauli.

bid Farewell, v., aga, agana.
Farewell ! kua beri.

Fast, adv., upesi, bima.

Fast, v., funga.

Fasten, v., funga, kaza.

Fat, a., shabamu, niafuta.

Fat, a., (of persons), -nene, (of ani-
mals) -nono.

become Fat, v., (of persons) nenepa,
(of animals) nona.

Father, a., baba.

Fatlwm, a., pima, plur. ma-.

Fatigue, a., utufu.

be Fatigued, v., choka.

Fatiguing, a., -cbovu.

Fault, a., kosa, plur. ma-.

find Fault with, v., tia batiyant

Favour, y., pendelea.



18



FAV



FLY



Favourite, a., klpendi, mpenzi.
Fear, a., hofu, uoga.
Fear, v., ogopa, fanya hofu, cLa.
Fearful, a., -a hofu, -a kuogofya.
Feast, 8., kararau.
Feather, s., unyoa, ubawa.
Feel, v., ona, {touch) gusa, papasa.
FelloiD-slave, a., mjoli.
Female, a., -ke, (o female animaT)
I jike.

Female organ, a., kuma, uke, utupu.
Fence, s., ua.
Ferry, a., kivuko.
Ferry across, v., vusha, vukisha.
Fetch, v., leta.
Fetters, a., plngu.
Fever, a., homa.
Few, a., -chache, haba.
Field, 8., koonde, plur. ma-.
Field-labourer, a., mkuliuia.
Fierce, a., -kali.
Fierceness, a., iikali.
Fifteen, a. and a., kumi na tano,

hamstasliara.
Fifth, a., -a tano.
Fifty, a. and a., hamsini.
Fig, 8., (tree) mtini, (Jruit) tini.
Fight, v., pigana.
Fight, B., mapigano, vita.
Figure, a., namua, umbo, plur. ma-,

(in arithmetic) tarakimu.
File, a., tupa.

Fill, v., jaza, (fill up) jallza.
Filthiness, a., takataka, uchafu.
Filthy, a., -a takataka, -cbafu.
Find, v., ona, pata, (light upon)

kuta.
Fine, a., -zuri, (as sand, cotton, etc.)

-embamba.
Finger, a., kidole.
Finish, v., isha, maliza, timiliza.
he Finished, v., isha, malizika, timia.
fire, 8., mota



Fire, v., (a shot, arrow, etc.) piga.
set Fire to, v., washa moto, choma

moto.
Firefly, a., kimulimulL
Fire-place, s., jiko.
Firewood, 8., kuni, (one piece of)

ukuni.
Firm, a., imara.
First, adv., kwauza, mbele.
First, a., -a mosi, -a kwanza.
Fish, a., samaki.
Fish, v., vua samaki.
Fisherman, a., mvuvi.
Fist, a., koiide, plur. ma-, ngumL
Fit, v., v/a, sawa, faa.

It fits, as if it was cut for me, Ni
kiasi changu, kama nalikatiwa
mimi.
he Fit, Fitting, v., (useful) faa,

(deserving) slabili.
Five, a. and a., tano.
Fix, v., kaza.
Flag, s., bandera.
Flat, a., sawa, (smooth) lainL
Flatter, v., sifu mno.
Flax, s., kitani.
Fleet, a., jamii ya merikebu.
Flesh, B., nyaraa.
become Flexible, v., pindana.
Fling, v., tupa.
Float, v., elea, ogolca.
Flock, 3., kuudi, plur. ma-.
Flood, a., gharika, maji mengi.
Flood, v., gharikisha, furika, funi-

kiza.
Floor, 8., (upper) dari, (concrete)
sakafu.

On the floor, chiui.
Flour, a., unga.
become Flourishing, v., sitawi.
Flower, a., ua, plur. ma-.
Flute, a., filimbi.
Fly, 8., inzi, plur. ma-.



FLY



FUR



IW



Fly, v., ruka, (run away) kimbia.

Fog, s., kungu, umande.

Fdld, 8., zizi, plur. ma-.

Fold, v., kunja.

Follow, v., fuata.

FolUnoer, s., mfuasi.

FoUy, s., ujinga, upumbafu.

Food, 8., chakula.

FooZ, s., mjinga, mparabafu.

become Foolish, v., pumbazika.

Foot, 8., mguu.

Footprint, b., nyayo.

for, prep., kwa, (in place of) ma-

hali pa.
.For, conj., kwani.
Forbid, v., gombeza.
Forbidden, a., haramu, marafuku.
Force, a., nguvu.
Force, v., lazimisha, tia nguva.
Ford, 8., kivuko.
Ford, v., vuka.
Forehead, a., paji la uso.
Foreign, a., -geni.
Foreigner, s., mgeni, '
Forest, a., mwitu.
Forget, v., sahau, pitiwa.
Forgive, v., samebe, achilia.

Forji're jne,niwieratbi,kunirathi.
Forgiveness, s., raasamehe.
Fork, a., uma, kiuma, (of a road)



Form, 8., umbo, plur. ma-, namna.
Former, a., -a kwanza.
Formerly, adv., kwanza, zamani.
Fornication, s., asherati.
Forsake, v., acha.
Fortunate, a., -a heri, -a babati.
Fortune, a., nasibu, babati.
Forty, B. and a., arobaini.
Forward, adv., mbele.
Foul, a., -a taka, -cbafu, -bova.
Foundation, a., msinji.
Four, 8. and a., 'nne, -'nne.



Fourteen, s. and a., knmi na 'nne^

arobatasbara.
Fourth, a., -a 'nne.
Fowl, 8., kuku.

Frauc?, 8., bila,ujanja,madanganya.
Free, a., (not slave) bum, -ngwana.
Free from error, impropriety, a.,

sabihi, fasibi.
Freedom, s., uhuru, ungwana.
Freeze, v., ganda, gandamana.
Frequently, adv., marra nyingi.
Fresh, a., -bicUi, (another) -ngine, -a
pill.

Fresh water, maji matamn, maji
ya baridi.
Friday, a., Juma.
Friend, a., rafiki, (special) mzisbi,

(confidential) msiri.
Friendship, B., urafiki.
Frighten, v., ogofiaha, tia bofu-

stusba.
Frog, 8., cbnra.
From, prep., katika, kwa,(o/o limit)

toka, tokea, kutoka, tangu (of

time only),
in Front of, prep., mbele ya.
Froion, v., kunja uso.
Fruit, a., tuuda, plur. ma-, zao, plur.

ma-.
Fry, v., kaanga.
Frying-pan, a., tawa, plur. ma-.
Fuel, s., (wood) kuni.
Fugitive, a., (runaway) mtoro.
Fulfil, v., timiliza, (a promise) fiki-

liza.
become Full, v., jaa, (with food) sbiba.
become Full-grown, v., komaa,

pevuka, pea.
Fun, a., mzaba, rachezo.
Function, a., kazi.
Funeral, a., kuzika, kuzikani.
Furnish, v., (provide) toa, (nf a

house) pamb«»«



20



FUR



GO



Furniture, s., pambo la nyumba,

vyombo.
Future, a., -a baadaye.

For the future, tangu leo.

At a future time, baadaye, halafu
yake.

O.

Gain, u., fayida, pato, plur. raa-.

Gain, v., pata, chuma, fayidL

Game, s., mchezo.

Garden, s., bustani.

Gate, 8., mlango.

Gather, v., kusanyika, (act.) ku-

eanya, (of fruit) chuma.
Gazelle, s., paa.

General, a., jemadari, plur. ma-.
General, a., -a yote, kwa wote, pote.
Generally, adv., kwa jumla, (many

times) marra nylngi.

To gpeah generally, kujumlisha.
Generation, e., kizazi.
Generosity, s., ukarimu.
Generous, a., -kaiimu.
Gentle, a., -a upole, -anana.
Gentleman, s., mngwana, mtajiri.
Gentleness, s., upole.
Gently, adv., polepole, taratibu.
Get, v., pata.

It is to be got (procurable), ina-
patikana.
Get better, v., pona.
Get drunk, v., lewa.
Get dry, v., kauka.
Get in, v., ingia.
Get off, v., shuka, (start) toka.
Get on, V.

Ja he getting on (improving) ?
hajambo ?

The worh is getting on, kazi inak-
weuda.

J^ei w get on, hay^, twende zetu.



Get out, v., toka.
Get ripe, v., iva.
Get np, v.jOudoka, (from sleep) amka.

Don't get up, stareha.
Get toell, v., pona.
Ghee, s., eamli.
Gift, B., zawadi, (customary) ada,

(especially from God) karama, ka-

rimu, plur. ma-.
Ginger, b., tangawizi.
Giraffe, B., twiga.
Girl, B., mtoto mwauamke, kijaua,

(slave girl) kijakazi.
Gice, Give to, v., pa, toa.
be Glad, v., I'urahi.
Gladly, adv., furaha.
Gladness, s., furaha.
Glass, B., kioo, (for drinhing)

bilanii.
Glide, v., teleza, tliirika.
Gloom, B., giza.
Glory, 8., utufuku, fakhari.
Glorify, v., tukuza.
Glorious, a., -tukufu.
Glutton, s., mlafl.
Gnat, 8., imbu.
Gnaio, v., tafuna.
Go, v., enda.

Go aioay, v., ondoka, enda zangu
(zako, zake, etc.).
Go bach, v., rudi, enda nyuma.
Go bad, v., oza.
Go before, v., tangulia. '
Go by, v., pita.

Go down, v., shuka, enda chini.
Go in, v., ingia.
Go on, v., eudelea mbele, (continue)

dnmu, fuliza, fanya tena.
Go out, v., toka, (as a candle)

zimika.
Go with, T., enda na, fuatana na,

(part of the tcay) eindikiza, (all

the way) fiklza.



GOA



GUE



21



Goat, B., mhuzi.

God, B., MccNGtr, plur. miunga.

Gold, B., thahabu.

Golden, a., -a thahabu.

Good, a., -etna.

Good! Njema! Vemal

A good deal of, tele.

Good morning, subulkhcri, jambo,

Balaam.
Good evening, masalkheri. t*
Good-bye, kua heri.

Good for nothing, a., thaifu, hafifu.

Goodness, 8., wema.

Goods, a., mali, vyombo, (merchan-
dize) bithaa.

Gospel, 8., Anjili.

Gourd, 8., tango, plur. ma-.

Govern, v., tawala.

Government, s., serkali.

Government'ojjicitd, s., mtu wa ser-
kali.

Governor, s., liwali, plur. ma-.

Grace, s., (Divine aid) neema.

Grain, s., (of corn, etc.) punje.

Grammar, s., saiufi.

Grand, a., -zuri sana, bora.

Grandchild, 8., mjukuu.

Grandfather, b., babu.

Grandmother, b., bibi.

Grant, v., pa, jalia.

Grape, s., zabibu.

Grass, s., majani.

Grasshopper, a., panzi.

Grasp, v., Bhika.

Gratis, adv., burre.

Gratitude, a., shukrani.

Chrave, a., -a'uzito.

Grave, a., kaburi, plur. ma-.

Gravel, b., makokoto.

Graze, v., paruga.

Grease, a., mafutsi.

Greaf, a., -kubwa, -kaa, bom.

Greediness, b., choyo.



Greedy, a., -lafi, -a choyo.

Green, a., chanikiwiti, rangi ya

majani.
Ch-ey hair^ s., mvi.
Grief, a., sikitiko, plur. ma-, huzuni.
Grieve, v., sikitika, (act.) sikitisha, i
Grin, a., kichcko.
Grind, v., saga.
Groan, v., ugua.
Grope, v., papasa.
Ground, a., chini, inchi.

A piece of ground in the countri/f
shamba, plur. ma-.

On the ground^ chini.
Ground-nuts, a., njugu.
Grow, v., kua, ota, zidi.
Grow less, v., punguka.
Grow ripe, v., iva.
Gruel, B., vji.
Grumble, v., nnng'unika.
Grumbling, B-, nung'uniko, pluf.

ma-.
Guard, a., mlinzi.
Guard, v., Itnda, tunza, (oneself

against a blow) kinga, (as an

enemy) vizia. j

Guava, s., (tree) mpera, (fruit) perai

plur. ma-.
Guide, a., kiongozi, rubani.
Guide, v., onyeeha njia, peleka,

fikiza.
Guinea fowl, 8,, kanga.
Gum Arabic, s., baba, sumugh.
Gum copal, a., sandarusi.
Gum, 8., (of the teeth) ufizi.
Gun, B., buuduki.

Gun-barrel, kasiba.

Gun-cap, fataki.

Gun-hck, mtambo.
Gunpowder, a., baruti.
Guess, v., bahatisha.



22



HAB



UEB



H.

Eahils, B., mazoczo, matlieliebu,

desturi.
Hair, s., (one) nnyele, plur. nyelo.

Grey hair, mvi.
^ Long straight hair, nyele za singa.
ffalf, 8., nussu.
Hammer, 8., nyundo.
Hammer, v., (as tVon) fua, gonga-
I gonga.
Hand, s., mkono.
Handful, b., ukufi.
Handkerchief, s., leso.
Handle, a., mpiui, kipiui, mkono.
Handsome, a., -zuii.
Hang, v., tundika, (strangle) songa.
I Go and be hanged, Potelea mbali.
Hanger-on, 8.,chokora, plur. ma-.
Happen, v., wa, tukia.

Things which happened to him,
mambo yaliyompata.
Happiness, 8., furaha.
Happy, a., (fortunate), -a heri.
he Happy, v., furaliiwa, wa furahani.
Harass, v., eumbua, uthia
Harbour, b., bandari.
Hard, a., -gumu.
Harlot, 8., kahaba.
Harm, v., thuru.
Harm, a., mathara.
Harness, s., matandiko.
Harpoon, s., cbusa.
Harsh, a., -kali.
Harvest, b., mavuno.
Haste, B., liaraka, pupa.
' Make haste ! Haya ! iipesi ! hima !
.Hasten, v., haraka, (act.) harakisha,
I Limiza.

Hat, B., chapeo, kofia.
Hatchet, b., kisboka.
Bate, 8., machukio.



Hate, v., chukia.
Hatred, a., macbukio.
Have, v., wa na.

It is to be had, inapatikana.
Having, a., -enyi.
Hawk, s., mwewe.
He, she, pron., yeye, (in verbs) a-, yu».

He, or she, not (in verbs), ba-.
Head, s., kitwa.
Headman, a., (chief) jumbe, (on a

plantation) msimamizi.
Headstrong, a., -kaidi.
Heal, v., ponya, poza.
Health, a., bali, (good) afya, uzima.
Healthy, in good health, a., -zima.
Heap, s., fungu, plur. ma-, (of

stones) boma, plur. ma-.
Hear, v., sikia, sikiliza.
Heart, s., moyo.

Take to heart, tia niani.
Heat, 8., moto, bari, jasbo.
Heat, v., pasba moto.
Heathen, a., mkafiri, mshenzi.

Heathen Indian, a., Banyani,
plur. ma-.
Heaven, a., pcponi, rahani, (sky)

uwingu, plur. mbingu.
Heaviness, a., uzito, (weight) uthani.
Heavy, a., -zito.
become Heavy to, v., lemea.
Hedge, a., ua wa miiba.
Heed, v., angalia.
Heedless, a., -baratbuli.
Heel, a., kifundo, kisigino cba

mguu.
Height, a., urefa, kwenda juu.
Heir, a., mritbi.
i7e?p, v., sayidia.
Help, 8., msaada.
Hen, 8., kuku, (laying) koo, plur.

ma-.
Her, pron., yeye, (in verbs) -m-.
Herd, a., kundi, plur. ma-.



HER



HUN



23



Herdeman, 8., mcbunga.
Here, adv., hapa, huku.
• ITe is here, yupo.
Bero, 8., Bhujaa, plur. ma-.
Heroism, s., ushiijaa.
Hers, his, a., -ake.
Hesitate, v., sita, (i»i speahing)

babaika.
Hide, 8., ngozi.
Hide, v., ficha, setiri, (ncut.) jiflchn,

stirika.
High, a., -refu, -a kwenda juu,

(noble) bora, -ema, (of tound)

-embamba.
Hill, 8., kilima.
Him, Her, pron., yeye, (m verbs) -m- ,

-mw-.
Hinder, v., zaia.
Hinge, 8., bawaba.
Hippopotamus, s., kiboko.
Hire, 8., xijira, mshahara.
JETtVe, v., ajiri, (a house) panga.
His, Hers, a., -ake.
27t7, v., piga, chapa, menya, (with

spear, arrow, etc.) fuma.
Hitherto, adv., hatta leo, liatta sasa.
Hoard, s., akiba.
Hoe, 8., jcmbo, plur. ma-.
Hoe, v., lima, palia.
Hoist, v., tweka.
Hold, a., (of a ship) ngama.
Hold, v., sbika, kamata.
Hole, 8., tundu, plur. ma-.
Holiness, 8., utakatifu.
Hollow, a., -a uvurungu.

It sounds hollow, panalia wazi.
Holy, a., -takatifu.
Home, 8.

My home, kwangu.

Our hom£, kwetu.

Your home, kwako, kwenti, etc.,
(of Europeans) Ulaya.
Homeless, a., baua kwao.



Honest, a., aminl.

Honey, s., asali ya nyuki.

Honour, s., heshima.

Honour, v., beshimu.

Hoolc, 8., (for fishing) doana.

Hoof, s., ukwato.

Hope, 8., matumaini, taraja.

Hope, v., tumaini, taraja.

Horn, 8., pcmbe.

Horse, s., frasi, fras.

Host, 8., mwenyeji, (army) jcslii,

plur. ma-.
Hostility, e., wadui.

Hostilities, vita, mapigano.
Hot, a., -a moto, -a Lari (of the sun)

kali.
Hour, a., saa.

What is the hour? saa ngapi?
House, s., nyumba,
flbuj, interj.jje? kwaje? ginsi gani?
(witli adject.) kama ipi?

How great f kubwa kama ipi?

I'ell me how it is, uniambie ginsi
ilivyo.

Howmucht kiaslgani? wauzaje?

How manyf -ngapi?

How often? marra ngapi?

How do you do? (from a slave)

shikamuu, slukdm, (Swahili)

jambo, (Anrh) subulkheri,

(Hindi, etc.) salaam.

How, conj., ginsi, followed by verb

with -vyo, -vyo-.
However, conj., lakini, wallakini.
Human, a., -a mtu, -a Mwana

Adamu.
Humane, a., -ema, -a upole.
Humble, a., -neuyekevu.
become Humble, v., nenyekea.
Sumt7i7//,s.,unenyekevu,unenyefceo.
Hump, s., (of an ox) miudu.
Hundred, s. and a., mia.

Two hundred, miteen.



21



HUX



IND



Hundredth, a., -a mia.

Hunger, s., njaa.

be Hungry, v., wa na njaa.

?? I am very hungry, njaa inaniuma.

Hunt, v., -niuda.

Hunter, b., mvrinda.

Hurricane, s., thdruba.

Hurry, s., haraka.

Hurry, v., haraka, (act.) liarakisha ,

hiniiza.
Hurt, v., uma, umiza.

'Not hurt, -zima, salama.
Husband, s., mume.
Hush, 8., ganda, plur. ma-.
Hut, s., kibanda.
Hysena, a., fisi.
Hymn, s., uimbo wa dini.
Hypocrisy, a., unafiki.
Hypocrite, a., mnaQki.



J, pron., mimi, miye, (in verbs) n-,
ni-.

I not, si-.
Idea, 8., nia, fikara.
Idle, a., -Yivu.
Idleness, s., uvivru
Idly, adv., burre.
JioZ, 8., sanarau.
Idolater, s., kafiri, plur. ma-.
If, conj., kama, kwamba.

If he wants, kama akitaka.
Ignorance, a., ujinga.
Ignorant, a., mjinga.
Ill, a., -gonjwa.

I am ill, siwezi. :

He is ill, hawezL

Ivsaa ill, nalikuwa siwezi.
lU'naturedf a., •korofi, •& mojo

mbays.



Illness, 8., ugonjwa, uwelL
Image, a., sanamu, nifano.
Imagine, v., thani, fikiii.
Imitate, v., oleza, fuata, (mocTi) iga.
Immediately, adv., maira moja, sasa

hivi.
Immense, a., -kubwa mno ajabu.
Import, a., maana.
Important, a., -a kufaa, -a maana,

(i) pasa (yo).
Impossible, a.

It is impossible, haiyamkini.
Impostor, s., mjanja, mragai.
Imprison, v., funga, weka gerezani.
Improve, v., tengeneza.

It is improving, haijambo.
Impudence, a., ufithuli.
Impudent, a., -fithuli.
In, Into, prep., katika, ndani ya, -ni.
In, Inside, adv., ndani.

Is your master in? Bwana ynmo?

Tliere is nothing in it, hamna kitu.
In order that, conj., illi, kwa kusudi,

(and Subjunctive Mood).
Incense, a., ubani, uvuraba, uudi.

Bum incense, vukiza.
Incense, v., kasirisha, ghathabislia.
Income, s., pato, plur. ma-.
Increase, v., zidi, ongezeka, (act.)

zidisha, ongeza.
Indeed, adv., kweli.
Independence, s., upweke.
India, a., Hindi.
India rubber, a., mpira.
Indian, a., -a kihindi, (Mahom-

medan) Mhindi, {heathen) Ba-

niani, plur. Ma-.
Indian corn, a., muhindi.
be Indignant, v., oua uchungn.
Indignation, a., uchungu.
Indispensable, a., kanuni.
Indolence, s., utepetevu, ulegeru

uvivu.



t^r^



3Vt>



25



Indolent, a., -tepetevu, -legevu,

-vivu.
Industriout, a., -tendaji.
Infancy, s., utoto.
Infant, 8., mtoto mchanga.
Inferior, a., thaifu, -dogo, -baya.
Infidel, 8., kafiri, plur. ma-.
Infirm, a., thaifu, hana nguvu,
Inform, v., pasha habari, arifu.
Information, b., habari, maarifa,

(knowledge) elimu.
Ingenious, a., hodari, -a akili.
Inhabit, v., kaa.
Inherit, v., rithi.
Inheritance, s., urithi.
Iniquity, s., uovu.
Ink, 8., wino.

Inquire, v., tafuta, uUza, huji.
Inquiry, a., ulizo, plur. ma-.
Insect, 8., dudu, plur. ma-.
Jn«de,adv. and prep., ndani, ndani

ya. See In.
Insignificant, a., -nyonge, hafifu.
Insolence, s., ufithuli, jeuri.
Insolent, a., -fithuli. -a jeuri.
Instantly, adv., marra moja, sasa

hivi.
Instead of, prep., mahali pa.
Instruct, v., funza, fundisha, ele-

misha.
Instruction, s,, mafundisho.
Jn«uZ<,8.,tukano, plur. ma-, ufithuli.
Insult, v., (in tDord) tukana, (in act)

fanyia jeuri.
Intellect, »., akili.
Intend, v., kusudia, nia, yakinia.
Intention, s., kusudi, plur. ma-, nia.
Intentionally, adv., makusudi, kwa

kusudi. ,

Intercede for, r., omhea, tetesh ^
Intercessor, s., mwombezi.
Interpret, v., fasiri.
Interpreter, 8., mkulimaoi.



Interrupt, v., (hinder) zuia, (annoy)

uthi.
Interval, a., (of time) muda, (of tivM

or space) nafasi.
Into, prep., kwa, katika, ndani ya,

-ni.
become Intoxicated, v., lewa.
Intrude upon, v., jia kwa tadi.
Inundate, t., gharikislia.
Inundation, 8., gharika.
Investigate, v., tafutatafuta.
Invite, v., ita.
Iron, 8., chuma.
Iron, v., piga paasi.
Island, a., kisiwa.
It, pron., (in verbs) u-, i-, ki-, etc.

It not, hau-, hai-, haki-, etc.
Itch, s., upele.
Its, a., -ake.
Ivory, a., pembo.



J.

Jackfruit, B., (tree) mfinessi, (fruiC)

finessi, plur. ma-.
be Jammed, v., kwama.
Jar, a., (wafer) mtungi, (large) kosikii

(cooler) guduwia.
Java, a., taya.
Jealous, a., -wivn.
Jealousy, a., uwivu.
Jerh, v., kutua.
J&icel, a., johari, kito.
Johanna, a., Anzwani,
Join, v., unga, (neut.) nngana na.
Joke, v., fanya ubishi, fanya mzaha.
Joke, 8., ubishi, mzaha.
Journey, a., safari, mwendo.
Joy, 8., furaha.
Judge, a., kathi, mwamnzi.
Judge, T., amua, bukumu.



25



JUD



LAY



Judgment, 8., hukumu, (prudence)

busara.
Jug, 8., kopo, plur. ma-.
Juice, B., maji.
Jump, T., ruka.
Just, a., -a haki.

Just, adv., (exactly) lialisi, larabba,
(only) til.

Just a liHle, kidogo tu.

Just 80, vivi hivj.

Just there, kule kulo.
Justice, 8., haki, sawa.



Keep, v., shika, linda, (fireserve)

hifatlii, (a promise) fikiliza.
Keep lack from, v., nyima.
Keep on, v., dumu, fuliza, shinda.
Keeper, 8., mlinzi.
Kettle, 8., kanderinya.
Key, 8., ufunguo.
Kick, a., teke, plur, ma-.
Kick, v., piga teke.
Kill, v., ua, (slaughter, for food, etc.)

chinja.
Kind, 8., namna, ginsi, aiua.
Kind, a., •ema, -a upole.
Kind/red, e., jamaa, ndugn.
King, a., mfalme, sultani, mkuu.
Kingdom, e., ufalmo.
Kiss, B., busu.
Kiss, v., busu.
Kitchen, s., jikoni.
Kite, B.,' (toy) tiara," shada, (bird)

mwewe.
Knead, v., kanda.
Knee, 8., gote, plur. ma-.
Kneel, v., piga magote.
Knife, b., kisu.
Knocli, v., piga, gonga, (at a door)

bisba.
Knot, 8., fundo, plur. ma-.



Know, v., jua, fahamu, tambna.
Knowledge, s., elimu, maarifa.



Labour, 8., kazi.

Labourer, s., kibarua, (Jicld) mku-

lima.
Lad, B., kijana.
Ladder, s., ngazi.
Ladle, s., kata, upawa.
Lady, 8., bibi, mugwana.
Lake, s., ziwa la maji, plur. ma-.
Lamb, s., mwana kondoo,
be Lame, v., chechemea.
Lameness, s., kiwete.
Lamp, B., taa.
Lamp-icicli, 8., utambi.
Land, s., inchi.
Land, v., shuka.

Landing-place, s., diko, plur. ma-.
Language, s., maneno, lugha.

Bad language, matukano.
Languid, a., -tepetevu, -legeyu.
Languor, 8., utepetevu.
Lantern, s., fanusi.
Large, a., -kubwa. Also expressed

by prefix, e.g., a large dog, jibwa,

a giant, jitu.
Last, a., -a mwisho.

At last, hatima, mwisho.

Lastly, mwisho.
Last, v., (continueydumn, kaa, ishi.
be Late, v., chelewa.
Laugh, Laugh at, v., cheka.
Launch, v., shua.
Law, 8., sheria.
Lawful, a., halali.
Lay, Lay by. Lay aside. Lay down,
v., weka, (cause to lie) laza.

Lay a table, andika meza.

Lay hold of, kamata.

Lay eggs, atamia, zaa mayayi.



LAY



LOG



27



Laying hen, b., koo, plur. ma-.

Laziness, b., uvivu.

Lazy, a., -vivu.

Lead, B., risasi.

Lead, v., ongoa, jieleka, (lead devo-
tions) someslia.

Leaf, a., jani, plur. ma-, (of a booh)
okarasa.

Leak, v., vuja.

Lean upon, v., tegemea.

become Lean, v., konda.

Leap, v., ruka.

Jjeam, v., jiftinza, soma.

Learning, s., elimu.

Least, a., -dogo, -dogo sana.

Leather, a., ngozi.

Leave, v., acha, (as a remnant) saza.
Leave off! Wacba ! Bass !
Leave off crying, koma usilie.
Take leave of, aga, agana.

Leave, a., ruksa, rubusa.
'. Give leave, ruhusu, pa rubusa.

Leaven, a., chacbu.

Left, Left hand, &., -a kusboto.

icgr, 8., mguu.

Leisure, a., nafasi, faragba.

Lemon, s., limao, plur. ma-.

Lend, v., azima, kopesba.

Jjength, e., urefu.

Lengthen, v., ongeza, zidisba nrefn.

Leopard, a., cbui.

Leprosy, a., ukoma.

become Lest, v., punguka.

Lessen^ \., punguza.

Lesson, a., Bomo, plur. ma-.

Let, v., acha, rubusu, (on hire) pa-
ngisba, ajirisba.

Letter, a., barua, vraraka, (of alpha-
bet) arufu.

Level, a., sawa, laini.

Ldar, B., mwongo.

Liberal, a., -karimu.

JAberaMty, s , ukarimn.



Liberty, 8., uburu, Cpermission)

rubusa.
Lick, v., laiuba.
Lid, Bv, kifuuiko.
Lie, 8., uwongo.

Lie, v., Bema uwongo, (lie down)
lala, jinyosba.

Lie in icait for, otca.
Life, a., maisba, uzima.
Light, B., nuru, mwanga, weupe

(daylight) mcbana.
Light, a., (not heavy) -epesi, (not

dark) -eupe, (insignificant) bafifu,

-dogo.
Light, v., (afire) wasba mo to, (make

light) ng'aza, malika.
Lightness, s., wepesi.
Lightning, a., umeme.
Like, coDJ., kama, sawasawa na.
Like, v., penda.
be Like, v., fanana na.
Likeness, a., sanamu, mfano, kifani.
Lime, a., cbokaa, (fruit) ndimu.
Limit, a., mpaka.
Line, a., mstari, (stripe) utepe.
Linen, a., kitani.
Linger, v., kawia.
Lion, 8., aimba.
Lip, B., mdomo.
Listen, v., sikiliza.
Litter, a., macbera.
Little, a., -dogo.

A little, kidogo.

A Utile more, puude, kidogo tena.
Live, v., isbi, kaa.
Living, a., bayi, -zima.
Lizard, a., mjusi.
Load, a., mzigo, mtumba.
Load, v., (a ship) pakia, (hoist a

load) tweka, (a gun) sbindilia.
Loaf, a., mkate.
Loathe, v., cbukia.
Lock, 8., kufnli.



28



LOO



MA9



Lode up, v., funga kashani, gete-

zanL
Locust, 8,, nzige.
Log, B., gogo, plur. ma-.
Loin, 8., kiuno.
Loiter, v., kawia, tangatatigft.
Long, a., -refu.

J Zongf time, wakati mwingi, siku
nyingi.

A long journey, safari kubwa.
Looh, v., tazama, (look hard) taza-

misha, chunguza.
LooJc, B., (appearance') umbo, plur.

ma-, (glance) tazamo, nathiri.
Look for, v., tafuta.
Looldng-glass, 8., kioo.
Loop, 8., kitanzi.
"become Loose, v., legea.
Loosen, v., legeza.
Lord, 8., bwana, seyidi.
Lose, v., pata hasara, twaliwa, (by
death) fiwa.

My knife is lost, kisu changu
kimenipotea.
Loss, 8., hasara.

be Lost, v., potea, (ruined) angamia.
Lot, 8., (portion) sehemu.

A lot of, marithawa, wingi wa.
cast Lots, v., piga kura.
Louse, 8., chawa.
Love, s., upcndo, sliauko, (mutual)

npendano.
Love, v., penda.

Loto, a., chini, (not TiigTi) si -refa.
Lower, v., sbusha, inamisba.
Lowly, a., -nyonge, -nenyekevu.
TAick, 8., nasibu, bahati.
Luggage, s., vyombo.
Lump, 8., donge, plur. ma-.
Lungs, e., kifua, pafu.
Lust, 8., hawa, tamaa, ngoa.
Luxury, s., anasa.



H.

Mad, a., -enyi wazimo.
Madagascar, b., Buki, Bukiiii.
Madness, s., wazimo.
Magadoxa, s., Mkucbyo.
Maggot, a., funza, plur. ma-.
Magic, s., uchawi.
Magician, s., mchawi, mgauga.
Magistrate, s., kathi.
Magnificent, a., -zuri mno.
Mainland, 8., barra, mlima.
Maize, b., muhindi.
Make, v., fanyiza, fanya, (compel)
lazimisha.

Make an effort, fanye bidiL

Make a noise, piga kelele.

Make him be quiet, mnyamazislie.

Make fun of, thihaki, fanyizia
mzaba.

Make sure, hakiki.

Make up, (a fire) chochea moto,
(one's mind) tanabahi, (a quar-
rel') patana, tulia.

Make water, kojoa.
Male, a., (person) -ame, (a male

animal) ndume.
Male organ, s., mboo, ume, utupu.
Man, 8., (male) mwana mume,

(human being) Mwana Adamu,

bin Adamu, mtu.
Manage, v., tengeneza, fanya, (sub-
due) tiisba, (be able) weza.
Mangle, v., (tear in pieces) rarua-

rarua, (smooth linen) guruta.
Mango, s., (tree) mweuibe, (fruit)

embe, (a large kind) dodo.
Mangouste, 8., mchiro.
Mangrove, 8., mkoko.
attain Manhood, v., pea, wa mtu

mzima.
Maiikind, B., waana Adamn.



MAN



MEB



29



Manly, a., -a kiame.

lie manly! Uwe mwana 'mmel
Manifed, a., tbahiri, waziwazi.
make Manifest, v., tbihirisha,

onyesLa.
Manner, a., uanina, giusi.
Manners, s., (good) adabu.
Many, a., -ingi, tele.
Map, 8., ramaui.
Mar, v., baribu.
Marh, s., alama, dalili, ishara.
Mark, v., tia alama, (notice) angalia,

fikiri.
Market, a., soko, plur. ma*.
Market-place, a., sokoni.
Marriage, s., ndoa, (ceremony) arusi.
ask 171 Marriage, v., poza.
Marrow, s., bongo.

Vegetable marrow, g., mumunye,
plur. ma-.
Marry, v., (of the man) oa, (of the

woman) olewa, (of the couple)

oana, (of the parents) oza.
Mask, 8., barakoa.
Mason, a., mwasbi.
Mass, a mass of, s., jamii ya, mwingi

wa.
Massacre, v., cbinja.
Massive, a., -nene mno.
Mast, a., mlingote.
Master, s., bwana, mweuyewe, (of a
school) mwalimu.

Master workman, fundi.
Master, v., (subdue) tiisha, (a »ub-

ject, trade) jua sana, hitimu.
Mat, a.,(for sleeping) mkeka, (coarse,

for floors) jamvi, plur. ma-.
Match, a., kiberiti.
Match, v., lingana, wa sawa na,

(act) linganisba.
Matter, s., jambo, plur. mambo,
(discharge) uzaha.

What is the matter f knna ain ?



It does not mailer, baitburu.

Matting, s., jamvi, plur. ma-.

Matting-hag, a., (large) kapo, plur.
ma-, (small) kikapo, (long nar-
row) kanda, plur. ma-, (small
square) peto, plur. ma-.

Mattress, s., godoro.

Mature, a., (of age) -zima, (ripe")
-bivu.

become Mature, v., pea, iva, komaa.

Me, pron., mimi, (in verbs) ni-, -ni-.

Meal, s., (food) cbakula, (ground
grain) unga.

Mean, a., -nyonge, bafifu.

Mean, v., kusudia, nia, taka.

Meaning, a., maana.

Meanness, a., unyonge.

Means, a., njia.

Measles, s., churuwa.

Measure, v., pima.

Measure, a., (measurement) cheo,
kiasi, kadri.

Meat, a., nyama.

Mtdicine, a., dawa.

Medicine-man, a., raganga.

Meek, a., -a upole.

Meekness, a., upole.

Meet, v., kuta, onana, (go to meet)
laki.
Good-bye till we meet again,
kuaberi ya kuonana.

Meet together, v., kutana, kusanyika.

Melt, v., yeyuka, (act.) yeyusha.

Memory, a., ukumbuko.

Memorial, a., ukumbusbo.

Mention, v., nena.

Merchandise, a., bithaa.

Merchant, a., mtajiri, mfanya
biasbara.

Mercy, a., rebema, huruma.

have Mercy on, v.,Tehemu, burnmia.

Merely, adv., tu, bassi.

Merry, a., -cUekeshaji.



30



MER



MOV



be Merry, v., furahi, oheza.

Mesi, B., takataka.

Message, 8., maneno, habari.

Messenger, a., mjumbe, tume.

Metal, a., madiai.

Metal-spring, a., mtambo.

Midday, a., aththuuri, jua kitwanl.

in Middle of, prep., katikati ya.

Middling, a., kadiri, kiasi.

Midnight, s., usiku wa manane.

Migrate, v., hama.

Mild, a., -a iipole.

Milk, a., maziwa.

Milk, v., kama.

Mill, 3., (for oil, etc.) kino.

Millet, s., mtama.

Mind, a., moyo, nia.

Mind, v., angalia.

Never mind, 1 donH mind, hai-
tliuru.
Minute, a., dakika.

In a minute, nmiTa moja, sasa
bivi.

All in a minute, tbaruba moja.
Minute, a., -dogo-dogo sana.
Miracle, a., mwujiza.
Mischief, a., (harm) mathara, uba-

rabu, (cunning) bila, ujanja.
Mischievous, a., -a bila, -janja,

•haraba, -tundu.
Miser, a., bakhili.
Miserable, a., maskini.
Misfortune, s., msiba.
Mislead, v., kosesba, danganya.
Miss, y,, (fail to get) kosa, (in shoot-
ing, etc.) epea, (Jeel loss of)

taka.
Missionary, a., mjumbe, mpelekwa.
Mist, a. iimande, ukungu.
Mistake, a., kosa, plur. ma-.
Mix, v., changanya.
Mock, v., iga.
Moderate, a. -a kadiri, -a kiasi.



Moderately, ) , ,. . , . .
Moderation,\ ^adin, kiasu

Modesty, s., baya.
Mombasa, a., Mvita.
Moment. See Minute.

In a moment, kwa gbafula.
Monday, a., Juma a tatu.
Money, s., fetba.
Monfia, a., Mafya.
Monkey, a., kima.
Monsoon, 8.,(north) kaskazi, (south)

kusi.
Monstrous, a., (huge) -kubwa mno

ajabu, (outrageous) -baya sana.
Month, a., mwezi.
Moon, a., rawezi.
More, adv., zayidu

A little more, punde.

JJfore than, zayidi ya, kupita.
become More, v., zidi, ongezeka.
Moreover, conj., tena.
Morning, a., assububi, (very early)
alfajiri.

Early in the morning, assububi
na mapema.
Morocco, s., Magharibi.
Mortar, a., (for pounding grain)

kiuu, (builders') cbokaa.
Mortar-board, a., cbano.
Mosque, a., moskiti.
Mosquito, a., imbu.
Most, a., -ingi.
Moth, a., noondo.
Mother, s., mama.
Mould, a., ukungu.
become Mouldy, v., fanya ukungu.
Mountain, a., mlima, jabali.
Motirn, v., buzunika, lia, kaa ma-
tan ga.
Mouth, a., kinwa.

Move, a., jongea, enda, (act.) jon«
geza, endeza.

Move house, bama.



MOV



NOO



31



Move out of the way, ondoa, (in-
duce) shawislii.
Much, a., -ingi, tele, marithawa.
Mu£h, adv., saua.
Mud, 8., tope, plur. ma-.
Mule, a., nyumbu.
Multiplication, a., (in arithmetic)

thdruba.
Multiply, v., zidisha.
Multitude, a., makutano.'watu wengi.
Munch, v., tafuna.
Murder, v., ua.
Murderer, a., mwuaji.
Murmur, v., (grumble) nung'unika.
Music, a., ngoma.
Must, v., (be obliged) sharti, sina

(huna, hana, etc.)> buddi.
Mustard, a., kharadali. ??
My, mine, adv., -angu.
Mystery, a., siri.



N.

Nail, a., msomari, (of finger, etc.)
ukucba.

Naked, a., utupu, uchi.

Name, 8., jina, plur. ma-.

Name, v., taja, ita, ueua, (give
name) tia jiua.

Narrow, a., -embamba.

Nation, a., taifa, plur. ma-.

Native, a., mzalia, kizao, (original
inhabitants) watu wa asili.

Nature, a,, asili.

Naughty, a., -bays.

Navel, a., kitovu.

Near, a. and adv., karibn, (near to)
karibu na, karibu ya.

Nearly, adv., karibu, bado kidogo.

Necessary, a. See Mmt, (indispens-
able) kanuiii.

Necessaries, s., riziki, yifaa.



Necessity, s., sharti, lazima, farathL

Neck, a., shingo, plur. ma-.

Necklace, a., mkufu.

Need, v., ihtaji, tika.

Needle, a., sindauo.

Neglect, v., acbilia, ghafalika.

Neighbour, a., jirani.

Neither, nor, conj., wain, wala.

Nest, a., tundu, plur. ma-.

Net, s., (for hunting) wavn, (for

fishing) msbipi, jarifa, plur. ma-.
Never, adv., expressed by negative

form of verb, followed by kubisa,

hatta kidogo, siku zote, milele.
Nevertheless, conj., wallakini.
New, a., -pya, (fresh, raio) -bichi.
News, a., habari.
Next, a., -a pili, -a pili yake.
Next, adv., tena, kiisha, baadaye.
Nice,a., -zuri, -tamu, -a kupendeza.
Night, a., usiku.

All night, usiku kucba.
Nine, a. and a., keuda, ti8sia.
Nineteen, s. and a., kumi na kcnda,

tissatashara.
Ninety, a. and a., tissaini.
Ninth, a., -a kcnda, -a tissia.
No, iaterj., siyo, hakuna, hapana,

la, hasba.
No, a., expressed by negatives, e.g,
si, bakuna, hapana, etc.

Nobody, si mtu.

Nothing, si kitu.

There is no food, hapana chakula.

There is no water in it, hanina
hatta maji.
Noble, a., bora, -a dnraja kuu.
Nobleman, s., mtu mkubwa, jumbe.
Nobody, a., si mtu.
Noise, 8., uthia, makelele.
None, a. See No.
Nonsente, a., upuuzi, maneno, mawa.
Noon, s., athtbuuri, jua kitwani.



32



NOO



ON



Noose, 8., tanzi, plur. ma-.
Nor, conj., wala.
North, 8., kaskazini,
Norther7i, a., -a kaskaziui.
North wind, s., kaskazi.
Nose, 8., pua.

Nose stud, kipini.

Nose ring, azama.
Nostril, s., luiidu ya pua.
Not, adv., ei, (in verbs) si-, ha-.
Note, 8., barua, khati.
Nothing, s., si kitu.

I did nothing, sikufanj'a neno.

I leant nothing, sitaki kitu.
Notice, v., ona, angalia.

Give public notice, tangaza.
Nought, 8. See Nothing, (cipher)

sifurn.
Now, adv., Basa.

Now directly, sasa hivi.
Nowadays, adv., siku liizi, zamani

hizi.
Number, a., hesabu, (figure) tara-
kimu.

A number of, wingi wa, jamii ya.
Number, v., liesabu.
Nurse, 8., mlezi, ayah.
Nurse, v., iiguza.
Nut, B., kokwa, plur. ma-, (ground

nuts) njugu.
Nutmeg, b., kungu manga.



Oar, 8., kasia, plur. ma-.
Oath, B., kiapo, uapo.
Obedient, a., -tii.
he Obedient, v., tii.
Object, s., (thing) kitu.

That is my object, ndiyo uitakayo.
Object, v., kataa, kiudana.

J object, sikabali, sitakL



Objections, a., makatazo.
Obligatory, a,, forathi, sharti.
be Obligatory upon, v., lazimu.
Oblige, v., (compel) lazimisba, (by

order) shurutisha, (do a service to)

fathili.
Observe, v., angalia, ona.
Obstinate, a., -kaidi, -shipafu.
Obstruct, v., zuia, pinga.
Obtain, v., pata.
Occupation, a., kazi, ehughuli.
Of, prep., -a.

To hear of, kusikia habari zs.

To talk of, Bemea.
Off, adv.

Cast off, tupia mbali.

Set off, make off, go off, ondoka,
enda zake, toka.

Let off, acha, (a gun) piga.
Off, prop., katika.
Offend, v., cliukiza, kasirisha.

DonH be offended, kunratlii.

I am ??]iot at all offended, ni rathi
Sana.
Offer, v., toa.

Offering, s., sadaka, kafara, thabihu.
Officer, s., akida, plur. ma-, ofisiri.
Official, a., mtu wa sorkali.
Often, adv., marra uyingi.
Oil, 8., raafuta.

Cocoa-nut oil, mafuta ya nazi.

Semsem oil, mafuta ya uta.

Castor oil, mafuta ya mbarika.
Old, a., -zee, (worn out) -kuktiu,
become Old and worn, v., chakaa.
Old age, s., uzee.
Omit, v., acha.
On, adv., mbele, tena.

Go on, endelea mbele, (continue)
duma, fuliza.

A little way on, mbele kidogo.

(Jome on ! Twende zetu 1
On, prep., juu ya, katika.



ONO



PAD



33



Once, adv., marra moja.

Once on a time, liapo kale, za-
mani.
One, s., mosi.
One, a., -moja.
Onion, a., kitiinguu.
Ouhj, adv., tu, -tupu, peke yangu

(yako, yake, etc.), {one of its kind)

-a pekee.
Omcard, adv., mbele.
Open, a., wazi.
Open, v., fungua, (a door) sindua,

(o bottle, etc.) zibua, {eyes, mouth,

etc.) fumbua, (uncover) funua.
become Open, v., fuuuka.
Opinion, s., nia, shauri, wosia.
Opium, s., afyuui, ka.sumba.
Opportunity, a., nafasi.
Oppose, v., gomba, zuia, kataza.
be Opposite, v., eleka, kabili.
become Opposite to, v., elekea.
put Opposite to, v., elekeza.
Oppress, v., onea.
Or, conj., ao, araa,, (after a negative)

wala.
Orange, a., (sweet) ohungwa, plur.

ma-, (bitter) danzi, plur. ma-,

(large mandarin) clienza, plur.

ma-, (small mandarin) kangaja.
Order, v., amuru, agiza.
Order, s., amri, (regularity) ntara-

tibu, (established use, regular

form) kawaida.
put in Order, v., tengeneza, panga.
in Order that, conj., illi.
Orderly, adv., taratibu, polepole.
Origin, e., asili.
Ornament, a., (in general) pambo,

plur. ma-.
Orphan, a., yatima.
Ostrich, 8., buni.
Other, a., -ngine.

ITie other, -a pili.



Other peoples', -a walu, -a mwe-
nyewe.

Otherwise, vinginevyo, (if not «o)
kama siyo.
Otto of roses, a., hal wdradi.
Ought, v., may be variously ex-
pressed, e.g.,

I ought, imenipasa.

You ought, imekupasa, etc.

This ought not to be done, haifai
kufauya hivi.

What ought we to dol Tufa-
nyeje ?
Our, a., -etu.
Out, outside, adv., nje.
Out of, outside of, prep., nje ya,
katika, kwa, -ni.

Go out, toka.

Out of the way ! Similla I
Outrage, a., jeuri.
Oven, B., tanuu.

Over, adv. and prep., juu, jim ya.
pass Over, v., (cross) vuka, (not

notice) acha, samehe.
Overlooker, Overseer, a., msimamizL
Overtake, v., fikia, pata.
Overturn, v., pindua.
Owe, v., wiwa.

I owe him, auiwia.
Owl, s„ bundi.

Own, v., ungama, (possess) miliki.
Own, a.

My own, -angu mimi.

Your own, -ako wewe, etc.
Oicner, a., mwenyewe.
Ox, s., ng'ombe.



P.

Pack, Pack up, v., funga.
Packet, 8., furuslii, kibumba.
Paddle, a., kafi, plur. ma-.



84



PAD



PER



Padlock, B., kufuli.

Page, 8., (of a hook) ukarasa.

Pail, s., ndoo.

Tain, s., mauiuivu, maumizo, ucliu-

ngu, kuuma.
Pain, v., uma, iimiza.
Paint, s., rangi.
Paint, v., tfa rangi.
Pair, a., jozi, jura.
Palace, s., jumba, plnr. ma-.
Palm, 8., (of hand) kifemga cha

mkono, kofi, plur. mu-, (tree) see

Cocoanut, Date, etc.
Palm-oil tree, s., nichikiclii.
Palm-wine, s., tembo.
Pant, v., tweta.
Papaw, a., (tree) mpapayi (fruit)

papayi, plur. ma-.
Paper, a., karatasi, (document)

khati.
Paradise, s., peponi.
Paralysis, s., kipooza.
become Paralytic, v., pooza.
Parcel, s., kibumba.
Pardon, v., samebe, achilia.

Pardon me, kunrathi, nipe Lisa
yangu.
Pardon, s., masamehe, liisa.
Parent, s., mzazi, mzee.
Parrot, s., kasuku.
Part, B., sehemu, fungii, plur. ma-,

nussu.
Part, v., tenga, gawa, kata.
Partnership, s., usbarika.
Party, a., jamii, kuudi.
Pass, v., pita.
let Pass, v., pitislia, pisha.
Pass over, v., vuka, (not notice)

acba.
he Pastahle, v., pitika, endeka.
Passage, s., pito, plur. ma-, (voyage)

safari.
Passport, a., chctl.



Patch, 8., (t» clothes) raka.

Patched, a., -a rakaraka.

Path, 8., iijia.

Patience, a., saburi.

Palient, a., -vuuiilivu, -stabimili.

become Patient, v., vumilia, stalii.

mill.
Pattern, a., namna, kielczo.
Pawn, v., weka rahuui.
Pay, v., lipa.

make Pay, v., lipisba, to3a.
Peace, a., arauui.
Peak, s., kilele.
Pearl, a., lulu.
Pebble, s., kokoto, plur. ma-.
Peel, a., gauda, plur. ma-.
Peep, v., cbungulia.
Peg, a., cbango.
Pen, a., kalamu.
Penitence, a., toba.
become Penitent, v., tubu.
People, B., watu.
Pepper, a., pilipili.
Perceive, v., ona, faliamu.
Perfect, a., kamili, -kamilifu.
become Perfect, v., kamilika.
Perform, v., tenda, fanya.
Perfumes, s., manukato.
Perhaps, adv., labuda.
Peril, B., hatari.
Period, s., muda, 'wakati.
Perish, v. , baribika, potea.
Perjure one^s self, v., apa uwongo.
Permission, s., ruksa.
Permit, v., acba, pa ruksa.
Perplex, jf., tatanislia, ingiza

matata.
Persecute, v., fukuza, onea, snmbua.
Persevere, v., dumu.
Person, a., mtu, nafsi.
Perspiration, a., hari, jasho.
Perspire, a., toka hari.
Persuade, v., sbawisbu



PER



POR



35



Perverse, a., -kaidi, -potoe, -tundu.

Pestilence, s., tauni.

Pick, v., (choose') chagua, (fruit)

chuma, (as with a knife) cho-

kora.
Pick up, v., okota.
Pickle, s., achali.
Picture, e., sanamii.
Piece, 8., kipande.
Pierce, v., zua, penya.
Piety, 8., utaowa.
Pig, 8., ngxiniwe.
Pigeon, s., njiwa.
Pill, a., kidongo.
Pillar, s., nguzo.
Pillow, 8., mto.

Pilot, B., rubani/msbiki sbikio.
Pimple, 8., kipele.
Pinch, v., finya.
Pine away, v., fifia.
Pine-apple, s., (shriib) mnanasi,

(fruit) nanasi, plur. ma-.
Pious, a., -taowa.
Pipe, B; mzinga, bomba, (tobacco)

kiko.
Pirate, a., haramia.
Pistol, 8., bastola.
Pit, a., shimo, plur, ma-.
Pitch, 8., lami.
Pitcher, s., mtungi.
Pity, s., huruma.
Pity, v., burumia.
Place, a., mabali.

In place of, mahali pa.
Place, v., weka, tia.
Plan, a., sbauri, plur. ma-.
Plane, a., rauda.
Plane, v., piga randa.
Plank, a., ubau, plur. rabaa.
Plant, a., (seedling) mche, mbegu.
Plant, v., panda.
Plantain, a., ndizi.
Plantation, a., shamba, plur. ma-.



Plaster, v., (o wall) kandika, (medi'

cally) baudika.
Plate, 8., sahani, (wooden splatter)

chano, (of metal) bamba, plur.

ma-.
Play, v., cheza, (an instrument) piga.
Pleasant, a., -zuri, -tamu, -a ku-

peudeza.
Please, v., pendeza, furahislia.

Please, if you please, tafathalL

As you please, upendavyo.
Pleasing, a., -a kupendeza.
Pleasure, a., raba, auasa, furaba.
Pledge, a., amana, raliani.
Plenty, a., tele, wingi, maritbawa.
Pluck, v., (gather) chuma, (feathers)

nyonyoa.
Plunder, a., mateka.
Plunder, v., teka, nyang'anya.
Pocket, a., kifuko.
Poem, s., mashairi, uimbo, (religious)

utenzi.
Poet, a., mtunga maah&iri.
Point, a., ncha.
Point, v., (show) onyesha, (cut to a

point) chonga.
Poison, a., sumu.
Poke, v., choma,
Pole, a., boriti, mti, (for punting)

upondo.
Polish, v., katua.
Polite, a., -a adabu.
Pomegranate, a., kamamanga.
Pomeloe, a , furuugu.
Pond, Pool, a., ziwa la majL
Poor, a., niaskini, fukara.
Porch, s., ukumbi.
Porcupine, a., nungu.
Porridge, a., ugali, uji.
Port, 8., bandari.
Porter, a., mchiikuzi, (caravan)

mpagazi, (tovm) hamali, plur.

ma-.



86



POS



PRO



Pos$es8or, s., mwenyewe.

Possessions, s., mali, milki.

Possessing, a., -enyi.

be Possible, v., wezekana, fanj'ika.

Possibly, adv., yainkini.

Post, B , nguzo, rati.

Posterity, s., wazao.

Pot, B., (cooking) chungn, plur. ma-,

(large metal) sufuria, plur. ma-.
Potatoe, B., kiazi cha kizungu,

(sweet) kiazi.
Potsherd, s., kigai.
Potter, 8., mfinyanzi.
Pound, v., ponda, (of grain) twanga.
Pour, v., mimina.

Pour out, away, mwaga.
Poverty, s., umasikiui.
Powder, s., (dust) vumbi, plur. ma-,

(gunpowder) baruti.
Power, 8., uwezo, nguvu.
Practice, s., mazoezo, desturi, ma-

thehebu.
Practise, v., jizoeza.
Praise, a., sifa.
Praise, v., sifu.
Pray, v., omba, sali.
Pray for, v., (ash) taka, (intercede)

ombea.
Preach, v., hutubu, hubiri, fundisha.
Precede, v., tangulia.
Precious, a., -a thamani.
Precipice, b., boromoko, plur. ma-.
become Precipitous, v., chongoka.
Predict, v., agua, bashiri.
Prefer, v., penda.
Preferable, a., bora, afatbali.
Pregnant, a., -enyi mimba, -zito.
be Pregnant, v., chukua mimba.
Prepare, v., fanya tayari, tengeneza.
be Present, v., wapo.
Present, s., zawadi, ada, thawabn.
Present, v., toa, pa.
Presently, adv., halafu yake.



Preserve, v., linda, hifathi.

Press, v., sukuma, songa, shindilia.

Pretend, v., jifanya.

Pretty, a., -zuri.

Prevent, v., zuia, kataza.

Price, s., tbamani, bei, kiasL

Pride, s., kibuii.

Pride one's self, v., jisifu, jivuna.

Priest, 8., (Christian) kasisi, plur.

ma-.
Prince, s., mwana wa mfalme.
Print, 8., piga chapa.
Printed calico, s., shiti.
Prison, s., gereza, ngome.
Privacy, s., faragha.
Privy, B., cboo.

Proceed, v., endelea, shika njia.
Proceeds, s., mapato.
Proclaim, v., tangaza.
Procure, v., pata.
Produce, v., toa, zaa, fanyiza.
Produce, s., mazao.
Profane, a., -najisi.
Profit, 8., fayida.

j/ei Profit, v., pata fayida, chuma.
Profit, be Profitable, v., faa.
Progress, v., enda, endelea.
Progress, s., kieudeleo, maendeleo.
Promise, s., abadi.

Breah a promise, acba abadi.

Jieep a promise, fikiliza abadi.
Promise, v., abidi.
Promontory, s., rasi.
Promote, v., (in ra7jA;, <ra(Ze, c/c.)

zidisbia.
Prompt, B., -epesi.
Prop, v., tegemeza.
Proper, a., -ema, -zuri, -fasihi, -a

adili.
Properly, adv., vema, taratibu.
Property, 8., mali, milki.
Prophecy, v., agua, bashiri.
Prophet, 8., nabii, plur. ma-.



PEO

Propitiate, v., tuliza, potanisha.
Propose, v., nena, toa sliaxiri.
Proposition, B., shauri, maneno.
Proprietor, s., mwenyewe.
Prosecute, v., shtakL
Prosecutor, s., mshfaki.
Prosper, v., fanikiwa, sitawi.
Prostitute, 8., kahaba, plur. ma-.
Protect, v., linda, tunza.
Proud, a., -a kiburi.
Prove, v., thubutisha.
Provoke, v., kabirisha.
Pfdlm, 8., zaburi.
Publish, v., (proclaim) tangaza,

cneza habari.
Pull, v., vuta, (drag) kokota.
Pull up, v., ng'oa.
Pulley, a., kapi, plur. ma-
Pump, 8., bomba.
Pumpkin, a., boga, plur. ma-.
Punish, v., athibu, rudi, rudisha.
Punishment, 8., athabu.
Pure, a., safi, -eupe.
Purgative, a., dawa la kuhara.
Purify, v., takasa.
Purity, a., masafi.
Purpose, 8., nia, shauri, kusudi.

On purpose, makusudi.
Purpose, v., nia, kusudia.
Purse, a., kifuko cha fetha.
Pursue, v., fuata, fukuza.
Pursuer, a., mfuasi.
Push, v., sukuma.
Put, v., tia.

Put on (clothes), vaa, ((fress a
person) vika, valia.

ru< off (clothes), Tua, (undress a
person) vulia.

Pu< ouf, toa, (afire, light) zima.

i'M< away, by, weka.

Put to (shut), sbindika.

Put to flight, kimbiza.

Put t9 rights, tengeneza.



EAO



37



Put doton (a load), tua, (subdue)

tiisha, komcijlia.
Put upon (cheat), punja, ka-
ramkia.
become Putrid, v., oza.
Puzzle, v., tatanisha.
Puzzle, 8., tata, plur. ma-.



Qualify, a., giiisi, namna.
Quantity, s., kiasi, kadri.

A quantity of, wingi wa.
Quarrel, a., ugomvi.
Quarrel, v., gombana.
Quarrelsome, a., -gomvi.
Quarter, a., robo, (district of a toicn)

mtaa.
Queen, s., malkiya.
Question, a., swali, plur. ma-, ulizo,

plur. ma-.
Question, v., uliza, saili, huji.
Quick, a., -epesi.
be Quick enough, v., (be in time)

diriki, wahi.
Quickly, adv., upesi, bima.
Quiet, a., -tulivu, -nyamava.
become Quiet, v.,tulia, nyamaza.
make Quiet, v., tuliza, nyamazisba.
Quiet, Quietness, a., raha, utulivu.
Quietly, adv., taratibu, polepole.
Quit, v., acha, toka.
Quite, adv., kabisa, pia.
Quiver, v., tetema, tetemeka, tapa-

tapa.
Quiver, s., (for arrows) podo.



Rahbil, 8., sungura.

Hace, 8., (naCot) taifa, plur. ma-,
(tribe) kabila, plur. ma-, (in run-
ning, etc.) shindano, plur. ma-.



88



RAO



R EL



Jlace, v., shiiidana.

Hafter, 8., boriti.

Jiag, 8., kitambaa, nguo mbovu-

mbovu.
Mage, s., basira, ghatbabu.
he Bagged, v., tatuka.
Bair.y 8., mvua.
Bain, v., nya.

It is raining, mvua inakunya.

It has left off raining, imeanuka.
Bain-cloud, s., ghubari.
Bainy 8eai<t,.i, s., masika.
Baisin, s., zabibu.
Bam, 8., kondoo mume.
Bampart, s., boraa, plur. ma-.
Bank, s., (social) daraja, plur. ma-,

kimo, (line) safu.
Bansom, v., komboa.
Bansom, b., kombozi, plur. ma-.
Bare, a., (Jew) baba, (valuable) -a

tunu.
Bash, a., -jasiri.
Bat, s., panya.

Bather, adv., kidogo, (preferably)
afatbali.

I had rather go, nataka kwenda.
Bational, a., -a maana, -a akili.
Buttons, 8., posho.
Bavage, v., haribu.
Bavine, 8., ufa, plur. ma-.
Baw, a., -bicbi.
Bazor, 8., vrembe.
Beach, v., fika, wasili.
Bead, v., soma.
Beady, a., tayarL

Be ready, done, (in coolcery) iva.
Beat, a., -a kweli.
Beap, v., vuna.
Beason, s., sababu, maana, buja,

(the faculty) akili.
Beasonable, a., -a maana, -a akili.
Bebel, v., asi.
Bcbel, 8., mwasi.



BebeUion, s., uasi.
Bebuke, v., karipia, laumu.
Beceive, v., pokea, pewa, letewa,

(as a guest) karibieha.
Becess, s., kidaka.
Beckon, v., hesabu.
Becognize, v., tambua, fabamu, ku-

mbuka.
Becollect, v., kumbuka.
Becommend, v., sifu, nenea, (advise)

pa shauri.
Becommended, a., sunne.
Becompense, v., lipa, fatbili.
Beconcile, v., patanisha, selebisha.
Beconnot7re,v.,cbunguza, chungulia,

peleleza.
Becover, v., (get back), pata tena,

rudishiwa, (get welt) poua.
Bed, a., -ekundu.
i?ec^ Sea, e., Babari ya Sham.
Bedeem, v., komboa.
Bedeemer, s., mkombozi.
Beduce, v., (subdue) tiisha, (lessen)

punguza.
Befer to, v., nenea, regea.
Beflect, v., fikiri, waza.
Beform, v., (pui n'jf/ii) tengeneza,

silihisba.
Befresh, v., bnrudisba, sterehisha.
Befuge, s., makimbillo.
Befuse, v., kataa.
Befuse, s., taka, kifusl.
Begret, v., juta.
Begret, s., majuto.
Begular, a., -a kawaida, -a taratibn.
Begularity, 8., utaratibu.
Begulation, b., amri, eheria.
Beign, v., taw«la.
Beins, b., (in harness) batamo.
Beject, v., kataza.
Bejoice, v., furabi, 8bangilia.
Belate, v., badithi, eumulia, pa

babari.



BEL



EEV



39



Relation, s., ndugu, jamaa.

Relax, v., legcza.

Release, v., fungua, acha.

Religion, s., diiii.

Religious, a., -taowa, -clia Muungu,

-a dini.
Relish, B., kitoweo.
Rely on, v., amini, tcgemea.
Remain, v., (in a place, state") kaa,

shiuda, (be left over) salia, baki.
Remainder, b., baki, plur. ma-,

msazo.
Remark, v., (say) sema, (observe)

angalia, ona.
Remark, s., neno, plur. ma-.
Remember, v., kumbuka.
Remembrance, s., iikumbusho.
Remind, v., kumbusha.
Remission, b., (of sins) gliofira.
Remit, v., (penalties, etc.) achilia,

(sin) gbofiri, (money) lipia, letea.
Remorse, s., majvito, uchungu.
Remote, a., mbali.
Remove, v., ton, ondoa, chukua,

(move house) hama.
Render, v., fauya.

Render account, toa hcsabu.
Renounce, v., kaiia.
Renowned, a., -a sifa nyingi, mashiir.
Rent, 8., ijara, kodi.
Rent, v., (hire) panga, (ht) pangi-

sba.
Repair, v., tengeneza, fanyiza.
Repeat, v., (say again) sema tena,

rudisbia, (do again) fanya tena.
Repent, v., tubu.

You will repent it, iitalia.
Repentance, s., toba, majuto.
Reply, B., majibu.

Reply, v., jibu, (when called) itika.
Report, B., (news) habari, maarifa,

(of a gun, etc.) kishindo.
Report, v., pa habari, arifu.



Reproach, 8., (in words) matayo,

masbutumio, (disgrace) aibu.
Reproof, s., maonyo.
Reprove, v., onya, rudi, karipia.
Request, s., haja.
Request, v., taka, omba.
Require, v., (demand) taka, (need)

taka, bitaji.
Rescue, v., okoa, ponya.
Resemble, v., faiiana na.
Resent, v., ona uchungu, fanya

ghathabu.
Reserve, v., (ywi astJe) weka.
Reserve, s., (silence) unyamafu,

(stock in hand) akiba.
Reservoir, a., (for icater) birika.
Resist, v., halifu, sliiudana.
Resolve, v., yakiuia, tanabahi.
Respect, s., hcsbima.
Respect, v., htshimu.
Respectable, a., (of good character)

-ema, -a sifa njema, -a moyo

mwcma.
Rest, 8., ralia.
Rest, v., pumzika.
Restore, v., rudisba, (repair) tengo-

neza.
Restrain, v., zuia, pinga.
Resurrection, a., ufufuo, kiyama.
Retail-dealer, s., mcburuzi.
Retaliate, v., twaa kisasi, lipla

eawa.
Retaliation, s., kisasi.
Retire, v., (go back) enda nyuma,

(go away) cnda zangu, (zako,

zako, etc.).
Retreat, v. See Retire.
Return, v., rudi, rejea, (give hack)

rudisha.
Reveal, v., funua.
Revenge, a., kisasi, majilipo.
j Revenge one's self, v., jilipiza kisasi.
I Reverence, 8., uneuyekeo.



40



REV



RUS



Revive, v., f uf uka, huika, (ac t.) f ufua,

huisha.
Revolt, a., uasi.
Revolt, v., aai.
Revolting, a., -a cliukizo.
Reward, s., zawadi, thawabu, {for

finding) kiokosi.
Reward, v., fatbili, pa zawadi.
Rheumatism, a,, baridi yabis.
Rhinoceros, a., kifaro.
Rih, 8., ubavu.
Rice, a., (growing) mpunga, (cleaned)

mcbele, (cooked) wali.
Rich, a., -tajiri, -enyi mail.
Riches, s., mali, fetlia.
Ride, v., panda frasi (gari, etc.).
Ridicide, a., mzaba, thihaka.
Ridicule, v., tbihaki, cbeka.
Righi,&., -ema,-zuri, (correct) sabibi.

That is right, all right, rema,
njema, (of a payment) barabba.
Right, a., baki.
Right hand, a., mkono wa kuurne,

mkono wa kiili;i.
Righteous, Rightful, a., -a baki.
Rind, B., ganda, plur. ma-.
Ring, a., pete, (large) pete, plur.

ma-.
Ring, v., piga kengele.
Riot, a., fitina, utbia.
Ripe, a., -bivu.
get Ripe, v., iva, komaa.
Rise, v., (ascend) paa, panda, (of the

sun) cba, panda, (gel up) ondoka,

(stand up) simama.
River, s., mto.
Road, B., njia.
Roar, v., nguruma, vuma.
Roar, a., ngurumo, uvumi.
Roast, v., oka.
Rob, v., ibia, nyang'anya.
BMer, 8., mwivi, mwizi, mnya-

ng'anyi.



Roclt, a., mwamba, (in the sea)

kipwa.
Roll, v., fiugirika, (act.) fingirisba.
Roof, s., dari, (of concrete) sakafu,

(thatched) paa, plur. ma-.
Room, a., chumba, (space) nafasi.
Root, B., sbiua, plur. ma-, (very

small) mizizi.
Root up, v., ng'oa.
Rope, 8., kamba.
Rot, v., oza.
Rotten, a., -bovu.
become Rough, v., paniza.
Round, adv. and prep., kuzunguka,

pande zote (za), mzingo wa.
Round, a., -a mviringo, i-viringa-yo.
become Round, v., viringa.
Rouse, v., tabarakisba, (from sleep)

am'sha.
Roio, v., vuta makasia.
Row, a., safu.

Rut in a row, panga.
Rub, v., eugua.

Rjib skin off, cbubua.
Rubbish, a., kifusi, taka.
Rudder, s., sbikio, msukani.
Ruin, e., ubaribifu, (of buildings)

maanguko.
Ruin, v., augamiza, baribu, poteza.
Rule, a., manilaka, enzi, (an order)

amri, sberia.
Rule, v., tawala.

Rule a line, piga mstari.
Run, v., piga nibio, kimbia, (run
away, of a slave) toroka.

Run aground, tekeza, (sUck)
kwama.

Run hard, kaza mbio.

Run over, furika.
Runaway, a., mtoro.
Rupee, a., nipia.
Rush, v., kaza mbio, ruka.
Rust, 8., ukuta.



SAO



SEA



41



S.

Sack, 8., (used for rice) gunia.
Sacred, a., -takatifii.
Sacrifice, 8.,tbabihii, kafara, sadaka.
Sacrijice, v., toa kafara, thabihu,

sadaka.
Sad, a., -a liuzuni.
Sadness, b., liuzunL
Safe, a., ')
Safely, adv., V salama.
Safety, a., J

Sail, 8., tanga, plur. ma-, (of a
dJiow'j duumi.

Set sail, tweka matanga, tweka.

Lower sail, shusha tanga.
Sail, v., safiri baliarini, or lucri-

kebuni.
Sailor, a., baharia.
Saintly, a., -takatifu.
Sake, (for the sake of) kwa ajili ya.
Sale, 8., (by auction') mnada.
Salesman, a., dalali.
Salt, 8., chumvi.
Salutation, a., salama.
Salute of cannon, s., mizinga ya

salama.
Salute, v., salimia.
Salvation, a., wokovu.
Same, a., yule yule, ile ile, zile zLle,
etc., mamoja, sawa sawa.

It's all the same, mamoja pia.
Sand, a., mcbanga.
Sandfly, a., usubi.
Satan, a., shetani, plur. ma-.
be Satisfied, v.,wa rathi, (tcj77t /ood)

sbiba.
Satisfy, v., (make content) ratbisba,

(come to terms with) pataua na,

(vnih food) sliibisha.
Saturday, a., juma a mosi.
Save, v., okoa, ponya.



Saviour, a., Mwokozi.

Sauce, a., mchuzi.

Saucepan, a., sufuria.

Saio, a., msumeno.

Say, v., sema.

Scabbard, a., ala.

Scaffold, a., jukwari.

he Scalded, v., ungua.

Scales, 8., mizani, (nf a fish) ma-

gamba.
Scanty, a., haba.
Scatter, v., tawanya.

Be scattered, tawauyifca.
Scent, 8., (smell) barufu, manuka,

(liquid) mraslii.
Scholar, a., mwanafunzi, mwana-

chuoni.
School, (to go to school) kwcnda kn

soma, (to be put to school) tiwa

chuoni.
Scissors, a., makasi.
Scold, v., karipia, kemea.
Scorch, v., unguza.

Be- scorched, ungua.
Scorn, v., tharau, tweza.
Scorn, a., tharau.
Scrape, v., kuna, para, paa.
Scraps, a., (of food) makombo, (ru6-

bish) taka.
Scratch, s., retai.
Scratch, v., kuna.
Scream, v., piga kiyowe.
Screw, 3., parafujo.
Scripture, 8.,Maandiko Matakatifo.
Sea, 8., bahari.

Seaman, a., baharia.

Sea weed, a., mwani.
Seal, s , muhuri.
Seal, v., tia muhuri.
Season, a., 'wakati.
Seat, a., kiti, kikao, (of stone) ba«
raza.

Take a seat, kaa kitako.



42



BEO



BUO



Second, a., -a pili.

Secret, Secrecy, s., siri, faragha

Secret, a,, -a siri.

See, v., ona, tazama.

Seed, Seedling, s., mbcgu, mclie.

Seem, v., onekana.

It seems to me, naona, nathani.

It seems true, kama kweli.
Seize, v., kamata, shika.
Self, B., moyo, roho, nafsi.
Self, a., -enyewe, (in verbs) ji-, -ji-.
Self-content, 8., kinaya.
he Self-contented, v., kinayi.
Sell, v., uza.
Semsem, a., ufuta, (oil) mafuta ya

uta.
Send, v., peleka, Icta, (on business)
turaa.

Send avcay, ouflosha.

Send back, rudisba.
Sense, a., (understanding) akili,

(meaning) maana, (faculty)

uwezo.
Sensible, a., -a akili.
Science, s., (declared opinion) wosia.
Separate, v., tenga, (ueut. of people)

acbaoa.
Seriout, a., -kuu, (of exjnession)

-kali, -aito.
Serpent, 6., nyoka, (large) joka,

plur. ma-, (python) chatti.
Servant, s., mtumwa, mtumishL
Serve, v., tumikia.

Be of service, faa.
Service, a., utuinwa, (divine) ibada

ya Muungu.
Set, v., weka, tia, (of the sun) cbwa.

Set aside, down, by, weka.

Set up, simikisha.

Set on fire, washa, tia moto.

Set out, toka, safirL, ehika njia.

Set open (a door), sindua.

Set in order, panga.



Set on to fight, piganisba.

Set upon, rukia, angukia.
Settle, v., (resolve) yakinia, (decide

a matter) kata maneno, (neiit.)

tulia.
Seven, s. and a., saba.
Seventeen, a. and a., kumi na saba,

eabatasbara.
Seventh, a., -a saba.
Seventy, a., sabwinL
Severe, a., -kali.
Seic, v., shona.

Sliaddoch, s., furungu, plui. ma-.
Shade, Shadow, a., kivuli, uvuli.
Shahe, v., tikisa, tetemesba, suka-

suka, (neut.) tikislka, tetemeka.
Sliame, a., baya, (disgrace) aibn.
Shape, a., namna.
Share, a., sebemu.
Share, v., shariki, (divide) gawa,

gawanya.
Sharing, a., usbarika.
Sliarh, a., papa.

Sharp, a., -kali, (acute) -enyi akilL
Sharpen, v., noa.
Shave, v., nyoa.

Shavings, a., (of wood, etc.) usafi.
She, pron., yeye, (in verbs) a-, yu-.
Sheath, s., ala, pliir. nyala.
Shed, a., banda, plur. ma-, kibanda.
Sheep, a., koudoo.
Sheet, 8., nguo ya kitanda, sbuka,

(of a sail) demani, (of paper)

ukarasa.
Shelf, a., kibau.
Shell, a., (sea shells) shelle, plur.

ma-, (hush) gamba, (of a cocoa-
nut) kifuu.
Shepherd, a., mcbunga.
Sliidd, 8., ngao.
Shine, v., ng'aa, mulika.
Ship, 8., merikebu, jabazi.
Shoal, a., fungn, plur. ma-.



6H0



SKY



43



Shoe, 8., kiatu.

Shoot, v., piga.

Slwp, 8., duka, plur. ma-.

Shopkeeper, B., mwenyi duka, mchu-

ruzi.
Sliore, 8., pwaui.
Sliort, a., -fupi.
Shorten, v., fupisba.
Shot, B., marisaa.
ShouJder, s., bega, plur. ma-.
Shout, 8., kelele, plur. ma-.
Shout, v., piga kelele.
Show, v., onyesha, onya.
Shower, e., manyunyo.
Slirewd, a., -erevu.
Shrewdness, 8., werevu.
Shriek, b., yowe, kiyowe.
Shriek, v., piga yowe.
S/iKw, v., epuka.

Shut, v., funga, (puf <o) shindika.
be Shy, v,, oua baya.
Sick, a Sick person, s., mgonjwa.
become Sick,v., ugua, (coni2<) tapika.

I am sick, Biwezi.

Are you sick ? liuwezi ?

He was sick, alikuwa bawezi.

He feels sea-sick, moyo wamcha-
fuka.
Sickness, s.,'ugonjwn, uwcli.
Side, B., upande, (of body, hill, etc.)
ubavu.

On both sides, pande mbilL

On all sides, pande zote, kote-
kote.

On the other side, ng'ambo.
Sieve, e., kayaniba.
Sift, v., (by shaking) chunga, (by

tossing) pepeta.
Sigh, v., ugua.
come into Sight, v., onekana.
Sign, 8., dulili, isbara, alama.
Sign, T., andika jina, tia jina.
make a Sign to, v., (by waving some-



thing) pUDgia, (by icinking, etc.)

konyeza.
Signal, B., isbara.
Signet, a., muhuri.
Silence, e., kimya.

Silence ! (be silent .') makcslele '
nyamaza!
Silent, a., -nyamani.
become Silent, v., nyamaza, nyamaa.
Silk, a., bariri.
Silly, a., -pumbafu.
Silver, a., fetha.

Silver dollars, reale za sbam.
Simple, a., (easy) rahisi, (foolish)

-jinga.
Simpleton, s., mjinga.
Simply, adv. , (only) tu.
Sin, a., tbambL

Since, prep., tangu, toka, tokea.
Sincere, a., 1

Sincerely, adv., > kweli.
Sincerity, a., )

Sinful, a., -a tliambi, -enyi tbambi.
Sing, v., imba.
Single, a., (one) -moja tu bass, (by

itself) poke yake.
Singleness, s., upwcke.
Sink, v., tota, zama, (act.) tosa, za-

misLa.
Sir, 8., bwana.
Sister, a., umbu, plur. ma-, ndugu

mke, ndugu.
Sit down, v., kaa kitako, keti.
Six, 8. and a., Bita.
Sixteen, a. and a., sitashara.
Sixth, a., -a sita.
Sixty, a. and a., Bcttini.
Size, 8., kiaai, cbeo, ukubwa.
Skilful, a., bodari, -Btadi.
Skill, 8., akili, (in work) ustavli.
Skin, a., ngozi.
Sky, 8., uwingu, plur. mbingu, ea-

mawati.



44



SLA



SOO



Slack, a., -legevu.

become Slack, v., legca.

Slacken, v., legeza.

Slackness, s., ulegevu.

Slander, v., singizia.

Slander, 8., masingizio.

Slap, v., piga kofi.

Slaughter, v., chinja, ua.

Slave, 8., mtumwa, (boy) mtwana,

(girl) kijakazi, (tcoman) mjakazi,

(feUoic-slave) mjoli.
Slavery, s., utumwa.
Slay, V. See Slaughter,
Sleep, 8., nsingizi.
Sleep, v., sinzia, lala.
Sleeping-mat, s., mkeka.
Sleeping-place, s., nmlalo.
Slide, v., tcleza.
Slight, &., -(logo, thaifu.
Slight, v., tharau.
Sling, B., kombeo, plur. nia-.
Slip, v., tcleza, (slip off) chopoka.
Slip, 8., (young plant) mebe,

mbegu.
Slippery, a., -a kutcleza.

It is slippery, paua utelczl.
Sloth, 8., uvivu.
Slow, a., -a upole, (idle) -vivu.
be Slow, v., (loiter) kawia, tauga-

tanga.
Slowly, adv., polepole.

It goes sloicly, liaiendi veraa.
Small, a., -dogo. Expressed also by

prefix ki-.
Small pox, s., ndui.
Smart, a., lualidadi, (quick) -cpesi.
become Smart, v., jipamba.
Smart, v., uma, choma, waka.
Smell, 8., liarufii, manuka.
Smell, v., (nciit.) nuka, (act.) nusba.

I smell it, inaniiiuka.

It smells nice, inanukia Tizuri.
Smile, 8., kichcko.



Smile, v., choka.

Smile at, chekolea.
Smith, a., mfua chuma.
Smoke, s., moshi.
Smooth, a., laiai.
Smooth, v., lainisha.
Snail, a., konokono.
Snake, a., nyoka, (large) joka, plur.

Wa-, (python) cbatu.
Snare, a., mtego.
Snare, v., toga, nasa.
Sneeze, v., chafya.
Snore, v., koroma. '
Snoto, a., theluji.

So, adv. and conj., Livi, bivyo, vile,
(accordingly) bassi.

So nice, tamu sana.

So good, njoma sana.

.A'o< 80 tall as you, si mrefu kama
VkCe.
So far as, conj., batta, kadiri.
Soap, a., sabuni,
become Sober, v., Icvuka.
Soft, a., -ororo, laiui.
Soil, s., udongo.
Soldier, a., asikari.
Sole, s., (of foot) uayo, plur. nyayo.
Solid, a., -gumu, yabis.
Solitude, s., ukiwa, upweke.
Some, a., baatbi ya, (a little, few)
kidogo.

Some-others, vrangine-wangine.

Somebody, Someone, mtu.

Somehow or other, sijui ilivyo, (I
donH know hoio).
Some one else's, a., -a mwenyewe, -a

watii.
Sometimes, adv., marra, pana siku.
Son, 8., mwana, mtoto, (mume).
Song, 8., uimbo.

Soon, adv., karibu, balafu, marra.
Soothe, v., tuliza.
o Soothing thing, a., kitulizo.



y



SOB



STA



45



Sore, 9.) kidonda, (small) upele.
he Sore, v., waka, uma.
Sorrow, s., huzuni, sikitiko, hamu.
he Sorry, v., sikitika, huzunika, (for

a thing) sikitikia, {repent of)

tuLia.
Sort, s., namna, giiisi.

Of what sort ? gaui ?

A sort of, kama. Expressed also
by prefix ki-, e.g. kiarabu, of
the Arab sort.
Soul, 8., robo, nafsi.
Sound, s., sauti, uvumi, (of taVcing)

msemo.
Sound, v., lia.

It sounds hollow, panalia wazi.
Sound, a., -ziraa.
South, a., kusini.
South Tnonsoon, s., kusL
Sow, v., panda.
Sow, 8., nguruwe mke.
Space, 8., nafasi, (of time) muda,

(open space) uwanda, peupe.
Spade, 8., jembe la kizuugu.
Span, a., shibiri.
Spark, 8., checlii, plur. ma-.
Sparkle, v., metameta, meremeta.
Speak, v., sema.

Speak loud, sema sana.

Speak English, sema kiingereza.
Spear, B., mkuke, lurao, plur. ma-.
Spell, v., endeleza. i
be Spell-bound, under a Spell, v.,

pagawa na pepo, (possessed by a

gpirit) fanyiwa ucbawi.
become Spherical, v., viringana.
Spider, B., buibui.
Spill, v., mwaga.
Spirit, 8., pepo, jini, plur. ma-.
Spirits, 8., (liquor) mvinyo.
be in good Spirits, v., fiirabi, furahi-

wa moyo.
Spit, v., tema mate.



Spittle, 8., mate.

Spleen, a., wengo.

Splendid, a., -zuri satia.

Splice, v., (a rope) unga, (a spar)

ganga.
Split, v., pasua.
Spoil, v., haribu.
Spoil, s., mateka.
Spoon, 8., mwiko, (small) kijiko.
Sport, a., mchezo.
Spot, 8., waa, plur. ma-.
Spotted, a., madoadoa.
Spout, 8., (on roof) kopo, plur. ma-.
Spread, v., enea, (act.) eueza, tanda,
tandika.

Spread a table, andika meza.

Spread ointment, paka mafuta.

Spread news, tangaza.
Spring, a., (of water) cbemchemi, (of

metal) mtambo.
Sprinkle, v., nyunyiza.
Spy, s., mpelelezi.
Spy, v., peleleza, cbungulia.
Squall, a., (cry) kiyowe, (of icind)

tboruba.
Squander, v., poteza, filisika, fuja.
Square, a., mrabba.
Squat, v., kaa kitako.
Squeeze, v., kaniua, songa.
Stab, v., cboma.
Stable, a., zizi, plur. ma-.
Stable, a., imara.
Staff, s., goiigo, plur. ma-.
Stagger, v., pepa.
Stain, 8., waa, plur. ma«, (colour')

rangi.
Stairs, a., madaraja.

Upstairs, juu, orofani.

Doionstairs, cbini.
Stake, a., (post) rati, kipando.
Stamp, a., muburi, cbapa.
Stamp, v., piga cbapa, (with feet)

kanyaga, kanyagisba.



46



STA



STU



Stand, v., simama.

Star, a., nyota.

Starch, a., (^arrowroot) uwanga.

Start, a., (of fear) kituko, (begin-
ning) mwanzo.

Starty B., (with frigJit)stxika, (set out)
toka, safiri, funga safari, (make
move) endeza, jongeza.

Starve, become Starved, v., kufa kwa
iijaa, (act.) shindisha kwa njaa.

State a., (condition) hali, (country,
kingdom) inchi, ufalme, serkali,
(grandeur) utiikufu, fahari.

Statue, 8., aauamu, mfano.

Stay, v., kaa, shinda, (act.) zuia.

Steal, V,, iba.

Steam, a., mvuke, mosbi.

Steamer, a., merikebu ya mosbi.

Steel, 8., feleji.

Steep, a., -a kusimama.

Steer, v., sbika shikio, elekeza meri-
kebu.

Steersman, s., msbiki sbikio.

Step, a., (of foot) hatua, nyayo, (of
stairs) daraja.
Step over, v., kia, kiuka.
Step upon, v., kanyaga, kanyagi-
sha.

Stem, 8., (of a tree) shina, plur. ma-.

Steward, a., msimamizi.

Stick, s.jfimbo, (forwalking)h&koTa,,

( (for support) mkongojo.

Stick, v., kwama, sbika, ambata.
Stick together, gaudamana.
Stick out, tokeza.
Stick to, ambatana.

Still, adv., teua, bado, batta sasa.

Still, a., kimya, -nyamafu.

be Still, v., tulia, kaa kimya.

Sting, v., uma.

Stink, v., nuka vibaya, nuka.

Stir, v., boruga, (a fire, strife) oho-
chelea.



Stir up, T., (excite, rouse) tahara«

kisba.
Stock, s., (of goods) akiba.
Stocks, a., (for feet) mkatale.
Stomach, a., tumbo, plur. ma-.
Stone, a., jiwe, plur. mawe, (for

cooking on) jifya, plur. mafya,

(small) kokoto, plur. ma-, (of

fruit) kokwa, plur. ma-.
Sloop, v., inama.
Stop, v., simama, koma, (of pain)

nyamaa, (act.) zuia, komesha,

pinga.
Store, a., akiba.
Store-room, a., ghala.
Storm, s., tboruba, tufanu.
Story, a., baditbi, baluri, kisa, (lie)
uwongo.

Tell a story, sumulia badithi.
Stout, a., -nene.
Straight, a., sawa, -a kunyoka.
Strain, v., kakamuka, (a liquid)

cbuja.
Strainer, a., kunguto, plur. ma-.
Strange, a., -geni, -a mtindo.
Stranger, a., mgeni.
Strangle, v., songa.
Stratagem, a., bila.
Stream, a., kijito.
Strength, a., nguvu.
Stretch, v., nyosba, (a mat, ons't

legs, etc.) kunjua.
Strike, v., piga, chapa, gonga.
String, a., uzi, kitani.
String-course, a., ushi.
Stripe, B., utepe, (bloio) pigo, plur.

ma-.
Strong, a., hodari, -a nguvti.
Strongly, adv., kwa nguvu, sana.
Struggle,y. ,ahmda.na,, fanyajuhudL
Stubborn, a., -kaidi.
Stumble, v., jikwaa.
Stump, a., sbina, plur. ma-.



STU



S YB



47



become Stunted, v., via.

Stupid, a., -pumbafu, hana akili.

Subdue, v., tiislia.

Subject, a., jambo, neno, (of a king)

rayia.
Subinit to, v., tii, kubali.
Subsist, v^ (live} kaa, ishi.
Substance, 8., (thing) kitu, (nature)

asili.
Subtraction, b., (in arithmetic) baki,

kutoa.
Succeed, v., (follow) fuata, (prosper)
fanikiwa.

Succeed in doing, kwisha, fanya.
Succour, v., sayidia.
iSuc/j, a., kama huyu, (hua, hii, etc.),
kama yule, (ule, ile, etc.).

Such a, ajabu.

It is such a large one, kub wa ajabu.

Stich, v., fyonza, nyonya.

Sudden, a., 1 „i t i
o J7 ) J hgnafula.
Suddenly, adv., J

Suet, s., mafuta ya nyama.

'iuffer, v., (be hurt, in pain) umwa,
teswa, (allow) acba, kubali,
(endure) vumilia.
Suffer loss, pata hasara.

Suffering, s., niateso, maumivu.

Suffice, be Sufficient, v., tosha.

Sufficient, a., -a kutosba.

Su^ar, s., sukari.

Sugar-cane, s., mua, plur. miwa.

Suit, v., faa, lingana.

Suit of clothes, s., kisua.

Sultan, s., sultani, seyidi, bwana.

SuJphate of copper, blue stone, b.,
mrututu.

Sulphur, B., kiberiti.

Sulianship, s., usultani.

Sum, a., (total) jumla, (in arith-
metic) hesabu.

Sum up, v., jumlisha.

Summer, s., musimu, kaskazi.



Summit, a., kilele.
Summon, v., ita.
Sun, 8., jua, plur. ma-.
Sunday, a., Jutua a pUi.
Sunset, 8., magaribi.
Sunrise, s., kuclja (kwa jua).

The sun has risen, kumekucha.
Sunshine, s., jua.

Superintend, v., simamia, angalia.
Superintendent, s., uisimamizi, mwa-

ugalizi.
Superior, a., bora, -kuu.
Supper, a., chakula cba jioni.
Support, v., tegemeza, cbukua.
Suppose, v., thani.
Sure, a., yakini, (of persons) amini.

You are sure to see him, Lukosi
kumwona.
Surety, s., mthamini.
Surpass, v., pita, sbinda.
Surprise, v., toshea, (come on sud-
denly) gundua.

Be tahen by surprise, taghdfali.
Surprise, a., shangao, mataajabu.
Surround, v., zunguka.
Suspect, v., tbania.
Swallotc, v., meza.
Swear, v., apa.

Swear at, apiza.
Sweat, s., hari, jusho.
Sweat, v., toka ban.
Sweep, v., fagia.
Sweet, a., -tamu.
Sweet potato, a., kiazi.
Sweetheart, a., mcbumba.
Swell, v., vimba.^
Swift, a., -epesi.
Swim, v., ogolea, (foat) elea.
Swi7idle, v., punja, thalimu.
Swindler, a., mthalimu, mragaL
Sword, a., upanga.
Syphilis, a., sckeoeko.
Syria, a., Sham.



48



SYR



THE



Syrup, 8., asnli.

System, a., {order') bawaida, utara-
tibu.



T.

Table, 8., meza.
Tail, B., mkia.
Tailor, e., mshoni.
Tal(e, v., twaa.

Take away, chukna, ondoa, toa.

Take off {clothes), vua.
Take care, v., augalia.
Take pains about, v., fanya kwa

moyo, kwa bidii.
Tale, 8., haditlii, kisa, habari.

Tell a tale, suraulia hadithi.

Tell tales o/^chougea.
Talk, B., maougezi, (silly talk)

upuuzi.
Talk, v., Beraa, ongea, zuragumza.
Tall, a., -refu
Tamarind, 8., (tree) tnkwaju, (fruit)

ukwaju.
Tame, v., fuga.
become Tame, v., fugika.
become Tangled, v., tatana.
Tank, s., birika.
Tar, s., lami.

Tartar, s., (on teeth) iikoga.
Taste, v., onja.
Taste, 8., (flavour) tamn.
Tax, 8., kodi, ushuru.
Tea, 8., chayi.
Teach, v., fundisha, funza, (indruct)

elemisba.
Teacher, s., mwalimn.
Teak, s., msaji.

Tear, v., rarua, (of clothes) tatiia.
Tear, 8., cbozi, plur. ma-.
Tease, v., chokoza, sumbua.



Teaspoon, s., kijiko.
Tedious, a., -chovu.
Telescope, 8., durubini.
TeZi, v., ambia, arifu, (stories) sti-
mulia.
TeM tales of, chongea.
Temper, s., tabia, moyo.
Temperance, s., kadiri.
Temperate, a., -a kadiri.
Tempt, v., jaribu.
Temptation, s., jaribu, plur. ma-.
Ten, s. and a., kumi.
Tent, 8., hema.
Tenth, a., -a kumi.
Terrify, v., ogofya, hofisha, tia hofa.
Terror, a., liofu.
Testament, a., (icill) wosia, (corew-

ant) agano.
Testify, v., ehuhudu.
Testimony, a., usbabidi.
Than, conj., kuliko.

3/ore than, zayidi ya.
Thank, v., shukuru.

Thank you, ahsante, mnruhaba.
Thankfulness, s., shukrani.
Thanlis, a., sbukuru.
That, hoio That, conj., kama, ya

kwamba, (in order that) illi.
That, pron., yule, ule, ile, etc.
That, rel. See Which.
Thatch, v., ezeka.
Tlie, art., (if emphatic) yule, ule,

ile, etc. ; otherwise not expressed.
Theft, s., uizi.

Their, a., -ao, (wao, cbao, yao, etc.).
ITiem, prou., wao, (in verbs) -wa, -i-,

-vi-, etc.
Tlien, adv., (afterwards) lialafu, baa-

daye, kiisha, (next) tena, kiisha,

(at that time) ndipo, wakati ule,

(at once) marra, kulekule. Of

sequence and in narratives, bassi,

hatta.



THE



TIM



49



There, adv., kule, pale, huko.
There is, was, etc., kuna, pana,

kulikuwa, etc.
ITiere is not, hakuna, hapana.
Therefore, conj., kwa biyo, kwa

sababu hii, bassi,
Tliete, a., hawa, hii, hivi, etc.
They, pron., wao, (in verbs) wa-, i-,
vi-, etc.

TJiey not, hawa-, hai-, havi-, etc.
TJiick, a., none.
Thicliet, B., kichaka.
Thichness, a., unene.
Thief, s., mwivi, mwisL
Thi'evishness, a., uizi.
Thigh, s., paja, plur. ma-.
Thin, a., -embainba.

T]iin end, s., ncha.
Tiling, a., kitu, (matter, affair)

jumbo, plur. mambo, neno, plur.

ma-.
Thinh, v., waza, (suppose) thani,

(reflect) fikiri.
Third, a., -a tatu.
Thirst, a., kiu.
be Thirsty, v., oua kiu.
Tltirteen, s. and a., kumi na tatu,

thelathatashaia.
Thirty, s. and a., thelathini.
This, a., huyu, huu, hiki, etc.
Thorn, s., mwiba.
Thoroughly, adv., Sana, vema.
Those, a., wale, ile, vile, etc.
Though, conj., kwamba, -kiwa,

-ngawa.
Thought, 8., fikara, nia, wazo, plur.

ma-.
Tlwusand, a. and a., elfu.
Thread, a., uzi.
Threat, a., uogofya.
Tlireaten, v., ogofya, ogofisha.
Three, s. and a., tatu, -tatu.
TliToat, 8., koo, plur. ma-.



TItrune, a., kill cha kifaume.
Tlirong, a., makutano, watu wcnpi,

gasiya.
Tlirong, v., songanasongana.
T]iroughout,o.dv., pia, kabisa
Throw, v., tupa, (a spear, etc.) piga,
(a rider) rusha, (throw away)
tupia mbali.
TJirow down, angua.
Tliumb, 8., kiilole cha gumba
Thunder, s., (near) radi, (distant)

nguriimo.
Thursday, a., alhamisi.
Thus, adv., hlvi, hivyo, ndivyo. At

a conj., bassi.
Ticket, 8., kibarua.
Tickle, v., tekenyjL
Tide, 8.
The tide is coming in, maji yana*

jaa.
The tide is eibbing, maji yana-

kupwa.
Neap tides, maji mafu.
It is a very high tide, maji
yaniojaa sana.
Tidings, s., habari, maarifa.
Tie, v., funga.

Tie a knot, piga Fundo.
Tight, a., -kazo.
become Tight, v., kazana.
Tighten, v., kaza.
Till, conj, hatta, mpaka.
Timber, a, (felled tree) gogo, plur.

ma-.
Time, a., wakati, majira.
Sufficient time, nafasi.
Leisure time, faragha.
Space of time, muda.
Times, marra, (in arithmetic) fl,
e.g., seven times seten^ sabn fl
eaba.
Time of day, saa.
What time is it 1 saa ngapi ?



60



TIM



TRO



He in time, walii, diriki.

Not to be in time, clielewa.

Be a long time, kawia.

Last for a time, kaa kwa muda
kidogo.

Tlie time has come, wakati urae-
wadia.

Time after time, raarra nyiugi.
Timid, a., -oga.
Tin, 8., bali.
Tip, a., ncba.
he Tipsy, v., lewa.
Tire, v., choslia.
become Tired, v., clioka.
Tiretome, a., -chovu.
To, prep., kwa, katika, (motion to,

also) -ni. A3 sign of iufinilive

mood, kn-.
To, conj., illi, or subjunctive mood.
Tobacco, s., tumbako.
Tobacco-pipe, s., kiko.
To-day, adv., leo.
Toe, s., kidolc cba niguu.
Together, adv. and prep., pamoja,
pamoja na.

Both together, wote wawili.
Token, s., dalili.
Tolerate, v., staliimili, vumilia.
Tomb, s., kaburi, plur. ma-.
Tongs, s., koleo, plur. raa-.
Tongue, s., ulinii, plur. ndimi.
Too, adv., na, teiia.

Too (much), mno.

Too little, liaba.
Tooth, 8., jino, plur. meno.
Top, 8., (of a hill, tree, etc.) kilele,

(toy) pira.
on the Top of, prep., juu ya.
Torment, v., sumbua, tesa, atliibisha.
become Torn, v., paauka, tatuka.
Tortoise, a., kobe.

Torture, v., uraiza sana, atblbisba.
Toss, v., tupa, rusba.



Total, B., jurala.

Touch, v., gusa

Tough, a., -gumu.

Toward, prep., kwa, katika, njla ya.

Towel, 8., kitambaa clia kunuwia.

Tower, s., mnara.

Town, 8., mji.

Track, s., (steps) nyayo, (path) njia.

Trade, s., biasbara.

Tradesman, s., mfanya biasbara,

(small) mcburuzi.
Trdfjic, s., biasbnra.
Train, v., (educate) lea, (accustom)

zopza, (of animals) fuga.
Trample, v., kanyaga.
Transform, v., geuza, badilL
Translate, v., fasiri, geuza.
Trap, s., mtego.
Trap, v., tcga, nasa.
Travail, a., utungu wa kiizaa.
Travel, v., safiri.
Traveller, a , msafiri.
Tray, s., sinia, plur. ma-.
Tread, v., kanyaga.
Treasure,_B., basina, tunu.
Treat, v., tendea.
Treaty, s., maagano, mapatano.
Tree, s., mti.
Tremble, v., tetemeka.
Tremendous, a., -a kuogofya, -a

ajabu, kubwa rano.
Trench, a., bandaki.
Trial s., jaribu, plur. ma-.
make Trial of, v., javibia, sbuhudia,

onja.
Tribe, s., kabila, plur. ma-.

Of what tribe are you? mtu gani
wee?

One of kindred tribe, mtani
Tribute, a., kodi, usburu.
Trick, a., bila.
Trinity, s., Utatu.
Troop, a., kundi, plur. ma-.



TRO



UND



51



Trouhle, 8., taabu, uthia.

Trouble, v., taabisha.

be Troubled, v., suuibuka, taabika,

(in vtind) fathaika.
Trousers, a., eoruali.
Trowel, s., niwiko.
True, a , -a kweli.
Truly, adv., kweli, yakini.
Trumpet, s., paanda, baragumn.
Trunli, 8., (of body) kiwiliwili, (of

tree)a]nua,pl\XT.ma.-f (when felled)

gogo, plur. ma-.
Trud, v., amini.
Trust tcorthy, a., amini, amiuifu.
7'rufh, 8., kweli.
^'Z/. v., jaribu, fanya bidii, (malie

trial of) onja, jaribia.
Tucli, v., (into tcaistbaiid) futika.
Tumble, v., oiiguka.

Tumble into, tumbukia.
Tumult, 8., uthia, makelele.
Tunnel, 8., tuudu, plur. ma-, sliimo,

plur. ma-.
Turban, s., kilcmba.
Turk, 8., Mtnruki.
Turkey, e., (bird) bata la mzinga,
(country) Uturuki,

Sultan of Turkey, Sultani Bum.
Turkish, a., -a kituruki.
Turn, v., geuka, zunguka, pia-
duka, (act.) geuza, zuugusha,
pindua.

Turn aside, potoka.

Turn round, zunguka, pinduka,
(roil) fingirika.

Turn in a lathe, kereza.

Turn out well, enda vema, fani-
kiwa.

Turn out of a hoiue, hamisha.
Turn, B., zaniu.

By turns, kwa zamu.
Turnings, e., mazunguko, yizingo,

(of a stream) maghuba.



Turtle, a., kassa, (hawkskead) ug'a-

mba.
Turtle-dove, s., hua.
Tusk, 8., pembe.
Twelve, s. and a., kumi na mbili

(-wili,) thenasbara.
Twelfth, a., -a tbenaiihara.
Twefntidh, a., -a asharini.
Twenty, s. and a., ashariui.
Twilight, 8., (evening) msliuko wa

alasiri, (morning) alfajirL
Twin, 8., pacha, plur. ma-.
Twist, v., nyoDga, songa, potoa, (of

a rope) sokota.
Tico, 8., pili, mbili, a., -wili, tlieneen.
Type, B., (printer^ s) chapa, plur.

ma-, (likeness) mfauo, (kind)

namna.



u.

Ugly, a., -b:iya.

Ulcer, 8., donda, plur. ma-, kidonda.

Ultimately, adv., hatima, mwiaho.

Umbrella, s., mwavuli.

Un-, prefix, (not) with adjectivea,
etc., 81, with verbs, -ua, e.g.,
fungua, unfasten, or the negative
form, e.g., It is unavoidabUt
haiepukiki. Also v. below.

Unavoidable, a., farathi.

Unawares, adv., gliafiila.

Uncivilized, a., -a kishenzu

Unclose, v., fumbua, funua.

become Uncomfortable, v., sumbuka.

Uncover, v., funua.

Under, Underneath, adv. and prep.,
chini, chini ya.

Understand, v., eikia, fahama, ta-
mbua.

Understanding, e., akilL

Undertake, v., tadariki.



52



UifD



VIB



Undertaking, 8., jambo, shughuli.
U.tdervalue, v., rabisisha.
Underwood, b., koko, plur. ma-.
Undo, v., (unfasten) fungua, (unsew)

elionua, etc., (ruin) poteza.
Undress, v., vua nguo.
Unexpectedly, adv., ghafula. See

Surprise.
Unfashionable, a., -a kimasbamba.
Unfasten, v., fungua.
Unfold, v., kunjua.
Unimportant, a., -dogo, thaifu, ha-
?? fifu.

Unite, v., unga.
CTniV?/, 8., umoja.
Universe, a., ulimwengn.
Unlaicful, a., harainu.
Unless, conj., isipokuwa, (except)

ilia.
Unlock, Unloose, v., fungua.
Unlucky, a., sbari.
Unpick, v., fumua.
Unripe, a., -bicbi.
Unruly, a., -asi.
Untie, v., fungua.
Until, conj., batta, mpaka.
Untruth, b., uwongo.
Cjp, adv., juu.l
Z7jj to, prep., hatta, kwa.
go Up to, v., endea, karibia.
get Up with, come Up to, fikia.
Upon, prep., juu ya.
Uproar, s., utbia, makelele.
Upset, v., pindua.
Upstairs, adv., juu, orofani.
Urine, s., ukojo.

Ug, pron., sisi, (in verbs) tu-, -tu-.
Usage, a., desturi, mazoezo.
Use, v., tumia.
he of Use, Useful, v., faa.
become Used, v., zoea.
Useful things, a., vifaa.
Usury, e., iriba.



Utensil, 8., chombo.

Utterly, adv., kabisa, pia, yote.



V.

be Vain, v., wa na makuu. *

In vain, vainly, burre.
Valley, e., boonde.
Valour, 8., usbujaa.
Valuable, a., -a tbamani, -a kufaa.
Value, B., tbamani. See Price.
Value, v., (put a price on) tia kima,

(think highly of) besbimu.
Vanish, v., toweka.
Vapour, 8., mvukc.
Various, a., -ngine-ngine, namna

mbali.
Vast, a., -kubwa mno.
Vegetables, a., mboga. Diflferent

kinds are boga, mumunye, figili,

dodoki, bilingani.
Vein, a., msbipa.
Vengeance, a., kisasi.
Venomous, a., -cnyi sumu.
Venture, v., tbubutu.
Verses, a., masbairi.
Very, adv., sana.
Vessel, 8., cliombo.

Small vessel, sharp at both ends,
8., dau, plur. ma-.
Vex, v., sumbua, chokoza.
Vice, 8., uovu, asberati, (tool) jiliwa.
Vigour, a., nguvu.
Vigorous, a., bodari, -tendaji.
Vigorously, adv., kwa nguvu, sana.
Vile, a., -nyonge.
Village, a., kijiji.
Vine, 8., mzabibu.
Vinegar, B., eiki.

Violence, a., nguvu, (outrage) jeuri.
Violently, adv., kwa nguvu.
Virgin, s., bikira.



VIS



WE A



53



become Visible, v., onekana.

Vision, 8., njozi.

Visit, pay a Visit to, v., amkia, enda

t&zama, endea.
Visit upon, v., patiliza.
Vizier, s., vraziri, plur. ma-.
Viziership, s., uwazirL
Voice, 8., sauti.
become Void, v., tanguka.

Make void, tangua.
Vomit, v., tapika.
Vow, 8., kiapo, nathiri.
Vow, v., apa, weka nathiri.
Voyage, a., safari (katika babari).
Vulgar, a., -a kimashamba.

He is vulgar, hana adabu.



w.

Wager, v., pinga.
Wages, a., ujira, mslialiara.
-^ Waggon, s., gari, plur. ma-.
Waistcoat, a., kisibau.
Wait, v., ngoja.

Wait upon, for, ngojea.

Wait a bit! ngoje kwauza I
Waiter, 8., mwandishi.
Wake, v., amka, (act.) amsha.
Walk, v., enda kwa miguu.

Go a walk, tcmbea.
Wall, 8., ukuta.
iVaUet, a., mkoba.
Wander, v., potca, zunguka.
Want, v., taka, ilitaji.
Want, a., nmasikini, njaa.
War, a., vita, k'ondo.
Warehouse, a., ghala.
Wares, a., bithaa.
Warm, a., -a moto.
Warm, v., pasha moto, (one'« self at

a fire) kuotea moto.



Warmth, s., moto.

Warn, v., onya.

Warp, v., bcnuka.

Wash, v., osha, (filothes) fua, (Jiandt

or face) nawa.
Washerman, a., dobi.
Waste, v., poteza.
Wasteful, a., -potevu.
Wastefulness, a., upotevu.
Watch, a., (timepiece) saa, (vigil)

kesha, plur. ma-, (time of watch'

ing) kiugojo.
Watch, v., liuda, angalia, (as an

enemy) vizia, (stay awake) kesha.
Water, s., maji.

Fresh water, maji matamu, maji
ya baridi.

Salt icater, maji ya cbumvi.
Water, v., nywesha, tia maji.
make Water, v., kojoa, nya.
Water-closet, a., choo.
Water-jar, a., mtungi.
Water-melon, a., tikiti, plur. ma-.
Wave, 8., wimbi, plur. ma-.
Wave, v., punga.
Waver, v., tangatanga.
Way, a., njia, pi to, plur. ma*.
Waylay, v., otca.
Wax, s., nta.
We, pron., sisi, (La verbs) tu«.

We not, hatu-.
Weak, a., tliaifu.
become Weak, v., thoofika.
Weaken, v., thoofisha.
Weakness, a., uthaifu.
Wealth, a., mali, utajiri.
Wealthy, a., -tajiri, -enyi malL
Weapon, a., selaha.
Wear, v., vaa.

He wears, amevaa.

Wear out, chakaa.

Wear away, lika, punguta, (act)
la, punguza.



51



WE A



W'lD



Wearisome, a., -chovu.
become Weary, v., choka.

Make toeanj, cliosha.
Weather, b., wakati.
Weave, v., fuma, (o border, edtjing)
' tarizi.
Wedding, 8., arusi, ndoa.
Wedge, s., kabari.
Wednesday, s., juma a tano.
Weeds, s., raagugu, vigugu.
Weeh, B., juma.
Weep, v., lia, tok;i machozi.
Weejnng, s., kilio.
Weigh, v., pima.

TKeigr/t anchor, ng'oa nanga.
Weight, b., (by measure) uthaui,

(lieaviness) uzito.
Well, a., kisima.

Well, adv., vema, sana. In narra-
tive, b»s.si.
Well done/ vema I njemal
Well, a., -zima.

I am well, sijambo.
become Well, v., pona, wazima.
make TFeZZ, v.,pozo, ponya,ponyesha.
West, a., magaribi.
Wet, a., maji maji.
Wet, v., tia maji.

Whatf inter., uini? (after a verb)
-ni?
What is the matter ? kunaui ?
What? pron., -pi? gani?
What mani mtu yupi?
Wliat treef mti gani?
Of what tribe is he? mtu gani

yeye?
What a fool/ mjiuga kabisal
What nonsense/ upuuzi mtupul
What, rel. See Wliich.
Give him tchat he wants, umpe
atakayo.
Whatever, a., wo wote, yo yote, lo
lote, etc. j



Wheat, B., ngano.

Wheel, 8., guruduiim.

Wlien 1 inter., lini ?

When, rel., -po, -po, -ki-, wakati wa.

Whenever, rel., -po, followed by pole,

or preceded by killa.
Whence? inter.
Whence have you come 1 umeloka
wapi ?
Wlience, rel, -ko, -ko-.
Where? inter., wapi? -pi?

WItere are you going ? wendapi ?
Where, rel., -po, -ko, -mo.
/ don't know where I am going,
sijui ninapokwenda.
W her ever, xg\., -po, -ko, -mo, followed
by pote, kotc, mote, or preceded
by killa, e.g., Wherever you like,
upeudapo pote. Wherever I go,
killa nendako.
Whet, v., noa.

Whether, conj., kama, kwamba.
Which? inter., yu-pi? u-pi? i-pi? etc.
Which, rel., -o-, -yo-, -lo-, -vyo-,

-po-, or -o, etc.
Wliile, conj., -po-, -po, -ki-, wakati

wa.
Whip, 8., mjelodi.
Whisper, v., nong'ona.
White, a., -eupe.
Whiteness, 8., weupe.
Who? inter., nani?
IVlio, rel., -ye-, -ye, -o, -o-.
Whoever, rel., mtu ye yote, killa ali-

-yo yote.
Whole, a., -zima, pia, -ote.
Wholesale, adv., kwa jurala.
Why? inter., kwa nini? ya nini?
kwa sababu gani? mbona? kwaui?
Wick, 8., iitambi.
Wicked, a., -baya, -oru.
Wickedness, s., ubaya, uovu.
Wide, a., -pana.



W 1 D



WOU



Widen, v., panua.

Widoic, s., nijaani.

Width, a., upana.

Wife, a., Take.

Wild, a, -a mwitn, (of plants)

-gugu.
Wildernesg, a., jangwa, plur. ma-,

nyika.
Wilful, a., -kaidi.
Will, 8., (tcish, desire, e.g. of God)

mapenzi, (resolve, purpose) moyo,

nia, kusudi, (testament) wasia.
Will, v., taka, penda.
Willing, a., -epesi.
Wily, a., -a hila, -erevu.
Win, y.,(get) pata, (conquer) ehincla.
Wind, 8., upepo, baridi.
Wind, v., zunguka, (of string, etc.)

kunja.
Windoio, a., dirieha, plur. ma-.
Wine, a., mvinyo.
Wing, a,, bawa, plur. ma-.
Winter, a., (cold season), kipupwe,

kusioi.
Wipe, v., futa.

Wipe nose, futa karaasi.
Wire, a., uzi wa chuma (irori), wa

Shaba (brass), elc.
Wisdom, a., hekima, elimu
Wise, &., -a hekimu.
Wish, a., mapenzi.
Wish, v., taka, penda.
Witch, a,, mke mchawi.
Witchcraft, a., iichawi.
With, prep., (of agent) na, (of in-

ttrument) na, kwa, (in company

with) na, pamoja na.
Wither, a., fifia, kauka.
Withhold, v., nyima.
Within, prep, and adv., ndani ya,
ndani.

Within ichicli, -mo, -ruo-

Within it, hxuao, mle.



Without, prep.,'p£wipo, (outstu
Often expressed by negative k
junctive, e.g. he searched withotu
finding him, alitafuta asimwone.

Witness, »., sliahidi, plur. ma-.

hear Witness, v., shuhadu, (fott
against, to) shuliudia.

Wits, a., akili.

Wizard, s., mchawi.

Woe, s., huzuni kuu.
Woe is me ! Ole wangul

Wolf, a., mbwa wa mwitu.

Woman, s., mwanamke.

Womb, a., tumbo, plur. ma-.

Wonder, a., ajabu, (amazement)
shangao, mataajaba.

Wonder, v., staajabu.

WonderfyXly, adv., ajabu.

Wood, s., mti, (forest) mwitu, msita.

Wool, s., nyele za kondoo.

Woollen cloth, a., joho.

Word, 8., neno, plur. ma-, (promise)

ahidi, uapo.

I give you my word, nakuapia.

Keep one's word, fikiliza ahadu

Break one's word, a<:ha ahadi.

Work, 8., kazi.

Work, v., fanya kazi, tenda kazi.

Workman, a., (skilled) fundi, plur.
ma-, mstadi.

World, a., ulimwengu, dunia.

Worm, 3., funza, plur. ma-, chango.

Worn, a., -kukuu.

become Worn out, v., cbakaa.

Worship, a., dini, ib;ida.

Worship, v., abudu.

Worth, a., kima, thamani, kiasf.
What is it worth ? Chapataje ?

Worthless, a., thaifu, diafifu, (of
persons) -potoe.

Worthy, of worth, a., -ema, •«
beshima.

Wound, 8., jcraha.



66



wou



ZEB



Wound, ??., piga jeraha, umiza.
he Woundedy v., jeinhi.
Wrath, B., ghatbabu.
be Wrecked, v., vunjika.
Wretched, a.,maskini, -hovu,(9orrow-

ful) -a buzuni.
become Wrinkled, v., kunjana.
Wrist, B., kiwiko cha mkono.
Write, v., andika.
Writer, b., mwandisbi.
Writing, s., andiko, plur. ma-.
Writing-desk, s., dawati.
Wrong, s., thulumu.
be Wrong, do Wrong, v., kosa, tenda
mabaya.

Ton are wrong, sivyo.
Wrong, v., tbulumu, thalimu.
WroTig, a., (bad) -baya, (incorrect)

gi -ema, si eabihi.



Y.

Tarn, s., kiazi kikuii.

Yard, a., (of a ship) foramali, (en-
closure) ua, uwanda, (measure)
wari.

Tear, b., mwaka.



Last year, mwaka jana.

Year before last, mwaka juzi.
Yellow, a., rangi ya thahabii.
Yes, interj., ndio, na'ara. Assent is

also expressed by, insballah, ee

wallah, njeraa.
Yesterday, s., jana.

Day before yesterday, juzi.
Yet, conj., bado, (notwithstanding)

wallakini.
Yield, v., toa.
Yonder, adv., kulo, pale.
You, pron., (slug.) wewe, (in verbs)

U-, -ku-, (plur.) ninyi, (in verbs)

m-, mw-, -wa-.

You not, hu-, (plur.) ham«,
hamw-.
YouPf Yours, a., -ako, -enu.
Youth, B., ujaua, (young man) ki«

jana.



Z.

Zanzibar, b., Unguja.
Zeal, 8., bidii, juhudi.
Zealous, a., -epesi, -tendaji.
2kbTa, 8., punda milia.



THE END.



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